Particle Physics
Through thick and thin: Neutrons track lithium ions in battery electrodes  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Lithium-ion batteries are expected to have a global market value of $47 billion by 2023, but their use in heavy-duty applications such as electric vehicles is... more
Room temperature polariton lasing in quantum heterostructure nanocavities  Science Magazine · 2 days
Ultralow-threshold coherent light emitters can be achieved through lasing from exciton-polariton condensates, but this generally requires sophisticated device structures and cryogenic temperatures. Polaritonic nanolasers operating at room temperature lie on the crucial... more
Combinatorial optimization by simulating adiabatic bifurcations in nonlinear Hamiltonian systems  Science Magazine · 2 days
Combinatorial optimization problems are ubiquitous but difficult to solve. Hardware devices for these problems have recently been developed by various approaches, including quantum computers. Inspired by recently proposed... more
Direct observation of valley-coupled topological current in MoS2  Science Magazine · 2 days
The valley degree of freedom of electrons in two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides has been extensively studied by theory (1–4), optical (5–9), and optoelectronic (10–13) experiments. However, generation and detection of pure valley... more
U.S. military Electron launch first test for York satellite  SPACE NEWS · 2 days
Rocket Lab is preparing to launch in late April or early May three U.S. military satellites including the... more
Warming: Plants are also stressed out  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
What will a three-degree-warmer world look like? When experiencing stress or damage from various sources, plants use chloroplast-to-nucleus communication to regulate gene expression and help them cope. Now, researchers have found that GUN1 -- a gene... more
Coincidence helps with quantum measurements  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Through randomly selected measurements, physicists can determine the quantum entanglement of many-particle systems. With the newly developed method, quantum simulations can be extended to a larger number of quantum particles. Researchers now report on the first successful demonstration... more
Scientists uncover a link between RNA editing and chloroplast-to-nucleus communication  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
What will a three-degree-warmer world look like? How will plants fare in more extreme weather conditions? When experiencing stress or damage from various sources, plants use chloroplast-to-nucleus communication... more
Through thick and thin: Neutrons track lithium ions in battery electrodes  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Lithium-ion batteries are expected to have a global market value of $47 billion by 2023. They are used in numerous applications, because they offer relatively high... more
Successful tests of a cooler way to transport electricity  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Like a metal python, the huge pipe snaking through a CERN high-tech hall is actually a new electrical transmission line. This superconducting line is the first of its kind and... more
Helium Hydride Ion Spotted in Space for First Time  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 days
When the Universe was still very young, only a few kinds of atoms existed. Astrophysicists believe that around... more
Counting antigens with gold nanoparticles  nanowerk · 2 days
Researchers propose a gold nanoparticle (GNP) probe-assisted sandwich-counting strategy in vitro that relies on a GNP probe, an antibody-functionalized chip to 'count' antigen molecules using a scanning electron microscope. more
New book traces expeditions to test Einstein's theory of relativity  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
No Shadow of a Doubt, a new book by Daniel Kennefick, associate professor of physics at the University of Arkansas, tells the story of two research teams, organized... more
Carrier lifetimes of >1 {mu}s in Sn-Pb perovskites enable efficient all-perovskite tandem solar cells  Science Magazine · 3 days
All-perovskite-based polycrystalline thin-film tandem solar cells have the potential to deliver efficiencies of > 30%. However, the performance of all-perovskite-based... more
Artificial intelligence speeds efforts to develop clean, virtually limitless fusion energy  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Scientists are applying deep learning -- a powerful new version of the machine learning form of artificial intelligence -- to forecast sudden disruptions that can halt... more
Probing entanglement in a many-body-localized system  Science Magazine · 3 days
An interacting quantum system that is subject to disorder may cease to thermalize owing to localization of its constituents, thereby marking the breakdown of thermodynamics. The key to understanding this phenomenon lies in the system’s entanglement,... more
Probing Renyi entanglement entropy via randomized measurements  Science Magazine · 3 days
Entanglement is a key feature of many-body quantum systems. Measuring the entropy of different partitions of a quantum system provides a way to probe its entanglement structure. Here, we present and experimentally demonstrate a... more
