Particle Physics
Physicists measure a short-lived radioactive molecule for first time  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 hours
Researchers have combined the power of a super collider with techniques of laser spectroscopy to precisely measure a short-lived radioactive molecule, radium monofluoride, for the first time. more
Making nuclear energy cost-competitive  MIT · 7 hours
Three MIT teams to explore novel ways to reduce operations and maintenance costs of advanced nuclear reactors. more
Return of the Blob: Surprise link found to edge turbulence in fusion plasma  SCIENCE DAILY · 9 hours
Correlation discovered between magnetic turbulence in fusion plasmas and troublesome blobs at the plasma edge. more
Ocean virus hijacks carbon-storing bacteria  SCIENCE DAILY · 10 hours
Scientists are analyzing the role of ferredoxin proteins produced when viral phages alter electron transfer in ocean-dwelling, photosynthetic bacteria that produce oxygen and store carbon. more
Study shows erosion of ozone layer responsible for mass extinction event  PHYS.ORG · 10 hours
Researchers at the University of Southampton have shown that an extinction event 360 million years ago, that killed much of the Earth's plant and freshwater aquatic... more
A potential explanation for urban smog: Aerosol particle growth higher in cold climates  PHYS.ORG · 10 hours
The effect of nitric acid on aerosol particles in the atmosphere may offer an explanation for the smog seen engulfing cities on... more
Structural basis of broad HIV neutralization by a vaccine-induced cow antibody  Science Magazine · 10 hours
Potent broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) to HIV have been very challenging to elicit by vaccination in wild-type animals. Here, by x-ray crystallography, cryo–electron microscopy, and site-directed... more
Liquid seal for compact micropiston actuation at the capillary tip  Science Magazine · 10 hours
Actuators at the tip of a submillimetric catheter could facilitate in vivo interventional procedures at cellular scales by enabling tissue biopsy and manipulation or supporting active micro-optics. However,... more
Size-dependent influence of NOx on the growth rates of organic aerosol particles  Science Magazine · 10 hours
Atmospheric new-particle formation (NPF) affects climate by contributing to a large fraction of the cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). Highly oxygenated organic molecules (HOMs) drive... more
UV-B radiation was the Devonian-Carboniferous boundary terrestrial extinction kill mechanism  Science Magazine · 10 hours
There is an unexplained terrestrial mass extinction at the Devonian-Carboniferous boundary (359 million years ago). The discovery in east Greenland of malformed land plant spores demonstrates that the... more
Kilohertz electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy of single nitrogen centers at zero magnetic field  Science Magazine · 10 hours
Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy is among the most important analytical tools in physics, chemistry, and biology. The emergence of nitrogen-vacancy (NV)... more
[Research Articles] Blocking immunosuppressive neutrophils deters pY696-EZH2-driven brain metastases  Science Magazine · 10 hours
The functions of immune cells in brain metastases are unclear because the brain has traditionally been considered "immune privileged." However, we found that a subgroup of immunosuppressive neutrophils is recruited... more
Physicists measure a short-lived radioactive molecule for first time  MIT · 13 hours
Molecules containing heavy and deformed radioactive nuclei may help scientists to measure symmetry-violating phenomena and identify signs of dark matter. more
ISOLDE scores a first with laser spectroscopy of short-lived radioactive molecules  CERN · 13 hours
ISOLDE scores a first with laser spectroscopy of short-lived radioactive molecules mailys Tue, 05/26/2020... more
Physicists test titanium target windows for particle beam  PHYS.ORG · 13 hours
In the late 2020s, Fermilab will begin sending the world's most intense beam of neutrinos through Earth's crust to detectors in South Dakota for the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment, or DUNE.... more
Physicists measure a short-lived radioactive molecule for first time  PHYS.ORG · 13 hours
Researchers at MIT and elsewhere have combined the power of a super collider with techniques of laser spectroscopy to precisely measure a short-lived radioactive molecule, radium monofluoride, for the first... more
A new approach to predict the evolutionary mechanisms of melanoma  NEWS MEDICAL · 13 hours
Melanoma is a malignant tumour resulting from the transformation of melanocytes, the cells in the skin that undertake to synthesise melanin, a complex polymer which protects us from... more
Using in-situ AFM to get a sneak peek of a key process in battery 'life'  nanowerk · 14 hours
Researchers visualized the formation of a solid electrolyte interphase on battery-grade carbonaceous electrode materials using in situ atomic... more
A new scheme for satellite-based quantum-secure time transfer  PHYS.ORG · 15 hours
Researchers at the University of Science and Technology of China have recently introduced a new satellite-based quantum-secure time transfer (QSTT) protocol that could enable more secure communications between different satellites or other... more
