Evolution
Molecular identification of fungi microfossils in a Neoproterozoic shale rock  Science Magazine · 13 hours
Precambrian fossils of fungi are sparse, and the knowledge of their early evolution and the role they played in the colonization of land surface are limited. Here, we... more
First mushrooms appeared earlier than previously thought  PHYS.ORG · 13 hours
According to a new study led by Steeve Bonneville from the Université libre de Bruxelles, the first mushrooms evolved on Earth between 715 and 810 million years ago, 300 million years earlier than the... more
Engineers develop recipe to dramatically strengthen body armor  PHYS.ORG · 14 hours
According to ancient lore, Genghis Khan instructed his horsemen to wear silk vests underneath their armor to better protect themselves against an onslaught of arrows during battle. Since the time of Khan,... more
Neutron source enables a look inside dino eggs  SCIENCE DAILY · 15 hours
Did the chicks of dinosaurs from the group oviraptorid hatch from their eggs at the same time? This question can be answered by the length and arrangement of the embryo's bones, which... more
Life aquatic for many spider species  SCIENCE DAILY · 15 hours
Researchers have found that nearly one fifth of all spider families are associated with saltwater or freshwater aquatic habitats. Their findings address the common misconception that all spiders dwell on land, and reveal surprising evolutionary pathways... more
Neutron source enables a look inside dino eggs  PHYS.ORG · 18 hours
Did the chicks of dinosaurs from the group oviraptorid hatch from their eggs at the same time? This question can be answered by the length and arrangement of the embryo's bones, which... more
The yellow black-faced triplefin deflects sunlight to break predator camouflage  PHYS.ORG · 18 hours
Small fish use light for active sensing to detect potential predators. The yellow black-faced triplefin (Tripterygion delaisi) can reflect downwelling sunlight sideways with its iris, illuminating its immediate... more
Warm-blooded crocs thrived in Jurassic cold snap  PHYS.ORG · 18 hours
They are revered throughout nature as chilling predators … now research shows crocodiles have not always been the cold-blooded creatures they are today. more
Interdisciplinary study reveals new insights into the evolution of sign languages  PHYS.ORG · 23 hours
A new study, published in Royal Society Open Science, sheds light on the origins and evolution of European sign languages. Using phylogenetic network methods to compare... more
Interdisciplinary study reveals new insights into the evolution of signed languages  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
A new study, published in Royal Society Open Science, sheds light on the origins and evolution of European sign languages. Using phylogenetic network methods to compare... more
Scientists uncover new mode of evolution  LIVE SCIENCE · 1 day
Scientists have discovered a form of natural selection that doesn't rely on DNA. more
An asteroid wiped out the dinosaurs. Then, a volcano helped life flourish.  LIVE SCIENCE · 1 day
A massive meteorite impact and extreme volcanic activity occurred around the same time that Earth's large dinosaurs went extinct. But, did the volcanic activity... more
The little auks that lived in the Pacific  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Findings from a 700,000-year-old fossil bone indicate that a close relative of the most abundant seabird species in the North Atlantic, the modern dovekie, or 'little auk,' used to thrive in the... more
TB bacteria survive in amoebae found in soil  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Scientists have discovered that the bacterium which causes bovine TB can survive and grow in small, single-celled organisms found in soil and dung. It is believed that originally the bacterium evolved to... more
Platypus on brink of extinction  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
New research calls for national action to minimize the risk of the platypus vanishing due to habitat destruction, dams and weirs. more
A simple way to predict tropical cyclones undergoing rapid intensification  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
"Yellow streaks in sunset sky, wind and daylong rain is nigh." This old weather proverb originates from fishermen who found colors and shapes in clouds at sunset could... more
Lizard and snake size unrelated to climate  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
For well over a century, scientists have thought climate is a key factor affecting the evolution of animal body sizes. However, a recent study has shown that, for squamates, a group of reptiles that... more
Human cultural evolution found to be just as slow as biological evolution  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A team of researchers from several institutions in the U.K. and one in the U.S. has found that human culture evolves just as slowly... more
Five ways to turn carbon dioxide from pollution to a valuable product  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
It's far easier to avoid burning fossil fuels than it is to clean up CO2 emissions once they're in the Earth's atmosphere. But the... more
Modified plants to curb climate change  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Each year, an average of 120 gigatons of carbon dioxide (CO2) worldwide is released through soil and vegetation respiration. Plants are capable of taking in nearly 123 gigatons through photosynthesis in the same period. But as... more
