Particle Physics
Unique properties of quantum material explained for first time  PHYS.ORG · 31 minutes
The characteristics of a new, iron-containing type of material that is thought to have future applications in nanotechnology and spintronics have been determined at Purdue University. more
Excitons will shape the future of electronic devices  PHYS.ORG · 31 minutes
Excitons are quasiparticles made from the excited state of electrons and—according to research being carried out EPFL—have the potential to boost the energy efficiency of our everyday devices. more
Broadening tunnel vision for future accelerators  CERN · 1 hour
Broadening tunnel vision for future accelerators achintya Wed, 10/23/2019 - 10:20 HL-LHC Underground civil engineering galleries (Image: CERN) What could the next generation of... more
Quantum leap in computing as scientists claim 'supremacy'  PHYS.ORG · 2 hours
Scientists claimed Wednesday to have achieved a near-mythical state of computing in which a new generation of machine vastly outperforms the world's fastest super-computer, known as "quantum supremacy". more
IBM casts doubt on Google's claims of quantum supremacy  Science Magazine · 3 hours
According to leaked paper, Google researchers have achieved milestone with number-generating computation more
Revealing the nanostructure of wood could help raise height limits for wooden skyscrapers  nanowerk · 7 hours
Researchers have captured the visible nanostructure of living wood for the first time using an advanced low-temperature scanning electron microscope. more
ASTRO and ACR release updated practice parameters for radiation therapy  NEWS MEDICAL · 17 hours
The American Society for Radiation Oncology and the American College of Radiology recently released seven updated practice parameters for medical providers who use radiation therapy to treat patients... more
Giant Plasma Guns Could Be the Answer to Limitless Fusion Power  LIVE SCIENCE · 19 hours
Los Alamos physicists want to combine two fusion-power techniques and finally harness the energy source that powers the sun. more
Neural network technique identifies mechanisms of ferroelectric switching  nanowerk · 20 hours
AI reveals domain-geometry-driven differences in ferroelectric switching, important for next-generation computing; approach could be applied to electron microscopy, agriculture, astronomy and other systems mapped through hyperspectral imaging. more
Unique properties of quantum material explained for first time  nanowerk · 20 hours
Scientists have determined characteristics of a new, iron-containing type of material that is thought to have future applications in nanotechnology and spintronics. more
Mix master: Modeling magnetic reconnection in partially ionized plasma  SCIENCE DAILY · 21 hours
Many of the most dramatic events in the solar system -- the spectacle of the Northern Lights, the explosiveness of solar flares, and the destructive impact of geomagnetic storms that... more
Neural network technique identifies mechanisms of ferroelectric switching  SCIENCE DAILY · 21 hours
AI reveals domain-geometry-driven differences in ferroelectric switching, important for next-generation computing; approach could be applied to electron microscopy, agriculture, astronomy and other systems mapped through hyperspectral imaging more
Mix master: Modeling magnetic reconnection in partially ionized plasma  PHYS.ORG · 22 hours
Many of the most dramatic events in the solar system—the spectacle of the Northern Lights, the explosiveness of solar flares, and the destructive impact of geomagnetic storms that can disrupt... more
Recipe for making a fruitfly  PHYS.ORG · 23 hours
Researchers have used mass spectroscopy to determine the absolute copy numbers of nuclear proteins and histone modifications in the Drosophila embryo. The results provide new insights into the mechanisms of animal development. more
Halfway toward LHC consolidation  PHYS.ORG · 23 hours
The Large Hadron Collider is such a huge and sophisticated machine that the slightest alteration requires an enormous amount of work. During the second long shutdown (LS2), teams are hard at work reinforcing the electrical insulation of the accelerator's superconducting... more
Deuteron-like heavy dibaryons—a step towards finding exotic nuclei  PHYS.ORG · 23 hours
Have you ever wondered how the Sun creates the energy that we get from it every day and how the other elements beside hydrogen have formed in our universe? Perhaps you know... more
Elusive atomic-scale magnetic 'signal' in a Mott insulator revealed  SCIENCE DAILY · 23 hours
Spin-polarizing scanning tunneling microscopy allowed researchers to detect an elusive atomic-scale magnetic signal in a Mott insulator, reports a team of scientists. more
Probing work and heat dissipation in the quantum Hall edges of graphene  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Combining our nano-SQUID on tip with scanning gate measurements in the quantum Hall phase of graphene we were able to measure and identify work... more
Fragmented magnetism  nanowerk · 1 day
Spin-polarizing scanning tunneling microscopy allowed researchers to detect an elusive atomic-scale magnetic signal in a Mott insulator. more
Researchers reveal an elusive atomic-scale magnetic 'signal' in a Mott insulator  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Probing the properties of a Mott insulator, a team of researchers from Boston College, MIT, and U.C. Santa Barbara has revealed an elusive atomic-scale magnetic signal... more
