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Protein designed entirely from scratch functions in cells as a genuine enzyme
PHYS.ORG A dawning field of research, artificial biology, is working toward creating a genuinely new organism. At Princeton, chemistry professor Michael Hecht and the researchers... 15 minutes
Stem cell scientists chew on the mysteries of jaw development
PHYS.ORG Scientists in the USC Stem Cell laboratory of Gage Crump have revealed how key genes guide the development of the jaw in zebrafish. These findings may offer clues... 38 minutes
Hunter-gatherers have a special way with smells
PHYS.ORG When it comes to naming colors, most people do so with ease. But, for odors, it's much harder to find the words. One notable exception to this rule is found among the Jahai people,... 38 minutes
First look at pupil size in sleeping mice yields surprises
PHYS.ORG When people are awake, their pupils regularly change in size. Those changes are meaningful, reflecting shifting attention or vigilance, for example. Now, researchers reporting in Current Biology on... 38 minutes
New method to stop cells dividing could help fight cancer
PHYS.ORG Researchers at Uppsala University, Karolinska Institutet, and the University of Oxford, have used a new strategy to shut down specific enzymes to stop cells from dividing. The method,... 38 minutes
New technique for finding life on Mars
PHYS.ORG Researchers demonstrate for the first time the potential of existing technology to directly detect and characterize life on Mars and other planets. The study, published in Frontiers in Microbiology, used miniaturized scientific instruments and... 38 minutes
Inspired by biology, scientists created new tiny tubes that could help with water purification and tissue engineering
PHYS.ORG Materials scientists, led by a team at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National... 1 hour
World’s oldest known oxygen oasis discovered
SCIENCE DAILY In the Earth’s early history, several billion years ago, only traces of oxygen existed in the atmosphere and the oceans. Today’s air-breathing organisms could not have existed under those conditions. The change was caused by photosynthesizing... 1 hour
Cellular mechanism for severe viral hepatitis identified
SCIENCE DAILY Medical scientists identified a cellular mechanism causing inflammatory changes in regulatory T cells that can lead to severe viral hepatitis. Research on this mechanism will help further understand the nature of various inflammatory diseases... 2 hours
Genomics reveals key macrophages' involvement in systemic sclerosis
SCIENCE DAILY A new international study has made an important discovery about the key role of macrophages, a type of immune cell, in systemic sclerosis (SSc), a chronic autoimmune disease which currently has no... 2 hours
Study devises efficient and economical strategy to screen breast and ovarian cancer gene mutations
NEWS MEDICAL A new study published yesterday in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute suggests that, in comparison with just screening... 4 hours
Modular gene enhancers may be suitable target in treatment of blood cancer
NEWS MEDICAL Every day, billions of new blood cells are generated in the bone marrow. The gene Myc is known to play an important role in... 5 hours
World's oldest known oxygen oasis discovered
PHYS.ORG In the Earth's early history, several billion years ago, only traces of oxygen existed in the atmosphere and the oceans. Today's air-breathing organisms could not have existed under those conditions. The change was caused by photosynthesizing... 5 hours
New biomaterials-based system improves T-cell production
NEWS MEDICAL T cells play a key role in the body's immune response against pathogens. As a new class of therapeutic approaches, T cells are being harnessed to fight cancer, promising more precise, longer-lasting mitigation than traditional, chemical-based... 5 hours
Research reveals cost-effectiveness of whole-population screening for breast, ovarian cancer gene mutations
NEWS MEDICAL Screening the entire population for breast and ovarian cancer gene mutations, as opposed to just those at high-risk of carrying this mutation, is cost... 5 hours
The Y chromosome is disappearing – so what will happen to men?