UFOs May Be Piloted by Time-Traveling Humans, Book Argues  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 days
Could the creatures piloting UFOs be us? A recent book argues that reports of aliens here on Earth may be describing our distant human descendants, returning from the future to... more
Fossils of Earliest Known Scorpion Discovered  SCI-NEWS.COM · 3 days
The exceptionally preserved fossils of the oldest species of scorpion ever found have been unearthed in Wisconsin, the United States. The newly-discovered ancient scorpion... more
Tuberculosis bacteria survive in amoebae found in soil  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Scientists from the University of Surrey and University of Geneva have discovered that the bacterium which causes bovine TB can survive and grow in small, single-celled organisms found in soil and dung.... more
It was microbial mayhem in the Chicxulub crater, research suggests  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
New insights into how microbial life was quickly re-established following the mass extinction of the dinosaurs have been detailed for the first time by Curtin University-led research. more
Are Birds Dinosaurs?  LIVE SCIENCE · 3 days
Modern birds can trace their origins to theropods, a branch of mostly meat-eaters on the dinosaur family tree. more
Australia fires 'devastating habitats' of endangered species  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Australia's bushfires and other climate change effects are devastating the habitats of critically endangered species and driving the native platypus towards extinction, according to surveys highlighting the country's vulnerability to rising temperatures. more
Climate change pushing Australia's platypus towards extinction: researchers  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Prolonged drought and other effects of climate change are pushing Australia's unique platypus population towards extinction, scientists warned in a study published Monday. more
Study verifies a missing piece to urban air quality puzzle  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Despite the prominent health threat posed by fine particulate pollution, fundamental aspects of its formation and evolution continue to elude scientists. more
'Dancing dragon' shows feathers grew differently on dinosaurs and birds  REUTERS · 5 days
An exquisite fossil of a fierce little Chinese dinosaur dubbed the "dancing dragon" that lived 120... more
New Feathered Dinosaur Species Identified in China  SCI-NEWS.COM · 6 days
Paleontologists in China have identified a new species of microraptorine dromaeosaur closely related to the famous dinosaur Velociraptor. The newly-discovered dinosaur lived... more
Out of Deep-Sea Mud, a Strange Blob May Hold Secrets to the Origins of Complex Life  LIVE SCIENCE · 6 days
This unassuming little critter may hold the secrets to how the first multicellular life-forms evolved. more
A new method for dating ancient earthquakes  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Constraining the history of earthquakes produced by bedrock fracturing is important for predicting seismic activity and plate tectonic evolution. In a new study published in the Nature journal Scientific Reports Jan 17, 2020, a... more
Transformational innovation needed to reach global forest restoration goals  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
The U.N. and other international organizations agree that forest restoration is a critical part of the collective global effort to combat climate change, reduce extinctions, and improve the lives of... more
Mysterious little red jellies: A case of mistaken identity  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Little red jellies are commonplace near the deep seafloor in Monterey Bay and around the world. Most of them are small—less than five centimeters (two inches) across—and a ruddy red... more
An evolving understanding of extinction  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Few things related to science capture the imagination more than the magic of worlds past. This includes the origins of life, dinosaurs, mass extinctions, meteorite impacts, and the evolution of our species. Understanding the evolution of life is... more
Fins and limbs tell evolutionary tale  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
About 400 million years ago, our early ancestors took their first hesitant steps out of the primordial seas on to land. more
How biology creates networks that are cheap, robust, and efficient  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
From veins that deliver oxygen to tissues to xylem that send water into stems and leaves, vascular networks are a crucial component of life. In biology, there is... more
Black rhino population shows steady growth  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Good news stories can be hard to come by in an era of extinction, but the steady improvement in the fortunes of the black rhino is one of those stories. more
Research: Firms’ strategic decisions affect evolution of activism and emergence of mobilization  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
According to received wisdom, local activism against the establishment of industrial plants follows a cycle, with its highest intensity a short time after mobilization. more
Human ancestors may have eaten hard plant tissues without damaging teeth  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Hard plant foods may have made up a larger part of early human ancestors' diet than currently presumed, according to a new experimental study of modern... more
