Fossil Fuels
Novel graphene-based filters to make gas purification more effective  nanowerk · 2 days
Researchers have shown how a new class of low-cost graphene-based membranes can be selectively tuned to separate different gases from gaseous mixtures. more
Quantum copycat: Researchers find a new way in which bosons behave like fermions  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
When a one-dimensional gas of strongly interacting bosons expands, the velocity distribution of the bosons transforms into one that is identical to... more
A novel physical mechanism of liquid flow slippage on a solid surface  Science Magazine · 2 days
Viscous liquids often exhibit flow slippage on solid walls. The occurrence of flow slippage has a large impact on the liquid transport and the... more
Mitigating cavitation erosion using biomimetic gas-entrapping microtextured surfaces (GEMS)  Science Magazine · 2 days
Cavitation refers to the formation and collapse of vapor bubbles near solid boundaries in high-speed flows, such as ship propellers and pumps. During this process, cavitation bubbles focus fluid energy... more
Old gas blob from Uranus found in vintage Voyager 2 data  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 days
Buried inside data Voyager 2 gathered at Uranus more than 30 years ago is the signature of a massive bubble that may have stolen a blob... more
ALMA resolves gas impacted by young jets from supermassive black hole  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Astronomers obtained the first resolved image of disturbed gaseous clouds in a galaxy 11 billion light-years away by using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). The... more
ALMA resolves gas impacted by young jets from supermassive black hole  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Astronomers obtained the first resolved image of disturbed gaseous clouds in a galaxy 11 billion light-years away by using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). The... more
Control of anthropogenic atmospheric emissions can improve water quality in seas  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
A new research highlighted the importance of reducing fossil fuel combustion not only to curb the trend of global warming, but also to improve the quality... more
Control of anthropogenic emissions can improve water quality in coastal seas  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A new study highlights the importance of reducing fossil fuel combustion, not only to curb the trend of global warming, but also to improve the quality... more
Longer lives not dependent on increased energy use  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Growing consumption of energy and fossil fuels over four decades did not play a significant role in increasing life expectancy across 70 countries. New research has quantified the importance of different development... more
Longer lives not dependent on increased energy use  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Growing consumption of energy and fossil fuels over four decades did not play a significant role in increasing life expectancy across 70 countries. more
Observation of dynamical fermionization  Science Magazine · 3 days
The wave function of a Tonks-Girardeau (T-G) gas of strongly interacting bosons in one dimension maps onto the absolute value of the wave function of a noninteracting Fermi gas. Although this fermionization makes many aspects of the two gases identical,... more
Upgrading biomass with selective surface-modified catalysts  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Scientists have designed a catalyst composed of very low concentrations of platinum (single atoms and clusters smaller than billionths of a meter) on the surface of titanium dioxide. They demonstrated how this catalyst significantly enhances the... more
Under extreme heat and drought, trees hardly benefit from an increased CO2 level  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
The increase in the CO2 concentration of the atmosphere does not compensate the negative effect of greenhouse gas-induced climate change on trees:... more
Less ice, more methane from northern lakes: A result from global warming  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Shorter and warmer winters lead to an increase in emissions of methane from northern lakes, according to a new study. Longer ice-free periods contribute... more
Less ice, more methane from northern lakes: A result from global warming  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Shorter and warmer winters lead to an increase in emissions of methane from northern lakes, according to a new study by scientists in Finland... more
Under extreme heat and drought, trees hardly benefit from an increased carbon dioxide level  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
The increase in the CO2 concentration of the atmosphere does not compensate the negative effect of greenhouse gas-induced climate change... more
Global supply chains as a way to curb carbon emissions  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
The coronavirus outbreak raised everyone's awareness of the significance of global supply chains to modern economies. But global supply chains also play an important role in greenhouse gas... more
Breath figure-derived porous semiconducting films for organic electronics  Science Magazine · 4 days
Porous semiconductor film morphologies facilitate fluid diffusion and mass transport into the charge-carrying layers of diverse electronic devices. Here, we report the nature-inspired fabrication of several porous organic semiconductor-insulator blend films [semiconductor:... more
Astronomers Map Out Three Nearby Molecular Clouds  SCI-NEWS.COM · 4 days
Astronomers using the Nobeyama 45-m Radio Telescope in Japan have carried out mapping observations toward three nearby molecular clouds: Orion A, Aquila Rift,... more
Innovative thinner electrolyte can improve functioning of solid oxide fuel cells  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
In this post-industrialization age, electricity has become the backbone of our society. However, using fossil fuels to generate it is not the best option because of... more
Solar system acquired current configuration not long after its formation  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
