Energy
3D-printed nanowire sensors could make breath tests for diabetes possible  nanowerk · 2 days
Researchers have developed a procedure to produce extremely sensitive and energy-efficient sensors using 3D printing. more
Copper boosts pig growth, and now we know why  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Pigs have better feed conversion rates with copper in their diets, but until now, scientists didn't fully understand why. Existing research from the University of Illinois shows copper doesn't change... more
Copper boosts pig growth, and now we know why  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Pigs have better feed conversion rates with copper in their diets, but until now, scientists didn't fully understand why. Existing research from the University of Illinois shows copper doesn't change... more
Ultra-large electric field-induced strain in potassium sodium niobate crystals  Science Magazine · 2 days
Electromechanical coupling in piezoelectric materials allows direct conversion of electrical energy into mechanical energy and vice versa. Here, we demonstrate lead-free (KxNa1–x)NbO3 single crystals with an ultrahigh large-signal piezoelectric coefficient... more
High-frequency rectification via chiral Bloch electrons  Science Magazine · 2 days
Rectification is a process that converts electromagnetic fields into a direct current. Such a process underlies a wide range of technologies such as wireless communication, wireless charging, energy harvesting, and infrared detection. Existing rectifiers are mostly... more
A novel physical mechanism of liquid flow slippage on a solid surface  Science Magazine · 2 days
Viscous liquids often exhibit flow slippage on solid walls. The occurrence of flow slippage has a large impact on the liquid transport and the... more
Mitigating cavitation erosion using biomimetic gas-entrapping microtextured surfaces (GEMS)  Science Magazine · 2 days
Cavitation refers to the formation and collapse of vapor bubbles near solid boundaries in high-speed flows, such as ship propellers and pumps. During this process, cavitation bubbles focus fluid energy... more
Bubbles go with the flow: Simulating behavior of fluids moving through pipes  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Researchers at the Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, used a sophisticated physical model to simulate the behavior of fluids moving through... more
Energy-harvesting design aims to turn Wi-Fi signals into usable power  MIT · 2 days
Device for harnessing terahertz radiation might enable self-powering implants, cellphones, other portable electronics. more
A new battery chemistry promises safer high-voltage lithium-ion batteries  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
For the first time, researchers who explore the physical and chemical properties of electrical energy storage have found a new way to improve lithium-ion batteries. They successfully increased not only... more
3-D printed sensors could make breath tests for diabetes possible  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
The production of highly sensitive sensors is a complex process: It requires many steps and the almost dust-free environment of special cleanrooms. A research team from Materials Science... more
Longer lives not dependent on increased energy use  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Growing consumption of energy and fossil fuels over four decades did not play a significant role in increasing life expectancy across 70 countries. New research has quantified the importance of different development... more
SLAC structural biologist discovers a strange cavity in key tuberculosis protein  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Researchers from the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have discovered a strange new feature of a protein that’s thought to be important in the... more
Research into perovskite-silicon tandem cells shows new path to take  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), working in collaboration with their counterparts in the Republic of Korea, have validated the potential of using a combination of... more
Toward biorecycling: A microbe could help degrade polyurethane-based plastics  nanowerk · 2 days
A strain of an extremophile group of bacteria is capable of ingesting toxic organic compounds as its sole source of carbon, nitrogen and energy. more
Longer lives not dependent on increased energy use  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Growing consumption of energy and fossil fuels over four decades did not play a significant role in increasing life expectancy across 70 countries. more
Reducing reliance on nitrogen fertilizers with biological nitrogen fixation  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Crop yields have increased substantially over the past decades, occurring alongside the increasing use of nitrogen fertilizer. While nitrogen fertilizer benefits crop growth, it has negative effects on the environment... more
Flux-induced topological superconductivity in full-shell nanowires  Science Magazine · 3 days
Hybrid semiconductor-superconductor nanowires have emerged as a promising platform for realizing topological superconductivity (TSC). Here, we present a route to TSC using magnetic flux applied to a full superconducting shell surrounding a semiconducting nanowire core. Tunneling... more
Engineers find ankle exoskeleton aids running  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Researchers find that a motorized device that attaches around the ankle and foot can drastically reduce the energy cost of running. more
Innovative thinner electrolyte can improve functioning of solid oxide fuel cells  nanowerk · 3 days
Scientists have synthesized a new thin film that could make energy production more efficient and cleaner. more
Ankle exoskeletons can drastically reduce the energy cost of running, study finds  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
