Mathematics
Direct observation of minibands in a twisted graphene/WS2 bilayer  Science Magazine · 1 day
Stacking two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals materials with different interlayer atomic registry in a heterobilayer causes the formation of a long-range periodic superlattice that may bestow the heterostructure with properties... more
Capturing 3D microstructures in real time  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Researchers have invented a machine-learning based algorithm for quantitatively characterizing material microstructure in three dimensions and in real time. This algorithm applies to most structural materials of interest to industry. more
Experiments lead to slip law for better forecasts of glacier speed, sea-level rise  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Backed by experimental data from a laboratory machine that simulates the huge forces involved in glacier flow, glaciologists have written an equation... more
Capturing 3D microstructures in real time  nanowerk · 2 days
Researchers have invented a machine-learning based algorithm for quantitatively characterizing, in three dimensions, materials with features as small as nanometers. more
Experiments lead to slip law for better forecasts of glacier speed, sea-level rise  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Backed by experimental data from a laboratory machine that simulates the huge forces involved in glacier flow, glaciologists have written an equation... more
New Custom Rotary Stages with Large Aperture based on Air Bearings  nanowerk · 3 days
Superior positioning and geometric performance, absolute high-resolution encoders, and a large, 260mm clear aperture makes this air bearing stage a precision instrument for optical alignment, metrology,... more
AI finds 2D materials in the blink of an eye  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
A research team has introduced a machine-learning algorithm that can scan through microscope images to find 2D materials like graphene. This work can help shorten the time required... more
Smartphone videos produce highly realistic 3D face reconstructions  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Normally, it takes pricey equipment and expertise to create an accurate 3D reconstruction of someone's face. Now, researchers have pulled off the feat using video recorded on an ordinary smartphone. Shooting a... more
UK's Johnson under fire for low number of COVID-19 tests  ABC NEWS · 4 days
When Prime Minister Boris Johnson developed a cough and fever, he got a test for the new coronavirus more
New paradigm for 'auto-tuning' quantum bits could overcome major engineering hurdle  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
A high-end race car engine needs all its components tuned and working together precisely to deliver top-quality performance. The same can be said about the processor... more
Scientists find a practical approach to improve differential gene expression analysis  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Identification of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) is a fundamental step for many biomedical studies. RNA-sequencing is the most popular approach for this purpose and is widely... more
Biophysics: Lifting the lid on beta-barrels  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
The interaction between biotin and streptavidin is a well-established experimental tool in bionanotechnology. Physicists have now shown that the mechanical stability of the complex is dependent on the precise geometry of the interface. more
Three dimensions, two microscopes, one code: Automatic differentiation for x-ray nanotomography beyond the depth of focus limit  Science Magazine · 1 week
Conventional tomographic reconstruction algorithms assume that one has obtained pure projection images, involving no... more
Designing lightweight glass for efficient cars, wind turbines  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
A new machine-learning algorithm for exploring lightweight, very stiff glass compositions can help design next-gen materials for more efficient vehicles and wind turbines. Glasses can reinforce polymers to generate composite materials that... more
New algorithm examines crime-scene bullets segment by segment  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
On the morning of March 22, 1915, residents of the small town of West Shelby, New York, awoke to a horrific scene. A woman clad only in a bloodied nightgown lay shot... more
Math professor and students take 'random walk' together  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Some people like to take random walks through the woods, while others might stroll through their own neighborhood. In the world of math, a random walk is in fact more random than... more
Artificial intelligence identifies optimal material formula  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Nanostructured layers boast countless potential properties -- but how can the most suitable one be identified without any long-term experiments? A team has ventured a shortcut: using a machine learning algorithm, the researchers were able to... more
Artificial intelligence identifies optimal material formula  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Nanostructured layers boast countless potential properties—but how can the most suitable one be identified without any long-term experiments? A team from the Materials Discovery Department at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) has ventured a shortcut: using a machine... more
Solving a 50-year-old puzzle in signal processing  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
The same engineers, who announced the solution to a 50-year-old puzzle in signal processing last fall, have followed up with more research results. The engineers say their new algorithm is more useful and just... more
Slow slip source characterized by lithological and geometric heterogeneity  Science Magazine · 1 week
Slow slip events (SSEs) accommodate a significant proportion of tectonic plate motion at subduction zones, yet little is known about the faults that actually host them. The shallow depth ( more
A new algorithm to convert a normal antibody into the corresponding catalytic antibody  Science Magazine · 1 week
Over thousands of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been produced so far, and it would be valuable if these mAbs could be directly... more
Streptavidin/biotin: Tethering geometry defines unbinding mechanics  Science Magazine · 1 week
Macromolecules tend to respond to applied forces in many different ways. Chemistry at high shear forces can be intriguing, with relatively soft bonds becoming very stiff in specific force-loading geometries. Largely used in bionanotechnology, an important... more
How to break new records in the 200 metres?  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Usain Bolt's 200m record has not been beaten for ten years and Florence Griffith Joyner's for more than thirty years. And what if the secret behind beating records was to... more
Researchers propose a novel methodology for the characterization of light-matter interaction at atomic size  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Photonic cavities are an essential part of many modern optical devices, from laser pointers to microwave ovens. Just as we... more
New ethical framework developed to tackle ethical issues in clinical AI data sharing  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