New type of coupled electronic-structural waves discovered in magnetite  PHYS.ORG · 16 hours
An international team of scientists uncovered exotic quantum properties hidden in magnetite, the oldest magnetic material known to mankind. The study reveals the existence of low-energy waves that indicate the... more
Like Moses parting the sea: spontaneous segregation of a superconducting quantum fluid revealed  nanowerk · 16 hours
More than 25 years since the discovery of superconductivity in strontium ruthanate (SRO), understanding the properties of this material remains as challenging... more
Quantum simulators for gauge theories  PHYS.ORG · 16 hours
To simulate in a laboratory what happens in particle accelerators has been an ambitious goal in the study of the fundamental forces of nature pursued by high-energy physicists for many years. Now, thanks to research conducted by the... more
Return of the Blob: Surprise link found to edge turbulence in fusion plasma  PHYS.ORG · 21 hours
Blobs can wreak havoc in plasma required for fusion reactions. This bubble-like turbulence swells up at the edge of fusion plasmas and... more
Researchers to study the ability of optical radiation to disinfect surfaces  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Now and in the months to come, hospitals and commercial buildings will be tasked with sanitizing large indoor environments to prevent the transmission of viruses like... more
Study offers new insight into how cells fuse  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Scientists have known for a decade that cells that fuse with others to perform their essential functions - such as muscle cells that join together to make fibers - form long projections... more
Montefiore and Einstein evaluate a new drug combination to fight COVID-19  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Montefiore Health System Albert Einstein College of Medicine have begun the next stage of the Adaptive COVID-19 Treatment Trial (ACTT), to evaluate treatment options for people... more
Urge to merge: Understanding how cells fuse  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Scientists have known for a decade that cells that fuse with others to perform their essential functions—such as muscle cells that join together to make fibers—form long projections that invade the territory of their... more
Chirality-assisted lateral momentum transfer for bidirectional enantioselective separation  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Light carrying photon momentum can push and pull microparticles through momentum exchange. This momentum exchange process generates optical forces, which either attracts (conventional optical tweezers), pushes (radiation force) or pulls (pulling force)... more
A nice day for a quantum walk  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Researchers at the Center for Quantum Information and Quantum Biology at Osaka University used trapped ions to demonstrate the spreading of vibrational quanta as part of a quantum random walk. This work relies on... more
New method reveals where DNA is at risk in the cell  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Researchers have developed a new sequencing method that makes it possible to map how DNA is spatially organized in the cell nucleus -- revealing which genomic... more
Watching single protons moving at water-solid interfaces  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Scientists have been able to observe single protons moving at the interface between water and a solid surface. Their research reveals the strong interactions of these charges with surfaces. more
Microbial cyborgs: Bacteria supplying power  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Electronic devices are still made of lifeless materials. One day, however, 'microbial cyborgs' might be used in fuel cells, biosensors, or bioreactors. Scientists have created the necessary prerequisite by developing a programmable, biohybrid system consisting of a nanocomposite... more
Microbial cyborgs: Bacteria supplying power  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Electronic devices are still made of lifeless materials. One day, however, "microbial cyborgs" might be used in fuel cells, biosensors, or bioreactors. Scientists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have created the necessary prerequisite by developing a programmable,... more
Scientists analyze structure, mechanism of phage protein that steals electrons  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Beneath the ocean's surface, a virus is hijacking the metabolism of the most abundant organism on Earth. That may be of interest to those of us above who... more
Physicist creates fifth state of matter from the living room  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A physicist has created the fifth state of matter working from home using quantum technology. more
Electron microscopy of nanoparticle superlattice formation at a solid-liquid interface in non-polar liquids  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Nanoparticle superlattice films that form at the solid-liquid interface are important for mesoscale materials but are challenging to analyze on the onset... more
Scientists propose spin filter method for polarized electron acceleration in plasma wakefields  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