Running is great exercise but not everyone feels great doing it. In hopes of boosting physical activity - and possibly creating a new mode... more
Renewable energy developments threaten biodiverse areas  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
More than 2000 renewable energy facilities are built in areas of environmental significance and threaten the natural habitats of plant and animal species across the globe. more
Zero-energy bound states in the high-temperature superconductors at the two-dimensional limit  Science Magazine · 4 days
Majorana zero modes (MZMs) that obey the non-Abelian statistics have been intensively investigated for potential applications in topological quantum computing. The prevailing signals in tunneling experiments... more
How to run 50% faster without external energy  Science Magazine · 4 days
Technological innovations may enable next-generation running shoes to provide unprecedented mobility. But how could a running shoe increase the speed of motion without providing external energy? We found that the top speed... more
Forests: Carbon sequestration, biomass energy, or both?  Science Magazine · 4 days
There is a continuing debate over the role that woody bioenergy plays in climate mitigation. This paper clarifies this controversy and illustrates the impacts of woody biomass demand on forest harvests, prices, timber management... more
Researchers discover giant cavity in key tuberculosis molecule  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Researchers from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have discovered a strange new feature of a protein that's thought to be important in the development of tuberculosis: The protein contains... more
Innovative thinner electrolyte can improve functioning of solid oxide fuel cells  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
In this post-industrialization age, electricity has become the backbone of our society. However, using fossil fuels to generate it is not the best option because of... more
A demonstrator magnet produces a record magnet field  CERN · 4 days
A demonstrator magnet produces a record magnet field Corinne Pralavorio cmenard Wed, 03/25/2020 - 10:06 One of the keys to pushing the energy limits of accelerators is being able to reach higher... more
Upconverting nanolasers from subwavelength plasmons  nanowerk · 5 days
To design these nanolasers, researchers combined arrays of nanopillars with nanoparticles that can absorb two photons of light and emit them as a single photon with higher energy. more
Creating stretchable thermoelectric generators  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
For the first time, a soft and stretchable organic thermoelectric module has been created that can harvest energy from body heat. The breakthrough was enabled by a new composite material that may have widespread use in smart clothing, wearable electronics... more
Creating stretchable thermoelectric generators  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
For the first time, a soft and stretchable organic thermoelectric module has been created that can harvest energy from body heat. The breakthrough was enabled by a new composite material that may have widespread use in smart clothing, wearable electronics... more
Team develops photosynthetic proteins for expanded solar energy conversion  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
A team of scientists, led by the University of Bristol, has developed a new photosynthetic protein system enabling an enhanced and more sustainable approach to solar-powered technological devices. more
Scientists develop a new cathode material for metal-ion batteries  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Researchers from the Skoltech Center for Energy Science and Technology (CEST) created a new cathode material based on titanium fluoride phosphate, which achieved superior energy performance and stable operation at... more
Scientists invent symmetry-breaking for the first time in a nanoscale device that can mimic human brain  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Over the last decade, artificial intelligence (AI) and its applications such as machine learning have gained... more
Buildings grown by bacteria: New research to turn cells into mini-factories for materials  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Buildings are not unlike a human body. They have bones and skin; they breathe. Electrified, they consume energy, regulate temperature and generate... more
Chinese astronomers detect gamma-ray emission from two star-forming galaxies  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Astronomers from Nanjing University in China have detected gamma ray emission from two star-forming galaxies designated M33 and Arp 299. The finding, which is detailed in a paper published March... more
Researchers show possibility to control cell bioenergetics by changing mitochondria content  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
Researchers at the University of California, Irvine have shown that they can give cells a short-term boost of energy through mitochondrial transplantation. more
A key development in the drive for energy-efficient electronics  nanowerk · 6 days
Scientists have made a breakthrough in the development of a new generation of electronics that will require less power and generate less heat. It involves exploiting the complex quantum properties... more
Wrapped, layered semiconductors catch the light  nanowerk · 6 days
Researchers discovered a new way to integrate semiconductor layers to make heterostructures. They found that layers of different compounds of tin and sulfur spontaneously separated during synthesis. This unique structure translates into excellent light absorption and... more
A key development in the drive for energy-efficient electronics  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Scientists have made a breakthrough in the development of a new generation of electronics that will require less power and generate less heat. more