New method enables quantum simulations on larger systems  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Through randomly selected measurements, Austrian physicists can now determine the quantum entanglement of many-particle systems. With the newly developed method, quantum simulations can be extended to a larger number of quantum particles.... more
CEBAF turns on the charm  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
The world's most advanced particle accelerator for investigating the quark structure of the atom's nucleus has just charmed physicists with a new capability. The production of charm quarks in J/ψ (J/psi) particles by CEBAF at the Department of... more
Successful tests of a cooler way to transport electricity  CERN · 3 days
Successful tests of a cooler way to transport electricity Camille Monnin camonnin Thu, 04/18/2019 - 14:52 Like a metal python, the huge pipe snaking through a CERN high-tech hall is... more
Demonstrating a weak topological insulator in bismuth iodide  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Topological insulators are one of the most exciting discoveries of the 21st century. They can be simply described as materials that conduct electricity on their surface or edge, but are insulating in... more
Capturing energy flow in a plasma by measuring scattered light  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Whether studying the core of our sun or the inside of a fusion reactor, scientists need to determine how energy flows in plasma. Scientists use simulations to calculate... more
Spin flipper upends protons  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Protons spin. It's an intrinsic property that can affect experiments at accelerators that use beams of protons. Yet flipping proton spins could offer insights into nuclear physics experiments that study the first moments of the universe in a laboratory setting.... more
Optical tweezers achieve new feats of capturing atoms  nanowerk · 3 days
In a new study, scientists showed that it could load groups of individual atoms into large grids with an efficiency unmatched by existing methods. more
Luminescing nanosized crystals are showing promise for peering deeply into body tissues  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Investigations of 'quantum dots' for looking deeply into body tissues are rapidly evolving, but more work is required to ensure they are safe, according... more
Making a fast ion transporter  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
An international team of researchers at Institute for Molecular Science in Japan and Max Planck Institute of Biophysics in Germany has revealed an ion transport mechanism of sodium/proton antiporter by simulating its motion. Based on the simulations, they... more
Scientists invent way to trap mysterious 'dark world' particle at Large Hadron Collider  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Now that they've identified the Higgs boson, scientists at the Large Hadron Collider have set their sights on an even more elusive... more
Captain Marvel, Special Relativity and 'Avengers: Endgame' Connection Explained  SPACE.COM · 3 days
Einstein's theory of relativity is super important in the new "Avengers: Endgame" teaser trailer and at the end of "Captain Marvel." more
Elusive molecule, first in Universe, detected in space  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
In the beginning, more than 13 billion years ago, the Universe was an undifferentiated soup of three simple, single-atom elements. more
Artificial intelligence speeds efforts to develop clean, virtually limitless fusion energy  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Artificial intelligence (AI), a branch of computer science that is transforming scientific inquiry and industry, could now speed the development of safe, clean and virtually limitless... more
Making a fast ion transporter  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
An international team of researchers reveals an ion transport mechanism of sodium/proton antiporter by simulating its motion. Based on the simulations, they now design a faster transporter by making mutation on ''gate'' of the transporter. more
A 192-heme electron transfer network in the hydrazine dehydrogenase complex  Science Magazine · 4 days
Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) is a major process in the biogeochemical nitrogen cycle in which nitrite and ammonium are converted to dinitrogen gas and water through the highly... more
Three studies show how tumors hijack the immune system to resist radiation therapy  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Treg cells turn off the immune system. Three recent studies show that targeting tregs may increase the effectiveness of anti-cancer immunotherapies. more
Boom! Another Neutron-Star Crash Spotted  SPACE.COM · 4 days
Astronomers have apparently spotted another epic neutron-star crash — and they didn't need gravitational waves to do it. more
World-record quantum computing  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
A world-record result in reducing errors in semiconductor electron 'spin qubits', a type of building block for quantum computers, has been achieved. more
Improving quantum computers  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
For decades, experts have predicted that quantum computers will someday perform difficult tasks, such as simulating complex chemical systems, that can't be done by conventional computers. But so far, these machines haven't lived up to their potential because of error-prone... more
