Particle Physics
Imaging atomic structure of important immune regulator  SCIENCE DAILY · 14 hours
A new study provides a biophysical and structural assessment of a critical immune regulating protein called human T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain containing protein-3 (hTIM-3). Understanding the atomic structure of hTIM-3 provides new insights... more
Researchers image atomic structure of important immune regulator  PHYS.ORG · 15 hours
A new study by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital provides a biophysical and structural assessment of a critical immune regulating protein called human T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain containing protein-3 (hTIM-3).... more
How glial cells develop in the brain from neural precursor cells  SCIENCE DAILY · 17 hours
A research team studied how glial cells develop in the brain from neural precursor cells. They discovered that differentiation involves three stages and that three proteins... more
Topological matters: Toward a new kind of transistor  PHYS.ORG · 17 hours
Billions of tiny transistors supply the processing power in modern smartphones, controlling the flow of electrons with rapid on-and-off switching. more
Compelling evidence for small drops of perfect fluid  PHYS.ORG · 17 hours
Nuclear physicists analyzing data from the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)—a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science user facility for nuclear physics research at Brookhaven National... more
Key plans for the next two years of the LHC  CERN · 19 hours
Key plans for the next two years of the LHC Letizia Diamante ldiamant Mon, 12/10/2018 -... more
New optical device brings quantum computing a step closer  PHYS.ORG · 19 hours
An international team of researchers has taken a big step closer to creating an optical quantum computer, which has the potential to engineer new drugs and optimise energy-saving methods. more
Proteins imaged in graphene liquid cell have higher radiation tolerance  PHYS.ORG · 19 hours
Electron microscopy is one of the main methods used to examine protein structure. Studying these structures is of key importance to elucidate their function feeding fundamental information into... more
Iron-rich lamellae in a semiconductor  PHYS.ORG · 20 hours
There is often a pronounced symmetry when you look at the lattice of crystals: It doesn't matter where you look—the atoms are uniformly arranged in every direction. This behavior would also be expected of a crystal, which physicists... more
Custom-made artificial mother-of-pearl  PHYS.ORG · 20 hours
Natural mother-of-pearl, such as mussels, is one of the hardest, most stable and stiff natural materials. Researchers have always been fascinated by it. The structure of mother-of-pearl is exquisite under the electron microscope; it looks like a miniature brick wall,... more
Engineers produce smallest 3-D transistor yet  PHYS.ORG · 21 hours
Researchers from MIT and the University of Colorado have fabricated a 3-D transistor that's less than half the size of today's smallest commercial models. To do so, they developed a novel microfabrication technique that modifies semiconductor... more
Proteins imaged in graphene liquid cell have higher radiation tolerance  nanowerk · 21 hours
By preparing a microtubule sample in a graphene liquid cell, researchers demonstrate that the radiation tolerance of proteins proteins in liquid-phase electron microscopy is increased by an order... more
Milestone for bERLinPro: Photocathodes with high quantum efficiency  PHYS.ORG · 21 hours
Teams from the accelerator physics and the SRF groups at HZB are developing a superconducting linear accelerator featuring energy recovery (Energy Recovery Linac) as part of the bERLinPro project. It accelerates an... more
Engineers produce smallest 3-D transistor yet  nanowerk · 24 hours
Process that modifies semiconductor material atom by atom could enable higher-performance electronics. more
Researchers use new technique to probe hydrogen bonds  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have used nuclear resonance vibrational spectroscopy to probe the hydrogen bonds that modulate the chemical reactivity of enzymes, catalysts and biomimetic complexes. more
Researchers discover a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy - a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the... more
This Fluffy Alien World Farts Helium  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 days
As a Jupiter-size world swings around its small but active star, bombarded by radiation, the planet leaves behind a tail of escaping helium as wide as itself — and researchers have spotted this tail from the... more
Will Dark Matter Mess with These Ultraprecise Atomic Clocks?  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 days
Researchers are putting a global network of the most precise timekeepers ever made to the task of hunting for dark matter, the invisible and largely intangible substance that researchers think... more
A new 'spin' on kagome lattices  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
The kagome ferromagnet Fe3Sn2 exhibits an electronic state that couples unusually strongly to an applied magnetic field that can be rotated to point in any direction of a 3-dimensional space, revealing that magnetization drives -- in... more
Researchers probe hydrogen bonds using new technique  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Researchers have used nuclear resonance vibrational spectroscopy to probe the hydrogen bonds that modulate the chemical reactivity of enzymes, catalysts and biomimetic complexes. The technique could lead to the development of better catalysts for... more
Engineers produce smallest 3-D transistor yet  MIT · 3 days
Process that modifies semiconductor material atom by atom could enable higher-performance electronics. more
Researchers probe hydrogen bonds using new technique  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have used nuclear resonance vibrational spectroscopy to probe the hydrogen bonds that modulate the chemical reactivity of enzymes, catalysts and biomimetic complexes. The technique could lead to the development... more
A new 'spin' on kagome lattices  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Like so many targets of scientific inquiry, the class of material referred to as the kagome magnet has proven to be a source of both frustration and amazement. Further revealing the quantum properties of the kagome... more
