Physics
Cracking a decades-old test, researchers bolster case for quantum mechanics  PHYS.ORG · 10 minutes
In a new study, researchers demonstrate creative tactics to get rid of loopholes that have long confounded tests of quantum mechanics. With their innovative method, the researchers were... more
NAD+ cleavage activity by animal and plant TIR domains in cell death pathways  Science Magazine · 2 hours
SARM1 (sterile alpha and TIR motif containing 1) is responsible for depletion of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide in its oxidized form (NAD+) during... more
Programmable CRISPR-responsive smart materials  Science Magazine · 2 hours
Stimuli-responsive materials activated by biological signals play an increasingly important role in biotechnology applications. We exploit the programmability of CRISPR-associated nucleases to actuate hydrogels containing DNA as a structural element or as an anchor for pendant groups. After activation by... more
Phospho-dependent phase separation of FMRP and CAPRIN1 recapitulates regulation of translation and deadenylation  Science Magazine · 2 hours
Membraneless organelles involved in RNA processing are biomolecular condensates assembled by phase separation. Despite the important role of intrinsically disordered protein regions... more
TIR domains of plant immune receptors are NAD+-cleaving enzymes that promote cell death  Science Magazine · 2 hours
Plant nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat (NLR) immune receptors activate cell death and confer disease resistance by unknown mechanisms. We demonstrate that plant Toll/interleukin-1... more
Biomaterials smarten up with CRISPR  PHYS.ORG · 2 hours
The CRISPR-Cas system has become the go-to tool for researchers who study genes in an ever-growing list of organisms, and is being used to develop new gene therapies that potentially can correct a defect at a single nucleotide... more
Structure of protein nanoturbine revealed  PHYS.ORG · 2 hours
Cells rely on protein complexes known as ATP synthases or ATPases for their energy needs. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecules power most of the processes sustaining life. Structural biologist Professor Leonid Sazanov and his research group from the Institute... more
Mapping nucleation kinetics with nanometer resolution  nanowerk · 3 hours
Scientists discovered a new imaging method - nanoscale nucleation kinetic mapping - which allows direct imaging of nucleation events at a solid-liquid interface. more
Germany bolsters iodine supply in case of nuclear incident  ABC NEWS · 3 hours
German authorities are increasing their stockpile of iodine tablets as a precaution for the possibility of a nuclear incident more
Researchers get first microscopic look at a tiny phenomenon with big potential implications  PHYS.ORG · 4 hours
Matter behaves differently when it's tiny. At the nanoscale, electric current cuts through mountains of particles, spinning them into vortexes that can... more
Switching electron properties on and off individually  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 hours
Electrons have different properties - and they all can be used to create order in solid objects. This order determines the properties of the material. Experiments now show: It is possible to influence different... more
Quantum gravity's tangled time  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 hours
The theories of quantum mechanics and gravity are notorious for being incompatible, despite the efforts of scores of physicists over the past fifty years. However, physicists have now combined the key elements of the two theories describing the flow of... more
First microscopic look at a tiny phenomenon with big potential implications  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 hours
Matter behaves differently when it's tiny. At the nanoscale, electric current cuts through mountains of particles, spinning them into vortexes that can be used intentionally in... more
Slow electrons to combat cancer  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 hours
Slow electons can be used to destroy cancer cells - but how exactly this happens has not been well understood. Now scientists have been able to demonstrate that a previously little-observed effect actually plays a pivotal role: Due... more
Slow electrons to combat cancer  PHYS.ORG · 6 hours
Ion beams are often used today in cancer treatment: this involves electrically charged atoms being fired at the tumour to destroy cancer cells. Although, it's not actually the ions themselves that cause the decisive damage. When ions penetrate... more
Generation of light in a photon-number quantum superposition  PHYS.ORG · 6 hours
Physicists at C2N have demonstrated for the first time the direct generation of light in a state that is simultaneously a single photon, two photons, and no photon at all. They showed... more
Quantum computers to become portable  PHYS.ORG · 7 hours
Together with the University of Innsbruck, the ETH Zurich and Interactive Fully Electrical Vehicles SRL, Infineon Austria is researching specific questions on the commercial use of quantum computers. With new innovations in design and manufacturing, the partners from... more
Modal time theory: Understanding human existence through time travel and music  PHYS.ORG · 7 hours
Time is a fundamental dimension of human existence and comes in many forms. Using a comparative approach, philosopher and physicist Norman Sieroka looks at what distinguishes... more
New technique could streamline design of intricate fusion device  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 hours
