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a silent search for dark matter A Silent Search for Dark Matter
ASTRO WATCH Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. The sensitivity of the detector – an... 8 hours
dino killing asteroid could have thrust earth into two years of darkness Dino-Killing Asteroid Could Have Thrust Earth into Two Years of Darkness
ASTRO WATCH Tremendous amounts of soot, lofted into the air from global wildfires following a massive... 8 hours
Evolutionary arms 'chase'
SCIENCE DAILY A new study analyzed multiple species of Inga, a genus of tropical trees that produces defensive chemicals, and their various insect herbivores. The researchers found that closely-related plants evolved very different defensive traits. Additionally, their analysis revealed that herbivores may... 10 hours
Bond dissociation energies for transition metal silicides accurately determined
SCIENCE DAILY Transition metal silicides are promising for future developments in electronic devices, but fundamental aspects of the chemical bonding between their transition metal atoms and silicon remain poorly understood. One of... 11 hours
miR-122 target sites in liver cancer: study links three genes to patient survival
SCIENCE DAILY A new study shows that a molecule that regulates liver-cell metabolism and suppresses liver-cancer development interacts with thousands of genes in liver... 11 hours
New high-throughput technique accelerates chemical screening to prioritize toxicity testing
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a high-throughput technique that can determine if a chemical has the potential to activate key genes in seconds rather than... 12 hours
Speeding up chemical screening to prioritize toxicity testing
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have developed a high-throughput technique that can determine if a chemical has the potential to activate key genes in seconds rather than the typical 24 hours or more. The technique can... 12 hours
How humans and their gut microbes may respond to plant hormones
SCIENCE DAILY A bowl of salad contains more than vitamins and minerals. Plant matter also includes remnants of the hormones plants produce to control how they grow, age,... 12 hours
How humans and their gut microbes may respond to plant hormones
PHYS.ORG A bowl of salad contains more than vitamins and minerals. Plant matter also includes remnants of the hormones plants produce to control how they grow, age,... 14 hours
A silent search for dark matter
PHYS.ORG Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. The sensitivity of the detector—an underground sentinel awaiting a collision that would confirm a hypothesis—stems from both its size... 14 hours
Getting hold of quantum dot biosensors
PHYS.ORG Quantum dots (QDs) have found so many applications in recent years, they can now be purchased with a variety of composite structures and configurations. Some are available suspended in a biologically friendly fluid, making them well... 14 hours
Cell biology: Molecular volume control and perceiving mechanical stimuli
SCIENCE DAILY About two years ago, scientists discovered that a certain class of receptors is capable of perceiving mechanical stimuli. Now they have begun to unravel the molecular mechanisms behind the discovery. 14 hours
Bond dissociation energies for transition metal silicides accurately determined
PHYS.ORG Transition metal silicides, a distinct class of semiconducting materials that contain silicon, demonstrate superior oxidation resistance, high temperature stability and low corrosion rates, which make them promising for a variety... 14 hours
Quantum ruler for biomolecules
SCIENCE DAILY Quantum physics teaches us that unobserved particles may propagate through space like waves. This is philosophically intriguing and of technological relevance: a research team has demonstrated that combining experimental quantum interferometry with quantum chemistry allows deriving information about optical and... 15 hours
Turning human waste into plastic, nutrients could aid long-distance space travel
SCIENCE DAILY Imagine you're on your way to Mars, and you lose a crucial tool during a spacewalk. Not to worry, you'll simply re-enter your spacecraft and use... 16 hours
Cyborg bacteria outperform plants when turning sunlight into useful compounds
SCIENCE DAILY Photosynthesis provides energy for the vast majority of life on Earth. But chlorophyll, the green pigment that plants use to harvest sunlight, is relatively inefficient. To enable humans... 16 hours
Officials: Do not eat fish caught in Shenango River
PHYS.ORG State officials are warning people not to eat fish caught in a stretch of a western Pennsylvania river after tests found extremely high levels of a potentially dangerous chemical. 16 hours