Study traces evolution of acoustic communication  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Imagine taking a hike through a forest or a stroll through a zoo and not a sound fills the air, other than the occasional chirp from a cricket. No birds singing, no tigers roaring, no monkeys... more
In death of dinosaurs, it was all about the asteroid -- not volcanoes  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 days
Volcanic activity did not play a direct role in the mass extinction event that killed the dinosaurs, according to an international team... more
In death of dinosaurs, it was all about the asteroid—not volcanoes  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Volcanic activity did not play a direct role in the mass extinction event that killed the dinosaurs, according to an international, Yale-led team of researchers. It... more
New model shows how crop rotation helps combat plant pests  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
A new computational model shows how different patterns of crop rotation—planting different crops at different times in the same field—can impact long-term yield when the crops are threatened... more
Phonon hydrodynamics and ultrahigh-room-temperature thermal conductivity in thin graphite  Science Magazine · 7 days
Allotropes of carbon, such as diamond and graphene, are among the best conductors of heat. We monitored the evolution of thermal conductivity in thin graphite as a function of temperature... more
On impact and volcanism across the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary  Science Magazine · 7 days
The cause of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction is vigorously debated, owing to the occurrence of a very large bolide impact and flood basalt volcanism near the boundary. Disentangling their relative importance is... more
A high-resolution summary of Cambrian to Early Triassic marine invertebrate biodiversity  Science Magazine · 7 days
One great challenge in understanding the history of life is resolving the influence of environmental change on biodiversity. Simulated annealing and genetic algorithms were used to... more
'Living fossil' may upend basic tenet of evolutionary theory  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 days
A research team has discovered the first conclusive evidence that selection may also occur at the level of the epigenome -- a term that refers to an assortment of chemical... more
The mysterious, legendary giant squid's genome is revealed  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 days
Important clues about the anatomy and evolution of the mysterious giant squid (Architeuthis dux) are revealed through publication of its full genome sequence. more
Scientists uncover how an explosion of new genes explain the origin of land plants  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 days
Scientists have made a significant discovery about the genetic origins of how plants evolved from living in water to land... more
Glimpse into ancient hunting strategies of dragonflies and damselflies  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 days
Dragonflies and damselflies are animals that may appear gentle but are, in fact, ancient hunters. The closely related insects shared an ancestor over 250 million years ago -- long before... more
Fossil is the oldest-known scorpion  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Scientists studying fossils collected 35 years ago have identified them as the oldest-known scorpion species, a prehistoric animal from about 437 million years ago. The researchers found that the animal likely had the capacity to breathe in both... more
'Living fossil' may upend basic tenet of evolutionary theory  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
The field of evolutionary biology has seen its share of spirited debates. But if there's one principle that virtually every expert in the field agrees on, it's that natural selection... more
Fossil is the oldest-known scorpion  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 days
Scientists studying fossils collected 35 years ago have identified them as the oldest-known scorpion species, a prehistoric animal from about 437 million years ago. The researchers found that the animal likely had the capacity to breathe in both... more
MDI Biological Laboratory will use African turquoise killifish model to study aging  NEWS MEDICAL · 7 days
The study of therapies and interventions to expand healthy human lifespan has been limited by a lack of animal models: traditional vertebrate models such... more
This is the oldest scorpion known to science  Science Magazine · 7 days
Ancient arachnid could reveal clues about the evolution of modern scorpions and spiders more
Glimpse into ancient hunting strategies of dragonflies and damselflies  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Dragonflies and damselflies are animals that may appear gentle but are, in fact, ancient hunters. The closely related insects shared an ancestor over 250 million years ago—long before dinosaurs—and provide... more
Scientists uncover how an explosion of new genes explain the origin of land plants  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
The new study, led by scientists from the universities of Bristol and Essex and published today in Current Biology, challenge... more
