Infections
Simple rules predict and explain biological mutualism  SCIENCE DAILY · 57 minutes
Scientists have long employed relatively simple guidelines to help explain the physical world, from Newton's second law of motion to the laws of thermodynamics. Biomedical engineers have used dynamic modeling and machine learning to... more
[Research Articles] Identification of biologic agents to neutralize the bicomponent leukocidins of Staphylococcus aureus  Science Magazine · 1 hour
A key aspect underlying the severity of infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus is the abundance of virulence factors that the... more
[Reports] Tuberculosis following PD-1 blockade for cancer immunotherapy  Science Magazine · 1 hour
Because of the well-established therapeutic benefit of boosting antitumor responses through blockade of the T cell inhibitory receptor PD-1, it has been proposed that PD-1 blockade could also be useful in infectious... more
Gut bacteria make key amino acids dispensable, expanding food options for invasive flies  PHYS.ORG · 2 hours
Fruit flies fed antibiotics to supress their gut microbiome are forced to avoid the best food patches if they lack vital amino... more
The best Rx for teens addicted to vaping? No one knows  ABC NEWS · 2 hours
New dilemma in teen vaping epidemic: no approved medications to ween young people off nicotine more
Risk of infection from water in the air at home  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 hours
Researchers have developed a more detailed framework for understanding and managing the risk of transmitting a bacterial disease via water spray from sinks, showers and toilets. As continuous... more
Bacterial compounds may be as good as DEET at repelling mosquitoes  SCIENCE-NEWS · 2 hours
A bacterium’s metabolic by-products are as effective as DEET in deterring Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. more
Bacteria In Worms Make A Mosquito Repellent That Might Beat DEET  NPR · 2 hours
An insect-killing bacteria that lives inside a parasitic worm might hold the key to developing a powerful new repellent. more
Bacteria: A novel source for potent mosquito feeding-deterrents  Science Magazine · 2 hours
Antibiotic and insecticidal bioactivities of the extracellular secondary metabolites produced by entomopathogenic bacteria belonging to genus Xenorhabdus have been identified; however, their novel applications such as mosquito feeding-deterrence have not been reported.... more
New AI can detect urinary tract infections  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 hours
New AI could identify and help reduce one of the top causes of hospitalization for people living with dementia: urinary tract infections (UTI). more
New AI can detect urinary tract infections  PHYS.ORG · 3 hours
New AI developed at the University of Surrey could identify and help reduce one of the top causes of hospitalisation for people living with dementia: urinary tract infections (UTI). more
Novel viral identification method developed  PHYS.ORG · 8 hours
Currently, influenza typing in clinical practice is performed using an immunochromatography method based on antigen-antibody interaction. This method enables simple diagnosis of infectious diseases. However, it also has a problem in that a single molecular recognition element (MRE)... more
11,500-year-old animal bones in Jordan suggest early dogs helped humans hunt  PHYS.ORG · 8 hours
Around 11,500 years ago, in what is now northeast Jordan, people began to live with dogs and may also have used them for hunting, according to... more
How Candida albicans exploits lack of oxygen to cause disease  PHYS.ORG · 8 hours
Scientists from Umeå university have shown that the yeast Candida albicans can modulate and adapt to low oxygen levels in different body niches to cause infection and to... more
Power stations driven by light  PHYS.ORG · 8 hours
Green plants, algae and some bacteria use sunlight to convert energy. The pigments in chlorophyll absorb electromagnetic radiation, which induces chemical reactions in electrons. These reactions take place in the nucleus of complex protein structures, referred to by... more
Fever Helps Fight Off Infection by Altering Immune Cells  SCI-NEWS.COM · 9 hours
According to a study published in the journal Immunity, fever alters surface proteins on immune cells to make... more
Researchers develop novel viral identification method  NEWS MEDICAL · 9 hours
Currently, influenza typing in clinical practice is performed using an immunochromatography method based on antigen-antibody interaction. more
Novel viral identification method developed  nanowerk · 10 hours
Researchers create a new nanodevice for influenza virus typing at the single-virion level by combining a nanopore sensor with peptide engineering. more
WATCH: Baby hears sister's voice for first time and can't stop laughing  ABC NEWS · 11 hours
Adorable baby girl can't hide her happiness at hearing her sister's voice clearly for the first time after getting fitted with hearing aids. more
$14.7 million partnership to supercharge vaccine development  NEWS MEDICAL · 13 hours
Vaccines to stop the world's next epidemic could be developed in record time under a $14.7 million partnership using technology developed at The University of Queensland. more
Researchers use gene-editing tool CRISPR/Cas9 to limit impact of parasitic diseases  NEWS MEDICAL · 14 hours