PHYS.ORG The Y chromosome may be a symbol of masculinity, but it is becoming increasingly clear that it is anything but strong and enduring. Although... 5 hours
Looking to the sun to create hydrogen fuel
PHYS.ORG When Lawrence Livermore scientist Tadashi Ogitsu leased a hydrogen fuel-cell car in 2017, he knew that his daily commute would change forever. There are no greenhouse gases that come out of the... 5 hours
A new, dynamic view of chromatin movements
PHYS.ORG In cells, proteins tightly package the long thread of DNA into pearl necklace-like complexes known as chromatin. Scientists at EPFL show for the first time how chromatin moves, answering longstanding questions about how its... 5 hours
The early bits of life
PHYS.ORG How can life originate before DNA and genes? One possibility is that there are natural processes that lead to the organisation of simple physical objects such as small microcapsules that undergo rudimentary forms of interaction, self-organisation and information... 6 hours
Genes that Repair Spinal Cord in Fish also Present in Mammals, Researchers Discover
SCI-NEWS.COM Many of the genes involved in natural repair of the... 6 hours
Findings reveal conventional cancer therapy as double-edged sword
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers have discovered that killing cancer cells can actually have the unintended effect of fueling the proliferation of residual, living cancer cells, ultimately leading to aggressive tumor progression. 7 hours
Chemists improve hydrogen sensors
PHYS.ORG A group of scientists from the Siberian Federal University (SFU, Krasnoyarsk, Russia) and the Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry (NIIC, Novosibirsk, Russia) have combined the useful properties of metal phthalocyanines and palladium membranes in order to create active layers in... 7 hours
Researchers find new way to halt growth of breast cancer cells
NEWS MEDICAL An international team of researchers led from Karolinska Institutet and Science for Life Laboratory in Sweden have found a new way of halting the growth of... 8 hours
Medical News Today: How gum disease could lead to cancer
MNT How well do you look after your oral health? New research has now linked the bacteria responsible for gum disease with certain types of cancer. 9 hours
Novel gene expression analysis technique can accurately and quickly measure RNA
NEWS MEDICAL A University of Illinois and Mayo collaboration has demonstrated a novel gene expression analysis technique that can accurately measure levels of RNA quickly and directly from... 9 hours
Review explores consequences of genetic testing and cancer risk-reducing surgery
NEWS MEDICAL Genetic testing is commonplace for many inheritable cancer syndromes, and with that comes the knowledge of being a gene carrier for some patients. 9 hours
GA-map Dysbiosis Test identifies IBS patients who respond to FODMAP diet, study shows
NEWS MEDICAL Genetic Analysis, a leading Microbiome MDx specialist, today announced the publication of a new study in the peer-reviewed journal Digestive Disease and... 10 hours
Study: Human waste remains main source of fecal pollution in the river Danube
NEWS MEDICAL Despite wastewater management and treatment plants, human waste remains the main source of microbial fecal pollution in the river Danube. 10 hours
New Threat to Extremely Endangered Cat: Deadly Dog Virus
LIVE SCIENCE A critically endangered Amur leopard turned up along the side of a road suffering from canine distemper virus (CDV) — a disease that typically infects domestic dogs. 19 hours
Amoebae Give Black Death Bacteria a Safe Place to Hide
LIVE SCIENCE The simple amoeba — a single-celled organism found in the water and soil — may provide a safe haven for the deadly bacteria that cause the plague, a... 20 hours
MDI Biological Laboratory develops Anecdata citizen science mobile app
PHYS.ORG The MDI Biological Laboratory is riding the growing wave of interest in citizen science with the development of a new, easily accessible mobile phone app to help community organizations track... 20 hours
Gorilla Glass debuts in car windshields
PHYS.ORG Chemically toughened glass already keeps cell phone screens (mostly) crack-free, and now this type of glass is starting to make its mark in the auto industry in car windshields. According to an article in Chemical &... 20 hours
Novel chip-based gene expression tool analyzes RNA quickly and accurately