The hypothesis that the solar system originated from a gigantic cloud of gas and dust was first floated in the second half of the 18th century by German... more
Concrete solutions that lower both emissions and air pollution  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Some common strategies to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of concrete production could have unintended consequences for local air pollution and related health damages, according to a new study. more
New 3-D view of methane tracks sources  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
NASA's new 3-dimensional portrait of methane concentrations shows the world's second largest contributor to greenhouse warming, the diversity of sources on the ground, and the behavior of the gas as it moves through the... more
Fleeing from the coronavirus is dangerous. Here's why.  LIVE SCIENCE · 6 days
Traveling is risky during the coronavirus outbreak. Places like airports, bus stops and gas stations are especially dangerous for COVID-19. more
New catalyst material could fuel clean energy revolution  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Fuel cells and water electrolyzers that are cheap and efficient will form the cornerstone of a hydrogen fuel based economy, which is one of the most promising clean and sustainable alternatives to... more
Ammonia emitted from fertilized paddy fields mostly does not end up in air  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Livestock production and nitrogen fertilizer used in croplands emit lots of ammonia, which is the most abundant alkaline gas in ambient air.... more
Star formation project maps nearby interstellar clouds  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Astronomers have captured new, detailed maps of three nearby interstellar gas clouds containing regions of ongoing high-mass star formation. The results of this survey, called the Star Formation Project, will help improve our understanding... more
Star formation project maps nearby interstellar clouds  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Astronomers have captured new, detailed maps of three nearby interstellar gas clouds containing regions of ongoing high-mass star formation. The results of this survey, called the Star Formation Project, will help improve our understanding... more
Star formation project maps nearby interstellar clouds  nanowerk · 6 days
Astronomers have captured new, detailed maps of three nearby interstellar gas clouds containing regions of ongoing high-mass star formation. The results of this survey, called the Star Formation Project, will help improve our understanding... more
Haitians rush for supplies after first COVID-19 cases found  ABC NEWS · 1 week
Haitians are rushing to buy food, gas, soap and face masks after the announcement of two imported cases of the coronavirus sparked worries that the Western Hemisphere's poorest nation could... more
Hubble Space Telescope Spots Quasar Tsunamis  SCI-NEWS.COM · 1 week
Quasars are the ultra-bright cores of distant active galaxies. These objects are among the most distant and luminous objects known. Their central engines are... more
Research may pave the way to developing effective treatments for puerperal sepsis  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 week
Puerperal sepsis, also known as childbed fever, is the leading cause of maternal deaths. In this novel study in The American Journal of Pathology,... more
Victoria bans fracking for good, but quietly lifts onshore gas exploration ban  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Amid coronavirus chaos, the Victorian government announced its decision earlier this week to lift the ban on onshore gas exploration, but also to make... more
New sensor could help prevent food waste  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Chemists have created a tiny sensor that can detect ethylene gas, a plant hormone, in concentrations as low as 15 parts per billion. The sensor could be used to monitor produce ripeness and prevent... more
Closing the carbon cycle to stop climate change  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
An excessive amount of carbon dioxide is the main cause of climate change. One of the best approaches is to capture and convert carbon dioxide (CO2) into fuel such as methane. On... more
On the origin of massive stars  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
This scene of stellar creation, captured by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, sits near the outskirts of the famous Tarantula Nebula. This cloud of gas and dust, as well as the many young and massive stars... more
Courts slow Trump's agenda to open public lands to oil and gas drilling  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Soon after President Donald Trump took office, the rush to open millions of acres of federal land to oil and gas drilling... more
On the fate of oxygenated organic molecules in atmospheric aerosol particles  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Highly oxygenated organic molecules (HOMs) are formed from the oxidation of biogenic and anthropogenic gases and affect Earth’s climate and air quality by their key role... more
Heat stress may affect more than 1.2 billion people annually by 2100  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Heat stress from extreme heat and humidity will annually affect areas now home to 1.2 billion people by 2100, assuming current greenhouse gas emissions,... more
Computer model solves mystery of how gas bubbles build big methane hydrate deposits  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
New research has explained an important mystery about natural gas hydrate formations and, in doing so, advanced scientists' understanding of how gas... more
Computer model solves mystery of how gas bubbles build big methane hydrate deposits  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
New research from The University of Texas at Austin has explained an important mystery about natural gas hydrate formations and, in doing... more
Heat stress may affect more than 1.2 billion people annually by 2100  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Heat stress from extreme heat and humidity will annually affect areas now home to 1.2 billion people by 2100, assuming current greenhouse gas emissions,... more
Vaping chemical can produce highly toxic gas when heated up, research reveals  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