World-record quantum computing result for Sydney teams  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
A world-record result in reducing errors in semiconductor 'spin qubits', a type of building block for quantum computers, has been achieved using the theoretical work of quantum physicists at the University of Sydney Nano... more
Researchers use noise data to increase reliability of quantum computers  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
A new technique by researchers at Princeton University, University of Chicago and IBM significantly improves the reliability of quantum computers by harnessing data about the noisiness of operations... more
Direct imaging of active orbitals in quantum materials  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
In quantum materials based on transition metals, rare-earth and actinide elements, electronic states are characterized by electrons in orbitals d and f, combined with the solid's strong band formation. Until now, to... more
Researchers develop the next generation of endoscopy technology  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Biotechnologists, physicists, and medical researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed technology for microscopic imaging in living organisms. A miniaturised multi-photon microscope, which could be used in an endoscope in future, excites... more
Scientists develop way to identify topological materials  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
In the decades since they were first theorized, scientists have suggested that the exotic properties of topological materials—that is, materials that maintain their electrical properties even in the face of radical temperature shifts or... more
Tuning terahertz transmission with metasurfaces  nanowerk · 4 days
A metasurface whose optical properties change in response to electricity provides precise control over the reflection and transmission of radiation. more
Three studies show how tumors hijack the immune system to develop radiotherapy resistance  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
More than a decade ago, radiation oncologists noticed a nifty phenomenon: Sometimes radiation used locally against a tumor could excite the immune... more
Magic mouthwash effectively reduces mouth sore pain caused by radiation therapy  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
"Magic mouthwash," an oral rinse containing diphenhydramine, lidocaine and antacids, significantly reduced pain from oral mucositis, mouth sores, in patients receiving radiation therapy for cancers of... more
'Snowball Chamber' Helps Researchers Use Supercooled Water to Search for Dark Matter  ASTRO WATCH · 5 days
After watching YouTube videos of people supercooling water in a bottle and then triggering it to freeze by banging it, something about this concept... more
Magic mouthwash effective treatment for mouth sore pain caused by radiation therapy  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
'Magic mouthwash,' an oral rinse containing diphenhydramine, lidocaine and antacids, significantly reduced pain from oral mucositis, mouth sores, in patients receiving radiation therapy for... more
College Students Hatch Nuclear-Powered Magnetic Plan to Protect Marsonauts from Cosmic Rays  LIVE SCIENCE · 5 days
A team of undergraduate students at Drake University in Iowa is developing a magnetic shield to defend interplanetary astronauts from the intense cosmic radiation... more
All-inorganic perovskite quantum dots help realize full-spectrum persistent luminescence tuning  nanowerk · 5 days
In a new study, scientists report a novel strategy to fine-tuning the persistent luminescence by using all-inorganic perovskite quantum dots as efficient light conversion materials. more
Physicists improve understanding of heat and particle flow in the edge of a fusion device  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Physicists have discovered valuable information about how plasma flows at the edge inside doughnut-shaped fusion devices. The findings... more
Researchers explore energy-saving catalysts that operate at room temperature  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
NIST researchers have explored in unprecedented detail a new breed of catalysts that allow some chemical reactions, which normally require high heat, to proceed at room temperature. The energy-saving catalysts... more
Spinning new targets for accelerators  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Bob Zwaska, a scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Fermilab, was watching a contestant on the cooking show Chopped spin sugar for their dessert when he realized the same principle might be applicable to accelerator targets. more
Researchers complete large analysis of new gene fusion responsible for development of cancers  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
A consortium of researchers led by Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center investigators have completed the largest analysis of a new gene fusion... more
Physicists improve understanding of heat and particle flow in the edge of a fusion device  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have discovered valuable information about... more
Light from exotic particle states  nanowerk · 6 days
Researchers have developed a new type of light-emitting diode. Light is produced from the radiative decay of exciton complexes in layers of just a few atoms thickness. more
