Oceans
Deep-sea worms and bacteria team up to harvest methane  PHYS.ORG · 21 hours
Scientists at Caltech and Occidental College have discovered a methane-fueled symbiosis between worms and bacteria at the bottom of the sea, shedding new light on the ecology of deep-sea environments. more
3 Questions: Greg Britten on how marine life can recover by 2050  MIT · 2 days
Committing to aggressive conservation efforts could rebuild ocean habitats and species populations in a few decades. more
As Africa locks down, some deliveries of aid are threatened  ABC NEWS · 2 days
More than half of Africa’s 54 countries have closed their land, air and sea borders, while fears rise that the coronavirus-related restrictions are delaying access to critical aid more
NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Irondro developing an eye  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
As Tropical Cyclone Irondro continues to move through the Southern Indian Ocean, NASA's Terra satellite saw the storm developing an eye as it continued to intensify. more
NASA-NOAA satellite catches Tropical Cyclone Harold develop near Solomon Islands  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over the Southern Pacific Ocean and provided forecasters with a visible image of newly formed Tropical Cyclone Harold. Harold formed near the Solomon... more
Experiments lead to slip law for better forecasts of glacier speed, sea-level rise  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Backed by experimental data from a laboratory machine that simulates the huge forces involved in glacier flow, glaciologists have written an equation... more
Coastal pollution reduces genetic diversity of corals, reef resilience  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A new study by researchers at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) found that human-induced environmental stressors have a large effect... more
Bacteria in rock deep under sea inspire new search for life on Mars  nanowerk · 2 days
Newly discovered single-celled creatures living deep beneath the seafloor have given researchers clues about how they might find life on Mars. These... more
Cruise ships still struggling to dock as coronavirus spreads  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 days
As Florida allows two ships carrying COVID-19 passengers to dock, questions remain about more than a dozen other ships still at sea. more
2 cruise ships arrive in Florida after days of negotiations  ABC NEWS · 2 days
A cruise ship that's been floating at sea with coronavirus patients aboard for two weeks after being turned away from South American ports has finally been allowed to... more
Six decades of change in plankton communities  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
New research shows that some species have experienced a 75% population decrease in the past 60 years, while others are more than twice as abundant due to rises in sea surface temperatures. more
Scientists find a fluctuating rising trend of open agricultural straw burning in Northeast China  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Open biomass burning (OBB) has a significant impact on regional air quality, especially on the heavy haze pollution in Northeast... more
Experiments lead to slip law for better forecasts of glacier speed, sea-level rise  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Backed by experimental data from a laboratory machine that simulates the huge forces involved in glacier flow, glaciologists have written an equation... more
A slip law for glaciers on deformable beds  Science Magazine · 3 days
Slip of marine-terminating ice streams over beds of deformable till is responsible for most of the contribution of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet to sea level rise. Flow models of the ice... more
As COVID-19 halts climate expeditions, scientists grapple with uncertainties  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Around 128,000 years ago, the temperatures in the Bahamas were one to two degrees higher than they are today. A group of geologists and geodynamicists from Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth... more
Researchers team up with U.S. Coast Guard to release three baby sea turtles  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
As the global coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic escalates, marine biologists at Florida Atlantic University acknowledge that "wild" life must go on. Three... more
As ships move north with climate change, their noise scares Arctic cod away  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
When people who haven't been to the Arctic think of this remote and cold region, they may picture animals, such as polar... more
Our oceans are suffering, but we can rebuild marine life  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
It's not too late to rescue global marine life, according to a study outlining the steps needed for marine ecosystems to recover from damage by 2050. The study... more
Most of Earth's carbon was hidden in the core during its formative years  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Carbon is essential for life as we know it and plays a vital role in many of our planet's geologic processes --... more
Virus-host coexistence in phytoplankton through the genomic lens  Science Magazine · 4 days
Virus-microbe interactions in the ocean are commonly described by "boom and bust" dynamics, whereby a numerically dominant microorganism is lysed and replaced by a virus-resistant one. Here, we isolated a microalga strain... more
Smaller than expected phytoplankton may mean less carbon sequestered at sea bottom  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
A study that included the first-ever winter sampling of phytoplankton in the North Atlantic revealed cells smaller than what scientists expected, meaning a key... more
Ocean deoxygenation: A silent driver of coral reef demise?  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
The existence of coral reefs, in all their abundant biodiversity and beauty, relies largely on a complex symbiosis between reef-building corals and microalgae. This finely tuned, fragile, partnership is constantly... more
Most of Earth's carbon was hidden in the core during its formative years  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Carbon is essential for life as we know it and plays a vital role in many of our planet's geologic processes—not to... more
