Mathematics
Climbing-inspired twining electrodes using shape memory for peripheral nerve stimulation and recording  Science Magazine · 2 days
Peripheral neuromodulation has been widely used throughout clinical practices and basic neuroscience research. However, the mechanical and geometrical mismatches at current electrode-nerve interfaces and... more
Combinatorial optimization by simulating adiabatic bifurcations in nonlinear Hamiltonian systems  Science Magazine · 2 days
Combinatorial optimization problems are ubiquitous but difficult to solve. Hardware devices for these problems have recently been developed by various approaches, including quantum computers. Inspired by recently proposed... more
Using the physics of airflows to locate gaseous leaks more quickly in complex scenarios  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Engineers are developing a smart robotic system for sniffing out pollution hotspots and sources of toxic leaks. Their approach enables... more
Researcher uses network science to understand how materials work  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Network science is how mathematicians and software designers construct complicated social networks like Facebook. But a group of Florida State University researchers has found that these equations can tell engineers... more
Training data for autonomous driving  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Autonomous cars must perceive their environment true to reality. The corresponding algorithms are trained using a large number of image and video recordings. For the algorithm to recognize single image elements, such as a tree, a pedestrian or... more
Genome analysis shows common origin of Pskov, Novgorod and Yakutia populations  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Scientists have for the first time compared complete genome data of different ethnic groups in Russia. Using a special algorithm, they traced the genetic history for... more
Physical and geometric determinants of transport in fetoplacental microvascular networks  Science Magazine · 4 days
Across mammalian species, solute exchange takes place in complex microvascular networks. In the human placenta, the primary exchange units are terminal villi that contain disordered networks of fetal... more
Precipitation and temperature drive continental-scale patterns in stream invertebrate production  Science Magazine · 4 days
Secondary production, the growth of new heterotrophic biomass, is a key process in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems that has been carefully measured in many flowing water ecosystems. We... more
Technology automatically senses how Parkinson's patients respond to medication  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Adjusting the frequency and dosage of Parkinson's patients' medication is complex. In their 'ON' state they respond positively to medication and in their 'OFF' state symptoms return. Addressing these fluctuations... more
The new digital divide is between people who opt out of algorithms and people who don't  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Every aspect of life can be guided by artificial intelligence algorithms – from choosing what route... more
Predicting electricity demands  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Research published in the International Journal of Energy Technology and Policy shows how a neural network can be trained with a genetic algorithm to forecasting short-term demands on electricity load. Chawalit Jeenanunta and Darshana Abeyrathna of Thammasat University, in Thani,... more
Direct imaging of active orbitals in quantum materials  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
In quantum materials based on transition metals, rare-earth and actinide elements, electronic states are characterized by electrons in orbitals d and f, combined with the solid's strong band formation. Until now, to... more
Low-cost, high-speed algorithm may allow animal-free chemical toxicity testing  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
The use of animals to test the toxicity of chemicals may one day become outdated thanks to a low-cost, high-speed algorithm developed by researchers at Rutgers and other universities. more
New algorithm allows for faster, animal-free chemical toxicity testing  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
The use of animals to test the toxicity of chemicals may one day become outdated thanks to a low-cost, high-speed algorithm. more
New algorithm allows for faster, animal-free chemical toxicity testing  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
The use of animals to test the toxicity of chemicals may one day become outdated thanks to a low-cost, high-speed algorithm developed by researchers at Rutgers and other universities. more
Maths shows the nature of 'tipping points' for climate and eco crises  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Humans need to be wary of breaching a 'point of no return' that leads to ecological disaster such as loss of rainforests or irreversible... more
Researchers forge new computational tools to make more accurate predictions of protein structures  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Where the village smithy once stood now stands an algorithm, its mighty mathematical hammer pounding proteins into shape. more
Gravitational echo phenomenon will become a key to the new physics, physicist says  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Gravitational echoes may be caused by the collision of two black holes, and may indicate that these objects have completely new physical... more
Algorithms to enhance forest inventories  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
An EPFL doctoral student has come up with methods to map out forests more effectively using aerial remote sensing, in support of on-the-ground forest inventories. more
Astronaut Twins Study Yields New Insights, Algorithms and Portable DNA Sequencing Tools  ASTRO WATCH · 1 week