A chemical found in some vaping products can produce a highly toxic gas when heated up, according to new research from RCSI University of... more
Discovery points to the origin of mysterious ultraviolet radiation  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Billions of lightyears away, gigantic clouds of hydrogen gas produce a special kind of radiation, a type of ultraviolet light known as Lyman-alpha emissions. The enormous clouds emitting the light... more
Why Canada should drop its net-zero pledge to cut carbon emissions  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
At the climate summit held in Paris in December 2015, the government of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau committed to reducing Canadian emissions of greenhouse gases (most... more
Study examines environmental footprint of California dairy cows over 50 years  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Producing a liter of milk in California emits less greenhouse gas and uses less land and water than it did in 1964, according to a recent... more
New technique for measuring greenhouse gas production from thawing permafrost  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A research team led by McGill University geochemist Peter Douglas has used a new method for measuring the rate at which methane is produced by microbes breaking down... more
VLT Spies Iron Raining on Ultrahot Exoplanet WASP-76b  SCI-NEWS.COM · 3 weeks
WASP-76b, a gas-giant exoplanet located some 640 light-years away in the constellation of Pisces, has a day side where temperatures... more
UNT's modern-day alchemist takes first steps toward transforming methane to methanol  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Finding a method for large scale, inexpensive transformation of methane into methanol is like turning lead into gold, according to Tom Cundari, a Regents Professor of... more
Acacia bushlands prevent climate warming in Eastern Africa  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Changes to the vegetation cover of land surfaces constitutes the biggest cause of increasing carbon dioxide emissions after the use of fossil fuels. Particularly in Africa, forests and bushland are continuously cleared... more
MEMS technology for fabricating plasmonic near-infrared spectrometers  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Near-infrared spectroscopy provides absorption spectrum unique to substances so that discrimination of gas species becomes possible. Miniaturization of spectrometers is thus required to realize compact gas sensors for monitoring air quality in living spaces. more
Even concerned consumers don't know which food choices have the lowest climate impact  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The energy used to grow, process, package and transport food accounts for about a quarter of global greenhouse gas emissions. But not... more
Oil price crash: will it affect the move to green energy?  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The collapse in global oil prices may end up being bad news in the short term for the transition to green energy, as cheaper crude could... more
Feeding fusion: hydrogen ice pellets prove effective for fueling fusion plasmas  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Researchers have found that injecting pellets of hydrogen ice rather than puffing hydrogen gas improves fusion performance at the DIII-D National Fusion Facility, which General Atomics... more
Discovery points to origin of mysterious ultraviolet radiation  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Lyman-alpha blobs (LABs) are gigantic clouds of hydrogen gas that produce a special type of ultraviolet light known as Lyman-alpha emission. An extremely powerful energy source must produce this radiation, but scientists... more
Discovery points to origin of mysterious ultraviolet radiation  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Billions of lightyears away, gigantic clouds of hydrogen gas produce a special kind of radiation, a type of ultraviolet light known as Lyman-alpha emissions. The enormous clouds emitting the light are Lyman-alpha... more
Single-Moon Systems Possible around Gas-Giant Planets  SCI-NEWS.COM · 3 weeks
A team of astronomers in Japan has demonstrated that systems can form that have only one large moon, such as Titan around Saturn, around... more
Machine learning augments detection of methane leaks  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Though not as prevalent in the atmosphere as carbon dioxide, methane is a far more potent greenhouse gas. Occurring naturally as well as being manmade, methane is much shorter-lived than CO2, but it is... more
Hyperspectral imaging and artificial intelligence combine to augment detection of methane leaks  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Though not as prevalent in the atmosphere as carbon dioxide, methane is a far more potent greenhouse gas. Occurring naturally as well as being... more
Safety zone saves giant moons from fatal plunge  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Numerical simulations showed that the temperature gradient in the disk of gas around a young gas giant planet could play a critical role in the development of a satellite system dominated by... more
Safety zone saves giant moons from fatal plunge  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Numerical simulations show that the temperature gradient in the gas disk around a young gas giant planet could play a critical role in the development of a satellite system dominated by a... more
New theory may increase conservatives' support to transition away from fossil fuels  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 weeks
A relatively new theory that identifies universal concerns underlying human judgment could be key to helping people with opposing views on an issue coax... more
NASA satellite offers urban carbon dioxide insights  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
A new NASA/university study of carbon dioxide emissions for 20 major cities around the world provides the first direct, satellite-based evidence that as a city's population density increases, the carbon dioxide it emits per... more
ALMA Captures Bipolar Planetary Nebula in the Making  SCI-NEWS.COM · 3 weeks
W43A, an aged star located some 7,000 light-years away in the constellation Aquila, ejected high-speed bipolar jets less than 60... more