High-energy polarized electron beams are widely used in high-energy physics (linear colliders), nuclear physics and material science. However, such polarized electron beams are usually... more
New method reveals where DNA is at risk in the cell  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have developed a new sequencing method that makes it possible to map how DNA is spatially organized in the cell nucleus—revealing which... more
Einstein's two mistakes  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Scientific research is based on the relationship between the reality of nature, as it is observed, and a representation of this reality, formulated by a theory in mathematical language. If all the consequences of the theory are experimentally proven, it... more
Researchers build sensor consisting of only 11 atoms  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Researchers at Delft University of Technology have developed a sensor that is only 11 atoms in size. The sensor is capable of capturing magnetic waves and consists of an antenna, a readout... more
New genomic method helps obtain high-resolution maps of DNA in the cell nucleus  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have developed a new sequencing method that makes it possible to map how DNA is spatially... more
Understanding ceramic materials' 'mortar' may reveal ways to improve them  nanowerk · 3 days
New research shows that in the important ceramic material silicon carbide, carbon atoms collect at those grain boundaries when the material is exposed to radiation. The finding could... more
Watching single protons moving at water-solid interfaces  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
The H+ proton consists of a single ion of hydrogen, the smallest and lightest of all the chemical elements. These protons occur naturally in water where a tiny proportion of H2O molecules separate spontaneously.... more
How well do Germans understand weather risks?  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Many Germans have difficulty gauging the negative impact of weather conditions such as ground frost, heat, or UV radiation. This is one of the key results of a representative survey conducted by researchers at... more
Researchers observe protons 'playing hopscotch' in a high-pressure form of ice  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
An international team of researchers from University College Dublin (UCD) and University of Saskatchewan, Canada, have observed 'proton-hopping' movement in a high-pressure form of ice (Ice... more
Watching single protons moving at water-solid interfaces  nanowerk · 3 days
A new study has provided the first-ever glimpse of the behavior of protons when water comes into contact with a solid surface, going down to the ultimate scale of single proton and single charge. more
Nanoscale optical pulse limiter facilitated by refractory metallic quantum wells  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
In the past several decades, physicists have conducted deep laboratory investigations into nonlinear optics, plasma physics and quantum science using advanced high-intensity, ultrashort-pulse lasers. Increased use of the... more
Energy-recovery linear accelerator proposed for next-generation physics research  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
As physicists developed plans for building an electron-ion collider (EIC)—a next-generation nuclear physics facility to be built at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory for nuclear physics research—they explored various... more
Microbial cyborgs: Bacteria supplying power  nanowerk · 3 days
One day, 'microbial cyborgs' might be used in fuel cells, biosensors, or bioreactors. Scientists have created the necessary prerequisite by developing a programmable, biohybrid system consisting of a nanocomposite and the Shewanella oneidensis bacterium that produces electrons. more
Strange ice formations may have tricked physicists into seeing mysterious particles that weren't there  LIVE SCIENCE · 5 days
What if one of the strangest, most unsettling findings in particle physics turned out to be an illusion? A new... more
Scientists solve half-century-old magnesium dimer mystery  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Magnesium dimer (Mg2) is a fragile molecule consisting of two weakly interacting atoms held together by the laws of quantum mechanics. It has recently emerged as a potential probe for understanding fundamental phenomena at the intersection... more
Researchers boost microwave signal stability a hundredfold  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Researchers have used state-of-the-art atomic clocks, advanced light detectors, and a measurement tool called a frequency comb to boost the stability of microwave signals 100-fold. This marks a giant step toward better electronics to... more
A stitch in time: How a quantum physicist invented new code from old tricks  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Building large-scale quantum computers will require suppression of errors. Scientists have used a neat trick to apply powerful 3D error-suppression... more
A stitch in time: How a quantum physicist invented new code from old tricks  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
A scientist at the University of Sydney has achieved what one quantum industry insider has described as "something that many... more