New material developed could help clean energy revolution  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Researchers developed a promising graphene-carbon nanotube catalyst, giving them better control over hugely important chemical reactions for producing green technology and clean energy. more
New catalyst material could fuel clean energy revolution  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Fuel cells and water electrolyzers that are cheap and efficient will form the cornerstone of a hydrogen fuel based economy, which is one of the most promising clean and sustainable alternatives to... more
Aluminosilicate glasses can serve as visible luminescence materials  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Broadband emissions in the visible spectral range can be achieved by pumping Pr3+ doped in crystal, ceramic and glass. Fluoride glasses are commonly used as host material of gain fiber due to... more
Chasing lithium ions on the move in a fast-charging battery  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
A team of scientists led by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has captured in real time how lithium ions... more
A milestone in ultrafast gel fabrication from unconventional self-healing noble metal gels  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Electrocatalysis is extensively involved in many important energy-related processes such as the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) for fuel cells, the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER)... more
Tiny double accelerator recycles energy  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
A team of scientists has built a miniature double particle accelerator that can recycle some of the laser energy fed into the system to boost the energy of the accelerated electrons a second time. The device uses terahertz... more
Solar energy tracker powers down after 17 years  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
After nearly two decades, the Sun has set for NASA's SOlar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE), a mission that continued and advanced the agency's 40-year record of measuring solar irradiance and studying... more
Single-asperity sliding friction across the superconducting phase transition  Science Magazine · 1 week
In sliding friction, different energy dissipation channels have been proposed, including phonon and electron systems, plastic deformation, and crack formation. However, how energy is coupled into these channels is debated, and especially,... more
Reversible spin storage in metal oxide--fullerene heterojunctions  Science Magazine · 1 week
We show that hybrid MnOx/C60 heterojunctions can be used to design a storage device for spin-polarized charge: a spin capacitor. Hybridization at the carbon-metal oxide interface leads to spin-polarized charge trapping after an applied... more
Tiny double accelerator recycles energy  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A team of DESY scientists has built a miniature double particle accelerator that can recycle some of the laser energy fed into the system to boost the energy of the accelerated electrons a second time. The device uses... more
Porous material enables autonomous underwater vehicles to travel further  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Since most autonomous underwater vehicles must carry their own energy when working under water, variable methods are usually adopted to improve endurance, such as low-power electronic equipment, efficient propulsion method... more
Innovative new fabrication approach for reprogrammable photonic circuits  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Modern society relies on technologies with electronic integrated circuits (IC) at their heart, but these may prove to be less suitable in future applications such as quantum computing and environmental sensing. Photonic... more
A landmark plan for realizing fusion energy and advancing plasma science  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Creating and controlling on Earth the fusion energy that powers the sun and stars is a key goal of scientists around the world. Production of this... more
Stretchable supercapacitors to power tomorrow's wearable devices  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Researchers at Duke University and Michigan State University have engineered a novel type of supercapacitor that remains fully functional even when stretched to eight times its original size. It does not exhibit any wear... more
Stretchable supercapacitors to power tomorrow's wearable devices  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Researchers have engineered a novel type of supercapacitor that maintains full functionality even when stretched to eight times its original size. It does not exhibit any wear and tear from being stretched thousands of... more
Ancient artifacts on the beaches of Northern Europe, and how we remember music  Science Magazine · 1 week
On this week’s show, host Joel Goldberg talks with science journalist Andrew Curry about archaeological finds from thousands of years ago along... more
Three national laboratories achieve record magnetic field for accelerator focusing magnet  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
In a multiyear effort involving three national laboratories from across the United States, researchers have successfully built and tested a powerful new magnet based on an... more
Engineers create shape-changing, free-roaming soft robot  nanowerk · 2 weeks
A new type of robot combines traditional and soft robotics, making it safe but sturdy. Once inflated, it can change shape and move without being attached to a source of energy or air. more
New 3D printing method could transform recycling material behind vital medical isotope  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Molybdenum-99 (Mo-99) is an important medical isotope used to help radiologists detect heart disease, bone decay and some types of hard-to-find cancers. Scientists at... more
