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nearby pulsars shed light on the antimatter puzzle Nearby Pulsars Shed Light on the Antimatter Puzzle
ASTRO WATCH There are too many high-energy positrons in the cosmic rays reaching the Earth. These positrons (particles that are antimatter equivalents... 18 hours
A new way to store thermal energy
SCIENCE DAILY A new phase-change material provides a way to store heat in a stable chemical form, then release it later on demand using light as a trigger. 1 day
Plant respiration could become a bigger feedback on climate than expected
SCIENCE DAILY New research suggests that plant respiration is a larger source of carbon emissions than previously thought, and warns that as the world warms, this may reduce... 2 days
Hydrogen fuel from water by harnessing red and near-infrared regions of sunlight
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have synthesized a compound that absorbs near-infrared light to produce hydrogen from water. The compound contains three ruthenium atoms connected by an organic... 2 days
Ultrafast direct electron transfer at organic semiconductor and metal interfaces
Science Magazine The ability to control direct electron transfer can facilitate the development of new molecular electronics, light-harvesting materials, and photocatalysis. However, control of direct electron transfer has been rarely... 2 days
Tailor-made temperature-dependent thermal conductivity via interparticle constriction
Science Magazine Managing heat is a major challenge to meet future demands for a sustainable use of our energy resources. This requires materials, which can be custom-designed to exhibit specific temperature-dependent thermal transport properties to become... 2 days
Game review: 'Need For Speed: Payback,' wrong way
PHYS.ORG Racing simulators are thriving within the genre these days, but arcade racers offer a brief respite from the tighter sim experiences and will always have a home with casual gamers. "Need For... 2 days
Mapping 'damage trails' lets researchers follow the water in Photosystem II
PHYS.ORG Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have traced the paths of three water channels in an ancient photosynthetic organism to provide the first comprehensive, experimental... 2 days
New computational method provides optimized design of wind up toys
PHYS.ORG A team of leading computer scientists has developed a novel computational system to aid the design and fabrication of wind-up toys, focusing on automating the intricate interior machinery... 2 days
Taking a spin on plasma space tornadoes with NASA observations
PHYS.ORG Interplanetary space is hardly tranquil. High-energy charged particles from the Sun, as well as from beyond our solar system, constantly whizz by. These can damage satellites and endanger... 2 days
Nearby Pulsars Shed Light on Origin of Excess Antimatter
SCI-NEWS.COM Astrophysicists using the High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-Ray Observatory in Mexico have detected the extended emission of high-energy... 2 days
Inventor Brian Krohn combats snoring, creates wizard tools
PHYS.ORG Brian Krohn has developed brain surgery tools, pioneered biodiesel innovations and briefed members of Congress on how to turn waste oils into energy. 2 days
Transforming greenhouse gases: New 'supercatalyst' to recycle carbon dioxide and methane
SCIENCE DAILY Engineers have developed a new and cost-effective catalyst to recycle two of the main causes behind climate change -- carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4). 2 days
NIR-driven H2 evolution from water: Expanding wavelength range for solar energy conversion
PHYS.ORG Hydrogen gas is a promising "green" fuel. The lightest chemical element, hydrogen is an efficient energy store and could potentially replace gasoline in vehicles.... 2 days
Plant respiration could become a bigger feedback on climate than expected
PHYS.ORG New research, led by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, suggests that plant respiration is a larger source of carbon emissions than previously thought, and warns... 2 days
The astonishing efficiency of life
PHYS.ORG All life on earth performs computations – and all computations require energy. From single-celled amoeba to multicellular organisms like humans, one of the most basic biological computations common across life is translation: processing information from a genome and... 2 days
Researchers knit energy-storing clothing fibres
PHYS.ORG Ever wished you could recharge your mobile phone just by putting it in your pants pocket? That could soon be a reality thanks to energy-storing clothing fibres developed by scientists at Deakin's Institute for Frontier Materials (IFM). 2 days
Scientists discover method to convert food waste into biofuels
PHYS.ORG Scientists from Skoltech and the Russian Academy of Sciences Joint Institute for High Temperatures have proposed converting food waste into biofuel via hydrothermal liquefaction – a thermal depolymerization process used... 2 days
New technique to detect oil in water during LNG processing
PHYS.ORG Collaborative efforts between the University of Western Australia, Chevron and Woodside have produced promising results using patented technology in a recent field trial. 2 days
Renaissance of the iron-air battery
PHYS.ORG Iron-air batteries promise a higher energy density than present-day lithium-ion batteries. Their main constituent, iron, is an abundant and cheap material. Scientists from Forschungszentrum Jülich are pursuing research into this concept, first reported in the 1970s. Together with... 2 days