Stellarators, twisty machines that house fusion reactions, rely on complex magnetic coils that are challenging to design and build. Now, a physicist has developed a mathematical technique to help simplify... more
Quantum gravity's tangled time  PHYS.ORG · 8 hours
The theories of quantum mechanics and gravity are notorious for being incompatible, despite the efforts of scores of physicists over the past fifty years. However, recently an international team of researchers led by physicists from the University of Vienna, the... more
Physicists create world's smallest engine  SCIENCE DAILY · 8 hours
The research explains how random fluctuations affect the operation of microscopic machines like this tiny motor. In the future, such devices could be incorporated into other technologies to recycle waste heat and thus improve energy efficiency. more
Studying quantum phenomena in magnetic systems to understand exotic states of matter  PHYS.ORG · 9 hours
Besides solids, liquids and gases, more exotic states of matter can be generated in specific materials under special conditions. Such states are of great... more
Atomically thin straintronic devices  nanowerk · 13 hours
By studying flexible and transparent photodetectors based on single-layer MoS2 under the application of biaxial strain, researchers have developed atomically thin photodetectors whose characteristics can be controlled by means of an externally applied strain. This strain can be reversibly applied... more
New technique could streamline design of intricate fusion device  PHYS.ORG · 22 hours
Stellarators, twisty machines that house fusion reactions, rely on complex magnetic coils that are challenging to design and build. Now, a physicist at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton... more
Cryptographers scramble to protect the internet from attackers armed with quantum computers  Science Magazine · 1 day
Such machines may be decades away, but the United States is pushing now for encryption method that they can’t crack more
Studying quantum phenomena in magnetic systems to understand exotic states of matter  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Scientists unify condensed matter physics and quantum physics by experimentally characterizing magnetism-related quantum phenomena in Ba2CoSi2O6Cl2. more
Electrons in high temperature superconductors may not obey the normal rules of pairing  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Physicists used to think that superconductivity -- electricity flowing without resistance or loss -- was an all or nothing phenomenon. But new... more
Physicists create world's smallest engine  nanowerk · 1 day
The research explains how random fluctuations affect the operation of microscopic machines like this tiny motor. In the future, such devices could be incorporated into other technologies to recycle waste heat and thus improve energy efficiency. more
Quantitative prediction of erythrocyte sickling for the development of advanced sickle cell therapies  Science Magazine · 1 day
Sickle cell disease is induced by a mutation that converts normal adult hemoglobin to sickle hemoglobin (HbS) and engenders intracellular polymerization of... more
Cryptographers scramble to protect the internet from hackers with quantum computers  Science Magazine · 1 day
Such machines may be decades away, but the United States is pushing now for encryption method that they can’t crack more
Physicists create world's smallest engine  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Theoretical physicists at Trinity College Dublin are among an international collaboration that has built the world's smallest engine—which, as a single calcium ion, is approximately ten billion times smaller than a car engine. more
'Electron pairing' found well above superconductor's critical temperature  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Physicists have found "electron pairing," a hallmark feature of superconductivity, at temperatures and energies well above the critical threshold where superconductivity happens. more
Scientists develop a metamaterial for applications in magnonics, an alternative to conventional electronics  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Physicists from Russia and Europe have demonstrated the real possibility of using superconductor/ferromagnet systems to create magnonic crystals, which will be at... more
A heavyweight candidate for dark matter  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Almost a quarter of the universe stands literally in the shadows. According to cosmologists' theories, 25.8% of it is made up of dark matter, whose presence is signaled essentially only by its gravitational pull. What this... more
Music charts are increasingly short-lived  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Cultural processes are increasingly short-lived, showing in addition a growing tendency toward self-organization. As a result, success is now governed by a universal law. This was discovered by the physicists after studying 50 years of music charts. more
Applying machine learning in intelligent weather consultation  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Weather forecasting is a typical problem of coupling big data with physical-process models, according to Prof. Pingwen Zhang, an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Director of the National Engineering Laboratory for Big Data... more
Practical anonymous communication protocol developed for quantum networks  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
