Microbiology
Newly designed molecule could benefit people with Friedrich's Ataxia  NEWS MEDICAL · 26 minutes
Skin cells taken from patients with a rare genetic disorder are up to ten times more sensitive to damage from ultraviolet A radiation in laboratory tests, than those from a... more
Vitamin D supplementation less effective in the presence of obesity, shows study  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 hour
A new Journal of Bone and Mineral Research study confirms that vitamin D supplementation is less effective in the presence of obesity, and it... more
Phase 1 data reinforce safety profile of new drug for treating Duchenne muscular dystrophy  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 hour
Patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) have few treatment options. Medications currently available or in development either target only a... more
Study doesn’t find enough evidence related to effects of noncaloric sweeteners on gut microbiota  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 hour
The study, carried out by the UGR professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Ángel Gil and his research team, has... more
New mechanisms regulating neural stem cells  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 hour
The use of stem cells to repair organs is one of the foremost goals of modern regenerative medicine. Scientists have discovered that the protein Akna plays a key role in this process. It controls, for example,... more
News study reanalyzes the effects of noncaloric sweeteners on gut microbiota  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 hours
There is currently not enough evidence related to the effects of noncaloric sweeteners on appetite, short‑term intake, and risk of suffering from cancer or diabetes, as... more
Dermal disruption: Amphibian skin bacteria is more diverse in cold, variable environments  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 hours
Researchers swabbed more than 2300 animals representing 205 amphibian species to better understand the ecology of their skin bacteria. They asked which environmental factors... more
Chemical added to consumer products impairs response to antibiotic treatment  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 hours
Triclosan exposure may inadvertently drive bacteria into a state in which they are able to tolerate normally lethal concentrations of antibiotics -- including those antibiotics that are commonly... more
'Goldilocks' thinking to cut cost of fuel cells in electric vehicles  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 hours
Electric vehicles running on fuel cells tout zero emissions and higher efficiency, but expensive platinum is holding them back from entering a larger market. A new... more
Research creates DNA-like molecule to aid search for alien life  PHYS.ORG · 8 hours
In a research breakthrough funded by NASA, scientists have synthesized a molecular system that, like DNA, can store and transmit information. This unprecedented feat suggests there could be... more
More flexible nanomaterials can make fuel cell cars cheaper  nanowerk · 8 hours
A new method of increasing the reactivity of ultrathin nanosheets, just a few atoms thick, can someday make fuel cells for hydrogen cars cheaper. more
Yeasts reach across tree of life to domesticate suite of bacterial genes  SCIENCE DAILY · 9 hours
New research finds that some yeast picked up a whole suite of genes from bacteria that gave them the new ability to scavenge iron... more
Scientists Have Created Synthetic DNA with 4 Extra Letters  LIVE SCIENCE · 9 hours
Will scientists ever be able to create 'better' DNA in the lab than evolution did in nature? more
Fruit fly wing research reshapes understanding of how organs form  SCIENCE DAILY · 9 hours
How do fruit flies grow their wings? Scientists discovered a surprising answer that could one day help diagnose and treat human genetic diseases. Even when scientists manipulate cells... more
Sun Protection to patients with rare genetic disease  SCIENCE DAILY · 9 hours
Skin cells taken from patients with a rare genetic disorder are up to ten times more sensitive to damage from ultraviolet A (AVA) radiation in laboratory tests, than those from a healthy... more
Scientists uncover how high-fat diet drives colorectal cancer growth  SCIENCE DAILY · 9 hours
A new study suggests that high-fat diets fuel colorectal cancer growth by upsetting the balance of bile acids in the intestine and triggering a hormonal signal that lets potentially cancerous... more
New paper provides design principles for disease-sensing nanomaterials  PHYS.ORG · 10 hours
Scientists have long sought to develop drug therapies that can more precisely diagnose, target and effectively treat life-threatening illness such as cancer, cardiovascular and autoimmune diseases. One promising approach is the design... more
Latrophilin GPCRs direct synapse specificity by coincident binding of FLRTs and teneurins  Science Magazine · 10 hours
Bidirectional signaling by cell adhesion molecules is thought to mediate synapse formation, but the mechanisms involved remain elusive. We found that the adhesion G... more
Hachimoji DNA and RNA: A genetic system with eight building blocks  Science Magazine · 10 hours
We report DNA- and RNA-like systems built from eight nucleotide "letters" (hence the name "hachimoji") that form four orthogonal pairs. These synthetic systems meet the structural... more