Long-term spaceflight causes more changes to gene expression than shorter trips, especially to the immune system and DNA repair systems, according to research by... more
Clear sight in the data fog with PAGA  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Experimental molecular assays with single-cell resolution generate big and complex data. Researchers are now presenting their computer algorithm PAGA. They create data-driven, easily interpretable maps that reveal cellular processes and fates in... more
Getting to the root of plant simulations  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Researchers have developed a new algorithm to bolster what once were static models of root dynamics, providing researchers a clearer picture of what's really happening beneath the soil. The work describes the dynamic root... more
American parents (still) prefer boys—and it's hurting their daughters' test scores  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
The math gender gap may be narrowing, thanks to STEM programs, advocacy and an overdue backlash against inequality. But there's still a lot we don't know... more
A faster method for multiplying very big numbers  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
The multiplication of integers is a problem that has kept mathematicians busy since Antiquity. The "Babylonian" method we learn at school requires us to multiply each digit of the first number by... more
Clear sight in the data fog with PAGA  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Experimental molecular assays with single-cell resolution generate big and complex data. Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Technical University of Munich are now presenting their computer algorithm PAGA. They create data-driven,... more
New ways to image, characterize unique material  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Researchers have imaged and modeled the unique geometry of 2D borophene, a material that could surpass the promises of graphene for electronic, thermal, optical and other applications. more
AI identifies risk of cholesterol-raising genetic disease  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
A new algorithm can determine whether a patient is likely to have a cholesterol-raising genetic disease that can cause early, and sometimes fatal, heart problems, reports a new study. more
Scientist superstar Katie Bouman designed algorithm for black hole image  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Anonymous to the public just days ago, a US computer scientist named Katie Bouman has become an overnight sensation due to her role in developing a computer algorithm... more
More Michigan students taking, passing advanced math  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Michigan high school students are going above and beyond the required math curriculum, likely an effect of the state's graduation requirements, finds new research from Michigan State University. more
This physicist is trying to make sense of the brain’s tangled networks  Science Magazine · 1 week
Brought up to think she couldn’t go to college, Danielle Bassett now believes she can capture the brain’s dynamics in a set of equations... more
Machine learning algorithm predicts who will be left standing in 'Game of Thrones'  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Shortly before the curtain drops on the hit HBO show Game of Thrones (GoT), students attending a computer science seminar at the... more
New algorithm optimizes quantum computing problem-solving  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Tohoku University researchers have developed an algorithm that enhances the ability of a Canadian-designed quantum computer to more efficiently find the best solution for complicated problems, according to a study published in the journal Scientific Reports. more
First machine-generated book published  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Springer Nature published its first machine-generated book, compiled using an algorithm developed by researchers from Goethe University. This collaboration broke new ground with the first machine-generated book to be published by a scholarly publisher. more
How machine learning can help regulators  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
How to locate potentially polluting animal farms has long been a problem for environmental regulators. Now, Stanford scholars show how a map-reading algorithm could help regulators identify facilities more efficiently than ever before. more
New algorithm helps to detect and analyze suspicious activity in surveillance footage  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
New research from Binghamton University, State University of New York, could make it easier to track and process suspicious activity in surveillance footage. more
Here’s what scientists think a black hole looks like  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Astronomers may have imaged a black hole for the first time, capping decades of calculations of how they ought to appear more
Researchers 3D print metamaterials with novel optical properties  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A team of engineers has developed a series of 3D printed metamaterials with unique microwave or optical properties that go beyond what is possible using conventional optical or electronic materials. The fabrication... more
Researchers 3-D print metamaterials with novel optical properties  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A team of engineers at Tufts University has developed a series of 3-D printed metamaterials with unique microwave or optical properties that go beyond what is possible using conventional optical or electronic... more
Robots to autocomplete Soldier tasks  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Smart phones autocorrect in texting, search engines autocomplete queries, and mapping applications redirect navigation in real-time to avoid slowed traffic. These ubiquitous AI-based technologies adapt to everyday needs and learn user habits by focusing on making the algorithm... more
