Mathematics
Gamma-ray laser moves a step closer to reality  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
A physicist has performed calculations showing hollow spherical bubbles filled with a gas of positronium atoms are stable in liquid helium. The calculations take scientists a step closer to realizing a gamma-ray... more
Gamma-ray laser moves a step closer to reality  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
A physicist at the University of California, Riverside, has performed calculations showing hollow spherical bubbles filled with a gas of positronium atoms are stable in liquid helium. more
Polymer gel with a flexible and highly ordered three-dimensional network synthesized via bond percolation  Science Magazine · 4 days
Gels are a soft elastic material consisting of a three-dimensional polymer network with nanometer-sized pores and are used in a... more
Capital costs: Research offers truer calculation of 'footprint' of purchases  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
If one wants to calculate the environmental impact of purchasing a product or services, they must consider the role of the capital assets that went into their production—machinery,... more
Standard compression algorithm could revolutionize physical and biological computations, researchers say  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Entropy, a measure of the molecular disorder or randomness of a system, is critical to understanding a system's physical composition. In complex physical systems, the interaction... more
Machine learning that works like a dream  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Researchers have developed a machine learning algorithm that classifies the sleep stages of mice with record accuracy. This work may be used to greatly enhance the field of sleep research. more
US scores above average in reading, science, lags in math  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
American students may not be reading any better, but they're moving up in rankings of educational achievement worldwide because many of their peers in other countries are performing... more
Computer-generated antibiotics, biosensor Band-Aids, and the quest to beat antibiotic resistance  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Imagine if a computer could learn from molecules found in nature and use an algorithm to generate new ones. Then imagine those molecules could get printed... more
New algorithms to determine eigenstates and thermal states on quantum computers  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Determining the quantum mechanical behavior of many interacting particles is essential to solving important problems in a variety of scientific fields, including physics, chemistry and mathematics.... more
AI helps predict high mortality risk in patients with traumatic brain injury  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
A new study from Helsinki University, published in the journal Scientific Reportson November 27, 2019, shows the application of an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm... more
Detecting and quantifying causal associations in large nonlinear time series datasets  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Identifying causal relationships and quantifying their strength from observational time series data are key problems in disciplines dealing with complex dynamical systems such as the Earth... more
New algorithm rapidly finds anomalies in gene expression data  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Computational biologists at Carnegie Mellon University have devised an algorithm to rapidly sort through mountains of gene expression data to find unexpected phenomena that might merit further study. What's more,... more
Natural van der Waals heterostructural single crystals with magnetic and topological properties  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Heterostructures with magnetism and topology (geometry) are promising materials to realize exotic topological quantum states. However, such materials are challenging to engineer or synthesize.... more
New AI-based algorithm could help doctors treat patients with severe TBI  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
Traumatic brain injury is a significant global cause of mortality and morbidity with an increasing incidence, especially in low-and-middle income countries. The most severe TBIs are... more
Can Quantum Effects Occur at Mega-scale?  ASTRO WATCH · 2 weeks
An article of the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (IKBFU) Director of Institute of Physics, Mathematics and Informational Technology, Artyom Yurov and the Institute's... more
Harvesting fog can provide fresh water in desert regions  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Fog harvesting is a potential practical source of fresh water in foggy coastal deserts, and current solutions rely on meter scale nets/meshes. The mesh geometry, however, presents a physiologically inappropriate... more
Planets around a black hole? Calculations show possibility of bizarre worlds  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Theoreticians in two fields defied the received wisdom that planets only orbit stars like the sun. They proposed the possibility of thousands of planets around a... more
Planets around a black hole? Calculations show possibility of bizarre worlds  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Theoreticians in two different fields defied the common knowledge that planets orbit stars like the Sun. They proposed the possibility of thousands of planets around a... more
New equations for estimating stature more precisely based on tibia length  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Gonzalo Saco from the Bioenergy and Motion Analysis Laboratory at the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH) has recently published a paper in... more