Pushing quantum photonics  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Quantum computers use the fundamentals of quantum mechanics to potentially speed up the process of solving complex computations. Suppose you need to perform the task of searching for a specific number in a phone book. A classical computer will search... more
New method may offer effective treatment for pancreatic cancer with fewer side effects  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Pancreatic cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Patients with pancreatic cancer often receive chemotherapy or radiation therapy,... more
Global warming eclipses nuclear war as top concern: Nobel laureate  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
The threat of climate change has overtaken the prospect of nuclear war as the most pressing concern facing humanity, a former Colombian president and Nobel peace laureate warned... more
New insights could help tame speedy ions in fusion plasmas  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
To create a practical fusion energy reactor, researchers need to control particles known as fast ions. These speedy ions, which are electrically charged hydrogen atoms, provide much of... more
A star is born: Using lasers to study how star stuff is made  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
On a typical day at the world's biggest laser you can find scientists casually making star-like conditions using 192 high-powered lasers. Stars... more
Magneto-inertial fusion experiment nears completion  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
The Plasma Liner Experiment will soon test the potential for a novel plasma fusion concept, while offering insights into the physics of colliding plasma jets. more
Fusion: Fuel injection helps reduce magnetic island instabilities  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Fusion is a non-carbon-based process for energy production, where lighter atoms fuse into heavier ones. Fusion reactors operate by confining a 'soup' of charged particles, known as a plasma, within powerful magnetic... more
Taking a new tangent to control pesky waves in fusion plasmas  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Fusion combines light elements in the form of plasma -- the hot, charged state of matter composed of free electrons and atomic nuclei -- to generate... more
Taking new angle to enable more efficient, compact fusion power plants  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Researchers have demonstrated a new approach for injecting microwaves into a fusion plasma that doubles the efficiency of a critical technique that could have major implications... more
World record acceleration: Zero to 7.8 billion electron volts in 8 inches  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
To understand the fundamental nature of our universe, scientists would like to build particle colliders that accelerate electrons and their antimatter counterparts (positrons) to... more
Space mice and robots among latest science heading into space from Wallops Island  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Space mice, radiation vests, robotic avatars and recycling polymers for 3-D printers are among the science experiments bound for the International Space... more
It takes two -- a two-atom catalyst, that is -- to make oxygen from water  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
The search for sustainable approaches to generating new fuels has brought scientists back to one of the most... more
JILA team demonstrates model system for distribution of more accurate time signals  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
JILA physicists and collaborators have demonstrated the first next-generation "time scale"—a system that incorporates data from multiple atomic clocks to produce a single highly... more
Model system for distribution of more accurate time signals  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Physicists have demonstrated the first next-generation 'time scale' -- a system that incorporates data from multiple atomic clocks to produce a single highly accurate timekeeping signal for distribution. The new... more
A tiny cavity leads to a strong interaction between light and matter  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Researchers have succeeded in creating an efficient quantum-mechanical light-matter interface using a microscopic cavity. Within this cavity, a single photon is emitted and absorbed... more
A cavity leads to a strong interaction between light and matter  nanowerk · 2 days
Researchers have succeeded in creating an efficient quantum-mechanical light-matter interface using a microscopic cavity. Within this cavity, a single photon is emitted and absorbed up to... more
Physicists Create Unexpected New Form of Plutonium  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 days
Physicists using the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility have created a new compound of plutonium (Pu) with an unexpected, pentavalent oxidation state —... more
Armoring satellites to survive and operate through attacks  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Satellites do a lot of things—they help people navigate from one place to another, they deliver television programming, they search for new stars and exo-planets and they enable the U.S. nuclear deterrence... more
A cavity leads to a strong interaction between light and matter  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Researchers have succeeded in creating an efficient quantum-mechanical light-matter interface using a microscopic cavity. Within this cavity, a single photon is emitted and absorbed up to... more
