Mathematics
Neural network technique identifies mechanisms of ferroelectric switching  nanowerk · 19 hours
AI reveals domain-geometry-driven differences in ferroelectric switching, important for next-generation computing; approach could be applied to electron microscopy, agriculture, astronomy and other systems mapped through hyperspectral imaging. more
Neural network technique identifies mechanisms of ferroelectric switching  SCIENCE DAILY · 20 hours
AI reveals domain-geometry-driven differences in ferroelectric switching, important for next-generation computing; approach could be applied to electron microscopy, agriculture, astronomy and other systems mapped through hyperspectral imaging more
Machine learning's next frontier: Epigenetic drug discovery  SCIENCE DAILY · 22 hours
Scientists have developed a machine-learning algorithm that gleans information from microscope images -- allowing for high-throughput epigenetic drug screens that could unlock new treatments for cancer, heart disease, mental illness and more. more
Taking new angle to enable more efficient, compact fusion power plants  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Researchers have demonstrated a new approach for injecting microwaves into a fusion plasma that doubles the efficiency of a critical technique that could have major implications... more
Taking new angle to enable more efficient, compact fusion power plants  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Researchers at the DIII-D National Fusion Facility in San Diego have demonstrated a new approach for injecting microwaves into a fusion plasma that doubles the efficiency... more
Nontrivial quantum oscillation geometric phase shift in a trivial band  Science Magazine · 5 days
Quantum oscillations provide a notable visualization of the Fermi surface of metals, including associated geometrical phases such as Berry’s phase, that play a central role in topological quantum... more
Training of quantum circuits on a hybrid quantum computer  Science Magazine · 5 days
Generative modeling is a flavor of machine learning with applications ranging from computer vision to chemical design. It is expected to be one of the techniques most suited to take... more
Novel excitations near quantum criticality in geometrically frustrated antiferromagnet CsFeCl3  Science Magazine · 5 days
The investigation of materials that exhibit quantum phase transition provides valuable insights into fundamental problems in physics. We present neutron scattering under pressure in a triangular-lattice antiferromagnet that... more
Hierarchical interlocked orthogonal faulting in the 2019 Ridgecrest earthquake sequence  Science Magazine · 6 days
A nearly 20-year hiatus in major seismic activity in southern California ended on 4 July 2019 with a sequence of intersecting earthquakes near the city of Ridgecrest, California.... more
Giving robots a faster grasp  nanowerk · 6 days
An algorithm speeds up the planning process robots use to adjust their grip on objects, for picking and sorting, or tool use. more
Giving robots a faster grasp  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Engineers have found a way to significantly speed up the planning process required for a robot to adjust its grasp on an object by pushing that object against a stationary surface. Whereas traditional algorithms would require tens of... more
Giving robots a faster grasp  MIT · 6 days
An algorithm speeds up the planning process robots use to adjust their grip on objects, for picking and sorting, or tool use. more
Scientists discover fractal patterns in a quantum material  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
A fractal is any geometric pattern that occurs again and again, at different sizes and scales, within the same object. This "self-similarity" can be seen throughout nature, for example in a snowflake's... more
Artificial pancreas system more effective than existing treatments at controlling blood glucose levels  NEWS MEDICAL · 7 days
A new artificial pancreas system that uses advanced control algorithms to automatically monitor and regulate blood glucose levels was more effective than... more
Scientists discover fractal patterns in a quantum material  MIT · 7 days
The X-ray-focusing lens used in the experiment is based on a design used in lighthouses for centuries. more
Borophene-graphene heterostructures  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Integration of dissimilar two-dimensional (2D) materials is essential for nanoelectronic applications. Compared to vertical stacking, covalent lateral stitching requires bottom-up synthesis, resulting in rare realizations of 2D lateral heterostructures. Because of its polymorphism and diverse bonding geometries, borophene is a... more
Bees can learn higher numbers than we thought – if we train them the right way  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Bees are pretty good at maths—as far as insects go, at least. We already know, for... more
New compiler makes quantum computers two times faster  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A new paper from researchers at the University of Chicago introduces a technique for compiling highly optimized quantum instructions that can be executed on near-term hardware. This technique is particularly well suited... more
Physicists look to navigational 'rhumb lines' to study polymer's unique spindle structure  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
From the intricate patterns of pollen grains to the logarithmic spirals of nautilus shells, biology is full of complex patterns, shapes, and geometries. Many... more