PHYS.ORG A University of Illinois and Mayo collaboration has demonstrated a novel gene expression analysis technique that can accurately measure levels of RNA quickly and directly from a cancerous... 20 hours
New research could significantly accelerate drug discovery
SCIENCE DAILY Many drugs work by inhibiting protein enzymes associated with a particular disease. Unfortunately, the same drugs can inhibit protein enzymes unrelated to the disease, resulting in harmful side effects. A team of computational biologist... 22 hours
New way to target the growth of breast cancer cells
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have found a new way of halting the growth of breast cancer cells. The researchers explored a new way to starve cancer cells from their molecular energy... 22 hours
Strange Weather Triggered Bacteria That Killed 200,000 Endangered Antelope
NPR Over a three-week span in 2015, more than 200,000 saiga antelope suddenly died in Kazakhstan. The animals would be grazing normally, then dead in three hours. A new study points... 22 hours
Conflicts of interest improve collective computation of adaptive social structures
Science Magazine In many biological systems, the functional behavior of a group is collectively computed by the system’s individual components. An example is the brain’s ability to make decisions via... 23 hours
[Editors' Choice] Bacteria make their way to the brain
Science Magazine Diverse bacterial species can be detected in the brains of mice with abdominal sepsis. 23 hours
How living systems compute solutions to problems
PHYS.ORG How do decisions get made in the natural world? One possibility is that the individuals or components in biological systems collectively compute solutions to challenges they face in their environments. Consider that fish navigate... 23 hours
Scale-eating fish adopt clever parasitic methods to survive
SCIENCE DAILY A small group of fishes -- possibly the world's cleverest carnivorous grazers -- feeds on the scales of other fish in the tropics. Biologists are trying to understand these scale-feeding fish and... 23 hours
DIPG tumor patterns offer new insight on survival
SCIENCE DAILY A small subset of patients with tumors that bear mutations in a gene in the basic packaging of DNA (known as histone mutations) may have better outcomes than others, suggests new research. 23 hours
Prebiotics in infant formula could improve learning and memory and alter brain chemistry
SCIENCE DAILY Among other benefits, breast milk contains natural sources of prebiotics: small, indigestible fiber molecules that promote the growth of good bacteria in... 23 hours
Modular gene enhancer promotes leukemia and regulates effectiveness of chemotherapy
SCIENCE DAILY Every day, billions of new blood cells are generated in the bone marrow. The gene Myc is known to play an important role in this process, and is... 23 hours
Semiconductor breakthrough may be game-changer for organic solar cells
PHYS.ORG VIDEO In an advance that could push cheap, ubiquitous solar power closer to reality, University of Michigan researchers have found a way to coax electrons to travel much further than was... 24 hours
New research could significantly accelerate drug discovery
PHYS.ORG Many drugs work by inhibiting protein enzymes associated with a particular disease. Unfortunately, the same drugs can inhibit protein enzymes unrelated to the disease, resulting in harmful side effects. One potential solution is to... 24 hours
Patient-derived organoids may help personalize the treatment of gastrointestinal cancers
SCIENCE DAILY A new review highlights the potential of 3-D organoid models derived from patient cells to help personalize therapy for individuals with gastrointestinal cancers. 1 day
Genetic study identifies six new gene regions associated with type 1 diabetes in children
NEWS MEDICAL This article outlines a recent study which identified six novel gene regions in children who are at risk of type... 1 day
Magnetically applied MicroRNAs could one day help relieve constipation
SCIENCE DAILY Micro metal beads and magnets help deliver a biologic where it's needed to improve constipation or rectoanal incontinence in animal models of the disorders. 1 day
Genetic study identifies six new genes associated with type 1 diabetes in children
NEWS MEDICAL This article outlines a recent study which identified six novel gene regions in children who are at risk of type 1 diabetes. 1 day
Ultrathin black phosphorus for solar-driven hydrogen economy