Scientists exchanged quantum information on daylight in a free-space quantum key distribution  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Scientists have reported a successful free-space quantum key distribution (QKD) in daylight with the self-developed polarization encoding chip for the first time. QKD is... more
Seeing and avoiding the 'blind spot' in atomic force measurements  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy -- a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells... more
Are amorphous solids elastic or plastic?  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
In a crystalline solid, the atoms form an ordered lattice. Crystalline solids respond elastically to small deformations: When the applied strain is removed, the macroscopic stress, as well as the microscopic configuration of the atomic lattice,... more
Harnessing the power of 'spin orbit' coupling in silicon: Scaling up quantum computation  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to... more
Ultraprecise Atomic Clock Network on the Hunt For Dark Matter  SPACE.COM · 4 days
Researchers are putting a global network of the most precise timekeepers ever made to the task of hunting for dark matter, the invisible and largely intangible substance that... more
Integrated photonic platform for quantum information with continuous variables  Science Magazine · 4 days
Integrated quantum photonics provides a scalable platform for the generation, manipulation, and detection of optical quantum states by confining light inside miniaturized waveguide circuits. Here, we show the generation, manipulation,... more
A quantum machine learning algorithm based on generative models  Science Magazine · 4 days
Quantum computing and artificial intelligence, combined together, may revolutionize future technologies. A significant school of thought regarding artificial intelligence is based on generative models. Here, we propose a general quantum... more
Scientists enter unexplored territory in superconductivity search  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Scientists mapping out the quantum characteristics of superconductors -- materials that conduct electricity with no energy loss -- have entered a new regime. Using newly connected tools, they've uncovered previously inaccessible details of the... more
Seeing and avoiding the 'blind spot' in atomic force measurements  nanowerk · 4 days
Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy - a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells... more
New traffic rules in 'Graphene City'  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
In the drive to find new ways to extend electronics beyond the use of silicon, physicists are experimenting with other properties of electrons, beyond charge. Physicists now describe a way to manipulate electrons based on their... more
Seeing and avoiding the 'blind spot' in atomic force measurements  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy—a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the... more
Fast storage material in neutron light  nanowerk · 4 days
Novel phase change memory materials can work a thousand times faster than current flash memory chips, while being significantly more durable. more
Molecularly thin hybrid perovskite for advanced optoelectronic applications  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
NUS scientists have discovered that the light emission properties of molecularly thin two-dimensional (2-D) hybrid perovskite can be tuned in a highly reversible way for ultrathin optoelectronic applications. A highly efficient photodetector... more
Opening Pandora's Box: Gene editing and its consequences  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Today, the scientific community is aghast at the prospect of gene editing to create "designer" humans. Gene editing may be of greater consequence than climate change, or even the consequences of unleashing... more
New model for assessing the effect of ionizing radiation on microelectronic devices  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
The main trend in the development of hardware components for digital and analog electronic equipment is to reduce the size of the active regions... more
Tailoring nonlinearity with time domain metasurface for wireless communication  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Electromagnetic and optical nonlinear effects provide an important platform in a broad spectrum of technologies, including high harmonic generation, sum and difference frequency conversions, self-focusing, optical solitons, and multi-photon absorption.... more
Atoms stand in for electrons in system for probing high-temperature superconductors  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
High-temperature superconductors have the potential to transform everything from electricity transmission and power generation to transportation. more
Cryo-electron microscopy shows how stabilizing proteins bind to microtubules  nanowerk · 4 days
Flash freezing a shape-shifting protein reveals details about its role in intracellular transportation and the maintenance of cell shape. more
Polonium: A Rare and Highly Volatile Radioactive Element  LIVE SCIENCE · 4 days
Polonium was a critical ingredient in the first atomic bomb and it's a suspected poison in more than one high-profile death. more
A Step Closer to Fusion Energy  ASTRO WATCH · 4 days
Harnessing nuclear fusion, which powers the sun and stars, to help meet earth's energy needs, is a step closer after researchers showed that using... more
New traffic rules in 'Graphene City'  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
In the drive to find new ways to extend electronics beyond the use of silicon, physicists are experimenting with other properties of electrons, beyond charge. In work published today (Dec 7) in the journal Science, a... more
Atoms stand in for electrons in system for probing high-temperature superconductors  MIT · 5 days
Using new “quantum emulator,” physicists can observe individual atoms moving through these materials, and measure their speed. more
UMGCCC uses Gammapod radiotherapy to treat breast cancer patients  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