Research team uses computation and experiment to understand how novel material properties form
PHYS.ORG Since the dawn of Enlightenment-era chemistry and physics, scientists have tried to document materials' properties different conditions. These investigations spawned the field... 16 hours
Molecular volume control
PHYS.ORG About two years ago, scientists from the University of Würzburg discovered that a certain class of receptors is capable of perceiving mechanical stimuli. Now they have begun to unravel the molecular mechanisms behind the discovery. 17 hours
Physicists measure molecular electronic properties of vitamins
PHYS.ORG Quantum physics teaches us that unobserved particles may propagate through space like waves. This is philosophically intriguing and of technological relevance: a research team at the University of Vienna has demonstrated that combining experimental... 17 hours
Technique expedites chemical screening to prioritize toxicity testing
PHYS.ORG Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a high-throughput technique that can determine if a chemical has the potential to activate key genes in seconds rather than the typical 24 hours... 18 hours
Officials: Do not eat fish caught in Shenango River
ABC NEWS State officials are warning people not to eat fish caught in a stretch of a western Pennsylvania river after tests found extremely high levels of a potentially dangerous chemical 18 hours
Study reveals possible medical and industrial properties of avocado seed husks
NEWS MEDICAL A new study presented at the 254th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS), suggests that avocado seed husks contain a treasure of... 18 hours
Female patients with esophageal cancer have superior response to treatment, study reveals
NEWS MEDICAL Female patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer that is treated with chemotherapy and radiation therapy before surgery are more likely to have a favorable... 19 hours
cyborg bacteria outperform plants when turning sunlight into useful compounds Cyborg bacteria outperform plants when turning sunlight into useful compounds
PHYS.ORG VIDEO Photosynthesis provides energy for the vast majority of life on Earth. But chlorophyll, the green pigment that plants use to harvest sunlight, is relatively inefficient. To enable humans... 20 hours
Systematically studying slippery surfaces
PHYS.ORG Betaines are materials with both a positively charged functional group and a negatively charged functional group linked by an alkyl chain spacer. This combination of functional groups causes betaines to strongly attract water, which makes them useful for water retention.... 20 hours
Turning human waste into plastic, nutrients could aid long-distance space travel
PHYS.ORG VIDEO Imagine you're on your way to Mars, and you lose a crucial tool during a spacewalk. Not to worry, you'll simply re-enter your spacecraft and use... 20 hours
Medical News Today: Gut bacteria-produced compound may stave off aging
MNT A new study shows that a class of chemical compounds produced by gut bacteria and found in broccoli combats aging and considerably extends 'healthspan.' 21 hours
Gut bacteria-produced compound may stave off aging
MNT A new study shows that a class of chemical compounds produced by gut bacteria and found in broccoli combats aging and considerably extends 'healthspan.' 22 hours
Alternative mode of bacterial quorum sensing
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have revealed the existence of a new quorum-sensing molecule that increases the virulence of the pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa. 1 day
Researchers find an alternative mode of bacterial quorum sensing
PHYS.ORG Whether growing in a puddle of dirty water or inside the human body, large groups of bacteria must coordinate their behavior to perform essential tasks that they would not be... 1 day
Dino-killing asteroid could have thrust Earth into two years of darkness
SCIENCE DAILY Tremendous amounts of soot, lofted into the air from global wildfires following a massive asteroid strike 66 million years ago, would have plunged Earth into darkness... 1 day
Chemicals from gut bacteria maintain vitality in aging animals
SCIENCE DAILY A class of chemicals made by intestinal bacteria, known as indoles, help worms, flies and mice maintain mobility and resilience for more of their lifespans, scientists have discovered. 1 day
Chemicals from gut bacteria maintain vitality in aging animals
PHYS.ORG A class of chemicals made by intestinal bacteria, known as indoles, help worms, flies and mice maintain mobility and resilience for more of their lifespans, scientists have discovered. 1 day