For the first time, researchers at the George Washington University, together with colleagues at institutes in Thailand, Australia, the U.K. and the Netherlands, and more, have... more
Study explores role of Dunning-Kruger effect in anti-vaccine attitudes  NEWS MEDICAL · 14 hours
A study that helps explain why anti-vaccine attitudes still persist, despite clear evidence on the benefits of immunization to public health has been selected by an international scientific committee to... more
Research finds how Candida albicans adapt to low oxygen levels to cause infection  NEWS MEDICAL · 14 hours
Scientists from Umeå university have shown how the yeast Candida albicans can modulate and adapt to low oxygen levels in different body... more
Scientists take another step in understanding bacteria that cause Salmonella epidemic  NEWS MEDICAL · 15 hours
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have taken another step forward in understanding the bacteria that are causing a devastating Salmonella epidemic currently killing around 400,000... more
Study analyzes vaccine-preventable infections in children who receive solid organ transplants  NEWS MEDICAL · 16 hours
Children who receive solid organ transplants are hospitalized due to vaccine-preventable infections at rates that are significantly higher than the general population, according to a newly... more
Educational videos in clinical settings increase HPV vaccination rates among adolescents  NEWS MEDICAL · 16 hours
A study examining the effect of a video educational intervention aimed at increasing HPV vaccinations among adolescents could help the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention... more
New study compares performance of real-time infectious disease forecasting models  NEWS MEDICAL · 16 hours
In what the authors believe is the first documented comparison of several real-time infectious disease forecasting models by different teams across many seasons, five research groups report this... more
Gene-editing tool CRISPR/Cas9 shown to limit impact of certain parasitic diseases  SCIENCE DAILY · 19 hours
Researchers have successfully used CRISPR/Cas9 to limit the impact of schistosomiasis and liver fluke infection, which affects more than a quarter of a billion people in... more
Assessing the performance of multiple influenza forecasting models  SCIENCE DAILY · 19 hours
In what the authors believe is the first documented comparison of several real-time infectious disease forecasting models by different teams across many seasons, five research groups report this week that a majority... more
How Candida albicans exploits lack of oxygen to cause disease  SCIENCE DAILY · 20 hours
Scientists have shown how the yeast Candida albicans can modulate and adapt to low oxygen levels in different body niches to cause infection and to harm the host.... more
Back to the future with CD4 testing: Improving HIV care in low- and middle-income countries  SCIENCE DAILY · 22 hours
A practical resource-based public health approach for the rapid initiation of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected individuals living in... more
Gene expression study sheds new light on African Salmonella  SCIENCE DAILY · 23 hours
Scientists have completed one of the largest bacterial comparative gene expression studies to date and taken another step forward in understanding the African Salmonella strain that is currently killing around... more
Vaccine-preventable infections in pediatric transplant patients  SCIENCE DAILY · 23 hours
Children who receive solid organ transplants are hospitalized due to vaccine-preventable infections at rates that are significantly higher than the general population. more
Gene expression study sheds new light on African Salmonella  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have taken another step forward in understanding the bacteria that are causing a devastating Salmonella epidemic currently killing around 400,000 people each year in... more
11,500-year-old animal bones in Jordan suggest early dogs helped humans hunt  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
11,500 years ago in what is now northeast Jordan, people began to live alongside dogs and may also have used them for hunting, a new study... more
Fever alters immune cells so they can better reach infections  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Fever is known to help power up our immune cells, and scientists have new evidence explaining how. They found in mice that fever alters surface proteins on immune... more
Engineered T cells promote long-term organ transplant acceptance  nanowerk · 1 day
Scientists discovered a molecular approach preventing rejection of the transplanted graft while simultaneously maintaining the ability to fight against infections. more
Turning urban sewage into clean water thanks to 'electric' bacteria  nanowerk · 1 day
Researchers have developed a full-scale application of an eco-friendly technology that treats sewage water with zero-energy costs. more
Engineered T cells promote long-term organ transplant acceptance  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Organ transplant rejection is a major problem in transplantation medicine. Suppressing the immune system to prevent organ rejection, however, opens the door to life-threatening infections. Researchers have now discovered a molecular approach... more