The ability to securely transmit information over the internet is extremely important, but most of the time, eavesdroppers can still generally determine who the sender and receiver are. In some highly confidential... more
Music charts are increasingly short-lived  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Cultural processes are increasingly short-lived, showing in addition a growing tendency toward self-organization. As a result, success is now governed by a universal law. This was discovered by the physicists Professor Claudius Gros and Lukas Schneider from Goethe... more
A 127-year-old physics riddle solved  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
He solved a 127-year-old physics problem on paper and proved that off-centered boat wakes could exist. Five years later, practical experiments proved him right. more
Plant protection: Researchers develop new modular vaccination kit  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
It could become significantly easier to vaccinate plants against viruses in the future. Scientists at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), the Leibniz Institute of Plant Biochemistry (IPB) and the National Research Council... more
Scientists develop a metamaterial for applications in magnonics, an alternative to conventional electronics  nanowerk · 1 day
Physicists have demonstrated the real possibility of using superconductor/ferromagnet systems to create magnonic crystals, which will be at the core of spin-wave... more
World's first link layer protocol brings quantum internet closer to a reality  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. A team led by Professor Stephanie Wehner has developed a so-called link... more
Big questions linger as Russia shares radiation data  ABC NEWS · 2 days
A nuclear weapons watchdog says Russia has resumed sharing data from its radiation monitoring stations after they were taken offline following a deadly explosion at a missile range more
Physicists use light flashes to discover, control new quantum states of matter  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Scientists are developing new tools and techniques to access new states of matter hidden within superconducting and other complex materials. Harnessing these exotic states... more
Team develops robust molecular propeller for unidirectional rotations  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A team of scientists from Ohio University, Argonne National Laboratory, Universitié de Toulouse in France and Nara Institute of Science and Technology in Japan led by Ohio Professor of Physics Saw-Wai Hla... more
Russia restarts sharing radiation data, big questions linger  ABC NEWS · 2 days
A nuclear weapons watchdog says Russia has resumed sharing data from its radiation monitoring stations after they were taken offline following a deadly explosion at a missile range more
Scientists find way to cut nanoparticle toxicity levels  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Bioengineers and biophysicists from the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, the Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, the Universite de Reims Champagne-Ardenne in France, and the University of Tubingen in Germany have... more
Hydrogen induces high-temperature superconductivity in a monolayer material  nanowerk · 2 days
The latest addition in exciting properties of 2D materials has been superconductivity - the complete absence of resistance at low temperatures - clearly exciting for dissipationless (low-power, heating free) electronics. Researchers hypothesized... more
Enabling longer space missions  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
The 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing has reignited interest in space travel. However, almost any mission beyond the moon, whether manned or unmanned, will require the spacecraft to remain fully operational for at least several years. The... more
Crossover from 2-D metal to 3-D Dirac semimetal in metallic PtTe2 films with local Rashba effect  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) formed by group 10 metals (e.g. PtSe2, PtTe2) have emerged as important... more
Black hole holograms  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Researchers show how a holographic tabletop experiment can be used to simulate the physics of a black hole. This work may lead the way to a more complete theory of quantum gravity that harmonizes quantum mechanics and relativity. more
Researchers propose new holographic method to simulate black holes with tabletop experiment  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A research team from Osaka University, Nihon University and Chuo University has proposed a novel theoretical framework whose experiment could be performed in a... more
Stacked graphene layers act as a mirror for electron beams  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Stacked layers of graphene can act like a mirror for beams of electrons. Physicists Daniël Geelen and colleagues discovered this using a new type of electron microscope. In... more
Assessing the possible safety issues in the second nuclear era  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A team of researchers with the Chinese Academy of Sciences has carried out an assessment of possible safety issues tied to the rise of the second nuclear era.... more
Nuclear watchdog: Russia has resumed sharing radiation data  ABC NEWS · 2 days
A nuclear weapons watchdog says Russia has resumed sharing data from its radiation monitoring stations after they were taken offline following a deadly explosion at a missile range more
Black hole holograms  nanowerk · 2 days