Research suggests vertical axis turbines could increase public support for new wind energy installations
PHYS.ORG VIDEO With global carbon emissions on the rise, wind power continues to be an attractive option for states and countries looking... 2 days
Researchers tunnel to a new light source
PHYS.ORG With concerns over moving to a clean energy platform worldwide with electric vehicles and renewables, wasted energy is a factor as important as the amount of green energy produced. Thus, solid-state lighting based upon... 2 days
UN climate talks wrap up as US stands firm on fossil fuels
PHYS.ORG UN negotiations on implementing the Paris climate change agreement wrap up Friday after two weeks of talks that were slowed down by the United... 2 days
New method analyzes corn kernel characteristics
PHYS.ORG An ear of corn averages about 800 kernels. A traditional field method to estimate the number of kernels on the ear is to manually count the number of rows and multiply by the number of kernels... 2 days
Surrey develops new 'supercatalyst' to recycle carbon dioxide and methane
PHYS.ORG The University of Surrey has developed a new and cost-effective catalyst to recycle two of the main causes behind climate change - carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4). 2 days
A new way to store thermal energy
MIT MIT researchers create material for a chemical heat “battery” that could release its energy on demand. 2 days
A new window into electron behavior
MIT Scientists invent technique to map energy and momentum of electrons beneath a material’s surface. 2 days
Replace or wait? Study says swap all incandescent bulbs now, but hold on to CFLs
SCIENCE DAILY LED light bulbs are getting cheaper and more energy efficient every year. So, does it make sense to... 2 days
New Type of Highly Energetic Cosmic Explosion Discovered
SCI-NEWS.COM Astronomers have spotted a new type of extremely energetic cosmic explosion they think originates from a very massive star or... 3 days
Compacted dimensions and singular plasmonic surfaces
Science Magazine In advanced field theories, there can be more than four dimensions to space, the excess dimensions described as compacted and unobservable on everyday length scales. We report a simple model, unconnected to field theory, for a... 3 days
Full momentum- and energy-resolved spectral function of a 2D electronic system
Science Magazine The single-particle spectral function measures the density of electronic states in a material as a function of both momentum and energy, providing central insights into strongly... 3 days
Hydrogen from methane in molten metal
Science Magazine 3 days
Catalytic molten metals for the direct conversion of methane to hydrogen and separable carbon
Science Magazine Metals that are active catalysts for methane (Ni, Pt, Pd), when dissolved in inactive low–melting temperature metals (In, Ga, Sn,... 3 days
Self-assembling peptide semiconductors
Science Magazine Semiconductors are central to the modern electronics and optics industries. Conventional semiconductive materials bear inherent limitations, especially in emerging fields such as interfacing with biological systems and bottom-up fabrication. A promising candidate for bioinspired and durable nanoscale semiconductors is the... 3 days
High-altitude observatory sheds light on origin of excess anti-matter
PHYS.ORG A mountaintop observatory in Mexico, built and operated by an international team of scientists, has captured the first wide-angle view of gamma rays emanating from two rapidly spinning stars. The... 3 days
Scientists invent technique to map energy and momentum of electrons beneath a material's surface
PHYS.ORG For the first time, physicists have developed a technique that can peer deep beneath the surface of a material to... 3 days
LIGO and Virgo announce the detection of a black hole binary merger from June 8, 2017
PHYS.ORG Scientists searching for gravitational waves have confirmed yet another detection from their fruitful observing run earlier... 3 days
US 'committed' to emissions cuts, on its own terms: official
PHYS.ORG The Trump administration is "committed" to limiting greenhouse gas emissions, but in ways that do not threaten energy security or market competitiveness, a US official told a UN... 3 days
Renaissance of the iron-air battery
SCIENCE DAILY Iron-air batteries promise a considerably higher energy density than present-day lithium-ion batteries. Their main constituent -- iron -- is an abundant and therefore cheap material. Scientists have now successfully observed with nano-scale precision how deposits form at the... 3 days
Space missions locate whistling space electrons' origins
SCIENCE DAILY Plasma waves in space are likely responsible for accelerating high-energy particles into Earth's atmosphere, new research shows. 3 days
Species in the north are more vulnerable to climate change
SCIENCE DAILY For the first time, researchers have proposed the hypothesis that animals that live in climate zones at a safe distance from both the poles as well as the... 3 days
New technology converts biomass into 'coal'
PHYS.ORG The University of Nottingham is partnering with the Energy Research Accelerator (ERA) and CPL Industries to produce a commercial scale facility capable of converting biomass into next-generation solid fuels with coal-like properties. 3 days
