Blasts cause significant loses in wheat crops. Recently Bangladesh was devastated by an invasion of South American races of wheat blast fungus, which occurred for the first time in the country in 2016. The disease spread to an estimated 15,000 hectares (16% of cultivated wheat area in the country) and resulted in yield losses as high as 100%.... PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
New portable DNA sequencer quickly and accurately diagnoses wheat viruses  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
A group of scientists have developed a new technology that makes it possible to rapidly identify viruses in wheat fields with a significantly higher accuracy. They collected four... more
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The first quick, accurate, nondestructive and portable way to scan produce for nutrients has been demonstrated by a team of Texas A&M... more
What 3,000-year-old Egyptian wheat tells us about the genetics of our daily bread  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Human societies need food—and that often means wheat, which was first cultivated more than 12,000 years ago. Today, around one in five... more
Analyzing gut bacteria more accurately to make diagnosis  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The microorganisms in our intestines could be linked to certain diseases such as Alzheimer's and diabetes. Researchers from the AD-gut consortium have developed a novel method—combining optical DNA mapping and statistics—for accurately... more
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Researchers have converted the CRISPR 'recognition induced enzymatic signal' to an electrical signal, which was then used to detect the biomarkers for viruses such as HPV or parvo. They hope the end result could... more
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SEPATH: New template to detect oncogenic viruses and bacteria in human DNA  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 weeks
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A research team has discovered a protein without which cells infected by viruses cannot trigger an immune response, leading to 100% mortality with even non-disease-producing strains. The discovery of the... more
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Researchers at Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with the University of Chemistry and Technology (Prague) conducted a series of experiments which proved that artificial neural... more
New point-of-care medical device rapidly and accurately detects viruses  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
The gene-editing tool CRISPR has been heralded as a scientific miracle destined to eradicate diseases from sickle-cell anemia to cancer, or decried as "the genetic scissors that tailor the human... more
Photosynthesis Olympics: Can the best wheat varieties be even better?  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Scientists have put elite wheat varieties through a sort of 'Photosynthesis Olympics' to find which varieties have the best performing photosynthesis. This could ultimately help grain growers to... more
Photosynthesis Olympics: Can the best wheat varieties be even better?  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Scientists have put elite wheat varieties through a sort of "Photosynthesis Olympics" to find which varieties have the best performing photosynthesis. This could ultimately help grain growers to... more
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Researchers were inspired by a chameleon's tongue to create soft robots able to quickly catch a live flying beetle. Fabricated robots capable of performing such large-amplitude motions at high speed like chameleons could mean... more
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Chameleon's tongue strike inspires fast-acting robots  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Researchers were inspired by a chameleon's tongue to create soft robots able to quickly catch a live flying beetle. Fabricated robots capable of performing such large-amplitude motions at high speed like chameleons could mean many automated... more
Researchers find 'protein-scaffolding' for repairing DNA damage  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
At the University of Copenhagen, researchers have discovered how some types of proteins stabilize damaged DNA and thereby preserve DNA function and integrity. This new finding also explains why people with inborn or acquired... more
Advanced microscopy reveals unusual DNA structure  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
An advanced imaging technique reveals new structural details of S-DNA, ladder-like DNA that forms when the molecule experiences extreme tension. This work conducted at Sandia National Laboratories and Vrije University in the Netherlands provides the first... more
Study: Psychiatric diagnoses seldom used as entry criteria for NHS mental health services  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
A new study, published in the Journal of Mental Health, finds psychiatric diagnoses are seldom used as entry criteria for NHS mental... more
New research explains how HIV avoids getting ZAPped  PHYS.ORG · 17 hours
Humans have evolved dynamic defense mechanisms against the viruses that seek to infect our bodies—proteins that specialize in identifying, capturing and destroying the genetic material that viruses try to sneak into our... more
Some types of proteins can stabilize damaged DNA  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
At the University of Copenhagen, researchers have discovered how some types of proteins stabilize damaged DNA and thereby preserve DNA function and integrity. This new finding also explains why people with inborn... more
Researchers discover conjugative plasmid that augments virulence in superbug  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 weeks
A recent research led by a scientist at City University of Hong Kong has discovered an easily transmitted DNA piece that can make a new type of hyper-resistant and deadly... more
SCAN1-TDP1 trapping on mitochondrial DNA promotes mitochondrial dysfunction and mitophagy  Science Magazine · 6 days
A homozygous mutation of human tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 1 (TDP1) causes the neurodegenerative syndrome, spinocerebellar ataxia with axonal neuropathy (SCAN1). TDP1 hydrolyzes the phosphodiester bond between DNA 3'-end and... more
Reprogramming of DNA methylation at NEUROD2-bound sequences during cortical neuron differentiation  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
The characteristics of DNA methylation changes that occur during neurogenesis in vivo remain unknown. We used whole-genome bisulfite sequencing to quantitate DNA cytosine modifications in differentiating... more
HIV drug stops Zika infection, strategy could halt infections caused by related viruses  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
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New tool accurately predicts risks of death, complications from obesity and diabetes  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
A new web-based risk calculator can accurately predict the likelihood a patient with type 2 diabetes and obesity will die or develop serious complications... more
DNA SOS: Understanding DNA signaling pathways  PHYS.ORG · 24 hours
When cells suffer DNA damage, they send out an SOS signal. When the repair crew arrives, the emergency signal is cancelled as it is no longer needed. This two-stage process is an important one in many... more
Study vaccine protects monkeys against four types of hemorrhagic fever viruses  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Scientists have developed an investigational vaccine that protected cynomolgus macaques against four types of hemorrhagic fever viruses endemic to overlapping regions in Africa. Scientists are developing... more
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