Graphene mapping in minutes instead of hours  nanowerk · 3 weeks
Researchers have developed an algorithm-induced high speed and non-invasive confocal Raman imaging of two-dimensional materials. more
Mathematician develops model to control spread of aquatic invasive species  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Adjusting the water flow rate in a river can prevent invasive species from moving upstream and expanding their range. An applied mathematician has developed a partial differential equation... more
Scientists help soldiers figure out what robots know  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
A research team developed new algorithms and filled in knowledge gaps about how robots contribute to teams and what robots know about their environment and teammates. more
New machine learning algorithms offer safety and fairness guarantees  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Scientists have introduced a new framework for designing machine learning algorithms that make it easier for users of the algorithm to specify safety and fairness constraints. more
Rise of the bots: Team completes first census of Wikipedia bots  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Researchers have completed the first analysis of all 1,601 of Wikipedia's bots, using computer algorithms to classify them by function and shed light on the ways... more
Strange metallicity in the doped Hubbard model  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
Strange or bad metallic transport, defined by incompatibility with the conventional quasiparticle picture, is a theme common to many strongly correlated materials, including high-temperature superconductors. The Hubbard model represents a minimal starting point for... more
Preventing undesirable behavior of intelligent machines  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
Intelligent machines using machine learning algorithms are ubiquitous, ranging from simple data analysis and pattern recognition tools to complex systems that achieve superhuman performance on various tasks. Ensuring that they do not exhibit undesirable behavior—that they... more
Mathematician develops model to control spread of aquatic invasive species  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Adjusting the water flow rate in a river can prevent invasive species from moving upstream and expanding their range. An applied mathematician at UT has developed a partial... more
Scientists develop new method to estimate seal breeding frequency  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
New research, led by the Sea Mammal Research Unit (SMRU) at the University of St Andrews, develops method to better record breeding histories of seals, allowing for improved fecundity calculations. more
Bringing faster 3-D imaging for biomedical researches  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
By combining a compressive sensing algorithm with a digital holographic microscope, Prof. Shih-Chi Chen of the Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) and his... more
Math reveals how diseases progress and bacteria develop drug resistance  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Scientists from Imperial and the University of Bergen have found a new way to predict how a disease will likely progress in individual patients. more
Innovative study produces first experimental evidence linking math anxiety, math avoidance  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Math anxiety is far from uncommon, but too often, those who dread the subject simply avoid it. Research from the University of Chicago offers new evidence... more
Are hiring algorithms fair? They're too opaque to tell, study finds  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
New research raises questions about hiring algorithms and the tech companies who develop and use them: How unbiased is the automated screening process? How are the... more
Calculated avoidance: Math anxiety predicts math avoidance in effort-based decision-making  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
Math anxiety—negative feelings toward math—is hypothesized to be associated with the avoidance of math-related activities such as taking math courses and pursuing STEM careers. However, there is little... more
Black Holes Grow Hair, Then Go Bald Again  LIVE SCIENCE · 3 weeks
New calculations suggest that some black holes can grow hair, but they can't keep it for long. Alas, they go bald again. more
SpaceX cheap rideshare flights change propulsion equation  SPACE NEWS · 3 weeks
SpaceX’s plan to slash the cost of space transportation is shaking up the small satellite propulsion market. SpaceNews.com more
NASA applying AI technologies to problems in space science  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Could the same computer algorithms that teach autonomous cars to drive safely help identify nearby asteroids or discover life in the universe? NASA scientists are trying to figure that out... more
Artificial intelligence algorithm can learn the laws of quantum mechanics  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Artificial intelligence can be used to predict molecular wave functions and the electronic properties of molecules. This innovative AI method could be used to speed-up the design of... more
Using AI to predict Earth's future  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
A recent "deep learning" algorithm—despite having no innate knowledge of solar physics—could provide more accurate predictions of how the sun affects our planet than current models based on scientific understanding. more
Using AI to predict Earth’s future  ESA · 3 weeks