High-speed 'electron camera' films molecular movie in HD  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
With an extremely fast 'electron camera,' researchers have made the first high-definition 'movie' of ring-shaped molecules breaking open in response to light. The results could further our understanding of similar reactions with... more
SLAC's high-speed 'electron camera' films molecular movie in HD  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
With an extremely fast "electron camera" at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, researchers have made the first high-definition "movie" of ring-shaped molecules breaking open in response to... more
Asteroids help scientists to measure the diameters of faraway stars  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Using the unique capabilities of telescopes specialised on cosmic gamma rays, scientists have measured the smallest apparent size of a star on the night sky to date. The... more
Why the world is due a revolution in economics education  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Economic thinking governs much of our world. But the discipline's teaching is stuck in the past. Centred around antiquated 19th-century models built on Newtonian physics, economics treats humans... more
'Snowball chamber' helps researchers use supercooled water to search for dark matter  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
After watching YouTube videos of people supercooling water in a bottle and then triggering it to freeze by banging it, something about this concept... more
Light from exotic particle states  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
A new type of light-emitting diode has been developed at TU Wien. Light is produced from the radiative decay of exciton complexes in layers of just a few atoms thickness. more
Seven common myths about quantum physics  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
I have been popularising quantum physics, my area of research, for many years now. The general public finds the topic fascinating and covers of books and magazines often draw on its mystery. A number of misconceptions... more
The World's Glaciers Are Sponging Up Loads of Nuclear Fallout, But You Shouldn't Worry — Yet  LIVE SCIENCE · 6 days
There's more nuclear fallout trapped in the world's glaciers than anywhere besides disaster sites like Chernobyl,... more
Nuclear fuel removed from crippled Japan plant  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
The operator of Japan's crippled Fukushima power plant on Monday began removing atomic fuel from inside a building housing one of the reactors that melted down in 2011. more
Nearest Exoplanets Could Host Life  ASTRO WATCH · 1 week
Excitement about exoplanets skyrocketed when rocky Earth-like planets were discovered orbiting in the habitable zone of some of our closest stars – until hopes for life... more
Quantum simulation more stable than expected  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A localization phenomenon boosts the accuracy of solving quantum many-body problems with quantum computers. These problems are otherwise challenging for conventional computers. This brings such digital quantum simulation within reach using quantum devices available today. more
Quantum localization bounds Trotter errors in digital quantum simulation  Science Magazine · 1 week
A fundamental challenge in digital quantum simulation (DQS) is the control of an inherent error, which appears when discretizing the time evolution of a quantum many-body system as a sequence... more
Relativistic independence bounds nonlocality  Science Magazine · 1 week
If nature allowed nonlocal correlations other than those predicted by quantum mechanics, would that contradict some physical principle? Various approaches have been put forward in the past two decades in an attempt to single out quantum nonlocality. However, none of... more
SAIC increases space startup collaboration  SPACE NEWS · 1 week
Josh Jackson, executive vice president and general manager of SAIC’s Solutions and Technology Group, said SAIC is working with around a dozen startups through accelerators in... more
Glavkosmos absorbs ILS, promises lower Proton prices  SPACE NEWS · 1 week
International Launch Services, the commercial sales division of Russia’s Proton rocket manufacturer Khrunichev, is now part of Glavkosmos, a Roscosmos subsidiary that... more
Texts as networks: How many words are sufficient to identify an author?  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
People are more original than they think—this is suggested by a literary text analysis method of stylometry proposed by scientists from the Institute of... more
Genome research platform expands use of lab technique to visualise DNA in cells  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet present a publicly available resource that can accelerate the use of so-called FISH techniques for studying how the... more
SLAC develops novel compact antenna for communicating where radios fail  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A new type of pocket-sized antenna, developed at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, could enable mobile communication in situations where conventional radios don't work, such... more
New Model Accurately Predicts Harmful Space Weather  ASTRO WATCH · 1 week
A new, first-of-its-kind space weather model reliably predicts space storms of high-energy particles that are harmful to many satellites and spacecraft orbiting... more