A report has stated that clinical data should be available for research, development and development of AI algorithms. more
AI could enhance prediction of treatment response among patients with non-small cell lung cancer  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
Artificial intelligence deep learning algorithms may predict response to systemic treatment for non-small cell lung cancer. more
The strange orbits of 'Tatooine' planetary disks  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have found striking orbital geometries in protoplanetary disks around binary stars. While disks orbiting the most compact binary star systems share very nearly the same plane,... more
New satellite-based algorithm pinpoints crop water use  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The growing threat of drought and rising water demand have made accurate forecasts of crop water use critical for farmland water management and sustainability. more
Learning to synthesize: Robust phase retrieval at low photon counts  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
An artifact-free computational approach to extract the phase of light from noisy intensity signals improves imaging of transparent objects, such as biological cells, under low light conditions. The... more
AI may help predict tumor sensitivity to systemic cancer therapies  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
Using standard-of-care computed tomography scans in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer, researchers utilized artificial intelligence to train algorithms to predict tumor sensitivity to three systemic cancer... more
The strange orbits of 'Tatooine' planetary disks (w/video)  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Astronomers have found striking orbital geometries in protoplanetary disks around binary stars. While disks orbiting the most compact binary star systems share very nearly the same plane, disks encircling wide binaries have... more
ALMA Observes Protoplanetary Disks around Binary Stars  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 weeks
Using data from the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), a team of astronomers has found striking orbital geometries in circumbinary protoplanetary disks.... more
Observing phytoplankton via satellite  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Thanks to a new algorithm, researchers can now use satellite data to determine in which parts of the ocean certain types of phytoplankton are dominant. In addition, they can identify toxic algal blooms and assess the effects of global warming... more
Observing phytoplankton via satellite  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Thanks to a new algorithm, researchers at the AWI can now use satellite data to determine in which parts of the ocean certain types of phytoplankton are dominant. In addition, they can identify toxic algal blooms and assess the effects... more
Astronomers Discover Way to Get Sharp Images of Black Hole’s Photon Rings  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 weeks
In April 2019, the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) Collaboration released stunning images of the supermassive black hole in Messier 87, a giant elliptical galaxy... more
The strange orbits of 'Tatooine' planetary disks  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have found striking orbital geometries in protoplanetary disks around binary stars. While disks orbiting the most compact binary star systems share very nearly the same plane,... more
Black hole team discovers path to razor-sharp black hole images  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A team of researchers have published new calculations that predict a striking and intricate substructure within black hole images from extreme gravitational light bending. more
Research team discovers path to razor-sharp black hole images  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Last April, the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) sparked international excitement when it unveiled the first image of a black hole. Today, a team of researchers have published new calculations that... more
Distinguishing cell phenotype using cell epigenotype  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
The relationship between microscopic observations and macroscopic behavior is a fundamental open question in biophysical systems. Here, we develop a unified approach that—in contrast with existing methods—predicts cell type from macromolecular data even when accounting for... more
TTP plc establishes new partnership to enable better clinical management of patients with atrial fibrillation  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 weeks
TTP plc, a leading independent technology and product development company, today announced it has established a partnership with... more
Even a limited India-Pakistan nuclear war would bring global famine, says study  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The concept of nuclear winter—a years-long planetary freeze brought on by airborne soot generated by nuclear bombs—has been around for decades. But such speculations... more
Modified nickelate materials could improve understanding of high-temperature superconductivity  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The hunt for high-temperature superconductors could be aided by calculations by RIKEN physicists that have revealed the behavior of electrons in a nickel oxide material. more
New record set for cryptographic challenge  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
An international team of computer scientists has set a new record for integer factorization, one of the most important computational problems underlying the security of nearly all public-key cryptography currently used today. more
Something strange is going on with the North Star  LIVE SCIENCE · 4 weeks
Something's up with the North Star, a cepheid. Its distance, mass and age should be easy to measure. But new calculations keep disagreeing with one another and failing to make... more
Life on Titan Cannot Rely on Cell Membranes, According to Computational Simulations  ASTRO WATCH · 4 weeks
Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have made a new contribution to the ongoing search into the possibility of life on Titan, Saturn’s... more
20 amazing women in science and math  LIVE SCIENCE · 4 weeks
Some were hailed in their lifetime, others died unrecognized, but all were amazing. more
Italy announces quarantine affecting quarter of population  ABC NEWS · 4 weeks
Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte has announced that the entire region of Lombardy and a number of provinces in other regions have been put under lockdown as the coronavirus continued to spread throughout the... more
Dimming Betelgeuse likely isn't cold, just dusty  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Scientists report that the average surface temperature of Betelgeuse, calculated using observations taken Feb. 14, 2020, is significantly warmer than expected if its recent dimming had been triggered by a cooling of the star's... more
Scientists break Google's quantum algorithm  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Google is racing to develop quantum-enhanced processors that use quantum mechanical effects to reduce the speed at which data can be processed. In the near term, Google has devised new quantum-enhanced algorithms that operate in the presence of... more
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