A pharmacological master key mechanism that unlocks the selectivity filter gate in K+ channels  Science Magazine · 10 hours
Potassium (K+) channels have been evolutionarily tuned for activation by diverse biological stimuli, and pharmacological activation is thought to target... more
Ubiquitin-dependent chloroplast-associated protein degradation in plants  Science Magazine · 10 hours
Chloroplasts contain thousands of nucleus-encoded proteins that are imported from the cytosol by translocases in the chloroplast envelope membranes. Proteolytic regulation of the translocases is critically important, but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. We... more
More flexible nanomaterials can make fuel cell cars cheaper  PHYS.ORG · 10 hours
A new method of increasing the reactivity of ultrathin nanosheets, just a few atoms thick, can someday make fuel cells for hydrogen cars cheaper, finds a new Johns Hopkins study. more
Dietary fiber helps to aggregate gut particles, study shows  NEWS MEDICAL · 10 hours
Food, microbes, and medicine all clump together as they move through our gut. Sticky molecules secreted into our intestines bind the gut particles in the same way that flour holds... more
New 'interspecies communication' strategy between gut bacteria and mammalian hosts uncovered  SCIENCE DAILY · 11 hours
Bacteria in the gut do far more than help digest food in the stomachs of their hosts; they can also tell the genes in their mammalian... more
How bird feather patterns form  PHYS.ORG · 11 hours
Feathers evolved in dinosaurs and are a key characteristic of birds today. They are arranged in a precise hexagonal pattern in a bird's skin, but it has been unclear how this happens. According to a new study published... more
Using E. coli to create bioproducts, like biodiesel, in a cost-effective manner  SCIENCE DAILY · 11 hours
Mechanical engineers are working on genetically engineering and optimizing E. coli bacteria to produce bioproducts, like biodiesel, in a cost-effective manner. more
Dermal disruption: Amphibian skin bacteria is more diverse in cold, variable environments  PHYS.ORG · 11 hours
Amphibians are victims of lethal skin-disease epidemics. In the first global-scale study, researchers from 31 universities and research centers, including the Smithsonian Tropical Research... more
New 'interspecies communication' strategy between gut bacteria and mammalian hosts uncovered  PHYS.ORG · 11 hours
Bacteria in the gut do far more than help digest food in the stomachs of their hosts, they can also tell the genes in their mammalian... more
Pioneering study could offer protection to patients with rare genetic disease  PHYS.ORG · 12 hours
Skin cells taken from patients with a rare genetic disorder are up to ten times more sensitive to damage from ultraviolet A (AVA) radiation in laboratory... more
Overweight, obesity in adolescence associated with increased risk of renal cancer later in life  NEWS MEDICAL · 12 hours
Being overweight has been linked with a higher risk of developing a form of kidney cancer called renal cell carcinoma... more
EEG helps scientists predict epileptic seizures minutes in advance  SCIENCE DAILY · 13 hours
A new study shows that acetate, an acid found in some foods, may help doctors intervene when seizures are imminent. Scientists can monitor the brain activity of a specific cell... more
Rules of inheritance rewritten in worms  PHYS.ORG · 13 hours
The idea that children inherit half of their DNA from each parent is a central tenet of modern genetics. But a team led by KAUST's Christian Frøkjær-Jensen has re-engineered this heredity pattern in roundworms, a commonly... more
Yeasts reach across tree of life to domesticate suite of bacterial genes  PHYS.ORG · 13 hours
An insect's gut might seem an inhospitable place to settle in, but diverse microbes nonetheless make their home there. Yet in the gut, there's... more
Reduced antibody adaptability may make the elderly more vulnerable to influenza  NEWS MEDICAL · 13 hours
The influenza vaccine may be less effective in the elderly because their B cells are less capable of producing antibodies that can adapt to protect against... more
Antibody therapy training phagocytes to destroy tumors now tested on patients  SCIENCE DAILY · 14 hours
An immunotherapeutic antibody therapy re-educates macrophages to activate passivated cytotoxic T cells to kill cancer. The antibody therapy prevented the growth of tumours in several mouse... more
Gold nano-stars for intracellular delivery  nanowerk · 14 hours
Researchers have developed a new method for star-shaped nanoparticles synthesis based on laser irradiation. A wide range of customizable conditions provides an opportunity to create comfortable environment for various substances delivery to different types of cells. more
Non-polluting membrane for outerwear  PHYS.ORG · 14 hours
As part of his master's project, the chemical engineer Mario Stucki developed a breathable, environmentally friendly membrane for rain jackets. With his colleague Anna Beltzung, he has since founded the spin-off Dimpora to market the membrane commercially. more
Biodegradable Mardi Gras beads update  PHYS.ORG · 14 hours
