Evolution
In Earth's largest extinction, land animal die-offs began long before marine extinction  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Because of poor dates for land fossils laid down before and after the mass extinction at the end of the Permian, paleontologists assumed that... more
Rheumatism: New clues about the prevalence of certain genetic profile in Europeans  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
A piece of research by the Human Evolutionary Biology Group at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country provides clues about the prevalence of a... more
ALMA resolves gas impacted by young jets from supermassive black hole  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Astronomers obtained the first resolved image of disturbed gaseous clouds in a galaxy 11 billion light-years away by using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). The... more
ALMA resolves gas impacted by young jets from supermassive black hole  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Astronomers obtained the first resolved image of disturbed gaseous clouds in a galaxy 11 billion light-years away by using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). The... more
Control of anthropogenic atmospheric emissions can improve water quality in seas  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
A new research highlighted the importance of reducing fossil fuel combustion not only to curb the trend of global warming, but also to improve the quality... more
Case studies provide in-depth lessons about sustainability  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
"I can't watch these animals go extinct and sit by," Josh, general manager of Mugie Conservancy said in an interview about the problem of poaching other animals, usually for profit. This after he received... more
Control of anthropogenic emissions can improve water quality in coastal seas  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A new study highlights the importance of reducing fossil fuel combustion, not only to curb the trend of global warming, but also to improve the quality... more
Longer lives not dependent on increased energy use  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Growing consumption of energy and fossil fuels over four decades did not play a significant role in increasing life expectancy across 70 countries. New research has quantified the importance of different development... more
Researchers create framework for evaluating environmental stopgap measures  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Ending global environmental crises such as climate change and slowing the growing number of extinctions of plant and animal species will require radical solutions that could take centuries to implement. Meanwhile, the... more
New Feathered Dinosaur Unveiled: Dineobellator notohesperus  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 days
A new species of dromaeosaurid dinosaur being named Dineobellator notohesperus has been discovered by a team of U.S. paleontologists. Dineobellator notohesperus lived some 67... more
Paired with super telescopes, model Earths guide hunt for life  nanowerk · 2 days
Astronomers have created five models representing key points from our planet's evolution, like chemical snapshots through Earth's own geologic epochs. The models will be spectral templates for astronomers... more
Longer lives not dependent on increased energy use  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Growing consumption of energy and fossil fuels over four decades did not play a significant role in increasing life expectancy across 70 countries. more
Paired with super telescopes, model Earths guide hunt for life  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Astronomers have created five models representing key points from our planet's evolution, like chemical snapshots through Earth's own geologic epochs. The models will be spectral templates for astronomers... more
Transcription polymerase-catalyzed emergence of novel RNA replicons  Science Magazine · 3 days
Transcription polymerases can exhibit an unusual mode of regenerating certain RNA templates from RNA, yielding systems that can replicate and evolve with RNA as information carrier. Two classes of pathogenic RNAs (Hepatitis delta virus... more
No consistent ENSO response to volcanic forcing over the last millennium  Science Magazine · 3 days
The El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) shapes global climate patterns yet its sensitivity to external climate forcing remains uncertain. Modeling studies suggest that ENSO is sensitive to... more
Observation of dynamical fermionization  Science Magazine · 3 days
The wave function of a Tonks-Girardeau (T-G) gas of strongly interacting bosons in one dimension maps onto the absolute value of the wave function of a noninteracting Fermi gas. Although this fermionization makes many aspects of the two gases identical,... more
The evolutionary dynamics and fitness landscape of clonal hematopoiesis  Science Magazine · 3 days
Somatic mutations acquired in healthy tissues as we age are major determinants of cancer risk. Whether variants confer a fitness advantage or rise to detectable frequencies by chance remains largely... more
New feathered dinosaur was one of the last surviving raptors  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
A new feathered dinosaur that lived in New Mexico 67 million years ago is one of the last known surviving raptor species, according to a new publication in... more
Discovering the diet of the fossil Theropithecus oswaldi found in Cueva Victoria in Spain  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
A study published in Journal of Human Evolution reveals for the first time the diet of the fossil baboon Theropithecus... more
Earth's own evolution used as guide to hunt exoplanets  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Cornell astronomers have created five models representing key points from our planet's evolution, like chemical snapshots through Earth's own geologic epochs. more
Snake Venom Evolved for Prey Acquisition, New Study Shows  SCI-NEWS.COM · 3 days
Snake venom did not evolve as self-defense, according to a paper published in the journal Toxins. To provide... more
Simulation: Dust could have spread evenly over Earth after Chicxulub asteroid strike  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Two researchers, one with the Planetary Science Institute, the other Imperial College, have created a simulation that they believe shows how dust could have... more
