Engineering
The Latest: Sri Lanka arrests thousands for violating curfew  ABC NEWS · 1 day
Sri Lanka police say they have arrested thousands including many who were praying in a mosque for violating a countrywide curfew imposed as a part of stringent measures designed to... more
MUSC biomedical engineers release plans for 3D-printed protective masks  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
With the threat of a shortage of protective masks looming as the novel coronavirus pandemic grows, Medical University of South Carolina biomedical engineers and tinkerers had an inspired idea: unleash... more
Global Graphene Call, business ideas relating to graphene  nanowerk · 2 days
A collaboration in Spain is launching the Global Graphene Call designed to develop business ideas linked to graphene. more
Interactive product labels require new regulations, study warns  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Artificial intelligence will be increasingly used on labels on food and other products in the future to make them interactive, and regulations should be reformed now so they take account of new... more
Scientists create triple-threat genetic toolkit for producing eco-friendly chemicals  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Researchers have developed a triad of innovative tools to engineer low-pH-tolerant yeast Issatchenkia orientalis for production of valuable bioproducts from renewable biomass. more
Ultra-large electric field-induced strain in potassium sodium niobate crystals  Science Magazine · 2 days
Electromechanical coupling in piezoelectric materials allows direct conversion of electrical energy into mechanical energy and vice versa. Here, we demonstrate lead-free (KxNa1–x)NbO3 single crystals with an ultrahigh large-signal piezoelectric coefficient... more
Two-photon quantum interference and entanglement at 2.1 {mu}m  Science Magazine · 2 days
Quantum-enhanced optical systems operating within the 2- to 2.5-μm spectral region have the potential to revolutionize emerging applications in communications, sensing, and metrology. However, to date, sources of entangled photons have been... more
Chemical boundary engineering: A new route toward lean, ultrastrong yet ductile steels  Science Magazine · 2 days
For decades, grain boundary engineering has proven to be one of the most effective approaches for tailoring the mechanical properties of metallic materials, although... more
Scientists develop novel technology to stimulate biomass and astaxanthin accumulation in haematococcus  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Chinese scientists with Institute of Technical Biology and Agriculture Engineering, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science applied low-temperature plasma technology to stimulate biomass and astaxanthin... more
3-D printed sensors could make breath tests for diabetes possible  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
The production of highly sensitive sensors is a complex process: It requires many steps and the almost dust-free environment of special cleanrooms. A research team from Materials Science... more
Researchers working on simple, low-cost CRISPR-based diagnostic test for infectious diseases  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Researchers in the Department of Biomedical Engineering— a shared department in the schools of Dental Medicine, Medicine, and Engineering—have been working to develop a new, low-cost,... more
Scientists use the Milky Way to hunt for dark matter  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 days
Scientists studying a mysterious signal from far-off galaxies didn't find dark matter as they'd hoped. But the inventive new technique they used to detect this strange signal, which... more
As electronics shrink to nanoscale, will they still be good as gold?  nanowerk · 3 days
Engineers wonder whether this tried and true precious metal, found in the bowels of most electronic devices, can stand up to the strain of... more
Mount Sinai researchers reveal innovative mechanisms to predict and prevent Crohn's disease  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
In a series of four studies published today in Gastroenterology, a journal of the American Gastroenterological Association, Mount Sinai inflammatory bowel disease researchers, describe... more
Worldwide scientific collaboration unveils genetic architecture of gray matter  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
For the first time, more 360 scientists from 184 different institutions have contributed to a global effort to find more than 200 regions of the genome and more than 300... more
Quantum effect triggers unusual material expansion  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
You know how you leave space in a water bottle before you pop it in the freezer—to accommodate the fact that water expands as it freezes? Most metal parts in airplanes face the more common opposite... more
New technique uses AI to better define the different sections of the brain in newborns  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
Canadian scientists have developed an innovative new technique that uses artificial intelligence to better define the different sections... more
FDA approves immune-modulating therapy for treatment of multiple sclerosis  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved ozanimod, an immune-modulating therapy invented at Scripps Research, for the treatment of adults with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. more