Evolutionary arms 'chase'
PHYS.ORG In nature, plants engage in a never-ending battle to avoid being eaten. Unable to run away, plant species have evolved defenses to deter herbivores; they have spines, produce nasty chemicals, or grow tough leaves that are difficult to chew. For... 1 day
Dino-killing asteroid could have thrust Earth into 2 years of darkness
PHYS.ORG Tremendous amounts of soot, lofted into the air from global wildfires following a massive asteroid strike 66 million years ago, would have plunged Earth into darkness... 1 day
Plants under heat stress must act surprisingly quickly to survive
PHYS.ORG In new results reported in The Plant Cell, molecular biologist Elizabeth Vierling at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and colleagues in India and China report finding a crucial... 1 day
Antarctic salt-loving microbes provide insights into evolution of viruses
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists studying microbes from some of the saltiest lakes in Antarctica have discovered a new way the microbes can share DNA that could help them grow and survive. The research,... 1 day
Understanding brittle crack behaviors to design stronger materials
PHYS.ORG In a paper published in Nature Physics, Northeastern University Department of Physics Arts and Sciences Distinguished Professor Alain Karma, in collaboration with his postdoctoral research associate Chih-Hung Chen and Professor Eran Bouchbinder... 2 days
Physicists resolve long-standing mystery of structure-less transition
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers probe a mysterious phase transition in an organic molecular conductor using synchrotron X-ray radiation. 2 days
Biochemical 'fingerprints' reveal diabetes progression
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers describe a new method to study biochemical changes that occur in the pancreas during the development of diabetes. The method is based on molecular spectroscopy and can be used to extract biochemical profiles (or 'fingerprints') containing information... 2 days
Avocado seed husks could be a gold mine of medicinal and industrial compounds
SCIENCE DAILY In a first-of-its-kind study, scientists report that avocado seed husks, which are usually discarded along with the seed, contain a plethora of... 2 days
Physicists resolve long-standing mystery of structure-less transition
PHYS.ORG Nagoya University-led team of physicists use a synchrotron radiation X-ray source to probe a so-called "structure-less" transition and develop a new understanding of molecular conductors. 2 days
The origin of binary stars
PHYS.ORG The origin of binary stars has long been one of the central problems of astronomy. One of the main questions is how stellar mass affects the tendency to be multiple. There have been numerous studies of young stars... 2 days
Avocado seed husks could be a gold mine of medicinal and industrial compounds
PHYS.ORG The least appreciated part of an avocado could soon undergo a trash-to-treasure transformation. In a first-of-its-kind study, scientists report that avocado seed... 2 days
Scientists have synthesized new liquid-crystalline photochrom
PHYS.ORG Chemists at the Lomonosov Moscow State University, in collaboration with Czech partners, have synthesized and studied new liquid-crystal photochromic polymers. These polymers combine optical properties of liquid crystals with mechanical properties of polymers. They quickly change... 2 days
No guts no glory: Harvesting the microbiome of athletes
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have tapped into the microbiome of elite runners and rowers, and have identified particular bacteria that may aid athletic performance. The goal is to develop probiotic supplements that may... 3 days
Testing TVs and tablets for 'green' screens
SCIENCE DAILY Today, researchers report preliminary results suggesting that under simulated landfill conditions, quantum dots can leach out of TVs and tablets. But because this happens in such tiny amounts, the team says that in the... 3 days
New Bioimaging technique is fast and economical
SCIENCE DAILY A new approach to optical imaging makes it possible to quickly and economically monitor multiple molecular interactions in a large area of living tissue -- such as an organ or a small animal; technology... 4 days
McCain completes round of radiation, chemo for brain cancer
ABC NEWS The daughter of U.S. Sen. John McCain of Arizona says the 80-year-old lawmaker has completed the first round of radiation and chemotherapy as he battles an aggressive form of brain... 4 days
New technique quickly, economically monitors multiple molecular interactions in living tissues