Honeybees are math stars  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Start thinking about numbers and they can become large very quickly. The diameter of the universe is about 8.8×1023 km and the largest known number—googolplex, 1010100—outranks it enormously. Although that colossal concept was dreamt up by brilliant mathematicians, we're still... more
Engineers solve 50-year-old puzzle in signal processing  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Engineers have solved a 50-year-old puzzle in signal processing. They've formulated the 'inverse chirp z-transform,' an algorithm related to one that's running on your cell phone right now. It took some computing power and... more
New material could someday power quantum computer  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Quantum computers with the ability to perform complex calculations, encrypt data more securely and more quickly predict the spread of viruses, may be within closer reach thanks to a new discovery. more
Observation of half-quantum flux in the unconventional superconductor {beta}-Bi2Pd  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Magnetic flux quantization is one of the defining properties of a superconductor. We report the observation of half-integer magnetic flux quantization in mesoscopic rings of superconducting β-Bi2Pd thin films. The... more
Researchers discover material that could someday power quantum computer  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Quantum computers with the ability to perform complex calculations, encrypt data more securely and more quickly predict the spread of viruses, may be within closer reach thanks to a new... more
Biologically-inspired skin improves robots' sensory abilities  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Sensitive synthetic skin enables robots to sense their own bodies and surroundings - a crucial capability if they are to be in close contact with people. Inspired by human skin, a team has developed a system... more
Algorithm personalizes which cancer mutations are best targets for immunotherapy  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
As tumor cells multiply, they often spawn tens of thousands of genetic mutations. Figuring out which ones are the most promising to target with immunotherapy is like finding... more
New algorithm hand-picks which cancer mutations are promising targets for immunotherapy  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
As tumor cells multiply, they often spawn tens of thousands of genetic mutations. Figuring out which ones are the most promising to target with immunotherapy is... more
Machine learning helps plant science turn over a new leaf  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Researchers have developed machine-learning algorithms that teach a computer system to analyze three-dimensional shapes of the branches and leaves of a plant. The study may help scientists better... more
Scientists use machine-learning algorithms to help automate plant studies  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Father of genetics Gregor Mendel spent years tediously observing and measuring pea plant traits by hand in the 1800s to uncover the basics of genetic inheritance. Today, botanists can track... more
Human Skull Dimensions Follow Golden Ratio: Study  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 weeks
The Golden ratio principle is present in the architecture and evolution of the human skull, suggests a new study by researchers from... more
Deep learning used to create virtual 'super instrument'  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Scientist describe a new algorithm that combines the capabilities of two spacecraft instruments, which could result in lower cost and higher efficiency space missions. The virtual 'super instrument,' is a computer algorithm... more
Molecular nanocarbons with mechanical bonds  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Scientists have succeeded in synthesizing molecular nanocarbons with knots and catenanes by using a novel method in which silicon atoms are used. The epoch-making product of this research will pave the way to the development of new nanocarbon... more
A metagenomic strategy for harnessing the chemical repertoire of the human microbiome  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
Remarkable progress has been made in determining the effects of the microbiome on human physiology and disease, but the underlying molecules and mechanisms governing... more
New algorithm can help reduce therapy for some patients with intermediate-risk neuroblastoma  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 weeks
A recent Children's Oncology Group study identified a treatment algorithm that can help reduce therapy for some neuroblastoma patients with intermediate-risk disease, while maintaining... more
Machine learning predicts behavior of biological circuits  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Biomedical engineers have devised a machine learning approach to modeling the interactions between complex variables in engineered bacteria that would otherwise be too cumbersome to predict. Their algorithms are generalizable to many kinds of... more
Unusual kinematics of the Papatea fault (2016 Kaikoura earthquake) suggest anelastic rupture  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
A key paradigm in seismology is that earthquakes release elastic strain energy accumulated during an interseismic period on approximately planar faults. Earthquake slip models... more