Gut bacteria in fruit flies do not have a major influence on behavior  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Microbial communities residing within the gut have been implicated in several aspects of health and disease. The mammalian gut microbiome, for example,... more
Researchers manipulate T cells to improve transplant success  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Researchers have manipulated T cells in a way that prevents the rejection of transplanted organs, without affecting the immune system’s ability to fight microbial infection. more
DNA origami: A precise measuring tool for optimal antibody effectiveness  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Scientists at Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, in collaboration with researchers at University of Oslo, Norway, have demonstrated the most accurate distance between densely packed antigens in order to get... more
Long-acting contraceptive designed to be self-administered via microneedle patch  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
A new long-acting contraceptive designed to be self-administered by women may provide a new family planning option, particularly in developing nations where access to healthcare can be limited, a recent... more
UK must stay vigilant for bluetongue after 2007 'lucky escape'  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Scientists have used mathematical modelling to identify why the 2007 UK outbreak of bluetongue -- a viral disease spread by midge bites that affects sheep and cattle --... more
Medical News Today: Healthy babies' gut bacteria prevent common food allergy  MNT · 2 days
Transplanting intestinal bacteria from healthy human babies into germ-free mice prevented the animals from having allergic reactions to cow's milk. more
Healthy babies' gut bacteria prevent common food allergy  MNT · 2 days
Transplanting intestinal bacteria from healthy human babies into germ-free mice prevented the animals from having allergic reactions to cow's milk. more
DNA origami: A precise measuring tool for optimal antibody effectiveness  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Using DNA origami -- DNA-based design of precise nanostructures -- scientists have been able to demonstrate the most accurate distance between densely packed antigens in order to get... more
New immune system understanding may lead to safer nanomedicines  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Doctors would like to use all sorts of nanoparticles in the body, for example to construct detailed images of anatomy and disease, and to deliver cancer-fighting drugs deep within tumor... more
Technique identifies electricity-producing bacteria  nanowerk · 2 days
Microbes screened with a new microfluidic process might be used in power generation or environmental cleanup. more
Introducing PROSPERA: A new sweet basil hybrid resistant to Downy Mildew  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
In recent years an epidemic of Downy Mildew (DM) has caused severe damage to sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) crops all over the world. The cause of... more
Tomato plant aroma to protect crops  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Tomato plants emit an aroma in order to ward off bacterial attacks. This volatile compound is hexenyl butyrate (HB), and according to testing by researchers at the Institute for Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology, it has... more
Investigating why oak trees are dying is helping scientists understand how infectious diseases work  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
British oak trees are under threat from a disease known as Acute Oak Decline. Mainly affecting mature trees, it can... more
A new mechanism helps explain differences between eukaryotic and bacterial proteomes  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
What makes distinct species have different proteins? Is there a key that allows eukaryotic cells to produce proteins involved in multicellularity that are mostly absent in... more
WhatsApp wants researchers to tackle its fake news problem – here's our idea  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Last February, Cadbury Chocolate fell victim to a hoax. The image below went viral in an Indonesian WhatsApp group called "Viral Media... more
Meth’s resurgence spotlights lack of meds to combat the addiction  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
In 2016, news reports warned the public of an opioid epidemic gripping the nation. But Madeline Vaughn, then a lead clinical intake coordinator at the Houston-based addiction treatment... more
Medical News Today: Have researchers found a new risk factor for schizophrenia?  MNT · 2 days
New research draws a link between infection with the Epstein-Barr virus and schizophrenia, though cause and effect relationships remain unclear. more
Have researchers found a new risk factor for schizophrenia?  MNT · 2 days
New research draws a link between infection with the Epstein-Barr virus and schizophrenia, though cause and effect relationships remain unclear. more
Opiod prescriptions for pet dogs misused by their masters  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