LSU Department of Biological Sciences Professor Naohiro Kato is refining the process to make biodegradable Mardi Gras beads. He has patent applications pending on various formulations and methods of making the biodegradable beads that could help prevent tens... more
Applying computational chemistry to simulate realistic chemical processes  PHYS.ORG · 14 hours
The waters of science are muddy these days—especially at the University of California San Diego where all that separates a chemist from a physicist in some cases is office drywall. Chemists ask... more
Cell division in plants: How cell walls are assembled  PHYS.ORG · 14 hours
Plant researchers at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) are providing new insights into basic cell division in plants. The scientists have succeeded in understanding how pivotal processes are coordinated in... more
Dietary fiber helps clump material in your gut  PHYS.ORG · 14 hours
Food, microbes, and medicine all clump together as they move through our gut. Sticky molecules secreted into our intestines bind the gut particles in the same way that flour holds a ball... more
Even coral reefs are affected by socio-economics  PHYS.ORG · 15 hours
Marine biologists working to save the world's coral reefs say that they are increasingly being affected by human activities. As a result, the marine biologists now need to include an assessment of the effects... more
Bacteria can survive starvation in zombie mode  PHYS.ORG · 15 hours
Bacteria that are exposed to a hostile environment, for example with antibiotics or very few nutrients, can sometimes survive by 'going to sleep." Biologists from the University of Amsterdam (UvA) have discovered an unknown,... more
Gold nano-stars for intracellular delivery  PHYS.ORG · 15 hours
Researchers from the Russian Academy of Sciences developed a new method for star-shaped nanoparticles synthesis based on laser irradiation. A wide range of customizable conditions provides an opportunity to create a comfortable environment for various substances for delivery... more
New mechanisms regulating neural stem cells  PHYS.ORG · 15 hours
The use of stem cells to repair organs is one of the foremost goals of modern regenerative medicine. Scientists at Helmholtz Zentrum München and Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) have discovered that the protein Akna... more
Scientists uncover new mechanisms regulating neural stem cells  NEWS MEDICAL · 15 hours
The use of stem cells to repair organs is one of the foremost goals of modern regenerative medicine. Scientists at Helmholtz Zentrum München and Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich have discovered that... more
Salt could be a key factor in allergic immune reactions  SCIENCE DAILY · 15 hours
Researchers have demonstrated in cell cultures that salt leads to the formation of Th2 cells. These immune cells are active in allergic conditions such as atopic dermatitis. The... more
The potential of non-toxic materials to replace lead in perovskite solar cells  PHYS.ORG · 17 hours
Developing efficient solar cells without lead as a major component remains a "formidable scientific challenge," according to a review in the journal Science and... more
Life-changing magic of tidying up—complex structural organization studied in slime mold  PHYS.ORG · 17 hours
Researchers in Japan think they have found an answer to the fundamental biological question of how individual cells know which way to position themselves within a... more
The smell of food controls cellular recycling and affects life expectancy  PHYS.ORG · 17 hours
The smell of food induces a variety of physiological processes in our body. Thus, the production of saliva and digestive enzymes is stimulated before the actual... more
Researchers develop new neuro-inspired system to detect temporal patterns  NEWS MEDICAL · 18 hours
A new methodology to classify temporal patterns inspired by brain circuits has been developed to help understand the mechanisms that underlie biological learning. more
Thousands with chronic UTIs are not receiving the treatment they need  NEWS MEDICAL · 19 hours
Many women may not be receiving the treatment they need because the gold-standard tests for UTIs fail to detect a significant proportion of bacteria. more
Intense exercise, fasting and hormones can enhance waste-protein removal, study shows  NEWS MEDICAL · 22 hours
The body's ability to adapt to changing conditions and shifting physiologic demands is essential to survival. To do so, each cell must be able to dispose... more
Researchers discover several genes linked to increased use of alcohol and tobacco  NEWS MEDICAL · 22 hours
The use of alcohol and tobacco is closely linked to several diseases, and is a contributing factor in many deaths. more
Scientists demonstrate key role of salt in allergic immune reactions  NEWS MEDICAL · 23 hours
Salt apparently affects allergic immune reactions. A team working with Prof. Christina Zielinski at the Technical University of Munich has demonstrated in cell cultures that salt leads to... more
Johns Hopkins study describes cells that may help speed bone repair  NEWS MEDICAL · 24 hours
Research led by Johns Hopkins investigators has uncovered the roles of two types of cells found in the vessel walls of fat tissue and described how... more
Researchers discover a new promising target to improve HIV vaccines  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