Efficient, stable silicon tandem cells enabled by anion-engineered wide-bandgap perovskites  Science Magazine · 3 days
Maximizing the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of perovskite-silicon tandem solar cells that can exceed the Shockley-Queisser single-cell limit requires a high performing, stable perovskite top cell with a... more
Unconstrained genome targeting with near-PAMless engineered CRISPR-Cas9 variants  Science Magazine · 3 days
Manipulation of DNA by CRISPR-Cas enzymes requires the recognition of a protospacer adjacent motif (PAM), limiting target site recognition to a subset of sequences. To remove this constraint, we engineered variants of... more
Upgrading biomass with selective surface-modified catalysts  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Scientists have designed a catalyst composed of very low concentrations of platinum (single atoms and clusters smaller than billionths of a meter) on the surface of titanium dioxide. They demonstrated how this catalyst significantly enhances the... more
Interactive product labels require new regulations, study warns  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Artificial intelligence will be increasingly used on labels on food and other products in the future to make them interactive, and regulations should be reformed now so they take account of new... more
A wearable, freestanding electrochemical sensing system  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
In a new study published on Science Advances, Yichao Zhao and a research team in integrated bioelectronics and materials and engineering in the U.S. engineered a disposable, free-standing electrochemical sensing system (FESS). The FESS allowed them... more
Engineers find ankle exoskeleton aids running  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Researchers find that a motorized device that attaches around the ankle and foot can drastically reduce the energy cost of running. more
Solving a 50-year-old puzzle in signal processing  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
The same engineers, who announced the solution to a 50-year-old puzzle in signal processing last fall, have followed up with more research results. The engineers say their new algorithm is more useful and just... more
Innovative thinner electrolyte can improve functioning of solid oxide fuel cells  nanowerk · 3 days
Scientists have synthesized a new thin film that could make energy production more efficient and cleaner. more
FDA provides emergency use authorization to PerkinElmer for COVID-19 testing  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
PerkinElmer, Inc., a global leader committed to innovating for a healthier world, announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has provided Emergency Use Authorization (EUA)... more
Space and Missile Systems Center taking action to help contractors during pandemic  SPACE NEWS · 4 days
SMC Commander Thompson: 'It's definitely a priority for us to keep those innovative small companies in play." SpaceNews.com more
A new method for the fabrication and characterization of atomic-sized photonic cavities  nanowerk · 4 days
This discovery may be fundamental for the understanding and design of new, nanometric size, opto-electronic devices which will be key for the development of... more
Ankle exoskeletons can drastically reduce the energy cost of running, study finds  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
Running is great exercise but not everyone feels great doing it. In hopes of boosting physical activity - and possibly creating a new mode... more
Making 3D cameras easier to use  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Mechanical engineers are working to compress 3D camera files and automate focus and exposure settings. more
Biomimetic human small muscular pulmonary arteries  Science Magazine · 4 days
Changes in structure and function of small muscular arteries play a major role in the pathophysiology of pulmonary hypertension, a burgeoning public health challenge. Improved anatomically mimetic in vitro models of these microvessels are urgently needed... more
How to run 50% faster without external energy  Science Magazine · 4 days
Technological innovations may enable next-generation running shoes to provide unprecedented mobility. But how could a running shoe increase the speed of motion without providing external energy? We found that the top speed... more
Emergence of a Neolithic in highland New Guinea by 5000 to 4000 years ago  Science Magazine · 4 days
The emergence of agriculture was one of the most notable behavioral transformations in human history, driving innovations in technologies and... more
A new algorithm to convert a normal antibody into the corresponding catalytic antibody  Science Magazine · 4 days
Over thousands of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been produced so far, and it would be valuable if these mAbs could be directly... more
New technologies aim to make 3-D cameras easier to use  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
A 3-D camera should be as easy to use as one found on a smartphone. more
Innovative thinner electrolyte can improve functioning of solid oxide fuel cells  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
In this post-industrialization age, electricity has become the backbone of our society. However, using fossil fuels to generate it is not the best option because of... more
Medovate secures exclusive rights to bring new endoscopic surgical device to market  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