Experts in evolution explain why social distancing feels so unnatural  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
For many people, the most distressing part of the coronavirus pandemic is the idea of social isolation. If we get ill, we quarantine ourselves for the protection of... more
New Pterosaur Fossils Unearthed in Morocco  SCI-NEWS.COM · 3 days
Paleontologists have uncovered the remains of three species of fish-eating toothed pterosaurs in the Cretaceous-period Kem Kem beds of Morocco. Pterosaurs were Earth’s first... more
Weedy rice is unintended legacy of Green Revolution  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Weedy rice is a feral form of rice that infests paddies worldwide and aggressively outcompetes cultivated varieties. A new study led by biologists at Washington University in St. Louis shows that weed... more
In Earth's largest extinction, land die-offs began long before ocean turnover  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
The mass extinction at the end of the Permian Period 252 million years ago—one of the great turnovers of life on Earth—appears to have played out... more
Snake venom did not evolve as a defense mechanism, research shows  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
It is estimated that every year, over 100,000 human deaths can be attributed to snakebite from the world's 700 venomous snake species - all inflicted in... more
Fossil finds give clues about flying reptiles in the Sahara 100 million years ago  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Three new species of toothed pterosaurs -- flying reptiles of the Cretaceous period, some 100 million years ago -- have... more
Innovative thinner electrolyte can improve functioning of solid oxide fuel cells  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
In this post-industrialization age, electricity has become the backbone of our society. However, using fossil fuels to generate it is not the best option because of... more
Snake venom evolved for prey, not protection  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
It is estimated that every year, over 100,000 human deaths can be attributed to snakebite from the world's 700 venomous snake species—all inflicted in self-defense when the snakes feel threatened by encroaching humans. However,... more
Fossil finds give clues about flying reptiles in the Sahara 100 million years ago  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Three new species of toothed pterosaurs—flying reptiles of the Cretaceous period, some 100 million years ago—have been identified in Africa... more
Big brains or many babies: How birds can thrive in urban environments  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
A new study in Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution suggests that birds have two alternative strategies for coping with the difficulties of humanity's increasingly... more
Small horses got smaller, big tapirs got bigger 47 million years ago  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
The former coalfield of Geiseltal in Saxony-Anhalt has yielded large numbers of exceptionally preserved fossil animals, giving palaeontologists a unique window into the evolution... more
To sleep deeply: The brainstem neurons that regulate non-REM sleep  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Researchers identified neurons that promote non-REM sleep in the brainstem in mice. These neurons commonly expressed the gene that encodes the neuropeptide neurotensin. Activation of these neurons induced... more
Oldest Bilaterian Fossil Found in Australia  SCI-NEWS.COM · 5 days
Ikaria wariootia, a wormlike creature that lived more than 555 million years ago (Ediacaran period) in what is now Australia, is the earliest bilaterian,... more
Small horses got smaller, big tapirs got bigger 47 million years ago  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
The former coalfield of Geiseltal in eastern Germany has yielded large numbers of exceptionally preserved fossil animals, giving palaeontologists a unique window into the... more
Ancestor of all animals identified in Australian fossils  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Geologists have discovered the first ancestor on the family tree that contains most animals today, including humans. The wormlike creature, Ikaria wariootia, is the earliest bilaterian, or organism with a front and... more
Pablo Escobar's hippos may help counteract a legacy of extinctions  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
When cocaine kingpin Pablo Escobar was shot dead in 1993, the four hippos he brought to his private zoo in Colombia were left behind in a pond on... more
Skulls gone wild: How and why some frogs evolved extreme heads  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Many frogs look like a water balloon with legs, but don't be fooled. Beneath slick skin, some species sport spines, spikes and other skeletal secrets. more
Ancestor of all animals identified in Australian fossils  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
A team led by UC Riverside geologists has discovered the first ancestor on the family tree that contains most familiar animals today, including humans. more
New 3-D view of methane tracks sources  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
NASA's new 3-dimensional portrait of methane concentrations shows the world's second largest contributor to greenhouse warming, the diversity of sources on the ground, and the behavior of the gas as it moves through the... more
Meet Wonderchicken, Bird from Final Part of Dinosaur Era  SCI-NEWS.COM · 6 days
A new species of ancient bird has been identified from a nearly complete, three-dimensionally preserved skull and associated... more
Study: Climatic-niche evolution strikingly similar in plants and animals  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Given the fundamental biological differences in plants and animals, previous research proposed that plants may have broader environmental tolerances than animals, but are more sensitive to climate. However, a recent... more
New catalyst material could fuel clean energy revolution  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Fuel cells and water electrolyzers that are cheap and efficient will form the cornerstone of a hydrogen fuel based economy, which is one of the most promising clean and sustainable alternatives to... more