Researchers propose a new holographic method to simulate black holes with a tabletop experiment. This work may be crucial for solving one of the biggest mysteries in science -- reconciling quantum mechanics and general relativity. more
Making and imaging cyclocarbon  nanowerk · 2 days
Scientists have stabilized and imaged a ring of 18 carbon atoms for the first time. more
Boosting computing power for the future of particle physics  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A new machine learning technology tested by an international team of scientists including MIT Assistant Professor Philip Harris and postdoc Dylan Rankin, both of the Laboratory for Nuclear Science, can... more
Physicists design an experiment to pin down the origin of the elements  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Nearly all of the oxygen in our universe is forged in the bellies of massive stars like our sun. As these stars contract and... more
Toward an 'orrery' for quantum gauge theory  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Physicists at ETH Zurich have developed a new approach to couple quantized gauge fields to ultracold matter. The method might be the basis for a versatile platform to tackle problems ranging from condensed-matter to... more
Dark 'Half-Magnets' from the Sun Could Be Streaming Through Us Every Day  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 days
Two theoretical physicists propose a novel idea to find dark matter — and it might actually be testable. more
Using principles of mechanics and physics to identify state of individual cells  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
Researchers at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering have discovered a new way to identify the state of individual cells by bringing principles of... more
Physicists design an experiment to pin down the origin of the elements  MIT · 3 days
With help from next-generation particle accelerators, the approach may nail down the rate of oxygen production in the universe. more
Heat shield just 10 atoms thick to protect electronic devices  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Atomically thin materials could create heat-shields for cell phones or laptops that would protect people and temperature-sensitive components and make future electronic gadgets even more compact. more
Research using mechanics and physics could predict diseases that 'stress out' cells  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Using ultrasonic tweezers, live imaging and a micro-mechanical substrate, researchers found energy patterns in cellular allostasis that could predict the presence of disease. more
Towards an 'orrery' for quantum gauge theory  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Physicists have developed a new approach to couple quantized gauge fields to ultracold matter. The method might be the basis for a versatile platform to tackle problems ranging from condensed-matter to high-energy physics. more
Compound speeds sexual development and decline  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Every day, people are exposed to myriad chemicals both natural and synthetic, some of which may affect human physical development. Researchers have discovered nacq#1, a natural compound produced by a soil roundworm that dramatically influences time... more
Research using mechanics and physics could predict diseases that 'stress out' cells  nanowerk · 3 days
In new research on the physical behavior of cells undergoing allostatic changes due to local stress, researchers identify patterns that could lead to diagnosis... more
Lithium fluoride crystals 'see' heavy ions with high energies  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Lithium fluoride crystals have recently been used to register the tracks of nuclear particles. Physicists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Cracow have... more
Research using mechanics and physics could predict diseases that 'stress out' cells  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Researchers at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering have discovered a new way to identify the state of individual cells by bringing principles of... more
Spinning lightwaves on a one-way street  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Researchers have created a quantum spin wave for light. This can be a carrier of information for future nanotechnologies but with a unique twist: they only flow in one direction. more
Scientists unveil first quantum simulation of 3-D topological matter with ultracold atoms  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Physicists from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) and Peking University (PKU) have successfully created the world's first 3-D simulation of... more
Boosting computing power for the future of particle physics  MIT · 3 days
Prototype machine-learning technology co-developed by MIT scientists speeds processing by up to 175 times over traditional methods. more
First quantum simulation of 3D topological matter with ultracold atoms  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Physicists have successfully created the world's first 3D simulation of topological matter consisting of ultracold atoms. more
Spinning lightwaves on a one-way street: Researchers document a quantum spin wave for light  nanowerk · 3 days
Researchers have created a quantum spin wave for light. This can be a carrier of information for future nanotechnologies but... more
First quantum simulation of 3D topological matter with ultracold atoms  nanowerk · 3 days