Medovate, an innovative medical device company, has secured the exclusive rights to bring to market a pioneering endoscopic surgical device. more
First ultra-low threshold continuous-wave lasing in Germanium-Tin  nanowerk · 4 days
Researchers have implemented a new material engineering method to fabricate a laser microdisk in strained Germanium-Tin (GeSn) alloy. They demonstrate for the first time the laser device with a group IV compound, compatible with... more
Many buds to a blossom: A synchronization approach to sensing using many oscillators  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Engineers at the Tokyo Tech have found a new approach to taking a measurement over an extended area. The technique is based... more
Bioprinting techniques advance from shape to function  nanowerk · 4 days
Biofabrication is a revolutionizing toolkit for regenerative medicine that allows cells and other biomaterials to be precisely combined and patterned into three-dimensional (3D) constructs through automated, cell-friendly fabrication methods. With rapid advanced in 3D-printing... more
New device quickly detects harmful bacteria in blood  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Engineers have created a tiny device that can rapidly detect harmful bacteria in blood, allowing health care professionals to pinpoint the cause of potentially deadly infections and fight them with drugs. more
The physics that drives periodic economic downturns  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
A professor says that the way spilled milk spreads across the floor can explain why economic downturns regularly occur. Because the economic prosperity derived from new ideas or inventions follows the same S-curve as... more
Elon Musk says he'll have 1,200 ventilators ready to deliver this week  LIVE SCIENCE · 5 days
SpaceX and Tesla engineers are set to make a big contribution to the coronavirus fight, just a week after Elon Musk offered to help. more
Penn State engineers model genetic mutations causing drug resistance  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
Whether it is a drug-resistant strain of bacteria, or cancer cells that no longer react to the drugs intended to kill them, diverse mutations make cells resistant to chemicals, and... more
Engineers model mutations causing drug resistance  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Whether it is a drug-resistant strain of bacteria, or cancer cells that no longer react to the drugs intended to kill them, diverse mutations make cells resistant to chemicals, and 'second generation' approaches are needed. Now,... more
Teaching old transition metals new tricks: Chemists activate palladium catalysis by light  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
In the production of compounds, chemists have the goal of finding strategies that are most selective and avoid waste products. This helps to drive... more
Simulated 'Frankenfish brain-swaps' reveal senses control body movement  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Plenty of fictional works like Mary Shelly's Frankenstein have explored the idea of swapping out a brain from one individual and transferring it into a completely different body. However, a team of... more
A synchronization approach to sensing using many oscillators  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Engineers have found a new approach of taking a measurement over an extended area. The technique is based on coupled 'chaotic oscillators,' which are highly sensitive electronic circuits that can interact wirelessly... more
Simulated 'Frankenfish brain-swaps' reveal senses control body movement  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Plenty of fictional works like Mary Shelly's Frankenstein have explored the idea of swapping out a brain from one individual and transferring it into a completely different body. However, a team of... more
Engineers model mutations causing drug resistance  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Whether it is a drug-resistant strain of bacteria, or cancer cells that no longer react to the drugs intended to kill them, diverse mutations make cells resistant to chemicals, and "second generation" approaches are needed. Now,... more
Mechanical forces shape bacterial biofilms' puzzling patterns  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Belying their slimy natures, the sticky patches of bacteria called biofilms often form intricate, starburst-like patterns as they grow. Now, researchers have combined expertise in molecular biology, mechanical engineering and mathematical modeling to unravel... more
To sleep deeply: The brainstem neurons that regulate non-REM sleep  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Researchers identified neurons that promote non-REM sleep in the brainstem in mice. These neurons commonly expressed the gene that encodes the neuropeptide neurotensin. Activation of these neurons induced... more
Teaching old transition metals new tricks: Chemists activate palladium catalysis by light  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
In the production of compounds, chemists have the fundamental goal of finding strategies that are most selective and avoid waste products. Breakthroughs in this... more
Scientists develop platform for building nanoelectronics and quantum processors  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Scientists of Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU, Vladivostok, Russia) together with colleagues from the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Beijing) have designed a platinum-cobalt-magnesium oxide microstructure coated by platinum that is... more