ALMA spots metamorphosing aged star  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
An international team of astronomers has captured the very moment when an old star first starts to alter its environment. The star has ejected high-speed bipolar gas jets which are now colliding with the surrounding material; the age... more
Freeze-dried soil is more suitable for studying soil reactive nitrogen gas emissions  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Earth's atmosphere and climate change are strongly affected by gas exchange between land and atmosphere. Reactive nitrogen (Nr) gas emissions from soils, e.g., nitrous... more
ALMA spots metamorphosing aged star  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
An international team of astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) captured the very moment when an old star first starts to alter its environment. The star has ejected high-speed bipolar gas jets which are now colliding... more
Robots to sniff out oil spills and algal blooms in the ice-covered Arctic  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Bundled in snow gear and wielding a chainsaw, a team of engineers cut a rectangular block from the solid ice underfoot, carving... more
3 reasons carbon capture and storage has stalled needlessly  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
The idea is simple: capture and concentrate CO2 before it's released to the air and store it deep underground where it can't escape. Instead of adding to the climate crisis,... more
3-D-printed thrust chamber passes first tests for vega evolutions  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
The 3-D-printed thrust chamber assembly of the methane-fueled M10 rocket engine has passed its first series of hot firing tests. The M10 engine will power the upper stage of future... more
UAB research reveals hydrogen sulfide as new culprit for deadly tuberculosis  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 weeks
A new culprit -- hydrogen sulfide -- has been found for the deadly infectious disease tuberculosis. Hydrogen sulfide gas is known for its rotten egg smell,... more
Atomic-scale imaging reveals secret to thin film strength  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
An international team of scientists and engineers, led by University of Minnesota Associate Professor K. Andre Mkhoyan and Professor Emeritus Michael Tsapatsis (currently, a Bloomberg Distinguished Professor at Johns Hopkins University), have... more
3D-printed thrust chamber passes first tests for Vega evolutions  ESA · 4 weeks
The 3D-printed thrust chamber assembly of the methane-fuelled M10 rocket engine has passed its first series of hot... more
A tenth of active and abandoned oil and gas wells in northeastern B.C. are leaking  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Northeastern British Columbia has been a major centre of conventional oil and gas production since the 1960s. More... more
Disposal of wastewater from hydraulic fracturing poses dangers to drivers  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Environmental concerns about hydraulic fracturing—aka "fracking," the process by which oil and gas are extracted from rock by injecting high-pressure mixtures of water and chemicals—are well documented, but... more
A novel biofuel system for hydrogen production from biomass  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
A novel technology has been developed for hydrogen production from the process, which involves electron that is produced during the decomposition of biomass such as waste wood. The result produced... more
Ultrared, dusty star-forming galaxies in the early universe  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Star formation takes place within natal clouds of dust and gas that absorb much of the emitted ultraviolet and optical radiation but which also block these regions from optical view. In recent... more
Massive protostar keeps growing despite ionization heating by ultraviolet light  nanowerk · 4 weeks
A massive young star has been spotted that is continuing to grow despite boiling away the gas it feeds on. more
How Newborn Stars Prepare for the Birth of Planets  ASTRO WATCH · 4 weeks
An international team of astronomers used two of the most powerful radio telescopes in the world to create... more
18-Hour Year Planet on Edge of Destruction  ASTRO WATCH · 4 weeks
Astronomers from the University of Warwick have observed an exoplanet orbiting a star in just over 18 hours, the shortest orbital period... more
Direct Kerr frequency comb atomic spectroscopy and stabilization  Science Magazine · 4 weeks
Microresonator-based soliton frequency combs, microcombs, have recently emerged to offer low-noise, photonic-chip sources for applications, spanning from timekeeping to optical-frequency synthesis and ranging. Broad optical bandwidth, brightness, coherence, and frequency stability have... more
Containing methane and its contribution to global warming  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Methane is a gas that deserves more attention in the climate debate as it contributes to almost half of human-made global warming in the short-term. A new study shows that it is... more
Team develops biofuel production process in cooperation with North American researchers  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Biofuel is often touted as a clean fuel, but the fact that it is made using food sources is a major drawback. To address this issue,... more
Containing methane and its contribution to global warming  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Methane is a gas that deserves more attention in the climate debate as it contributes to almost half of human-made global warming in the short-term. A new IIASA study shows that it... more
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MORE SCIENCE VIDEO
New 3-D view of methane tracks sources
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On the origin of massive stars
PHYS.ORG
Safety zone saves giant moons from fatal plunge
PHYS.ORG
3-D-printed thrust chamber passes first tests for vega evolutions
PHYS.ORG
Atomic-scale imaging reveals secret to thin film strength
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UAB research reveals hydrogen sulfide as new culprit for deadly tuberculosis
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