Cars and speakers: Baidu speeds up AI progress
PHYS.ORG Chinese web giant Baidu unveiled Thursday a smart speaker model and plans for a self-driving mini-bus, its latest foray into the hyper-competitive field of artificial intelligence. 3 days
Species in the north are more vulnerable to climate change
PHYS.ORG For the first time, researchers have proposed the hypothesis that animals that live in climate zones at a safe distance from both the poles as well as the... 3 days
Small changes to a surfactant's structure influence its ability to encapsulate oily molecules
PHYS.ORG The properties of surfactants, substances that lower the surface tension of a liquid, can be fine-tuned by tweaking their molecular structure, according... 3 days
Low-energy X-rays surprisingly effective at killing bacterial spores, offering improved sterilization techniques
PHYS.ORG Low-energy X-rays are able to sterilize materials, offering a potentially cheap and effective alternative to current techniques, A*STAR researchers have shown. 3 days
Using polymeric membranes to clean up industrial separations
PHYS.ORG There are scores of promising technologies under development that can reduce energy consumption or capture carbon in fields including biotech, computer science, nanotechnology, materials science, and more. Not all will prove feasible,... 3 days
Are petite poplars the future of biofuels? Studies say yes
PHYS.ORG In the quest to produce affordable biofuels, poplar trees are one of the Pacific Northwest's best bets—the trees are abundant, fast-growing, adaptable to many terrains and their wood... 3 days
Technique uses solar thermal energy to split H2O and CO2 for jet fuel
PHYS.ORG Scientists with the SOLAR-JET Project have demonstrated a novel process to make kerosene, the jet fuel used by commercial airlines. The technique... 3 days
Cyanobacterial studies examine cellular structure during nitrogen starvation
PHYS.ORG Using nondestructive neutron scattering techniques, scientists are examining how single-celled organisms called cyanobacteria produce oxygen and obtain energy through photosynthesis. 3 days
Are petite poplars the future of biofuels? Studies say yes
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists are trying to make poplar a viable competitor in the biofuels market by testing the production of younger poplar trees that could be harvested more frequently —... 3 days
Next step toward fusion energy
SCIENCE DAILY Fusion is the process that powers the sun, and harnessing it on Earth would provide unlimited clean energy. Researchers say that constructing a fusion power plant has proven to be a daunting task because there have been no... 3 days
Serious health risks associated with energy drinks
SCIENCE DAILY A review of the advertised benefits, nutritional content and public health effects of energy drinks finds their advertised short-term benefits can be outweighed by serious health risks. The study also highlights the worrying trend... 3 days
Next step toward fusion energy taken by researchers
SCIENCE DAILY Fusion is the process that powers the sun, and harnessing it on Earth would provide unlimited clean energy. Researchers say that constructing a fusion power plant has proven to be a daunting... 4 days
Using polymeric membranes to clean up industrial separations
MIT Department of Chemical Engineering Professor Zachary Smith is working on new polymeric membranes that can greatly reduce energy use in chemical separations. 4 days
Ionic 'solar cell' could provide on-demand water desalination
SCIENCE DAILY Modern solar cells, which use energy from light to generate electrons and holes that are then transported out of semiconducting materials, have existed for over 60 years. Little attention has been paid,... 4 days
Fossil fuel investment spells 'unsustainable future': UN chief
PHYS.ORG Continued investment in fossil fuel would deliver "an unsustainable future", UN chief Antonio Guterres warned Wednesday, saying time was running out to prevent calamitous climate change caused by atmosphere-fouling emissions. 4 days
Energy drink consumption linked to negative health consequences
NEWS MEDICAL A new review of current scientific knowledge on energy drinks finds their advertised short-term benefits can be outweighed by serious health risks -- which include risk-seeking behavior, mental health problems, increased blood... 4 days
darpa aims to disrupt national security space business DARPA aims to ‘disrupt’ national security space business
SPACE NEWS What if the commercial space boom turns out to be a fad that fades in a few years? The Pentagon... 4 days
Ionic 'solar cell' could provide on-demand water desalination
PHYS.ORG VIDEO Modern solar cells, which use energy from light to generate electrons and holes that are then transported out of semiconducting materials and into external circuits for human use, have existed in one... 4 days
Soft magnetic material characterizations get a harder look
SCIENCE DAILY In motors, generators and similar electric machines, the electrical current that powers them generates magnetic fields that magnetize some of the metallic components.  4 days
FIREBIRD II and NASA mission locate whistling space electrons' origins
PHYS.ORG Scientists have long known that solar-energized particles trapped around the planet are sometimes scattered into Earth's upper atmosphere where they can contribute to beautiful auroral displays. Yet for... 4 days
Are multiple H-coils needed to accurately measure magnetic field strengths?