NEWS MEDICAL A new approach to optical imaging makes it possible to quickly and economically monitor multiple molecular interactions in a large area of living tissue -- such... 4 days
New bioimaging technique is fast and economical
PHYS.ORG A new approach to optical imaging makes it possible to quickly and economically monitor multiple molecular interactions in a large area of living tissue—such as an organ or a small animal; technology that could... 4 days
Tunable chiral metal organic frameworks toward visible light-driven asymmetric catalysis
Science Magazine A simple and effective strategy is developed to realize visible light–driven heterogeneous asymmetric catalysis. A chiral organic molecule, which only has very weak catalytic activity in asymmetric α-alkylation... 4 days
Liquid crystalline cellulose-based nematogels
Science Magazine Physical properties of composite materials can be pre-engineered by controlling their structure and composition at the mesoscale. However, approaches to achieving this are limited and rarely scalable. We introduce a new breed of self-assembled nematogels formed by an orientationally ordered... 4 days
Olfactory receptors that enable ants to smell and recognize workers, males, and their queen identified
SCIENCE DAILY To reign supreme in a colony, queen ants exude a special scent, or pheromone, on the waxy surface... 5 days
How whip-like cell appendages promote bodily fluid flow
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have revealed that a molecule called Daple is essential for the correct orientation and coordinated beating of cilia on the surface of cells lining ventricles in the brain. Without Daple, the... 5 days
Researchers identify molecule that enables cell appendages to drive bodily fluid flow
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers at Nagoya University have identified a molecule that enables cell appendages called cilia to beat in a coordinated way to drive the flow... 5 days
Asynt supplies synthetic organic chemistry equipment for Redbrick Molecular’s new laboratory
NEWS MEDICAL Asynt reports that it has supplied Redbrick Molecular Ltd with a wide range of synthetic organic chemistry equipment for its new environmentally responsible laboratory. 5 days
Super-photostable fluorescent labeling agent for super-resolution microscopy
PHYS.ORG Chemists at ITbM, Nagoya University have developed a super-photostable fluorescent dye called PhoxBright 430 (PB430) to visualize cellular ultra-structure by super-resolution microscopy. The exceptional photostability of this new dye enables continuous STED imaging. With... 5 days
Prematurity leaves distinctive molecular signature in infants' cerebellum
MNT Premature birth, which affects one in 10 U.S. babies, is associated with altered metabolite profiles in the infants' cerebellum, the part of the brain that controls coordination and balance, a team... 5 days
Ray of hope for more abundant wheat crops
SCIENCE DAILY Using infrared gas analyzers connected to a miniature controlled environment chamber, botanists have simulated a sudden increase in sunlight following shade, and measured the time it took for the plant to regain... 5 days
Super-photostable fluorescent labeling agent for super-resolution microscopy
SCIENCE DAILY Chemists have developed a super-photostable fluorescent dye, PhoxBright 430 (PB430), to visualize cellular ultrastructure by super resolution microscopy. The exceptional photostability of this new dye enables continuous STED imaging and together with its ability... 5 days
Drug-like molecule appears to interfere with inflammatory response in variety of diseases
NEWS MEDICAL A drug-like molecule developed by Duke Health researchers appears to intercede in an inflammatory response that is at the center of a variety of... 5 days
'Switch' turns on immune cells' tumor-killing ability
SCIENCE DAILY Molecular biologists report for the first time how a microRNA molecule known as Lethal-7 (let-7) serves as a molecular control hub to direct the function of cytotoxic T lymphocytes by putting the brakes on... 5 days
A molecular spin-photovoltaic device
Science Magazine We fabricated a C60 fullerene–based molecular spin-photovoltaic device that integrates a photovoltaic response with the spin transport across the molecular layer. The photovoltaic response can be modified under the application of a small magnetic field, with a magnetophotovoltage of up... 5 days
A pathology atlas of the human cancer transcriptome
Science Magazine Cancer is one of the leading causes of death, and there is great interest in understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis and progression of individual tumors. We used systems-level... 5 days