In the quest to develop an effective HIV vaccine, researchers have focused attention on identifying and targeting the region of the virus's outer envelope where a lineage of... more
Researchers discover DNA modification that enhances our ability to extinguish fear  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Researchers at The University of Queensland have discovered a DNA modification that enhances our ability to extinguish fear. more
Scientists demonstrate influence of food odors on proteostasis  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
The smell of food induces a variety of physiological processes in our body. Thus, the production of saliva and digestive enzymes is stimulated before the actual food intake in order to prepare... more
Viruses in the intestinal tracts can lead to islet autoimmunity and Type 1 diabetes  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Researchers at the Center for Infection and Immunity at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and the University... more
Complex structures' organization studied in slime mold  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Researchers in Japan think they have found an answer to the fundamental biological question of how individual cells know which way to position themselves within a complex, multicellular body. Depending on a cell's purpose... more
Genetic blueprint for extraordinary wood-munching fungus  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
The first time someone took note of Coniochaeta pulveracea was more than two hundred years ago, when the South African-born mycologist Dr Christiaan Hendrik Persoon mentioned it in his 1797 book on the classification of fungi.... more
Gene therapy durably reverses congenital deafness in mice  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Scientists have managed to restore hearing in an adult mouse model of DFNB9 deafness -- a hearing disorder that represents one of the most frequent cases of congenital genetic deafness. Individuals with... more
New insight on potent HIV antibody could improve vaccine design  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
A new observation highlights the importance of previously unstudied mutations that arises early in bnAbs, giving the antibodies the flexibility to adapt to changes in the virus's outer... more
Young bone marrow rejuvenates aging mouse brains  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
A new study has found that transplanting the bone marrow of young laboratory mice into old mice prevented cognitive decline in the old mice, preserving their memory and learning abilities. The findings support an... more
Researchers define cells used in bone repair  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Research has uncovered the roles of two types of cells found in the vessel walls of fat tissue and described how these cells may help speed bone repair. more
Extinguishing fear memories relies on an unusual change to DNA  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Researchers have discovered a DNA modification that enhances our ability to extinguish fear. The findings could help guide the development of new treatments for fear-related anxiety disorders. Professor... more
Medical News Today: What causes post-cesarean wound infections?  MNT · 1 day
Cesarean wound infections occur when bacteria enter the incision. In this article, we look at the causes, types, and treatments for post-cesarean wound infections. more
[Editors' Choice] Immunity to CRISPR-Cas9  Science Magazine · 1 day
Evaluation of patient serum samples commonly reveals preexisting anti-Cas9 antibodies and T cells. more
[Editors' Choice] Dont overlook the lung  Science Magazine · 1 day
The local lung microbiota provoke inflammation associated with lung adenocarcinoma by activating lung-resident T cells in mice. more
[Focus] Challenges for mesenchymal stromal cell therapies  Science Magazine · 1 day
Clinical trials of mesenchymal stromal cell therapies reveal a challenging heterogeneous landscape, including diverse therapeutic targets, patient categories, cell sources, and potential mechanisms of action. more
Yes, That Viking Warrior Buried with Weapons Really Was a Woman  LIVE SCIENCE · 1 day
Researchers answer questions following the explosive finding that a Viking warrior was biologically female. more
Establishing the molecular blueprint of early embryo development  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
A team of biologists, physicists and mathematical modellers have studied the genetic activity of over 100,000 embryonic cells to establish the molecular blueprint of mouse early embryo development. This new research provides... more
Bat influenza viruses could infect humans  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Bats don't only carry the deadly Ebola virus, but are also a reservoir for a new type of influenza virus. These newly discovered flu viruses could potentially also attack the cells of humans and livestock, researchers... more
Massive database traces mammal organ development, cell by single cell  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
A new study has traced an important period of organ formation, cell by cell, in the developing mouse. The study is by far the largest dataset of its... more