Special blend of circuits and memristive devices created for brain-mimicking processing systems  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
During the 1990s, Carver Mead and colleagues combined basic research in neuroscience with elegant analog circuit design in electronic engineering. This pioneering work on... more
Searching for the first stars and galaxies  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Astrophysicists, telescopes, supercomputers, and software engineers have joined forces to search for signals from the early Universe. more
Scientists invent symmetry-breaking for the first time in a nanoscale device that can mimic human brain  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Over the last decade, artificial intelligence (AI) and its applications such as machine learning have gained... more
New study identifies which veterans are using programs to gain employment  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Compared to veterans of other wars, those who have served since 9/11 have the highest unemployment rate, particularly among young male veterans. Within the first three... more
The post-pandemic city: Expert on how the coronavirus will impact future cities  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
The current COVID-19 pandemic is rapidly changing the way we live and the way we work. Do these changes signal long-lasting impacts on the... more
A new low-cost solar technology for environmental cooling  nanowerk · 6 days
Researchers propose a new technology for space cooling. No electricity is needed, but rather salty water possibly produced exploiting solar radiation. more
Novel metal-organic framework is potential next-gen semiconductor  nanowerk · 6 days
Researchers demonstrated a novel double-helical metal organic framework architecture in a partially oxidized form that conducts electricity, potentially making it a next-generation semiconductor. more
Engineered nanowrappers carry and release tiny cargo  nanowerk · 6 days
Scientists have discovered a new method for creating hollow metallic nanostructures with regularly spaced and sized pores. The pores are large and regular enough to carry molecule or nanoscale-size particles of drugs and other... more
Stacked nanodevice quickly detects harmful bacteria in blood  nanowerk · 6 days
Engineers have created a tiny device that can rapidly detect harmful bacteria in blood, allowing health care professionals to pinpoint the cause of potentially deadly infections and fight them with drugs. more
Spinal stabilization exercise program designed by Lithuanian scientists is 3 times more efficient  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
With the significant part of the global population forced to work from home, the occurrence of lower back pain may increase. Lithuanian... more
New 3-D view of methane tracks sources  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
NASA's new 3-dimensional portrait of methane concentrations shows the world's second largest contributor to greenhouse warming, the diversity of sources on the ground, and the behavior of the gas as it moves through the... more
Novel MOF is potential next-gen semiconductor  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
A professor has demonstrated a novel double-helical metal organic framework architecture in a partially oxidized form that conducts electricity, potentially making it a next-generation semiconductor. more
Scientists reveal hidden catalytic surface of Ni-Au core-shell in carbon dioxide hydrogenation  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
For years, core-shell structured particles have been recognized as well-designed catalysts that can facilitate reaction activity owing to their distinct synergism at the interface. more
ESA to issue Call for Ideas for next Earth Explorer  ESA · 6 days
As part of the ongoing commitment to realise new satellite missions that advance our understanding of... more
Mechanical forces shape bacterial biofilms' puzzling patterns  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Belying their slimy natures, the sticky patches of bacteria called biofilms often form intricate, starburst-like patterns as they grow. Now, researchers at Princeton University have combined expertise in molecular biology, mechanical engineering and mathematical... more
Realizing kagome spin ice in a frustrated intermetallic compound  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Exotic phases of matter known as spin ices are defined by frustrated spins that obey local "ice rules"—similar to electric dipoles in water ice. Physicists can define ice rules in... more
Tiny device can rapidly detect harmful bacteria in blood  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
Engineers have created a tiny device that can rapidly detect harmful bacteria in blood, allowing health care professionals to pinpoint the cause of potentially deadly infections and fight them with... more
New device quickly detects harmful bacteria in blood  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Engineers have created a tiny device that can rapidly detect harmful bacteria in blood, allowing health care professionals to pinpoint the cause of potentially deadly infections and fight them with drugs. more
A self-healing nanofiber sensor for temperature-sensitive logistics  nanowerk · 7 days
Researchers fabricated an innovative type of time-temperature sensor that can be used to detect and record temperature changes throughout the entire cold-supply chain. This nanofiber-based sensor only requires a single self-healing material with one... more