Physicists have successfully created the world's first 3D simulation of topological matter consisting of ultracold atoms. more
Holography and criticality in matchgate tensor networks  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Tensor networks take a central role in quantum physics as they can provide an efficient approximation to specific classes of quantum states. The associated graphical language can also easily describe and pictorially reason about... more
Circulation of water in deep Earth's interior  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Phase H is a hydrous mineral that is considered to be an important carrier of water into deep Earth. We determined the dissociation condition of phase H by a theoretical calculation based on quantum... more
Researchers document a quantum spin wave for light  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Researchers at Purdue University have created a quantum spin wave for light. This can be a carrier of information for future nanotechnologies but with a unique twist: they only flow in one... more
Fukushima disaster: Key takeaways 8 years later  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
In March and April of 2011 the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant disaster resulted in what was the largest ever accidental release of radioactive material into the ocean. Zofia Baumann, assistant professor of marine sciences,... more
Ions clear another hurdle toward scaled-up quantum computing  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Scientists at the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) have been steadily improving the performance of ion trap systems, a leading platform for future quantum computers. Now, a team of researchers led by JQI... more
Researchers demonstrate three-dimensional quantum Hall effect for the first time  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
The quantum Hall effect (QHE), which was previously known for two-dimensional (2-D) systems, was predicted to be possible for three-dimensional (3-D) systems by Bertrand Halperin in 1987, but... more
Chemical and physical origins of friction on surfaces with atomic steps  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Friction results from a set of complex processes that act together to resist relative motion. Despite this complexity, friction is often described using simple phenomenological expressions... more
National lab details $13B in building plans over next decade  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Officials at Los Alamos National Laboratory have plans for $13 billion worth of construction projects over the next decade at the northern New Mexico complex as it prepares... more
A heat shield just 10 atoms thick to protect electronic devices  nanowerk · 6 days
Atomically thin heat shields could be up to 50,000 times thinner than current insulating materials in cell phones and laptops. more
Video: What exactly happened at Chernobyl?  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
On April 26, 1986, the Soviet Union's Chernobyl Power Complex nuclear reactor 4 exploded. more
Unraveling the stripe order mystery  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. In superconductors, electrons move freely through the material—there is zero resistance when it's cooled below its critical... more
Cyclocarbon: New Form of Carbon Synthesized  SCI-NEWS.COM · 6 days
A team of researchers from the University of Oxford and IBM Research-Zürich has, for the first time, synthesized and characterized a ring of 18... more
Surface states in bulk single crystal of topological semimetal Co3Sn2S2 toward water oxidation  Science Magazine · 6 days
The band inversion in topological phase matters bring exotic physical properties such as the topologically protected surface states (TSS). They strongly influence... more
Ultrahigh thermal isolation across heterogeneously layered two-dimensional materials  Science Magazine · 6 days
Heterogeneous integration of nanomaterials has enabled advanced electronics and photonics applications. However, similar progress has been challenging for thermal applications, in part due to shorter wavelengths of heat carriers (phonons) compared to... more
Researchers build a heat shield just 10 atoms thick to protect electronic devices  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Excess heat given off by smartphones, laptops and other electronic devices can be annoying, but beyond that it contributes to malfunctions and,... more
Beer named for Pacific island nuke test site draws criticism  ABC NEWS · 6 days
Texas-based company faces criticism after naming beer after site of U.S. nuclear tests that caused Marshall Islands contamination more
Topological Superconductivity Holds Promise for Fault-Tolerant Quantum Computing  SCI-NEWS.COM · 6 days
A team of physicists from New York University, Wayne State University and the University at Buffalo has found experimental evidence... more
IDT launches high quality, ready-to-use custom oligo pools  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
Continuing its mission to advance biological research worldwide, Integrated DNA Technologies has launched oPools Oligo Pools – ready-to-use pools of high quality DNA oligonucleotides (oligos) up to 350 nucleotides in length. more
Best of both worlds: Asteroids and massive mergers  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Researchers are using the Catalina Sky Survey's near-Earth object telescopes to locate the optical counterparts to gravitational waves triggered by massive mergers. more
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