Fossils of largest theropod to date found in Australia  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
A team of researchers from the University of New England, the Australian Age of Dinosaurs Natural History Museum and Swinburne University of Technology, all in Australia, has identified fossils found... more
Bird species are facing extinction hundreds of times faster than previously thought  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Extinction, or the disappearance of an entire species, is commonplace. Species have been forming, persisting and then shuffling off their mortal coil since life began on... more
Potential to adapt is revealed by evolutionary genomics  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Global climate change is going to drastically alter the environmental conditions for humans and nature. Animals and plants unable to cope with the new conditions are thus forced to shift their range... more
Australia firefighters save world's only rare dinosaur trees  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Specialist firefighters have saved the world's last remaining wild stand of a prehistoric tree from wildfires that razed forests west of Sydney, officials said Thursday. more
New dinosaur discovered in China shows dinosaurs grew up differently from birds  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A new species of feathered dinosaur has been discovered in China, and described by American and Chinese authors and published today in the journal,... more
New feathered dinosaur shows dinosaurs grew up differently from birds  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
A new species of feathered dinosaur has been discovered in China. The one-of-a-kind specimen preserves feathers and bones that provide new information about how dinosaurs grew and how... more
Stellar Heavy Metals Can Trace History of Galaxies  ASTRO WATCH · 1 week
Astronomers have cataloged signs of 9 heavy metals in the infrared light from supergiant and giant stars. New observations based... more
Deep-sea microbe sheds light on primordial evolutionary milestone  REUTERS · 1 week
A microorganism scooped up in deep-sea mud off Japan's coast has helped scientists unlock the mystery of one of the... more
'Soil photosynthesis' helps to mitigate environmental pollution  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
NOx gases is the generic term used to refer to the group of gases made up of nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide, gases that result from burning fossil fuel, and also from forest fires,... more
New assessment of gas locked in ice in European waters  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A study led by the University of Southampton has mapped several sites in Europe containing gas hydrate—a relatively clean fuel which could help bridge the gap between fossil... more
New assessment of gas locked in ice in European waters  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
A study has mapped several sites in Europe containing gas hydrate - a relatively clean fuel which could help bridge the gap between fossil fuels and renewables. more
Scientists explain how leaf apex enhances water drainage  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Chinese scientists have recently shown how the tiny apex structure in plant leaves controls water drainage and confers an evolutionary advantage. more
Shrinking dinosaurs and the evolution of endothermy in birds  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
The evolution of endothermy (thermoregulation by metabolic means) represents a major transition in vertebrate history. However, the process of endothermy evolution and its timeline in birds and mammals remains controversial.... more
Germany to support 'bio-economy' with 3.6 bn euros  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
German ministers on Wednesday agreed an action plan for the "bio-economy" worth 3.6 billion euros to help sustainable resources replace material of fossil origin in everyday products. more
'Amazing': New embryo made of nearly extinct rhino species  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Researchers say they have successfully created another embryo of the nearly extinct northern white rhino in a global effort to keep the species alive. Just two animals remain, and both... more
Infectious disease defenses among ancient hominid contributions to adaptation of modern humans  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
During the past decade, our human evolutionary tree has turned into something more resembling an unwieldy bush. Scientists have discovered swapped segments of DNA... more
Animals reduce the symmetry of their markings to improve camouflage  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Some forms of camouflage have evolved in animals to exploit a loophole in the way predators perceive their symmetrical markings. The University of Bristol findings, published in Proceedings... more
Who's liable? The AV or the human driver?  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Researchers have developed a joint fault-based liability rule that can be used to regulate both self-driving car manufacturers and human drivers. They propose a game-theoretic model that describes the strategic interactions among... more
World's First 'Living Machine' Created Using Frog Cells and Artificial Intelligence  LIVE SCIENCE · 1 week
Scientists used computer algorithms to "evolve" an organism that's made of 100% frog DNA — but it isn't a frog. more