Radiation oncologists at the University of Maryland Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Comprehensive Cancer Center are now treating patients with the GammaPod™, a new FDA-cleared radiation therapy for early-stage breast cancer. more
New traffic rules in 'Graphene City'  nanowerk · 5 days
Topological control of electrons means future electronic roadways are now possible. more
Bad metallic transport in a cold atom Fermi-Hubbard system  Science Magazine · 5 days
Strong interactions in many-body quantum systems complicate the interpretation of charge transport in such materials. To shed light on this problem, we study transport in a clean quantum system: ultracold... more
Spin transport in a Mott insulator of ultracold fermions  Science Magazine · 5 days
Strongly correlated materials are expected to feature unconventional transport properties, where charge, spin, and heat conduction are potentially independent probes of the dynamics. In contrast to charge transport, the measurement... more
Building two-dimensional materials one row at a time: Avoiding the nucleation barrier  Science Magazine · 5 days
Assembly of two-dimensional (2D) molecular arrays on surfaces produces a wide range of architectural motifs exhibiting unique properties, but little attention has been given... more
A valley valve and electron beam splitter  Science Magazine · 5 days
Developing alternative paradigms of electronics beyond silicon technology requires the exploration of fundamentally new physical mechanisms, such as the valley-specific phenomena in hexagonal two-dimensional materials. We realize ballistic valley Hall kink states in bilayer... more
Using quantum entanglement to study proteins  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
For the first time, a University of Michigan chemist has used quantum entanglement to examine protein structures, a process that requires only a very small number of photons of light. more
An exoplanet loses its atmosphere in the form of a tail  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
A new study led by scientists from the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC) reveals that the giant exoplanet WASP-69b carries a comet-like tail made up... more
Lymph node ratio could predict survival in patients with oral cavity cancer  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
Five years after diagnosis, only 40 percent of patients with locally-advanced oral cavity cancer will still be alive. The question is who is likely... more
A Helium Tail Trails This Fluffy Alien Planet  SPACE.COM · 5 days
As a Jupiter-size world swings around its small but active star, bombarded by radiation, the planet leaves behind a tail of escaping helium as wide as itself — and researchers have spotted... more
New model for assessing the effect of ionizing radiation on micro- and nanoelectronic devices  nanowerk · 5 days
The proposed model serves to improve the quality and efficiency of sophisticated microelectronic equipment operation in extreme conditions of outer... more
Friendly electromagnetic pulse improves survival for electronics  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
An electromagnetic pulse, or EMP, emitted by a nuclear weapon exploded high above the United States could disable the electronic circuits of many devices vital to military defense and modern living. more
LIGO supercomputer upgrade will speed up groundbreaking astrophysics research  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
In 2016, an international team of scientists found definitive evidence—tiny ripples in space known as gravitational waves—to support one of the last remaining untested predictions of Einstein's theory of general... more
Researchers examine competing states in high-temperature superconductors  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
High-temperature superconductors can transport electrical energy without resistance. Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have carried out high-resolution inelastic X-ray scattering and have found that high uniaxial pressure induces a long-range charge order... more
Humanity's Largest Atom Smasher Takes a Pause, Will Wake Up Again in 2021  SPACE.COM · 5 days
Particles: Breathe easy. Scientists at the world's largest particle collider have no plans to smash you together until spring 2021. more
A 3D imaging technique unlocks properties of perovskite crystals  nanowerk · 5 days
Scientists have, for the first time, visualized the 3D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. more
Scientists enter unexplored territory in superconductivity search  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Scientists mapping out the quantum characteristics of superconductors—materials that conduct electricity with no energy loss—have entered a new regime. Using newly connected tools named OASIS at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory,... more
A 3-D imaging technique unlocks properties of perovskite crystals  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3-D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex... more
Graphene may one day be used to test for ALS  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
The wonders of graphene are numerous -- it can enable flexible electronic components, enhance solar cell capacity, filter the finest subatomic particles and revolutionize batteries. more
Reflecting antiferromagnetic arrangements  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
An X-ray imaging technique could help scientists understand -- and ultimately control -- the magnetic structure of promising materials for the development of electronic devices that exploit electron spin. more
On the trail of the Higgs Boson  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
In a quest to understand the production mechanisms for the Higgs Boson, a researcher has investigated the traces of a rare process, called ttH, in which the Higgs Boson is produced in association with... more
What Is X-Ray Spectroscopy?  LIVE SCIENCE · 6 days
X-ray spectroscopy is used in many areas of science, medicine and technology, to better understand the characteristics of a material at the atomic level. more
High pressure orders electrons  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