Plants: How cell walls are assembled  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Plant researchers are providing new insights into basic cell division in plants. The scientists have succeeded in understanding how processes are coordinated that are pivotal in properly separating daughter cells during cell division. They describe the... more
Young children may see nationality as biological  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Young children see national identity, in part, as biological in nature, a perception that diminishes as they get older. But despite changes in views of nationality as we age, the work suggests the intriguing... more
Scientists identify genetic mechanism involved in how females inherit traits  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Female cells randomly and permanently shut off one of the X chromosomes during embryonic development through a process called X chromosome inactivation, or XCI. Just how XCI occurs... more
Viruses that linger in gut could trigger type 1 diabetes  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Researchers provide new evidence supporting an association between elevated levels of enteroviruses in the intestinal tracts of children and islet autoimmunity, a precursor to type 1 diabetes. more
Medical News Today: Bacteria living on insects could provide new antibiotics  MNT · 1 day
Insects harbor bacteria that protect them from infection. Tapping this source could yield new antibiotics to combat the growing threat of drug resistance. more
Cochlear outer hair cell horizontal top connectors mediate mature stereocilia bundle mechanics  Science Magazine · 1 day
Outer hair cell (OHC) stereocilia bundle deflection opens mechanoelectrical transduction channels at the tips of the stereocilia from the middle and short rows, while... more
Best reply structure and equilibrium convergence in generic games  Science Magazine · 1 day
Game theory is widely used to model interacting biological and social systems. In some situations, players may converge to an equilibrium, e.g., a Nash equilibrium, but in other situations their... more
Microbial dormancy in the marine subsurface: Global endospore abundance and response to burial  Science Magazine · 1 day
Marine sediments host an unexpectedly large microbial biosphere, suggesting unique microbial mechanisms for surviving burial and slow metabolic turnover. Although dormancy is... more
Bottlebrush-architectured poly(ethylene glycol) as an efficient vector for RNA interference in vivo  Science Magazine · 1 day
Nonhepatic delivery of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) remains a challenge for development of RNA interference–based therapeutics. We report a noncationic vector wherein linear poly(ethylene... more
Bat influenza viruses could potentially attack the cells of humans and livestock  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Bats don't only carry the deadly Ebola virus, but are also a reservoir for a new type of influenza virus. more
Massive database traces mammal organ development, cell by single cell  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
The very early days of growth, long before we are born, are a time of incredible development. In a relatively short period of time, we and other mammals... more
Establishing the molecular blueprint of early embryo development  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
A team of biologists, physicists and mathematical modellers in Cambridge have studied the genetic activity of over 100,000 embryonic cells to establish the molecular blueprint of mouse early embryo development. This new... more
A High-Fat Diet May Be Bad for Your Gut Bacteria  LIVE SCIENCE · 1 day
Eating too much fat may be bad for your gut bacteria, a new study from China suggests. more
Immunotherapeutic antibody therapy to kill cancer has now progressed to patient testing  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Developed by researchers at the University of Turku in Finland, an immunotherapeutic antibody therapy re-educates macrophages to activate passivated cytotoxic T cells to kill... more
Algae
Customizing the Cellular Microenvironment to Improve Physiological Relevance
NEWS MEDICAL
ESA’s Mars rover has a name – Rosalind Franklin
ESA
More nutritious, natural flavor, non-GMO 'orange corn' launches in US markets
PHYS.ORG
Aggregated social amoebae need physical contact rather than chemical signals for motivation
PHYS.ORG
Time-lapse microscopy helps reveal brake mechanism in Streptomyces lifecycle
PHYS.ORG
Research using atom probe tomography reveals chinks in iron crystals that can 'heal'
PHYS.ORG
New type of map connects the dots in cellular reprogramming
PHYS.ORG
Rhomboid enzymes warp space to break cellular speed limit
NEWS MEDICAL
Cloning monkeys for research puts humans on a slippery ethical slope
PHYS.ORG
'Light tweezers' can move, melt, and scatter mysterious biological 'icebergs'
PHYS.ORG
'Superbug gene' found in one of the most remote places on Earth
PHYS.ORG
How light-farming chloroplasts morph into defensive warriors
SCIENCE-NEWS
Cellular stress at the movies: Biochemists illuminate a key survival mechanism in cells
PHYS.ORG
You can't control what you can't find: Detecting invasive species while they're still scarce
PHYS.ORG
Researchers first to use CRISPR/Cas9 to control genetic inheritance in mice
PHYS.ORG
3D-printed soft mesh robots
SCIENCE DAILY
Lab-Scale Clarification of Mammalian Cell Cultures Expressing Recombinant Antibodies
NEWS MEDICAL
Fresh