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers combined two different types of 2-D materials -- black phosphorus and bismuth vanadate -- to form a biologically inspired water-splitting catalyst. Normal sunlight could drive the reactions and careful design of the catalyst... 1 day
Canine distemper confirmed in Far Eastern leopard, world's most endangered big cat
SCIENCE DAILY The Far Eastern or Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) is already among the rarest of the world's big cats, but new research reveals that... 1 day
Physicists succeed in measuring mechanical properties of 2-D monolayer materials
SCIENCE DAILY Physicists have for the first time succeeded in characterizing the mechanical properties of free-standing single-atom-thick membranes of graphene. 1 day
Breakthrough enables screening millions of human antibodies for new drug discovery
SCIENCE DAILY A new article outlines a pioneering method of screening a person's diverse set of antibodies for rapid therapeutic discovery. Antibody proteins are an important part of... 1 day
Breakthrough enables screening millions of human antibodies for new drug discovery
PHYS.ORG A paper just published in Nature Biotechnology outlines a pioneering method of screening a person's diverse set of antibodies for rapid therapeutic discovery. Antibody proteins are... 1 day
Ten 'stealth microplastics' to avoid if you want to save the oceans
PHYS.ORG Theresa May's new environment plan sets ambitious goals for plastic waste reduction. But there's lots of room for slippage. One goal is to eradicate... 1 day
Canine distemper confirmed in Far Eastern leopard, world's most endangered big cat
PHYS.ORG The Far Eastern or Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) is already among the rarest of the world's big cats, but new research reveals that... 1 day
Fishing for one bad cell out of trillions of good ones
PHYS.ORG Cancer cells can break away from a tumor and circulate through the blood. There are few of the cancer cells compared to the trillions of blood... 1 day
Researchers explore anti-inflammatory activity of curcumin
PHYS.ORG Extracts of the plant turmeric—the spice that gives Indian curries a yellow color—have been used as an anti-inflammatory treatment in traditional Asian medicine for centuries. Clinical trials of curcumin (the active chemical compound in turmeric), however,... 1 day
Just a small piece of paper can make water consumption safer
PHYS.ORG A revolutionary microbial-based paper sensor has been developed by researchers at the University of Bath, creating a cheap, sustainable and recyclable device for detecting toxic compounds... 1 day
Genevac offers miVac DNA for efficient concentration of nucleic acids
NEWS MEDICAL The miVac DNA centrifugal sample concentrator from Genevac is purpose designed to efficiently remove water and organic solvents from biological samples containing nucleic acids. 1 day
Crumpling reduces rigidity in an otherwise stiff material, making it less prone to catastrophic failure
PHYS.ORG Gas pressure was applied to a crumpled graphene membrane to cause it to bulge and stiffen. The result?... 1 day
Scientists identify six new gene regions that may help treat type 1 diabetes
NEWS MEDICAL Six novel chromosomal regions identified by scientists leading a large, prospective study of children at risk for type 1 diabetes will enable... 1 day
Three-dimensional organization of genome plays key role in gene expression, cell fate
NEWS MEDICAL Scientists have long been reading the code of life - the genome -, as a sequence of letters but now researchers have also started... 1 day
EXD2 enzyme facilitates protein production in mitochondria
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers from the Genomic Instability and Cancer Laboratory at Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) have identified a key role for EXD2 in protein production in the mitochondria, the cellular organelles responsible for... 1 day
Gene Location for Paranoia Found
LIVE SCIENCE Researchers identified a genetic location linked to paranoia by studying a rare neurogenetic disorder. 1 day
DNA uncovers humans as the main source of faecal pollution in the Danube
PHYS.ORG Despite wastewater management and treatment plants, human waste remains the main source of microbial faecal pollution in the river Danube. This is... 1 day
Can being too social take years off your life? Yes, biologists report, if you're a marmot
PHYS.ORG Large ground squirrels called yellow-bellied marmots live much longer, on average, if they are less social... 1 day
Researchers develop new class of underwater adhesives