Using sound and environmental DNA to find an elusive, endangered whale  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
In an ongoing effort to detect endangered Bryde's whales, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and MBARI have teamed up to deploy an Environmental Sample... more
Study shows large ocean predators are more active in temperate regions  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
An international team of researchers has found that large ocean predators such as tuna, marlin and sharks are more active in temperate regions. In their paper... more
Coast Guard: Cruise ships must stay at sea with sick onboard  ABC NEWS · 4 days
The U.S. Coast Guard has directed all cruise ships to remain at sea where they may be sequestered “indefinitely" and be prepared to send any ill... more
An affordable and fast clinical test that can save human lives and spares at-risk population  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Horseshoe crabs are remarkable animals, beautiful in their weirdness. These "living fossils" evolved 450 million years ago and... more
Early Mars Had Multiple Water Sources, New Study Shows  SCI-NEWS.COM · 5 days
An analysis of two Martian meteorites — Northwest Africa (NWA) 7034 and Allan Hills (ALH) 84001 — shows... more
Ocean data portal maps show significant shifts by mid-Atlantic fish species  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
A series of interactive maps published on the Mid-Atlantic Ocean Data Portal illustrates the shifts that have taken place over the last five decades by several... more
Why communities must be at the heart of conserving wildlife, plants and ecosystems  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
A little more than a year ago, the Haida Nation released the Land-Sea-People plan to manage Gwaii Haanas, off the coast of... more
Stranded cruise ship hit by virus begs Florida to dock  ABC NEWS · 5 days
Passengers from a cruise ship stranded at sea with coronavirus cases and deaths are pleading with Florida officials to let them disembark more
A Martian mash up: Meteorites tell story of Mars' water history  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Researchers probed Martian meteorites to reconstruct Mars' chaotic history. Their findings suggest that Mars might not have had a global magma ocean. more
Intensity of past methane release measured with new, groundbreaking methods  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
A novel approach to geochemical measurements helps scientists reconstruct the past intensity of the methane seeps in the Arctic Ocean. Recent studies show that methane emissions fluctuated, strongly,... more
New metabolism discovered in bacteria  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
They make sauerkraut sour, turn milk into yogurt and cheese, and give rye bread its intensive flavour: bacteria that ferment nutrients instead of using oxygen to extract their energy. Acetobacterium woodii (short: A. woodii) is one of these... more
Seafloor of Fram Strait is a sink for microplastic from Arctic and North Atlantic Ocean  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Working in the Arctic Fram Strait, scientists from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine... more
The Latest: Phuket closes land and sea entry and exit points  ABC NEWS · 6 days
Thailand's popular seaside resort island of Phuket has closed all land and sea entry and exit points until April 30 to try to limit the spread... more
Animals keep viruses in the sea in balance  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A variety of sea animals can take up virus particles while filtering seawater for oxygen and food. Sponges are particularly efficient. That was written by marine ecologist Jennifer Welsh from NIOZ this... more
Seafloor of Fram Strait is a sink for microplastic from Arctic and North Atlantic Ocean  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Working in the Arctic Fram Strait, scientists have found microplastic throughout the water column with particularly high concentrations... more
Animals keep viruses in the sea in balance  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
A variety of sea animals can take up virus particles while filtering seawater for oxygen and food. Sponges are particularly efficient. more
Control of anthropogenic atmospheric emissions can improve water quality in seas  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
A new research highlighted the importance of reducing fossil fuel combustion not only to curb the trend of global warming, but also to improve the quality... more
Control of anthropogenic emissions can improve water quality in coastal seas  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A new study highlights the importance of reducing fossil fuel combustion, not only to curb the trend of global warming, but also to improve the quality... more
Neanderthals ate mussels, fish, and seals too  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Over 80,000 years ago, Neanderthals fed themselves on mussels, fish and other marine life. The first evidence has been found by an international team in the cave of Figueira Brava in Portugal. The excavated... more
Scientists document seasonal migrations of fish across the deep-sea floor for the first time  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
We've all seen the documentaries that feature scenes of mass migrations on land. Those videos are pretty impressive showing all... more
How stable is deep ocean circulation in warmer climate?  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
If circulation of deep waters in the Atlantic stops or slows due to climate change, it could cause cooling in northern North America and Europe - a scenario that has... more
Researchers document seasonal migration in deep-sea  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
For the first time, researchers have documented seasonal migrations of fishes across the deep seafloor, revealing an important insight that will further scientific understanding of the nature of our planet. more
Coral tells own tale about El Nino's past  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
There is no longer a need to guess what ocean temperatures were like in the remote tropical Pacific hundreds of years ago. The ancient coral that lived there know all. more
Coral tells own tale about El Niño's past  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Scientists use data from ancient coral to build a record of temperatures in the tropical Pacific Ocean over the last millennium. The data question previous links between volcanic eruptions and El Niño... more