Shape-changing, free-roaming soft robot created  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A new type of robot combines traditional and soft robotics, making it safe but sturdy. Once inflated, it can change shape and move without being attached to a source of energy or air. more
Fusion researchers endorse push for pilot power plant in US  MIT · 2 weeks
Fusion energy community makes unified statement on priorities in report for Department of Energy Policy Advisory Group. more
Frozen-planet states in exotic helium atoms  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Scientists describe the configuration and energy levels of antiprotonic helium that can potentially be produced by colliding slow antiprotons with ordinary helium at CERN. more
Sugar brings a lot of carbon dioxide into the deeper sea  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
The oceans are a very important reservoir for carbon in the system of the earth. However, many aspects of the marine carbon cycle are still unknown.... more
Closing the carbon cycle to stop climate change  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
An excessive amount of carbon dioxide is the main cause of climate change. One of the best approaches is to capture and convert carbon dioxide (CO2) into fuel such as methane. On... more
Scientists proposed a way of producing water-soluble fullerene compounds for medicine  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Scientists from the Skoltech Center for Energy Science and Technology (CEST) and the Institute for Problems of Chemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences in collaboration... more
Semiconductors can behave like metals and even like superconductors  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
The crystal structure at the surface of semiconductor materials can make them behave like metals and even like superconductors, a research team has shown. The discovery potentially opens the door... more
Scientists develop single-step method to produce water-soluble fullerene compounds for medicine  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
Scientists from the Skoltech Center for Energy Science and Technology and the Institute for Problems of Chemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences in collaboration with... more
Artificial intelligence helps prevent disruptions in fusion devices  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
An international team of scientists led by a graduate student at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) has demonstrated the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI), the same... more
Fast reconnection in turbulent media  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Solar flares, similar to many other astrophysical energetic processes, are related to magnetic reconnection. During these events magnetic energy is transferred from other forms of energy, mostly heat and energetic particles. Traditionally, the goal of various models of... more
Dams in the upper Mekong River modify nutrient bioavailability downstream  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The number of hydropower dams has increased dramatically in the last 100 years for energy supply, climate change mitigation, and economic development. However, recent studies have overwhelmingly stressed... more
Semiconductors can behave like metals and even like superconductors  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The crystal structure at the surface of semiconductor materials can make them behave like metals and even like superconductors, a joint Swansea/Rostock research team has shown. The discovery potentially opens... more
AlScN – alternative material for more efficient smartphone hardware  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
5G mobile data transfers require the use of more and higher frequency ranges, all of which need to be accommodated within a single mobile device. Thus, the demands on radio... more
New study shines light on international energy inequality  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
A new study examines energy inequality for income classes across 86 countries, from highly industrialized to developing ones, revealing extreme disparity in energy footprints, both within nations and globally. more
Amid pandemic, Energy Department labs close to tens of thousands of users  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
None has announced a full closure, and some big facilities seem likely to continue to run more
The electronic thickness of graphene  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
When two dimensional crystals are atomically close, their finite thickness becomes relevant. Using transport measurements, we investigate the electrostatics of two graphene layers, twisted by = 22° such that the layers are decoupled by the huge momentum mismatch... more
Combining scaling relationships overcomes rate versus overpotential trade-offs in O2 molecular electrocatalysis  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
The development of advanced chemical-to-electrical energy conversions requires fast and efficient electrocatalysis of multielectron/multiproton reactions, such as the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Using molecular... more
Magnetar formation through a convective dynamo in protoneutron stars  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
The release of spin-down energy by a magnetar is a promising scenario to power several classes of extreme explosive transients. However, it lacks a firm basis because magnetar formation still... more
Discovery of zero-energy bound states at both ends of a one-dimensional atomic line defect  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Scientists discovered Majorana zero modes at both ends of 1D atomic line defects in two-dimensional iron-based high-temperature superconductors. more
New catalyst provides boost to next-generation EV batteries  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Metal-air batteries (MABs), which use oxygen from ambient air as recourses to store and convert energy, have received considerable attention for their potential use in electric vehicles (EVs) owing to their large... more