A fault-tolerant non-Clifford gate for the surface code in two dimensions  Science Magazine · 5 days
Fault-tolerant logic gates will consume a large proportion of the resources of a two-dimensional quantum computing architecture. Here we show how to perform a fault-tolerant non-Clifford... more
Meiosis occurs normally in the fetal ovary of mice lacking all retinoic acid receptors  Science Magazine · 5 days
Gametes are generated through a specialized cell differentiation process, meiosis, which, in ovaries of most mammals, is initiated during fetal... more
Supercooled liquid sulfur maintained in three-dimensional current collector for high-performance Li-S batteries  Science Magazine · 5 days
In lithium-sulfur (Li-S) chemistry, the electrically/ionically insulating nature of sulfur and Li2S leads to sluggish electron/ion transfer kinetics for sulfur species conversion. Sulfur and... more
Possibility of realizing superionic ice VII in external electric fields of planetary bodies  Science Magazine · 5 days
In a superionic (SI) ice phase, oxygen atoms remain crystallographically ordered while protons become fully diffusive as a result of intramolecular dissociation.... more
Oriented hexagonal boron nitride foster new type of information carrier  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Today's computers use the presence or absence of charge (0s and 1s) to encode information, where the physical motion of charges consume energy and cause heat. A novel... more
Oriented hexagonal boron nitride foster new type of information carrier  nanowerk · 6 days
A novel alternative to current computers is to utilize the wave quantum number of the electrons by which the information encoding is possible without physically moving the carriers.... more
Researchers review advances in 3-D printing of high-entropy alloys  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
High-entropy alloys (HEAs) are at the frontier of the metal materials community. They are used as alternative materials in the production of high-temperature turbine blades, high-temperature molds and dies, hard... more
Discovery about the edge of fusion plasma could help realize fusion power  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
A major roadblock to producing safe, clean and abundant fusion energy on Earth is the lack of detailed understanding of how the hot, charged... more
Laser cooling a nanomechanical oscillator close to its ground state  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Researchers at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL) and IBM Research Europe recently demonstrated the laser cooling of a nanomechanical oscillator down to its zero-point energy... more
Visualization of functional components to characterize optimal composite electrodes  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Researchers have developed a visualization method that will determine the distribution of components in battery electrodes using atomic force microscopy. The method provides insights into the optimal conditions of composite... more
Understanding the atomic details of the endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein complex  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
All human cells are enclosed in a greasy membrane that is embedded with thousands of different proteins. These so-called membrane proteins carry out countless functions, from... more
Capturing the coordinated dance between electrons and nuclei in a light-excited molecule  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Using SLAC's high-speed 'electron camera,' scientists simultaneously captured the movements of electrons and nuclei in a light-excited molecule. This marks the first time this... more
Capturing the coordinated dance between electrons and nuclei in a light-excited molecule  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Using a high-speed "electron camera" at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, scientists have simultaneously captured the movements of electrons and nuclei... more
New gravitational-wave model can bring neutron stars into even sharper focus  nanowerk · 6 days
Gravitational-wave researchers have developed a new model that promises to yield fresh insights into the structure and composition of neutron stars. more
Coherent optical clock down-conversion for microwave frequencies with 10-18 instability  Science Magazine · 6 days
Optical atomic clocks are poised to redefine the Système International (SI) second, thanks to stability and accuracy more than 100 times better than the current microwave atomic clock... more
Observation of Floquet solitons in a topological bandgap  Science Magazine · 6 days
Topological protection is a universal phenomenon that applies to electronic, photonic, ultracold atomic, mechanical, and other systems. The vast majority of research in these systems has explored the linear domain, where interparticle... more
Simultaneous observation of nuclear and electronic dynamics by ultrafast electron diffraction  Science Magazine · 6 days
Simultaneous observation of nuclear and electronic motion is crucial for a complete understanding of molecular dynamics in excited electronic states. It is challenging for a single... more