It takes two—a two-atom catalyst, that is—to make oxygen from water  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
The search for sustainable approaches to generating new fuels has brought scientists back to one of the most abundant materials on Earth—reddish iron oxide in the... more
Breaking the stroma barrier: Study shows a new way to hit cancer with radiation  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are commonly used to treat cancer, but are not always effective and can have toxic side... more
Atomic images reveal unusually many neighbors for some oxygen atoms  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
The identification of new chemical bonds is crucial for the design of new material structures. A team has found unexpected new configurations of oxygen and nitrogen in graphene. more
Researchers watch quantum knots untie  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
A quantum gas can be tied into knots using magnetic fields. The same researchers who were the first to produce these knots have now studied how the knots behave over time. The surprising result is that the knots... more
Atomic images reveal unusually many neighbors for some oxygen atoms in graphene  nanowerk · 2 days
Researchers have found unexpected new configurations of oxygen and nitrogen in graphene. more
Researchers watch quantum knots untie  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A quantum gas can be tied into knots using magnetic fields. Our researchers were the first to produce these knots as part of a collaboration between Aalto University and Amherst College, U.S., and they have now studied how... more
How cells protect themselves from mitochondrial defects  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Cells need powerhouses known as mitochondria to utilize the energy stored in our food. Most of the proteins required for this powerhouse function are encoded in the nucleus and transported into the mitochondria after... more
Atomic images reveal many neighbors for some oxygen atoms  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
The identification of new chemical bonds is crucial for the design of new material structures. A team led by Jani Kotakoski at the University of Vienna and Jannik Meyer at... more
The DUNE experiment could lead to new discoveries about solar neutrinos  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is an international research collaboration aimed at exploring topics related to neutrinos and proton decay, which should start collecting data... more
Fuel injection helps reduce magnetic island instabilities  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Fusion is a non-carbon-based process for energy production, where lighter atoms fuse into heavier ones. Fusion reactors operate by confining a "soup" of charged particles, known as a plasma, within powerful magnetic fields. But... more
Magneto-inertial fusion experiment nears completion  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Assembly of the Plasma Liner Experiment (PLX) at Los Alamos National Laboratory is well underway with the installation of 18 of 36 plasma guns in an ambitious approach to achieving controlled nuclear fusion (Figure 1). The plasma guns... more
Taking a new tangent to control pesky waves in fusion plasmas  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Fusion combines light elements in the form of plasma—"the hot, charged state of matter composed of free electrons and atomic nuclei—"to generate massive amounts of energy.... more
A star is born: Using lasers to study how star stuff is made  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
On a typical day at the world's biggest laser, the National Ignition Facility (NIF) in Livermore, California, you can find scientists casually... more
Taking new angle to enable more efficient, compact fusion power plants  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Researchers at the DIII-D National Fusion Facility in San Diego have demonstrated a new approach for injecting microwaves into a fusion plasma that doubles the efficiency... more
World record acceleration: Zero to 7.8 billion electron volts in 8 inches  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
To understand the fundamental nature of our universe, scientists would like to build particle colliders that accelerate electrons and their antimatter counterparts (positrons) to... more
New insights could help tame speedy ions in fusion plasmas  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
To create a practical fusion energy reactor, researchers need to control particles known as fast ions. These speedy ions, which are electrically charged hydrogen atoms, provide much of... more
Chains of Atoms Move at Lightning Speed Inside Metals  ASTRO WATCH · 3 days
A phenomenon that has previously been seen when researchers simulate the properties of planet cores at extreme pressures... more
Quantum image distillation  Science Magazine · 5 days
Imaging with quantum states of light promises advantages over classical approaches in terms of resolution, signal-to-noise ratio, and sensitivity. However, quantum detectors are particularly sensitive sources of classical noise that can reduce or cancel any quantum advantage in the final... more
Electro-plasmonic nanoantenna: A nonfluorescent optical probe for ultrasensitive label-free detection of electrophysiological signals  Science Magazine · 5 days
Harnessing the unprecedented spatiotemporal resolution capability of light to detect electrophysiological signals has been the goal of scientists for nearly 50 years.... more
Nontrivial quantum oscillation geometric phase shift in a trivial band  Science Magazine · 5 days