Pathways toward realizing the promise of all-solid-state batteries  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
When it comes to batteries, there are always areas for improvement: the race is on to develop batteries that are cheaper, safer, longer lasting, more energy dense, and easily recyclable.  more
Discovery of zero-energy bound states at both ends of a one-dimensional atomic line defect  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
In recent years, the development of quantum computers beyond the capability of classical computers has become a new frontier in... more
Graphene solar heating film offers new opportunity for efficient thermal energy harvesting  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Researchers at Swinburne University of Technology's Centre for Translational Atomaterials have developed a highly efficient solar absorbing film that absorbs sunlight with minimal heat... more
Computer model solves mystery of how gas bubbles build big methane hydrate deposits  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
New research has explained an important mystery about natural gas hydrate formations and, in doing so, advanced scientists' understanding of how gas... more
Computer model solves mystery of how gas bubbles build big methane hydrate deposits  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
New research from The University of Texas at Austin has explained an important mystery about natural gas hydrate formations and, in doing... more
Structure of V-ATPase from the mammalian brain  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
In neurons, the loading of neurotransmitters into synaptic vesicles uses energy from proton-pumping vesicular- or vacuolar-type adenosine triphosphatases (V-ATPases). These membrane protein complexes possess numerous subunit isoforms, which complicates their analysis. We isolated homogeneous... more
Quantum-nondemolition state detection and spectroscopy of single trapped molecules  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Trapped atoms and ions, which are among the best-controlled quantum systems, find widespread applications in quantum science. For molecules, a similar degree of control is currently lacking owing to their... more
Astronomers Discover 139 New Trans-Neptunian Objects  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 weeks
Astronomers have released a catalog of 316 trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) — minor planets located in the far reaches of the Solar System — detected... more
Metabolic fossils from the origin of life  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Since the origin of life, metabolic networks provide cells with nutrition and energy. Modern networks require thousands of enzymes that perform catalysis. Such networks must have arisen from simpler precursors. Investigating the metabolism of... more
Piracy takes greater toll on small Persian gulf energy exporters  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Tanker traffic through the Strait of Hormuz can decline for up to two years after a piracy attack, a new Duke University study finds, but the adverse effects... more
Ultrathin organic solar cell is both efficient and durable  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Using a simple post-annealing process, scientists created a flexible organic cell that degrades by less than 5 percent over 3,000 hours in atmospheric conditions and that simultaneously has an energy... more
Permanent magnets stronger than those on refrigerator could be a solution for delivering fusion energy  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Permanent magnets akin to those used on refrigerators could speed the development of fusion energy—the same energy produced... more
Researchers find new minor planets beyond Neptune  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Using data from the Dark Energy Survey (DES), researchers have found more than 300 trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs), minor planets located in the far reaches of the solar system, including more than 100 new discoveries.... more
New minor planets found beyond Neptune  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Using data from the Dark Energy Survey, researchers have found and cataloged more than 300 minor planets beyond Neptune, including more than 100 new discoveries. This updated catalog of trans-Neptunian objects, and the methods used to... more
Astronomers Discover Most Distant Blazar Yet  SCI-NEWS.COM · 3 weeks
Astronomers using the Large Binocular Telescope have found a blazar 13 billion light-years from Earth, making it officially the most distant blazar ever detected.... more
Even concerned consumers don't know which food choices have the lowest climate impact  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The energy used to grow, process, package and transport food accounts for about a quarter of global greenhouse gas emissions. But not... more
Researchers visualize first structure of key enzyme that helps make triglycerides  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 weeks
The first structure of a lipin enzyme, which carries out an important step in the production of triglycerides, the main reservoir for long-term energy storage, will... more
Scientists visualize the structure of a key enzyme that makes triglycerides  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The first structure of a lipin enzyme, which carries out an important step in the production of triglycerides, the main reservoir for long-term energy storage, will... more
LS2 Report: Consolidation of the LHC’s external beam dumps  CERN · 3 weeks
LS2 Report: Consolidation of the LHC’s external beam dumps Anaïs Schaeffer anschaef Wed, 03/11/2020 - 10:25 During operation, each beam of the LHC contains about 2500 particle bunches, each in... more
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