PHYS.ORG A Korean research team affiliated with UNIST has presented a new type of underwater adhesive that is tougher than the natural biological glues that mussels normally use to adhere to rocks, ships and larger... 1 day
Research: Men who lack HSD17B4 gene may be more susceptible to treatment-resistant prostate cancer
NEWS MEDICAL Cleveland Clinic researchers have confirmed for the first time a mechanistic link between the gene HSD17B4 and deadly, treatment-resistant prostate... 1 day
Perovskite solar cells: Perfection not required
PHYS.ORG Metal-organic perovskite layers for solar cells are often fabricated using the spin-coating technique on compact substrates. These perovskite layers generally exhibit holes, yet attain astonishingly high levels of efficiency. The reason that these holes do not... 1 day
Medical News Today: Parkinson's: How a 'bad' enzyme might protect the brain
MNT Reduced levels of a mitochondrial enzyme were previously thought to destroy neurons in Parkinson's disease. The opposite may, in fact, be the case. 1 day
Parkinson's: How a 'bad' enzyme might protect the brain
MNT Reduced levels of a mitochondrial enzyme were previously thought to destroy neurons in Parkinson's disease. The opposite may, in fact, be the case. 1 day
Scientists develop unique technique to map elasticity of cell components
NEWS MEDICAL Scientists at Université de Montréal have developed a unique technique to map, on a scale of milliseconds, the elasticity of the components inside a cell. 1 day
Confined movements: How cells form tubes in confined spaces
SCIENCE DAILY A team of scientists has described a novel 'microtube'-based platform to study how tubular organs, such as the heart and the kidneys, form under the various topographical restrictions commonly experienced... 2 days
One of history’s worst epidemics may have been caused by a common food poisoning microbe
Science Magazine DNA from skeletons suggests that 16th century native Mesoamericans had salmonella 2 days
Memory gene goes viral
PHYS.ORG Two independent teams of scientists from the University of Utah and the University of Massachusetts Medical School have discovered that a gene crucial for learning, called Arc, can send its genetic material from one neuron to another by employing a... 2 days
Memory loss from West Nile virus may be preventable
SCIENCE DAILY More than 10,000 people in the United States are living with memory loss and other persistent neurological problems that occur after West Nile virus infects the brain. Now, a new... 2 days
T-cells engineered to outsmart tumors induce clinical responses in relapsed Hodgkin lymphoma
SCIENCE DAILY A research team has validated a way to outfox tumors. They engineered T-cells, essential players in the body's own immune system, to strip tumors... 2 days
Are amoebae safe harbors for plague?
SCIENCE DAILY Amoebae, single-celled organisms common in soil, water and grade-school science classrooms, may play a key role in the survival and spread of deadly plague bacteria. New research shows that plague bacteria, Yersinia pestis, not only survive,... 2 days
Math can predict how cancer cells evolve
SCIENCE DAILY Applied mathematics can be a powerful tool in helping predict the genesis and evolution of different types of cancers, a study has found. 2 days
Slow 'hot electrons' could improve solar cell efficiency
SCIENCE DAILY Photons with energy higher than the 'band gap' of the semiconductor absorbing them give rise to what are known as hot electrons. The extra energy is lost very fast, as it is... 2 days
New way to unmask melanoma cells to the immune system
SCIENCE DAILY A research team has found a new way to keep the immune system engaged, and is planning to test the approach in a phase 1 clinical trial. 2 days
Medical News Today: Diabetes: Surprising gene discovery could fuel new treatments
MNT Researchers have identified a single gene mutation that may be responsible for both high and low blood sugar levels in a single family. 2 days
Cellular seismology: Putting vibrations on the map
SCIENCE DAILY Using a unique technology called 'cell quake elastography,' scientists can now map to the millisecond the elasticity of components vibrating inside a cell. This discovery opens up a whole new field of research in... 2 days
New insights into underwater adhesives
SCIENCE DAILY An international team of researchers has succeeded in developing a new type of underwater adhesives that are tougher than the natural biological counterpart. 2 days