'Personalized DJ' music playlist algorithm matches songs to listeners' changing moods  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Imagine having a disc jockey inside your computer who matches the music played to your current frame of mind. According to new research, machine learning can... more
Using algorithms to build a map of the placenta  MIT · 3 weeks
New technique stretches out MRI scans of placentas so they can be more accurately analyzed, and shows the potential of MRI for pregnancy monitoring. more
Curved nanochannels allow independent tuning of charge and spin currents  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
To increase the efficiency of microchips, 3D structures are now being investigated. However, spintronic components, which rely on electron spin rather than charge, are always flat. To investigate... more
Curved nanochannels allow independent tuning of charge and spin currents  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
To increase the efficiency of microchips, 3-D structures are now being investigated. However, spintronic components, which rely on electron spin rather than charge, are always flat. To investigate... more
Curved nanochannels allow independent tuning of charge and spin currents  nanowerk · 3 weeks
Scientists discovered that this new curved geometry makes it possible to independently tune charge and spin currents. \ more
How do phonons relax molecular spins?  Science Magazine · 4 weeks
The coupling between electronic spins and lattice vibrations is fundamental for driving relaxation in magnetic materials. The debate over the nature of spin-phonon coupling dates back to the 1940s, but the role of spin-spin, spin-orbit, and... more
Near-equilibrium growth from borophene edges on silver  Science Magazine · 4 weeks
Two-dimensional boron, borophene, was realized in recent experiments but still lacks an adequate growth theory for guiding its controlled synthesis. Combining ab initio calculations and experimental characterization, we study edges and growth kinetics of... more
Using math to blend musical notes seamlessly  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Researchers have invented an algorithm that produces a real-time portamento effect, gliding a note at one pitch into a note of another pitch, between any two audio signals, such as a piano note gliding... more
Geometry goes viral: Researchers use maths to solve virus puzzle  nanowerk · 4 weeks
Researchers have developed a new mathematical framework that changes the way we understand the structure of viruses such as Zika and Herpes. more
Using math to blend musical notes seamlessly  MIT · 4 weeks
Algorithm enables one audio signal to glide into another, recreating the “portamento” effect of some musical instruments. more
Defense Innovation Unit launches new satellite imagery prize challenge  SPACE NEWS · 4 weeks
Competitors have to develop computer vision algorithms to automate the process of assessing building damage after natural disasters.... more
Medical News Today: AI just as good at diagnosing illness as humans  MNT · 4 weeks
The first research of its kind finds that deep learning algorithms are just as accurate at diagnosing illness as healthcare professionals. more
Machine learning opens new possibilities for quantum devices  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Scientists from the University of Oxford, in collaboration with University of Basel and Lancaster University, have developed an algorithm that can be used to measure quantum dots automatically. more
Research suggests there's a better way to teach physics to university students  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Courses in introductory physics are required for nearly all university STEM degree programs not only because physics is considered foundational to those disciplines, but... more
Machine learning finds new metamaterial designs for energy harvesting  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Electrical engineers at Duke University have harnessed the power of machine learning to design dielectric (non-metal) metamaterials that absorb and emit specific frequencies of terahertz radiation. The design technique changed... more
Better way to teach physics to university students  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Physicists and educators have developed a curriculum for college-level students that shows promise in helping students in introductory physics classes further practice and develop their calculus skills. more
Algorithm helps physicians to assess whether stroke patients are candidates for clot-removing procedure  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 weeks
An algorithm developed by faculty at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston can help physicians outside of major stroke... more
Theorists discover the 'Rosetta Stone' for neutrino physics  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Linear algebra is a field of mathematics that has been thoroughly investigated for many centuries, providing invaluable tools used not only in mathematics, but also across physics and engineering as well as... more
Wearable brain-machine interface could control a wheelchair, vehicle or computer  nanowerk · 4 weeks
Combining new classes of nanomembrane electrodes with flexible electronics and a deep learning algorithm could help disabled people wirelessly control an electric wheelchair, interact with a computer or... more
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