A recent ‘deep learning’ algorithm – despite having no innate knowledge of solar physics – could provide more accurate predictions of how the Sun... more
Algorithm may improve brain-controlled prostheses and exoskeletons  MIT · 3 weeks
An improved method for magnet tracking enables high-speed wireless tracking through various materials. more
AI could transform how we monitor the structural health of civil infrastructure  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Scientists have developed a new machine learning algorithm (AI) that could transform the way we monitor major infrastructure - such as dams and bridges. more
Mesopotamia: The Land Between Two Rivers  LIVE SCIENCE · 3 weeks
Irrigation, writing, trigonometry, calculus — many important discoveries and innovations were made in "the land between two rivers." more
For cancer screening, nudges need to be directed to both clinicians and patients  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 weeks
When the electronic health record is programmed to automatically flag and create orders for patients needing cancer screenings, doctors are significantly more... more
Going with the floe: Sea ice movements trace dynamics transforming the new Arctic  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Scientists have used MODIS satellite imagery to understand long-term ocean movements from sea ice dynamics. The engineers used image-processing algorithms to remove... more
Highly ductile amorphous oxide at room temperature and high strain rate  Science Magazine · 4 weeks
Oxide glasses are an integral part of the modern world, but their usefulness can be limited by their characteristic brittleness at room temperature. We show that... more
Artificial intelligence tool predicts life expectancy in heart failure patients  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Cardiologists and physicists have developed a machine learning algorithm to predict the life expectancy in heart failure patients. more
Fault-slip: AI to simulate tectonic plate deformation  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Scientists have transformed the UNICORN computing code into an AI-like algorithm to more quickly simulate tectonic plate deformation due to a phenomenon called a ''fault slip,'' a sudden shift that occurs at the plate... more
Something old, something new in the ocean's blue  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Microbiologists have discovered a new metabolic process in the ocean. Ranging from molecular structures of individual genes and detection of their global distribution, their results give insight into the pathway process and... more
Machine learning algorithm predicts life expectancy in heart failure patients  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 weeks
When Avi Yagil, PhD, Distinguished Professor of Physics at University of California San Diego flew home from Europe in 2012, he thought he had caught a cold from... more
Pinpointing nitrogen oxide emissions from space  Science Magazine · 4 weeks
Satellite observations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) provide valuable information on the location and strength of NOx emissions, but spatial resolution is limited by horizontal transport and smearing of temporal averages due to changing wind fields. In... more
Elucidation of cause of electromagnetic noise allows for EM noise-less electric circuits  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Researchers have developed equations for quantifying electromagnetic interference (EM noise) and elucidated its origin, allowing for the best circuit configuration to reduce EM noise. more
New AI-driven approach for single blood cell classification  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 weeks
For the first time, researchers from Helmholtz Zentrum München and the University Hospital of LMU Munich show that deep learning algorithms perform similar to human experts when classifying blood samples from patients... more
leukemia diagnostics: AI-driven single blood cell classification  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
For the first time, researchers show that deep learning algorithms perform similar to human experts when classifying blood samples from patients suffering from acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Their proof of concept study paves the... more
Mathematician discovers method to simplify polymer growth modelling  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
A mathematician from RUDN University has proven that there are no solutions to functional differential inequalities associated with the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ)-type equations, nonlinear stochastic partial differential equations that arise when describing surface... more
Mathematicians prove the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequalities  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
RUDN University mathematicians have proven the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev (HLS) inequalities for the class of generalized Riesz potentials. These results extend the scope of these potentials in mathematics and physics because the main tools for working with such potentials are... more
Vivaldi reworked to 'make climate change audible'  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
A classical orchestra in Germany aims to "make climate change audible" with a reworking of Antonio Vivaldi's famous violin concertos "The Four Seasons" using algorithms based on climate data. more
Galactic Fountains and Carousels: Order Emerging from Chaos  ASTRO WATCH · 4 weeks
Scientists from Germany and the United States have unveiled the results of a newly-completed, state of the art simulation of... more
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