Vinculin forms a directionally asymmetric catch bond with F-actin
Science Magazine Vinculin is an actin-binding protein thought to reinforce cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesions. However, how mechanical load affects the vinculin–F-actin bond is unclear. Using a single-molecule optical trap assay, we found... 5 days
Preventing mussel adhesion using lubricant-infused materials
Science Magazine Mussels are opportunistic macrofouling organisms that can attach to most immersed solid surfaces, leading to serious economic and ecological consequences for the maritime and aquaculture industries. We demonstrate that lubricant-infused coatings exhibit very low preferential mussel... 5 days
Surprising discovery about how neurons talk to each other
SCIENCE DAILY New findings challenge existing dogma that neurons release fixed amounts of chemical signal at any one time and could have implications for brain disorders including Parkinson's and schizhophrenia. 5 days
How future volcanic eruptions will impact Earth's ozone layer
SCIENCE DAILY The next major volcanic eruption could kick-start chemical reactions that would seriously damage the planet's already besieged ozone layer. The extent of damage to the ozone layer that results from... 6 days
Lab tests show molecule appears to spur cell death in tumors, inflammation
PHYS.ORG A drug-like molecule developed by Duke Health researchers appears to intercede in an inflammatory response that is at the center of a variety of... 6 days
Preclinical research using 1 Tesla desktop MRI
NEWS MEDICAL I'm an MR imaging scientist in the preclinical field. I'm a team leader of the functional and molecular imaging team at the National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS) in QST. 6 days
How the genome sets its functional micro-architecture
PHYS.ORG The genes that are involved in the development of the fetus are activated in different tissues and at different times. Their expression is carefully regulated by so-called "enhancer sequences", which are often located far... 6 days
Brain chemical NPGL controls appetite and body fat composition: Beneficial for our ancestors; potential cause of obesity pandemic
SCIENCE DAILY NPGL, a recently discovered protein involved in brain signalling, has been found... 6 days
Researchers develop dissolvable, easy-to-use milk capsules
PHYS.ORG Have your coffee without spilling the milk: Researchers at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) have developed a milk capsule that dissolves when placed in a hot drink. Not only does this reduce the consumption of packaging... 6 days
Chemists Say You Should Add A Little Water To Your Whiskey. Here's Why
NPR It's a common refrain from whiskey enthusiasts: Adding a few drops of water to a glass opens up the flavors of the... 6 days
New Class of Chemical Reaction Discovered: ‘Chemically Termolecular’ Reactions
SCI-NEWS.COM A duo of researchers from Columbia University and Argonne National Laboratory has discovered an entirely new class of... 6 days
Sharp X-ray pulses from the atomic nucleus
PHYS.ORG X-rays make the invisible visible: they permit the way materials are structured to be determined all the way down to the level of individual atoms. In the 1950s it was x-rays which revealed the... 6 days
Going nano in the fight against cancer
PHYS.ORG Imagine being able to see the signs of cancer decades before we can now. URI Chemical Engineering Assistant Professor Daniel Roxbury and researchers from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center have invented a technique that... 6 days
Researchers find a way to combat pharmacoterrorism
PHYS.ORG Using a novel molecular analysis technique, scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have identified the chemical underpinnings of Captagon, also known as fenethylline, an illegal amphetamine-type stimulant that has been linked to substance... 6 days
Molecule increases pregnancy rate and number of offspring in cattle
PHYS.ORG Researchers at Inprenha Biotecnologia, a company based in Jaboticabal, São Paulo State, Brazil, working in partnership with colleagues at the University of São Paulo's Ribeirão Preto School of... 6 days
Medical News Today: Nerve fibers regenerated with molecular mix
MNT New research finds that a 'cocktail' of molecules regenerates neuronal axons, restoring fine motor skills in mice that had spinal cord injury or stroke. 6 days
Nerve fibers regenerated with molecular mix
MNT New research finds that a 'cocktail' of molecules regenerates neuronal axons, restoring fine motor skills in mice that had spinal cord injury or stroke. 6 days
Researchers discover synthetic compound effective at relieving neuropathic pain