Diabetes gene found that causes low and high blood sugar levels in the same family
SCIENCE DAILY A study of families with rare blood sugar conditions has revealed a new gene thought to be critical... 2 days
New dynamic statistical model follows gene expressions over time
SCIENCE DAILY A new model now gives researchers a tool that extends past observing static networks at a single snapshot in time, which is hugely beneficial since network data are usually dynamic. 2 days
'Magic pools' approach can hurry studies of novel bacteria
PHYS.ORG To characterize the genes of newly identified bacteria, microbiologists often introduce mutations within the bacteria using mobile DNA segments called transposons to study the impact of these mutations. 2 days
An eNose is able to sniff out bacteria that cause soft tissue infections
SCIENCE DAILY A recent study has concluded that an electronic nose (eNose) can be used to identify the most common bacteria causing soft tissue... 2 days
Computer-aided facial analysis helps diagnosis
SCIENCE DAILY In rare diseases, the computer-aided image analysis of patient portraits can facilitate and significantly improve diagnosis. This has been demonstrated on the basis of so-called GPI anchor deficiencies. Using data on genetic material, cell surface texture and typical... 2 days
Perovskite solar cells: Perfection not required
SCIENCE DAILY Metal-organic perovskite layers for solar cells are frequently fabricated using the spin coating technique on industry-relevant compact substrates. These perovskite layers generally exhibit numerous holes, yet attain astonishingly high levels of efficiency. The reason that these... 2 days
Oral health may have an important role in cancer prevention
SCIENCE DAILY The bacteria that cause periodontitis, a disease affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth, seems to play a part also in the onset of pancreatic cancer. 2 days
Genome architecture's surprising role in cell fate decisions
SCIENCE DAILY A new study shows unexpected and crucial role of genome architecture in determining cell fate. The work represents an important advance in our understanding of gene regulation and reveals a new layer... 2 days
Medical News Today: How immune cells can be controlled to kill cancer
MNT Researchers have engineered immune system T cells that are primed to find and kill cancer cells and can be remotely activated with noninvasive ultrasound. 2 days
Researchers identify 'social place cells' in the brain that respond to the locations of others
PHYS.ORG VIDEO Whether we're playing a team sport or just strolling with our family through the park, we're continually aware... 2 days
Mapping the social landscape
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have, in recent decades, pinpointed neurons called 'place cells' in our brains that encode our own location in the environment, but how our brains represent the positions of others has been a mystery. New research in bats, reveals a... 2 days
Researchers Identify New Anti-Inflammatory Drug Target
NEWS MEDICAL A new study suggests that parmodulins may provide anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic protection to endothelial cells, without interfering with clotting. 2 days
Snapshot of DNA repair
PHYS.ORG DNA is like the computer code of the body, and it must be preserved for our bodies to survive. Yet, as cells grow and change, DNA is vulnerable to defects, especially double strand breaks (DSBs). In fact, DSBs regularly occur... 2 days
Key player in cell metabolism identified
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have identified a key role for EXD2 in protein production in the mitochondria, the cellular organelles responsible for the majority of energy generation. 2 days
Medical News Today: What is hairy cell leukemia and how is it treated?
MNT Learn all about hairy cell leukemia, a form of hematologic cancer. This article looks at the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for... 2 days
Semiconductor breakthrough may be game-changer for organic solar cells
PHYS.ORG
Scientists use vibrations within cells to identify their mechanical properties
PHYS.ORG
Researchers identify 'social place cells' in the brain that respond to the locations of others
PHYS.ORG
Could science destroy the world? These scholars want to save us from a modern-day Frankenstein
Science Magazine
Biologists look to the past for early genetic development of tiny spider and insect eyes
PHYS.ORG
Gut Check: Gas-Sniffing Capsule Charts The Digestive Tract
NPR