As the ocean warms, marine species relocate toward the poles  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Since pre-industrial times, the world's oceans have warmed by an average of one degree Celsius (1°C). Now researchers report that those rising temperatures have led to widespread changes... more
How stable is deep ocean circulation in warmer climate?  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
If circulation of deep waters in the Atlantic stops or slows due to climate change, it could cause cooling in northern North America and Europe—a scenario that has occurred during... more
As the ocean warms, marine species relocate toward the poles: study  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A global analysis of over 300 marine species spanning more than 100 years, shows that mammals, plankton, fish, plants and seabirds have been changing in abundance... more
Great Barrier Reef suffers mass coral bleaching event  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Australia's Great Barrier Reef has suffered "very widespread" damage after rising sea temperatures caused the third mass coral bleaching events in five years, authorities said Thursday. more
In Earth's largest extinction, land die-offs began long before ocean turnover  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
The mass extinction at the end of the Permian Period 252 million years ago—one of the great turnovers of life on Earth—appears to have played out... more
'Submarine avalanches' are burying microplastics deep under the ocean  LIVE SCIENCE · 1 week
Very little is known about how plastic moves under the ocean's surface. But that's where 99% of it ends up, and scientists are trying to model how it flows. more
A small forage fish should command greater notice, researchers say  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
A slender little fish called the sand lance plays a big role as 'a quintessential forage fish' for puffins, terns and other seabirds, humpback whales and other marine... more
Slow slip source characterized by lithological and geometric heterogeneity  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Slow slip events (SSEs) accommodate a significant proportion of tectonic plate motion at subduction zones, yet little is known about the faults that actually host them. The shallow depth ( more
Emergence of a Neolithic in highland New Guinea by 5000 to 4000 years ago  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
The emergence of agriculture was one of the most notable behavioral transformations in human history, driving innovations in technologies and... more
Underwater avalanches are trapping microplastics in the deep ocean  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A collaborative research project between the Universities of Manchester, Utrecht, and Durham, and the National Oceanography Centre has revealed for the first time how submarine sediment avalanches can transport microplastics... more
Starliner flight raises profile of Space Network  SPACE NEWS · 2 weeks
The Space Network continues to offer reliable global coverage 24-hours a day for missions led by NASA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric... more
How squid communicate in the dark  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Researchers begin to reveal how social squid communicate in the near-blackness of the deep sea. more
Deep Sea Squid May Communicate Through Glowing Pigmentation, Researchers Find  NPR · 2 weeks
Scientists have discovered that deep-sea squid can communicate with glowing patterns on their bodies — basically turning themselves into e-readers. more
Researchers investigate how squid communicate in the dark  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
In the frigid waters 1,500 feet below the surface of the Pacific Ocean, hundreds of human-sized Humboldt squid feed on a patch of finger-length lantern fish. Zipping past each other, the predators... more
The growth of an organism rides on a pattern of waves  MIT · 2 weeks
Study shows ripples across a newly fertilized egg are similar to other systems, from ocean and atmospheric circulations to quantum fluids. more
Researchers create water-degradable plastic combining starch and cellulose  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The main cause of marine debris accumulation is the dumping of plastic waste into the oceans, as most plastic does not degrade when left in the environment. Marine biodegradable plastics have previously... more
Simple framework helps future ocean studies  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A range of information is collated through a simple framework that will help marine scientists to design more accurate experiments that will better help them understand the projected impact of global warming on marine life. more
Epigenetic inheritance: A silver bullet against climate change?  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
The rapid pace of climate change threatens all living species. An international team of researchers has demonstrated that fish living in the Baltic Sea evolve using epigenetic mechanisms, yet to a lesser... more
Hidden source of carbon found at the Arctic coast  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A new study has shown evidence of undetected concentrations and flows of dissolved organic matter entering Arctic coastal waters coming from groundwater flows on top of frozen permafrost. This water... more
N Korea test fires missiles; Seoul slams it as inappropriate  ABC NEWS · 2 weeks
North Korea has fired two presumed short-range ballistic missiles into the sea as it continues to expand military capabilities amid a standstill in nuclear negotiations with the Trump... more
South Korea: North Korea fires 2 presumed missiles into sea  ABC NEWS · 2 weeks
North Korea has fired two presumed short-range ballistic missiles into the sea as it continues to expand military capabilities amid a standstill in nuclear negotiations with the Trump... more
Two New Species of Sixgill Sawsharks Discovered  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 weeks
A team of marine biologists has discovered two new species of six-gilled sawsharks living in the waters of the West Indian Ocean.... more
NASA finds Herold a fading ex-tropical cyclone  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Former Tropical Cyclone Herold is now a fading area of low-pressure in the Southern Indian Ocean and NASA's Aqua satellite provided forecasters with a visible image. more