Quantum oscillations provide a notable visualization of the Fermi surface of metals, including associated geometrical phases such as Berry’s phase, that play a central role in topological quantum... more
Training of quantum circuits on a hybrid quantum computer  Science Magazine · 5 days
Generative modeling is a flavor of machine learning with applications ranging from computer vision to chemical design. It is expected to be one of the techniques most suited to take... more
Novel excitations near quantum criticality in geometrically frustrated antiferromagnet CsFeCl3  Science Magazine · 5 days
The investigation of materials that exhibit quantum phase transition provides valuable insights into fundamental problems in physics. We present neutron scattering under pressure in a triangular-lattice antiferromagnet that... more
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital and IAEA team up to combat childhood cancers  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
The International Atomic Energy Agency and St. Jude Children's Research Hospital are joining forces to combat childhood cancers in developing countries, where... more
Quantum spacetime on a quantum simulator  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Quantum simulation plays an irreplaceable role in diverse fields, beyond the scope of classical computers. In a recent study, Keren Li and an interdisciplinary research team at the Center for Quantum Computing, Quantum Science and Engineering... more
Surfing on waves in a one-dimensional quantum liquid  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Physicists from the University of Luxembourg, together with international collaborators, have recently published an article in the internationally renowned journal Physical Review Letters. In this article, they demonstrate how quantum-mechanical interference effects... more
Medipix: Two decades of turning technology into applications  CERN · 5 days
Medipix: Two decades of turning technology into applications achintya Fri, 10/18/2019 - 10:11 (Image: CERN) How could microchips developed for... more
Big data technique reveals previously unknown capabilities of common materials  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Researchers have found a new way to optimize nickel by unlocking properties that could enable numerous applications, from biosensors to quantum computing. more
Blanket of light may give better quantum computers  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Researchers describe how -- by simple means -- they have created a 'carpet' of thousands of quantum-mechanically entangled light pulses. The discovery has the potential to pave the way for more powerful... more
Yale scientists build powerful genomic research platform to study cervical cancer  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
Yale Cancer Center scientists have built a powerful genomic research platform to study cervical cancer, a disease that often is untreatable if it progresses after surgery... more
Weaving quantum processors out of laser light  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Researchers open a new avenue to quantum computing with a breakthrough experiment: a large-scale quantum processor made entirely of light. more
Architecture of African swine fever virus and implications for viral assembly  Science Magazine · 6 days
African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a giant and complex DNA virus that causes a highly contagious and often lethal swine disease without vaccine available. Using... more
Light-driven deracemization enabled by excited-state electron transfer  Science Magazine · 6 days
Deracemization is an attractive strategy for asymmetric synthesis, but intrinsic energetic challenges have limited its development. Here, we report a deracemization method in which amine derivatives undergo spontaneous optical enrichment upon exposure to visible... more
An oxyl/oxo mechanism for oxygen-oxygen coupling in PSII revealed by an x-ray free-electron laser  Science Magazine · 6 days
Photosynthetic water oxidation is catalyzed by the Mn4CaO5 cluster of photosystem II (PSII) with linear progression through five S-state intermediates... more
Deterministic generation of a two-dimensional cluster state  Science Magazine · 6 days
Measurement-based quantum computation offers exponential computational speed-up through simple measurements on a large entangled cluster state. We propose and demonstrate a scalable scheme for the generation of photonic cluster states suitable for universal measurement-based... more
Generation of time-domain-multiplexed two-dimensional cluster state  Science Magazine · 6 days
Entanglement is the key resource for measurement-based quantum computing. It is stored in quantum states known as cluster states, which are prepared offline and enable quantum computing by means of purely local measurements. Universal quantum computing... more
Weaving quantum processors out of laser light  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
An international team of scientists from Australia, Japan and the United States has produced a prototype of a large-scale quantum processor made of laser light. more
Blanket of light may give better quantum computers  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Quantum mechanics is one of the most successful theories of natural science, and although its predictions are often counterintuitive, not a single experiment has been conducted to date of which the theory... more