High-temperature superconductors can transport electrical energy without resistance. Researchers have carried out high-resolution inelastic x-ray scattering and have found that high uniaxial pressure induces a long-range charge order competing with superconductivity. Their study opens up new insights into the behavior... more
LIGO and Virgo Announce Four New Detections  ASTRO WATCH · 6 days
On Saturday, December 1, scientists attending the Gravitational Wave Physics and Astronomy Workshop in College Park, Maryland, presented new results from the... more
COSINE-100 experiment investigates dark matter mystery  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Astrophysical evidence suggests that the universe contains a large amount of non-luminous dark matter, but no definite signal has been observed despite concerted efforts by many experimental groups. One exception is the long-debated claim by the... more
Using graphene to detect ALS, other neurodegenerative diseases  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
The wonders of graphene are numerous—it can enable flexible electronic components, enhance solar cell capacity, filter the finest subatomic particles and revolutionize batteries. Now, the "supermaterial" may one day be used to... more
On the trail of the Higgs Boson  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
For the physics community, the discovery of new particles like the Higgs Boson has paved the way for a host of exciting potential experiments. Yet, when it comes to such an elusive particle as... more
Reflecting antiferromagnetic arrangements  nanowerk · 6 days
An newly developed x-ray imaging technique could help scientists understand--and ultimately control--the magnetic structure of promising materials for the development of electronic devices that exploit electron spin. more
Brief reflections from a plasma mirror  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
When a dense sheet of electrons is accelerated to almost the speed of light, it acts as a reflective surface. Such a 'plasma mirror' can be used to manipulate light. Now an international team of physicists... more
Science: High pressure orders electrons  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
High-temperature superconductors can transport electrical energy without resistance. Researchers have carried out high-resolution inelastic x-ray scattering and have found that high uniaxial pressure induces a long-range charge order competing with superconductivity. Their study opens up new insights into... more
Brief reflections from a plasma mirror  nanowerk · 6 days
When a dense sheet of electrons is accelerated to almost the speed of light, it acts as a reflective surface. Such a 'plasma mirror' can be used to manipulate light. more
Theoretical predictions help dark matter hunt  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
A new Ph.D. thesis in the University of Jyväskylä, Finland, shows how utilizing tellurium as a detector material can help detect dark matter more effectively than currently used materials. The research also lays a foundation for... more
River deep: Einstein's contribution to earth science  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Albert Einstein is famous for a lot of reasons, but the movement of sediments in rivers is perhaps not one of them. Yet, his name is associated with those of Ackers, White, and Shields... more
Scientists develop a new drug for cancer diagnostics and treatment  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Russian researchers announced the development of a combined action drug based on ionizing radiation and bacterial toxin. Their combined effect appeared to be 2,200 times stronger compared to... more
Plasmonic quantum size effects in silver nanoparticles are dominated by interfaces and local environments  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
When metallic dimensions are reduced to the nanoscale, a phenomenon termed localized surface-plasmon resonance (LSPR) appears due to electron oscillations,... more
Galileo satellites prove Einstein's Relativity Theory to highest accuracy yet  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Europe's Galileo satellite navigation system – already serving users globally – has now provided a historic service to the physics community worldwide, enabling the most accurate measurement ever... more
A step closer to fusion energy  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Harnessing nuclear fusion is a step closer after researchers showed that using two types of imaging can help them assess the safety and reliability of parts used in a fusion energy device. more
New building block in quantum computing demonstrated  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Researchers have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. The team's experimental system allows them to manipulate the frequency of photons to bring about superposition, a state that enables... more
Proton pump inhibitors in combination with oral anticoagulants reduce GI bleeding risk  NEWS MEDICAL · 7 days
A Vanderbilt University Medical Centerstudy published today in JAMA shows that patients already at higher risk for gastrointestinal bleeding gain a marked protection from... more
Capturing the surprising flexibility of crystal surfaces  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 days
Images taken using an atomic force microscope have allowed researchers to observe, for the first time, the flexible and dynamic changes that occur on the surfaces of 'porous coordination polymer' crystals when guest molecules... more
Opening Pandora's Box: Gene editing and its consequences
PHYS.ORG
Galileo satellites prove Einstein's Relativity Theory to highest accuracy yet
ESA
Dual 8-bit breakthroughs bring AI to the edge
PHYS.ORG
Scientist at work: To take atomic-scale pictures of tiny crystals, use a huge, kilometer-long synchrotron
PHYS.ORG
Borophene advances as 2-D materials platform
PHYS.ORG
Artificial magnetic field produces exotic behavior in graphene sheets
PHYS.ORG
Could 'Iron Man' style suit be the answer to the world's biggest nuclear challenge?
PHYS.ORG
The future of fighting cancer: Zapping tumors in less than a second
PHYS.ORG
TEDxCERN: A remarkable elephant in the room
CERN
A new lead on a 50-year-old radiation damage mystery
PHYS.ORG
Neutron pinhole magnifies discoveries at ORNL
PHYS.ORG
Big jobs: Safety, planning key to increasing production performance at Spallation Neutron Source
PHYS.ORG
Fresh