A new study has shown that Americans are probably increasingly consuming the opioid analgesics that are prescribed for their pet dogs. The research shows that one of the reasons behind... more
Medical News Today: Common pain relievers may worsen C. difficile infection  MNT · 4 days
According to a recent study, certain pain-relieving, anti-inflammatory medication can increase the risks relating to C. difficile infection. more
Study combines two forecasting methods with machine learning to estimate flu activity  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
Influenza is highly contagious and easily spreads as people move about and travel, making tracking and forecasting flu activity a challenge. While the CDC... more
Review examines what influences HIV-positive patients to stay on antiretroviral drugs in Africa  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
An international team of researchers have carried out a review of the evidence examining what influences people who are HIV positive to... more
Harnessing multiple data streams and artificial intelligence to better predict flu  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Influenza is highly contagious and easily spreads as people move about and travel, making tracking and forecasting flu activity a challenge. While the CDC continuously monitors... more
Technique identifies electricity-producing bacteria  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Engineers have developed a microfluidic technique that can quickly process small samples of bacteria and gauge a specific property that's highly correlated with bacteria's ability to produce electricity. They say that this property, known as polarizability, can be used to... more
A new mechanism helps explain differences between eukaryotic and bacterial proteomes  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
What makes distinct species have different proteins? Is there a key that allows eukaryotic cells to produce proteins involved in multicellularity that are mostly absent in... more
Technique identifies electricity-producing bacteria  MIT · 5 days
Microbes screened with a new microfluidic process might be used in power generation or environmental cleanup. more
Real-time tracking of fluorescent magnetic spore-based microrobots for remote detection of C. diff toxins  Science Magazine · 5 days
A rapid, direct, and low-cost method for detecting bacterial toxins associated with common gastrointestinal diseases remains a great challenge despite... more
Being HIV positive and staying on antiretroviral therapy in Africa  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
An international team of researchers have carried out a review of the evidence examining what influences people who are HIV positive to go to health services and then... more
Misused veterinary prescriptions could contribute to the ongoing opioid epidemic  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
The increase in opioid prescriptions for people over the past decade may have been paralleled by an increase in opioid prescriptions for pets, according to a study from... more
Parasites from patients with cerebral malaria stick preferentially in their brains  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Scientists have provided, for the first time, evidence which links the ability of red blood cells infected with the malaria parasite to bind to the cells... more
Medical News Today: What are the health benefits of xylitol?  MNT · 5 days
Xylitol has fewer calories and a lower glycemic index than sugar, making it an attractive sweetener for people with diabetes and those trying to lose weight. Some research... more
Why wasn't the human genome shredded long ago?  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
In the January 7th edition of Communications Biology, researchers at InsideOutBio argue that an unusual form of DNA with a reverse twist may have helped thwart the invasion of the human genome... more
Powerful microscope captures first image of nanoscaffold that promotes cell movement  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
There are many times when our cells need to move. Mobile cells guide our body's formation (embryonic development). Immune cells roam to capture unwanted intruders. And... more
VAT fat may cause pathogenic obesity  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
VAT, Visceral Adipose Tissue, a kind of fat that accumulates around the abdominal organs, has an important immune function. The body may choose to turn excess fat into FAT not SAT, subcutaneous fat when a fetus... more
Activated PMN exosomes are pathogenic entities that cause destruction in the COPD lung  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Researchers have found a novel, pathogenic entity that is a fundamental link between chronic inflammation and tissue destruction in lungs of patients... more
Mobile, instant diagnosis of viruses  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
In a first for plant virology, a team from CIRAD recently used nanopore technology to sequence the entire genomes of two yam RNA viruses. This little-used but promising molecular biology technique paves the way for new tools for... more
Flippable DNA switches help bacteria resist antibiotics and are more common than thought  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Bacteria have a number of well-known tricks available to them to adapt to changing environments, such as mutation and sharing snippets of... more