European Quantum Communications Network Takes Shape  ASTRO WATCH · 1 week
Today’s interconnected world is ever more vulnerable to cyberattacks, emphasizing the importance of secure encryption to protect Europe’s critical infrastructure and communications. An agreement... more
Research provides speed boost to quantum computers  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A new finding by researchers at the University of Chicago promises to improve the speed and reliability of current and next generation quantum computers by as much as ten times. By combining principles from... more
Study finds wide variations in Medicaid reimbursements for radiation therapies  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 week
A new study finds wide state-by-state variations in Medicaid reimbursements to physicians who treat cancer patients with radiation therapies. more
Quantum dot polymer for next-generation screens  nanowerk · 1 week
Scientists have developed and patented the fabrication of transparent, luminescent material they say could give smartphone and television screens flexible, stretchable, and shatterproof properties. more
Lab develops quantum dot polymer for next-gen screens  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
U.S. Naval Research Laboratory scientists have developed and patented the fabrication of transparent, luminescent material they say could give smartphone and television screens flexible, stretchable, and shatterproof properties. more
Scientists drill into white graphene to create artificial atoms  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
By drilling holes into a thin two-dimensional sheet of hexagonal boron nitride with a gallium-focused ion beam, scientists have created artificial atoms that generate single photons, which work in air... more
New super-accurate optical atomic clocks pass critical test  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Researchers have measured an optical clock's ticking with record-breaking accuracy while also showing the clock can be operated with unprecedented consistency. These achievements represent a significant step toward demonstrating that the new... more
Structure and dynamics of the active human parathyroid hormone receptor-1  Science Magazine · 1 week
The parathyroid hormone receptor-1 (PTH1R) is a class B G protein–coupled receptor central to calcium homeostasis and a therapeutic target for osteoporosis and hypoparathyroidism. Here we report the... more
Electron-phonon instability in graphene revealed by global and local noise probes  Science Magazine · 1 week
Understanding and controlling nonequilibrium electronic phenomena is an outstanding challenge in science and engineering. By electrically driving ultraclean graphene devices out of equilibrium, we observe an... more
Concerted proton-electron transfer reactions in the Marcus inverted region  Science Magazine · 1 week
Electron transfer (ET) reactions slow down when they become thermodynamically very favorable, a counterintuitive interplay of kinetics and thermodynamics termed the inverted region in Marcus theory. Here we report inverted... more
Infinite number of quantum particles gives clues to big-picture behavior at large scale  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
In quantum mechanics, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle prevents an external observer from measuring both the position and speed (referred to as momentum)... more
Researchers observe formation of a magnetar 6.5 billion light years away  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A University of Arkansas researcher is part of a team of astronomers who have identified an outburst of X-ray emission from a galaxy approximately 6.5 billion... more
The golden path towards new two-dimensional semiconductors  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Two-dimensional (2-D) semiconductors are promising for quantum computing and future electronics. Now, researchers can convert metallic gold into semiconductor and customize the material atom-by-atom on boron nitride nanotubes. more
Inner electrons behave differently in aromatic hydrocarbons  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
In an international research collaboration between Tsinghua University in Beijing and Sorbonne University in Paris, scientists found that four hydrocarbon molecules, known for their internal ring structure, have a lower threshold for the release... more
Scientists drill into white graphene to create artificial atoms  nanowerk · 1 week
Patterned on a microchip and working in ambient conditions, the atoms could lead to rapid advancements in new quantum-based technology. more
Successful tests of a cooler way to transport electricity
PHYS.ORG
Spinning new targets for accelerators
PHYS.ORG
Research provides speed boost to quantum computers
PHYS.ORG
New model accurately predicts harmful space weather
PHYS.ORG
Team harnesses spin of electrons to power tech devices
PHYS.ORG
Scientists capture live, atomic-level detail of nanoparticle formation
PHYS.ORG
Video: Building spaceships
PHYS.ORG
Van Allen Probes prepare for final descent into Earth's atmosphere
PHYS.ORG
Protein 'spat out' by cancer cells promotes tumor growth
SCIENCE DAILY
Listening to the quantum vacuum: Physicists measure quantum 'back action' in the audio band at room temperature
PHYS.ORG
Study shows how electricity-eating microbes use electrons to fix carbon dioxide
PHYS.ORG
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