Artificial intelligence approach optimizes embryo selection for IVF  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A team, consisting of embryologists, reproductive medicine clinicians, computer scientists, and precision medicine experts, trained an artificial intelligence algorithm to discriminate between poor and good embryo quality. more
Engineers develop novel techniques to trick object detection systems  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
New adversarial techniques developed by engineers can make objects 'invisible' to image detection systems that use deep-learning algorithms. These techniques can also trick systems into thinking they see another object... more
Mathematicians Develop New Algorithm for Multiplying Large Numbers  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 weeks
A team of mathematicians from the University of New South Wales in Australia and the L’École Polytechnique in France has... more
Computer Software Could Crack Centuries-Old Math Puzzle  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 weeks
Mathematicians have known how to solve something called an S-unit equation for several years. However, the process is so convoluted that few can actually use it to tackle their problems. more
The future of agriculture is computerized  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Researchers have used computer algorithms to determine the optimal growing conditions to improve basil plants' taste by maximizing the concentration of flavorful molecules known as volatile compounds. more
Order hidden in disorder  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Partitioning space into cells with optimum geometrical properties is a central challenge in many fields of science and technology. Researchers from several countries have now found that in amorphous, i.e. disordered, systems optimization of the individual cells gradually results in... more
Order hidden in disorder  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Partitioning space into cells with optimum geometrical properties is a central challenge in many fields of science and technology. Researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and colleagues from several countries have now found that in amorphous, i.e. disordered, systems,... more
Outgoing Airbus CEO poised for 37 mln euro payout: report  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The chief executive of European aerospace giant Airbus stands to receive a 37 million euro ($41 million) severance package when he steps down next week, according to calculations... more
First bacterial genome created entirely with a computer  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Scientists have developed a new method that greatly simplifies the production of large DNA molecules containing many hundreds of genes. With this method, they have built the first genome of a bacterium... more
Artificial intelligence automatically detects disturbances in power supply grids  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The grid is changing as the big, centralized providers of the past are replaced by smaller, distributed suppliers. Keeping such complex networks running stable requires high-resolution sensor technology – AI... more
Two New Planets Discovered Using Artificial Intelligence  ASTRO WATCH · 3 weeks
Astronomers at The University of Texas at Austin, in partnership with Google, have used artificial intelligence (AI) to uncover two more hidden... more
Medical News Today: Using artificial intelligence to predict mortality  MNT · 3 weeks
Newly published research compares the accuracy of machine learning algorithms in predicting mortality with that of conventional mathematical models. more
The entorhinal cognitive map is attracted to goals  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
Grid cells with their rigid hexagonal firing fields are thought to provide an invariant metric to the hippocampal cognitive map, yet environmental geometrical features have recently been shown to distort the grid... more
Modified deep-learning algorithms unveil features of shape-shifting proteins  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Using artificial neural networks designed to emulate the inner workings of the human brain, deep-learning algorithms deftly peruse and analyze large quantities of data. Applying this technique to science problems can help... more
'Aneurysm Number' may help surgeons make treatment decisions  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Aneurysms form as abnormal bulges over an artery, and, if ruptured, can lead to serious health complications or even death. Some can exist for a long time without rupturing, and surgery can... more
Machine learning reveals rapid material classification  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
A research team at The University of Tokyo has developed a powerful machine learning algorithm that predicts the properties and structures of unknown samples from an electron spectrum. This process may rapidly accelerate the process of... more
Bacterial population growth rate linked to how individual cells control their size  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Physicists have developed a model that describes how individual parameters, like the variability in growth and the timing of cell division, can influence population... more
Electronic structure at coarse-grained resolutions from supervised machine learning  Science Magazine · 4 weeks
Computational studies aimed at understanding conformationally dependent electronic structure in soft materials require a combination of classical and quantum-mechanical simulations, for which the sampling of conformational space can be particularly... more
Engineers develop novel techniques to trick object detection systems
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