Parasites from children with cerebral malaria stick preferentially in their brains, shows research  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
A team at LSTM with their collaborators in Malawi and Denmark have provided, for the first time, evidence which links the ability... more
CRISPR-Cas9 circular permutants can sense and respond to viral proteases  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
Using a technique called circular permutation, researchers at the University of California Berkeley have created a new suite of Cas9 variants called Cas9-CPs, which will simplify design of... more
Immune system's front-line defense freezes bacteria in their tracks  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
In the moments leading up to assault by a short, peculiar peptide, the bacteria are happily growing, their DNA jiggling around the cell in the semi-random motions characteristic of life. more
Study finds specific function of HIV protein that slows down viral spread  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
A study from a Massachusetts General Hospital research team has identified the specific function of a protein found in HIV and related viruses that... more
Scientists develop monoclonal antibodies combinations that protect animals from Ebola viruses  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
Scientists from academia, industry, and government have developed a combination of monoclonal antibodies that protected animals from all three Ebola viruses known to cause human disease.... more
Clinical evidence firmly confirms the HIV Undetectable = Untransmittable concept  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
In recent years, an overwhelming body of clinical evidence has firmly established the HIV Undetectable = Untransmittable concept as scientifically sound, say officials from the National Institutes of... more
Bacteria help discover human cancer-causing proteins  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Researchers applied an unconventional approach that used bacteria to discover human proteins that can lead to DNA damage and promote cancer. more
HIV protein function that slows migration of T cells also improves viral survival  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
A new study has identified the specific function of a protein found in HIV and related viruses that, after slowing down viral... more
CRISPR study reveals new immune system regulators  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Scientists have created the first retroviral CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing library to explore the regulation of mouse T cells, which are key cells in the immune system. Researchers mapped the most important genes for controlling... more
The science is clear: with HIV, undetectable equals untransmittable  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
An overwhelming body of clinical evidence has firmly established the HIV Undetectable = Untransmittable (U=U) concept as scientifically sound. U=U means that people living with HIV who achieve and maintain... more
Madariaga virus spreads to Haiti  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Madariaga virus (MADV), or South American eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV), has -- until now -- been found primarily in animals of South and Central America, with the first human outbreak occurring in Panama in 2010. Now, scientists... more
Experimental antibody 'cocktail' protects animals from three deadly Ebola viruses  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Scientists have developed a combination of monoclonal antibodies that protected animals from all three Ebola viruses that cause human disease. The antibody 'cocktail,' called MBP134, is the first... more
Staphylococcus aureus: Study describes development of resistance to antibiotic for the first time  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
The Staphylococcus aureus bacterium is one of the commonest pathogens and can even cause sepsis. The new antibiotic dalbavancin is very effective... more
Viral production is not essential for deaths caused by food-borne pathogen  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
The replication of a bacterial virus is not necessary to cause lethal disease in mice infected with a food-borne pathogen called Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC), according... more
Medical News Today: Is there a link between garlic and HIV?  MNT · 6 days
Garlic does have antiviral properties, but can it help people with HIV? In this article, we look at the research, including whether or not it interacts... more
Giving Cas9 an 'on' switch for better control of CRISPR gene editing  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Scientists have created an 'on' switch for CRISPR-Cas9 that allows it to be turned on in select cells only, specifically those that have a... more
Space Microbes Aren’t So Alien After All  ASTRO WATCH · 6 days
Microbes stranded in the International Space Station (ISS) are just trying to survive, man. A new Northwestern University study has found that... more
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Immune system's front-line defense freezes bacteria in their tracks
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