NEWS MEDICAL A team of scientists led by chemists Stephen Martin and James Sahn at The University of Texas at Austin have discovered what they say is a powerful pain reliever that... 6 days
Fundamental pathology behind amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have identified a basic biological mechanism that kills neurons in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and in a related genetic disorder, frontotemporal dementia (FTD), found in some ALS patients. ALS is popularly known as Lou Gehrig’s... 6 days
Scientists discover powerful potential pain reliever
SCIENCE DAILY Chemists have discovered a powerful pain reliever that acts on a previously unknown pain pathway. The compound is as effective at relieving neuropathic pain in injured mice as a drug widely used for pain relief called... 6 days
Fizzy soda water could be key to clean manufacture of flat wonder material: Graphene
SCIENCE DAILY As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced 'wonder' material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will... 6 days
Problems with DNA replication can cause epigenetic changes that may be inherited for several generations
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists reveal that a fault in the process that copies DNA during cell division can cause epigenetic changes... 6 days
Popular immunotherapy target turns out to have a surprising buddy
SCIENCE DAILY The majority of current cancer immunotherapies focus on PD-L1. This well-studied protein turns out to be controlled by a partner, CMTM6, a previously unexplored molecule that is now... 6 days
UC Irvine pharmacology researchers unearth potential roots of schizophrenia
NEWS MEDICAL An abundance of an amino acid called methionine, which is common in meat, cheese and beans, may provide new clues to the fetal brain development that can manifest in schizophrenia,... 6 days
[Editors' Choice] Prostate cancer loses when androgen receptor cant stick the landing
Science Magazine A small-molecule inhibitor blocks the interaction of the androgen receptor with DNA to target drug-resistant prostate cancer. 6 days
Is it really Lyme? Researchers developing a new test to tell
ABC NEWS Diagnosing if a tick bite caused Lyme or something else can be difficult but scientists are developing a new way to catch the disease early _... 6 days
Combination of traditional chemotherapy, new drug kills rare cancer cells in mice
SCIENCE DAILY An experimental drug combined with the traditional chemotherapy drug cisplatin, when used in mice, destroyed a rare form of salivary gland tumor and prevented... 6 days
Researchers produce smart fabric to neutralize nerve gas
PHYS.ORG From the lab of City College of New York chemical engineer and Fulbright Scholar Teresa J. Bandosz comes a groundbreaking development with the potential to thwart chemical warfare agents: smart textiles with... 7 days
How future volcanic eruptions will impact Earth's ozone layer
PHYS.ORG The next major volcanic eruption could kick-start chemical reactions that would seriously damage the planet's already besieged ozone layer. 7 days
Сould life begin in oil?
PHYS.ORG Paul Bracher, Ph.D., assistant professor in the department of chemistry at Saint Louis University, and his research team have been awarded a three-year $597,380 grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to study what life might look like... 7 days
The environmental injustice of beauty
SCIENCE DAILY A commentary calls for policies to protect women, especially minority women, from exposure to toxic chemicals in beauty products. 7 days
Gold shines through properties of nano biosensors
SCIENCE DAILY With their remarkable electrical and optical properties, along with biocompatibility, photostability and chemical stability, gold nanoclusters are gaining a foothold in a number of research areas, particularly in biosensing and biolabeling. An international research... 7 days
Gold shines through properties of nano biosensors
PHYS.ORG With their remarkable electrical and optical properties, along with biocompatibility, photostability and chemical stability, gold nanoclusters are gaining a foothold in a number of research areas, particularly in biosensing and biolabeling. 7 days
Fish database could help eliminate the ultimate bait and switch
PHYS.ORG Fish fraud, the misrepresentation of cheaper fish as more expensive ones, is a rampant problem worldwide. Now in a study appearing ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry,... 7 days
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Cyborg bacteria outperform plants when turning sunlight into useful compounds
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Turning human waste into plastic, nutrients could aid long-distance space travel
PHYS.ORG