MTU engineering experts join open-source ventilator movement to overcome COVID-19  NEWS MEDICAL · 7 days
As COVID-19 continues to spread, the research community is looking for solutions. In addition to work on vaccines and medicine, medical technology is needed. In severe cases of... more
Researchers invent new method to map sugar structures of blood-thinning drug  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 week
The blood-thinning drug heparin is used all over the world. But, the underlying sugar structures of heparin and the wider family of heparan sulfate sugars in... more
Coronavirus SARS-CoV2: BESSY II data accelerate drug development  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
A coronavirus is threatening human health. SARS-CoV-2 is highly infectious and can cause severe pneumonia (COVID-19). A team has now found a promising approach to understanding the virus. Using the high-intensity X-ray... more
Researchers decode 3D architecture of SARS-CoV-2 main protease  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 week
Teams around the world are working hard to develop active substances against SARS-CoV-2. The structural analysis of functional proteins of the virus is very helpful for this goal. The function of a... more
Coronavirus medical supplies are dwindling. New open-source designs for 'makers' may be the answer.  LIVE SCIENCE · 1 week
As hospitals around the world reel from the strain of the coronavirus pandemic, an international team of engineers, doctors and... more
A wearable freestanding electrochemical sensing system  Science Magazine · 1 week
To render high-fidelity wearable biomarker data, understanding and engineering the information delivery pathway from epidermally retrieved biofluid to a readout unit are critical. By examining the biomarker information delivery pathway and recognizing near-zero strained regions within... more
3D printing of Haversian bone-mimicking scaffolds for multicellular delivery in bone regeneration  Science Magazine · 1 week
The integration of structure and function for tissue engineering scaffolds is of great importance in mimicking native bone tissue. However, the complexity of hierarchical... more
Scientists propose new approach to measuring atoms  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Today, when new drugs are designed with the help of supercomputers, and electronic devices operate on a nanoscale, it is very important for scientists to understand how neighboring molecules behave towards each other. For... more
Heterostructure and Q-factor engineering for low-threshold and persistent nanowire lasing  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Semiconductor nanowire lasers are a crucial component for on-chip integrated optoelectronics. However, silicon-integrated, room-temperature, continuously-operating and electrically-pumped nanowire lasers have not yet been demonstrated. In this work, a... more
New technology that “videos” brain activity could one day enhance prosthetics  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 week
Researchers have made a brain-machine interface that links the brain to a silicon chip that“films” neural electrical activity. more
First ultra-low threshold continuous-wave lasing in GeSn  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Transistors in computer chips work electrically, but data can be transmitted more quickly with light. Researchers have therefore been looking for a way to integrate a laser directly into silicon chips for a long... more
Researchers investigate previously unknown reproduction mechanism in Corynebacterium glutamicum  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
In recent decades, the interdisciplinary field of life sciences has made enormous progress, particularly in researching the molecular architecture of life. For example, extensive details of the genetic blueprint of... more
Researchers invent method to unlock potential of widely used drug  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Sugars like polysaccharides are found everywhere in nature and are believed to be essential for life to arise. In humans, they cover the surface of all cells and... more
Innovative new fabrication approach for reprogrammable photonic circuits  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Modern society relies on technologies with electronic integrated circuits (IC) at their heart, but these may prove to be less suitable in future applications such as quantum computing and environmental sensing. Photonic... more
Secure clamping of parallel chemistry apparatus  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 week
Designed for chemists undertaking parallel syntheses the Asynt DrySyn 3-Position Clamp enables secure clamping of up to three round bottom flasks or condensers to a standard boss head. more
Automated tube rack & microplate sealer  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 week
Engineered with robustness in mind the new Porvair Sciences UltraSeal Pro is the latest automated heat sealing solution for laboratories looking for a reliable, consistent microplate and tube rack closing device. more
Researchers invent portable AI device for flu and pandemic forecasting  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 week
University of Massachusetts Amherst researchers have invented a portable surveillance device powered by machine learning - called FluSense - which can detect coughing and crowd size in real... more
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