MD Anderson and Varian announce strategic collaboration to optimize radiation oncology treatment  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and Varian today announced a new strategic collaboration to develop an integrated software platform to streamline... more
Double layer of graphene helps to control spin currents  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
In order to make transistors that operate using the spin of electrons, rather than their charge, it is necessary to find a way of switching spin currents on and off.... more
Double layer of graphene helps to control spin currents  nanowerk · 6 days
In order to make transistors that operate using the spin of electrons, rather than their charge, it is necessary to find a way of switching spin currents on and off.... more
Double layer of graphene helps to control spin currents  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
In order to make transistors that operate using the spin of electrons rather than their charge, it is necessary to find a way of switching spin currents on and off.... more
Ultrafast particle interactions could make quantum information devices feasible  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Energy is information. Lengthening the time during which a system is capable of retaining energy before losing it to the local environment is a key goal for the development of... more
Study could change clinical treatment for patients with unmanaged heartburn  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
A study published today in The New England Journal of Medicine found that in patients seen for heartburn unresponsive to treatment with Proton Pump Inhibitors, an extensive, systematic... more
Scientists discover fractal patterns in a quantum material  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
A fractal is any geometric pattern that occurs again and again, at different sizes and scales, within the same object. This "self-similarity" can be seen throughout nature, for example in a snowflake's... more
New method allows scientists to quantify the amount of cesium-rich microparticles in oil  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
New method allows scientists to create a quantitative map of radioactive cesium-rich microparticle distribution in soils collected around the damaged Fukushima Daiichi... more
New blood self-collection device quickly estimates a person's exposure to radiation  NEWS MEDICAL · 7 days
A University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix research team has developed a blood self-collection device to quickly estimate a person's exposure to radiation in... more
Scientists discover fractal patterns in a quantum material  MIT · 7 days
The X-ray-focusing lens used in the experiment is based on a design used in lighthouses for centuries. more
Controlled ploidy reduction of pluripotent 4n cells generates 2n cells during mouse embryo development  Science Magazine · 7 days
Cells with high ploidy content are common in mammalian extraembryonic and adult tissues. Cell-to-cell fusion generates polyploid cells during mammalian... more
Cryo-electron microscopy structure and analysis of the P-Rex1-G{beta}{gamma} signaling scaffold  Science Magazine · 7 days
PIP3-dependent Rac exchanger 1 (P-Rex1) is activated downstream of G protein–coupled receptors to promote neutrophil migration and metastasis. The structure of more than half of the enzyme and... more
Ultrafast particle interactions could help make quantum information devices feasible  nanowerk · 7 days
Research presents the detection of energy transfer from excited electrons to the crystal lattice on the femtosecond timescale. Knowledge could contribute to the development of materials that prolong... more
Scientists discover method to create and trap trions at room temperature  nanowerk · 7 days
Scientists chemically engineered carbon nanotubes to synthesize and trap trions -- quasi-particles potentially useful in bioimaging, chemical sensing and quantum computing. more
Quantum dots technology to revolutionize healthcare and sensing technology: see what's invisible  nanowerk · 7 days
Researchers have invented a new method of producing ultra-sensitive hyper-spectral photodetectors. At the heart of the discovery are colloidal quantum dots. more
Distribution of highly radioactive microparticles in Fukushima revealed  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 days
New method allows scientists to create a quantitative map of radioactive cesium-rich microparticle distribution in soils collected around the damaged Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP). This could help... more
Creating and trapping trions at room temperature  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 days
A team chemically engineered carbon nanotubes to synthesize and trap trions at room temperature. Trions are quasi particles that can potentially carry more information than electrons in applications from bioimaging to chemical sensing and... more
Researchers develop a procedure and a cheap, fast and eco-friendly device capable of detecting bitter almonds  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Alicante University's Analytical Atomic Spectrometry research group led by Analytical Chemistry Professor Juan Mora Pastor, has... more
Quantum dots technology to revolutionize healthcare and sensing technology  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Researchers of the Optoelectronics and Measurement Techniques Unit (OPEM) at the University of Oulu have invented a new method of producing ultra-sensitive hyper-spectral photodetectors. At the heart of the discovery... more
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