Lego bricks could survive 1,300 years in the ocean  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 weeks
Scientists compared Lego bricks that washed up from the ocean with mint-condition bricks and found that the blocks can survive underwater for 100 to 1,300 years. more
Living under pressure: Lessons from the cradle of life  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Deep sea alkaline hydrothermal vents have been theorized to be a place where life could have originated. The elevated temperature, alkaline pH, and unique vent action concentrate minerals and create... more
How oceans and atmospheres move heat around on Earth and other planetary bodies  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Imagine a massive mug of cold, dense cream with hot coffee poured on top. Now place it on a rotating table. Over... more
Observing phytoplankton via satellite  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Thanks to a new algorithm, researchers can now use satellite data to determine in which parts of the ocean certain types of phytoplankton are dominant. In addition, they can identify toxic algal blooms and assess the effects of global warming... more
The Southern Ocean and its interaction with the Antarctic Ice Sheet  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
The Southern Ocean exerts a major influence on the mass balance of the Antarctic Ice Sheet, either indirectly, by its influence on air temperatures and winds,... more
Staring into the vortex  MIT · 2 weeks
MIT researchers describe factors governing how oceans and atmospheres move heat around on Earth and other planetary bodies. more
History, mass loss, structure, and dynamic behavior of the Antarctic Ice Sheet  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Antarctica contains most of Earth’s fresh water stored in two large ice sheets. The more stable East Antarctic Ice Sheet is larger and older,... more
The uncertain future of the Antarctic Ice Sheet  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
The Antarctic Ice Sheet is losing mass at an accelerating pace, and ice loss will likely continue over the coming decades and centuries. Some regions of the ice sheet may reach a... more
Insights into human genetic variation and population history from 929 diverse genomes  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Genome sequences from diverse human groups are needed to understand the structure of genetic variation in our species and the history of, and relationships... more
Sea otters, opossums and the surprising ways pathogens move from land to sea  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A parasite known only to be hosted in North America by the Virginia opossum is infecting sea otters along the West Coast.... more
Observing phytoplankton via satellite  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Thanks to a new algorithm, researchers at the AWI can now use satellite data to determine in which parts of the ocean certain types of phytoplankton are dominant. In addition, they can identify toxic algal blooms and assess the effects... more
Without a Brexit fisheries deal, herring and other North Sea species face dire future  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Taking back control of fisheries became one of the totemic issues uniting supporters of the campaign for the UK to... more
Sea otters, opossums and the surprising ways pathogens move from land to sea  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A parasite known only to be hosted in North America by the Virginia opossum is infecting sea otters along the West Coast.... more
Tracking data used to identify biodiversity hot spots in Southern Ocean ecosystems  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Ecosystems in the Southern Ocean around Antarctica face growing threats from climate change and fishing pressure, but identifying areas in need of protection is... more
Greenland shed ice at unprecedented rate in 2019; Antarctica continues to lose mass  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Scientists describe Greenland's loss of 600 billion tons of ice in the summer of 2019, raising global sea levels by 2.2 millimeters... more
Brand new shark(s), doo doo, doo doo doo doo  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Two new species of sawsharks discovered in the West Indian Ocean reinforces how much we still don't know about life in the ocean and the impact climate change is having... more
Increasingly mobile sea ice risks polluting Arctic neighbors  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
The movement of sea ice between Arctic countries is expected to significantly increase this century, raising the risk of more widely transporting pollutants like microplastics and oil, according to new research. more
Late cretaceous dinosaur-dominated ecosystem  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A topic of considerable interest to paleontologists is how dinosaur-dominated ecosystems were structured, how dinosaurs and co-occurring animals were distributed across the landscape, how they interacted with one another, and how these systems compared to ecosystems today. In the Late... more
NASA analyzes tropical cyclone Herold's water vapor concentration  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
When NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the Southern Indian Ocean on Mar. 18, it gathered water vapor data that showed wind shear was adversely affecting Tropical Cyclone Herold. more
New species of sawsharks found in West Indian Ocean  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Two new species of sawsharks discovered in the West Indian Ocean reinforces how much we still don't know about life in the ocean and the impact climate change is having... more
Warming seas: Climate change's toll on tropical fish  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
In 2016, ocean temperatures soared, devastating the corals of Australia's Great Barrier Reef. As the frequency, duration and magnitude of these marine heatwaves increases due to human-induced climate change, scientists have yet... more
Brand new shark(s), doo doo, doo doo doo doo  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Not one, but TWO new species of the rarely seen six-gilled sawsharks have been found in the West Indian Ocean by an international team of marine scientists. more
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