550-Million-Year-Old Fossilized Guts Found  SCI-NEWS.COM · 1 week
Paleontologists from the University of Missouri have discovered the well-preserved digestive tracts in the fossils of microscopic animals called cloudinomorphs. The worm-like animals lived during the Ediacaran period,... more
What we're learning about the reproductive microbiome  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Most research has focused on the oral, skin, and gut microbiomes, but bacteria, viruses, and fungi living within our reproductive systems may also affect sperm quality, fertilization, embryo implantation, and other aspects of conception... more
Australia's bushfires could drive more than 700 animal species to extinction  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
The scale and speed of the current bushfire crisis has caught many people off-guard, including biodiversity scientists. People are scrambling to estimate the long-term effects. It... more
Collectively, environmental stakeholders are just as smart as scientific experts  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Many species are threatened with extinction, fish stocks are overfished. How can the complex relationships between wildlife, natural ecosystems and humans in a large number of habitats be... more
How to make it easier to turn plant waste into biofuels  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Researchers have developed a new process that could make it much cheaper to produce biofuels such as ethanol from plant waste and reduce reliance on fossil... more
Detoxification enzyme discovery could be used to target major crop contaminant  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Plants have evolved detoxification defence systems as protection against an array of environmental or pathogen-produced contaminants. more
How to make it easier to turn plant waste into biofuels  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Researchers have developed a new process that could make it much cheaper to produce biofuels such as ethanol from plant waste and reduce reliance on fossil... more
A single gene for scent reception separates two species of orchid bees  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Orchid bees are master perfumers. Males collect chemicals to concoct perfumes unique to their specific species. Researchers link the evolution of sexual signaling in... more
Future subtropical warming accelerates tropical climate change  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
In response to future fossil fuel burning, climate computer models simulate a pronounced warming in the tropical oceans. This warming can influence the El Niño phenomenon and shift weather and rainfall patterns across the... more
Future subtropical warming accelerates tropical climate change  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
In response to future fossil fuel burning, climate computer models simulate a pronounced warming in the tropical oceans. This warming can influence the El Niño phenomenon and shift weather and rainfall patterns across the... more
Directed evolution of endogenous genes opens door to rapid agronomic trait improvement  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A research team led by Profs. Gao Caixia and LI Jiayang from the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of the Chinese Academy of... more
World’s Oldest Slime Mold Found in Amber  SCI-NEWS.COM · 1 week
The fossilized fruiting bodies of a myxomycete from the extant genus Stemonitis preserved in Kachin amber date back some 100 million years... more
Inside story on cassowary evolution  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
One of the largest living birds, the Southern Cassowary, has a simple throat structure similar to the fellow Australian emu. Now new research confirms a common link between the cassowary and small flighted South American tinamou—and even the... more
CLICS: World's largest database of cross-linguistic lexical associations  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Every language has cases in which two or more concepts are expressed by the same word, such as the English word "fly," which refers to both the act of flying and to... more
The interiors of stars  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
The interiors of stars are largely mysterious regions because they are so difficult to observe directly. Our lack of understanding about the physical processes there, like rotation and the mixing of hot gas, introduces considerable ambiguity about how stars shine... more
Dying Fish Revealed Congo Is World's Deepest River  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 weeks
The turbulent lower Congo River, home to hundreds of fish species, is not only Earth's deepest river; it also presents biologists with an intriguing window into evolution. more
Scores of Dying Fish Revealed Congo Is World's Deepest River  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 weeks
The turbulent lower Congo River, home to hundreds of fish species, is not only Earth's deepest river; it also presents biologists with an intriguing window into evolution. more
Species-saving Galapagos giant tortoise Diego can take a rest  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Job done, prolific Galapagos giant tortoise Diego is being released back into the wild after being credited by authorities with almost single-handedly saving his species from extinction. more
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