SCIENCE DAILY Is more always better? Researchers sought to find out if that was the case for measuring magnetic field strengths. A new article examines whether a double H-coil method... 4 days
Electric trucks emerging but still have a long haul
PHYS.ORG Electric trucks are having a moment in the spotlight, but they won't replace diesel-powered trucks in big numbers until they overcome costs and other limitations. 4 days
Supercomputer simulates dynamic magnetic fields of Jupiter, Earth, Sun
PHYS.ORG VIDEO As the Juno space probe approached Jupiter in June last year, researchers with the Computational Infrastructure for Geodynamics' Dynamo Working Group were starting to run simulations of the giant planet's... 4 days
Subsidizing coal and nuclear power could drive customers off the grid
PHYS.ORG Within the next month, energy watchers expect the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to act on an order from Energy Secretary Rick Perry that would create new... 4 days
Alloys from the laser printer
PHYS.ORG In the future, new designer alloys for aerospace applications can be manufactured using the 3-D laser melting process (Additive Manufacturing). Pioneering work in this field was provided by Empa researcher Christoph Kenel, who works today at Northwestern University... 4 days
Neutron star with strong magnetic field may still launch jets
PHYS.ORG An international team of astronomers led by the University of Amsterdam (The Netherlands) suspects that neutron stars with a strong magnetic field can still launch so-called jets. Since... 4 days
Scientists report a new cascade reaction
PHYS.ORG Chemists from RUDN University have developed a new chemical reaction to synthesize a whole class of yet unexplored substances – diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octanes. These compounds are used in drug development. The new goal is to confirm the biological... 4 days
Essential quantum computer component downsized by two orders of magnitude
PHYS.ORG Qubits, or quantum bits, are the key building blocks at the heart of every quantum computer. In order to perform a computation, signals are directed to and from... 4 days
WFIRM-led project aims to study health risks astronauts face from exposure to space radiation
NEWS MEDICAL The Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine has been selected by NASA to lead a multi-institutional project to better understand... 4 days
Grand Challenges Explorations grant awarded to Tufts University for global health research
NEWS MEDICAL Tufts University announced today that it is a Grand Challenges Explorations winner, an initiative funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Charlie Mace,... 4 days
Essential quantum computer component downsized by two orders of magnitude
SCIENCE DAILY Qubits, the key building blocks at the heart of every quantum computer, are extremely sensitive to interference and need to be shielded from unwanted signals, for example by... 5 days
New spin on how 'beige' fat cells burn calories
SCIENCE DAILY It has been known for decades that low temperatures can trigger specialized fat cells to burn energy to produce heat, but in a new study, researchers have discovered a new... 5 days
Sunny future for renewables thanks to China: IEA
PHYS.ORG Solar energy is to lead the race to new power generation over the coming decades, thanks in large part to China and India, the International Energy Agency said Tuesday. 5 days
Proposed NASA mission would investigate where space weather begins
PHYS.ORG A NASA team is advancing a mission to reveal unprecedented details about solar flares, powerful eruptions that explode with enough energy that each one could power all of Earth for... 5 days
Zwicky Transient Facility First Light
SPACE.COM A gallery if images from the Zwicky Transient Facility's (ZTF) first view of the universe, and its ultra-wide-field camera, based at the Palomar Observatory. 5 days
Grow, differentiate and freeze stem cells in a transparent bag
SCIENCE DAILY Human stem cells are considered a major new hope in the field of medicine. In the future, it is expected that they will make it possible to treat... 5 days
Team develops innovative, ideal liquid-repellent surfaces
PHYS.ORG On liquid-repellent surfaces, liquid droplets bounce away instead of being stuck. These surfaces are important in many fields, such as water-repellent clothes and anti-fouling kitchenware. Used as drag-reduction coatings for water vehicles, these surfaces can even... 5 days
Butterfly wing inspires photovoltaics: Light absorption can be enhanced by up to 200 percent
PHYS.ORG Sunlight reflected by solar cells is lost as unused energy. The wings of the butterfly Pachliopta aristolochiae are drilled by... 5 days
Annoyed by floating specks in your vision? You may soon be able to zap them away
SCIENCE DAILY Millions of people who put up with seeing annoying specks drift through their field of vision... 5 days
Butterfly wing inspires photovoltaics: Light absorption can be enhanced by up to 200 percent
SCIENCE DAILY Sunlight reflected by solar cells is lost as unused energy. The wings of the butterfly Pachliopta aristolochiae are drilled by... 5 days
Are multiple H-coils needed to accurately measure magnetic field strengths?