A new tool for identifying climate-adaptive coral reefs  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Climate change is threatening the world's coral reefs, and saving them all will prove impossible. A team from EPFL has developed a method for identifying corals with the greatest adaptive potential to... more
A milestone in ultrafast gel fabrication from unconventional self-healing noble metal gels  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Electrocatalysis is extensively involved in many important energy-related processes such as the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) for fuel cells, the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER)... more
X-ray imaging reveals insights into a natural mosquito-killing compound  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Many of the chemicals used to deter or eliminate disease-carrying mosquitoes can pollute ecosystems and drive the evolution of even more problematic, insecticide-resistant species—but thankfully, we may have better options... more
Epigenetic inheritance: A silver bullet against climate change?  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
The rapid pace of climate change threatens all living species. An international team of researchers has demonstrated that fish living in the Baltic Sea evolve using epigenetic mechanisms, yet to a lesser... more
Global human genomes reveal rich genetic diversity shaped by complex evolutionary history  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
A new study has provided the most comprehensive analysis of human genetic diversity to date, after the sequencing of 929 human genomes. The study... more
What Jenga can teach us about wildlife conservation before it's too late  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Despite considerable effort, and some wonderful success stories, it is widely acknowledged that global conservation targets to reverse declines in biodiversity and halt species... more
Eastern monarch butterfly population plunges below extinction threshold  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
The yearly count of monarch butterflies overwintering in Mexico, released today, shows a decrease of 53% from last year's count and is well below the threshold at which government scientists predict the... more
Unprecedented preservation of fossil feces from the La Brea Tar Pits  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
While Rancho La Brea, commonly known as the La Brea Tar Pits, is famous for its thousands of bones of large extinct mammals, big insights are... more
Darkness, not cold, likely responsible for dinosaur-killing extinction  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
New research finds soot from global fires ignited by an asteroid impact could have blocked sunlight long enough to drive the mass extinction that killed most life on Earth, including the dinosaurs,... more
Fins of prehistoric fish reveal origins of the human hand  REUTERS · 1 week
Inside the stout fins of a fish that prowled the shallow waters of an estuary in... more
Female toads engaging in adaptive hybridization prefer high-quality heterospecifics as mates  Science Magazine · 1 week
Hybridization—interbreeding between species—is generally thought to occur randomly between members of two species. Contrary to expectation, female plains spadefoot toads (Spea bombifrons) can increase their evolutionary... more
Global human genomes reveal rich genetic diversity shaped by complex evolutionary history  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A new study has provided the most comprehensive analysis of human genetic diversity to date, after the sequencing of 929 human genomes by scientists... more
Study investigates evolution during Cambrian Explosion  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A new study by an international team of scientists has revealed the developmental and evolutionary mechanisms underlying the origin of a major phylum. more
Dark matter and massive galaxies  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
About 85% of the matter in the universe is in the form of dark matter, whose nature remains a mystery, and the rest is of the kind found in atoms. Dark matter exhibits gravity but otherwise does not... more
Organellogenesis still a work in progress in novel dinoflagellates  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Many algae and plant species contain photosynthetic membrane-bound organelles called plastids that are actually remnants of a free-living cyanobacterium. At some point in evolutionary history, a cyanobacterium was engulfed by... more
Ticking cosmic clocks reveal the evolution of stars over millions of years  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Pulsars, a type of rotating neutron star, are well-known as incredibly stable astrophysical clocks. Their regularity, used to measure their radio pulses, has led... more
Fossil snake with infrared vision: Early evolution of snakes in the Messel Pit examined  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Together with his Argentinian colleague Agustín Scanferla, Senckenberg scientist Krister Smith studied the early evolution of snakes in the Messel... more
'Wonderchicken' fossil from the age of dinosaurs reveals origin of modern birds  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
The oldest fossil of a modern bird yet found, dating from the age of dinosaurs, has been identified by an international team of palaeontologists. more
Late cretaceous dinosaur-dominated ecosystem  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A topic of considerable interest to paleontologists is how dinosaur-dominated ecosystems were structured, how dinosaurs and co-occurring animals were distributed across the landscape, how they interacted with one another, and how these systems compared to ecosystems today. more
Beetles changed their diet during the Cretaceous period  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Like a snapshot, amber preserves bygone worlds. Paleontologists have now described four new beetle species in fossilized tree resin from Myanmar, which belong to the Kateretidae family. As well as the about... more
Late cretaceous dinosaur-dominated ecosystem  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A topic of considerable interest to paleontologists is how dinosaur-dominated ecosystems were structured, how dinosaurs and co-occurring animals were distributed across the landscape, how they interacted with one another, and how these systems compared to ecosystems today. In the Late... more