Scientists boost microwave signal stability a hundredfold  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have used state-of-the-art atomic clocks, advanced light detectors, and a measurement tool called a frequency comb to boost the stability of microwave signals 100-fold.... more
Structural basis for membrane insertion by the human ER membrane protein complex  Science Magazine · 6 days
A defining step in the biogenesis of a membrane protein is the insertion of its hydrophobic transmembrane helices into the lipid bilayer. The nine-subunit... more
T cells with dysfunctional mitochondria induce multimorbidity and premature senescence  Science Magazine · 6 days
The impact of immunometabolism on age-associated diseases remains uncertain. Here, we show that T cells with dysfunctional mitochondria due to mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) deficiency act as... more
'One-way' electronic devices enter the mainstream  nanowerk · 7 days
Engineers build high-performance non-reciprocal devices on a compact chip, paving the way for applications from two-way wireless to quantum computing. more
Quantum leap: Photon discovery is a major step toward at-scale quantum technologies  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 days
A team of physicists has developed the first integrated photon source with the potential to deliver large-scale quantum photonics. The development of quantum technologies... more
Scientists unravel challenge in improving fusion performance  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
A team at the DIII-D National Fusion Facility led by a William & Mary physicist has made a significant advancement in physics understanding that represents a key step toward practical fusion energy. more
Physicists exploring use of Blu-ray disc lasers to kill COVID-19, other viruses  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
A new weapon in the arsenal against the coronavirus may be sitting in your home entertainment console. A team led by physicist Chris Barty... more
Mammoths, mastodons and the fruit they left behind at Fermilab  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory are constantly pushing at the boundaries of the unknown in their attempt to understand the origin and physical... more
New gravitational-wave model can bring neutron stars into even sharper focus  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Gravitational-wave researchers at the University of Birmingham have developed a new model that promises to yield fresh insights into the structure and composition of neutron stars. more
New technique reveals potentially treatable mutations in subset of prostate cancer patients  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 week
Prostate cancer patients who do not respond well to PSMA-targeted therapy often have potentially treatable mutations in their DNA damage-repair genes, according to research... more
Untangling a key step in photosynthetic oxygen production  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Photosystem II is a protein complex in plants, algae and cyanobacteria that is responsible for splitting water and producing the oxygen we breathe. Over the past few years, an international collaboration between... more
Galactic cosmic rays now available for study on Earth  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
To better understand and mitigate the health risks faced by astronauts from exposure to space radiation, we ideally need to be able to test the effects of galactic cosmic rays... more
RALF1-FERONIA complex affects splicing dynamics to modulate stress responses and growth in plants  Science Magazine · 1 week
The environmentally responsive signaling pathways that link global transcriptomic changes through alternative splicing (AS) to plant fitness remain unclear. Here, we found... more
Chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer-based nanoparticles for quantum yield-enhanced cancer phototheranostics  Science Magazine · 1 week
Chemiluminescence (CL) has recently gained attention for CL resonance energy transfer (CRET)–mediated photodynamic therapy of cancer. However, the short duration of the CL signal and low quantum yield... more
Structural basis for distinct operational modes and protease activation in AAA+ protease Lon  Science Magazine · 1 week
Substrate-bound structures of AAA+ protein translocases reveal a conserved asymmetric spiral staircase architecture wherein a sequential ATP hydrolysis cycle drives hand-over-hand substrate... more
Team builds hybrid quantum system by entangling molecule with atom  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Physicists have boosted their control of the fundamental properties of molecules at the quantum level by linking or 'entangling' an electrically charged atom and an electrically charged molecule,... more
Attosecond physics: Quantum brakes in molecules  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Physicists have measured the flight times of electrons emitted from a specific atom in a molecule upon excitation with laser light. This has enabled them to measure the influence of the molecule itself on the kinetics... more
Going nuclear on the moon and Mars  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
It might sound like science fiction, but scientists are preparing to build colonies on the moon and, eventually, Mars. With NASA planning its next human mission to the moon in 2024, researchers are looking... more
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