PHYS.ORG Is more always better? Researchers from Doshisha University in Kyoto, Japan, sought to find out if that was the case for measuring magnetic field strengths. Their paper, appearing... 5 days
Soft magnetic material characterizations get a harder look
PHYS.ORG In motors, generators and similar electric machines, the electrical current that powers them generates magnetic fields that magnetize some of the metallic components. 5 days
To find new biofuel enzymes, it can take a microbial village
SCIENCE DAILY In search of new plant enzymes? Try looking in compost. Researchers have demonstrated the importance of microbial communities as a source of stable enzymes that could... 5 days
High energy costs make vulnerable households reluctant to use air conditioning: study
PHYS.ORG The trifecta of rising electricity prices, soaring temperatures and concerns over possible blackouts risks increasing heat-related deaths and illness this summer, as households struggle... 5 days
Can cities get smarter about extreme weather?
PHYS.ORG Remember the movie "Moneyball"? The Oakland A's are struggling, financially and on the baseball field. Then they introduce an innovative system for figuring out which players will improve team performance. Moving away from observations... 5 days
Demand for people skills is growing faster than demand for STEM skills
PHYS.ORG Advances in digital technology are changing the world of work. It has been estimated that more than 40% of human workers will be replaced... 5 days
Where is all that carbon dioxide going?
PHYS.ORG An international team of scientists announced today at the Bonn climate talks that human emissions of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide are again rising this year, after three years of remaining basically flat. They... 5 days
Researchers release evaluation of solar pumps for irrigation and salt mining in India
PHYS.ORG In 2014, the government of India made an ambitious goal to replace 26 million groundwater pumps run on costly diesel, for more... 5 days
A fast reactor system to shorten the lifetime of long-lived fission products
PHYS.ORG A team of scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) working in collaboration with Tohoku University, Tokyo City University and the Japan Atomic... 5 days
To find new biofuel enzymes, it can take a microbial village
PHYS.ORG A new study led by researchers at the Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), based at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), demonstrates the importance... 5 days
Scientists warn of 'giant leap backward' at climate talks
PHYS.ORG Carbon dioxide emissions are set to rise this year after a three-year pause, scientists said at UN climate talks Monday, warning that "time is running out", even as White House... 5 days
Heat on 'climate chancellor' Merkel over coal and cars
PHYS.ORG Angela Merkel has been dubbed the "climate chancellor" but she now faces the real risk of Germany, a green energy pioneer, missing its emissions reduction target on her watch. 5 days
Environmentalists take Norway to court over Arctic drilling
PHYS.ORG Representatives for Norway, western Europe's biggest oil producer, face an Oslo court on Tuesday in a lawsuit brought by Greenpeace and another group opposed to drilling in the Arctic. 5 days
Pilot study raises concerns about exposure of pregnant women to benzene in British Columbia
NEWS MEDICAL Université de Montréal research reveals that 29 pregnant women living near natural-gas hydraulic fracturing sites had a median concentration of... 5 days
Peruvian farmer scores small win in court over German energy giant
PHYS.ORG A Peruvian farmer won a small but significant legal victory Monday when a German court said his appeal against energy giant RWE, which he accuses of... 5 days
Supercomputing speeds up deep learning training
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers used Stampede2 to complete a 100-epoch ImageNet deep neural network training in 11 minutes -- the fastest time recorded to date. Using 1600 Skylake processors they also bested Facebook's prior results by finishing a 90-epoch... 5 days
Exposure to benzene during pregnancy: a pilot study raises concerns in British Columbia
SCIENCE DAILY New research reveals that 29 pregnant women living near natural-gas hydraulic fracturing sites had a median concentration of a benzene biomarker in... 6 days
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Research suggests vertical axis turbines could increase public support for new wind energy installations
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Supercomputer simulates dynamic magnetic fields of Jupiter, Earth, Sun
PHYS.ORG
Ionic 'solar cell' could provide on-demand water desalination
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The pros and cons of large ears for bat species
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Aviation renaissance: NASA advances concepts for next-gen aircraft
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Is the UK's energy policy fit for purpose?
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