Nanobiohybrids: Materials approaches for bioaugmentation  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Nanobiohybrids, synthesized by integrating functional nanomaterials with living systems, have emerged as an exciting branch of research at the interface of materials engineering and biological science. Nanobiohybrids use synthetic nanomaterials to impart organisms with emergent properties outside their... more
Evolution selects for 'loners' that hang back from collective behavior—at least in slime molds  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
It isn't easy being a loner—someone who resists the pull of the crowd, who marches to their own drummer. more
'Wonderchicken' fossil from Belgium reveals dawn of modern birds  REUTERS · 2 weeks
A fossil unearthed in Belgium dubbed the "Wonderchicken" is providing a rare glimpse into the early evolution of... more
Fish sprouted fingers before they ventured onto land, fossil shows  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 weeks
This 380-million-year-old fish had five "fingers" in its pectoral fins, showing that fish developed fingers before making the move to land. more
'Wonderchicken' fossil from the age of dinosaurs reveals origin of modern birds  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The oldest fossil of a modern bird yet found, dating from the age of dinosaurs, has been identified by an international team of palaeontologists. more
Ancient fish fossil reveals evolutionary origin of the human hand  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
An ancient Elpistostege fish fossil found in Miguasha, Canada has revealed new insights into how the human hand evolved from fish fins. more
Beetles changed their diet during the Cretaceous period  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Like a snapshot, amber preserves bygone worlds. An international team of paleontologists from the University of Bonn has now described four new beetle species in fossilized tree resin from Myanmar, which belong... more
Study finds bird evolution shaped by Tibetan Plateau  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Elizabeth Scordato, an assistant professor of biological sciences, is the lead author of a study that found the evolution of barn swallows in Asia is shaped by the Tibetan Plateau. more
Cracking the code to sea cucumber farming  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Sea cucumbers are internationally known as a superfood, as they contain many healthy substances. They are highly sought after by both Chinese restaurants and health food manufacturers. However, many sea cucumber species are threatened... more
COVID-19 epidemic is the product of natural evolution, study finds  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
The novel SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus that emerged in the city of Wuhan, China, last year and has since caused a large scale COVID-19 epidemic and spread to more than... more
New study reveals early evolution of cortex  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Research on the lamprey brain has enabled researchers to push the birth of the cortex back in time by some 300 million years to over 500 million years ago, providing new insights into brain... more
One of Darwin's evolution theories finally proved  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Scientists have proved one of Charles Darwin's theories of evolution for the first time -- nearly 140 years after his death. Researchers discovered mammal subspecies play a more important role in evolution than previously... more
One of Darwin's evolution theories finally proved by Cambridge researcher  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Scientists have proved one of Charles Darwin's theories of evolution for the first time—nearly 140 years after his death. more
3.67-Million-Year-Old Fossil Unveils More about Australopithecus prometheus  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 weeks
An international team of paleoanthropologists led by the University of the Witwatersrand has examined the first cervical vertebra (atlas) of the ‘Little... more
'Little Foot' skull reveals how human ancestor more than 3 million years old lived  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
High-resolution micro-CT scanning of the skull of the fossil specimen known as 'Little Foot' has revealed some aspects of how... more
Micro-CT scanning of 'Little Foot' skull reveals how human ancestor lived 3 million years ago  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
High-resolution micro-CT scanning of the skull of the fossil specimen known as "Little Foot" has revealed some aspects... more
'Little Foot' skull reveals how this more than 3 million year old human ancestor lived  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
High-resolution micro-CT scanning of the skull of the fossil specimen known as 'Little Foot' has revealed some aspects... more
'Little Foot' skull reveals how this more than 3 million year old human ancestor lived  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
High-resolution micro-CT scanning of the skull of the fossil specimen known as "Little Foot" has revealed some aspects... more
Mysterious ancient sea-worm pegged as new genus after half-century in 'wastebasket'  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
When a partial fossil specimen of a primordial marine worm was unearthed in Utah in 1969, scientists had a tough go identifying it. Usually, such worms... more
Chromolaena odorata increases resource investment into growth through postintroduction evolution  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Chromolaena odorata is a plant species native to North, Central, and South America, but is a noxious invasive perennial herb or subshrub. Although C. odorata has been introduced... more
Novel approach to enhance performance of graphitic carbon nitride  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Scientists underline the importance of defect engineering to promote catalytic performance by providing a simple and efficient way for modifying and optimizing metal-free semiconductor photocatalyst graphitic carbon nitride to solve... more
Sensory danger zones: How sensory pollution impacts animal survival  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A new paper including research from a Utah State University scientist provides a framework for understanding how light and noise pollution affects wildlife. The framework is the product of an... more
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