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Protein designed entirely from scratch functions in cells as a genuine enzyme
PHYS.ORG A dawning field of research, artificial biology, is working toward creating a genuinely new organism. At Princeton, chemistry professor Michael Hecht and the researchers... 15 minutes
German chemical giant BASF sees 'significant' profit leap
PHYS.ORG German chemicals and pharmaceuticals giant BASF said it expects to post a 50-percent leap in net profits for 2017 on strong demand and a tax windfall due to lower levies in the... 38 minutes
Army researchers make explosive discovery
PHYS.ORG Scientists from the U.S. Army Research Laboratory and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory found a solution to a significant challenge in making high-energy explosives. They safely improved the overall chemical yield derived from diaminoglyoxime, known as DAG, and... 38 minutes
New method to stop cells dividing could help fight cancer
PHYS.ORG Researchers at Uppsala University, Karolinska Institutet, and the University of Oxford, have used a new strategy to shut down specific enzymes to stop cells from dividing. The method,... 38 minutes
Medical News Today: Scientists create new molecule to combat pain
MNT A decoy molecule that interrupts reactions that occur at the site of an injury could lead to new pain drugs that do not involve the central nervous system. 1 hour
Efficacy of antibody targeting Devic's disease proven in new animal model
SCIENCE DAILY Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an autoimmune disease associated with NMO immunoglobulin G (NMO-IgG). A cure for NMO remains elusive. Researchers recently established a localized NMO rat... 1 hour
World’s oldest known oxygen oasis discovered
SCIENCE DAILY In the Earth’s early history, several billion years ago, only traces of oxygen existed in the atmosphere and the oceans. Today’s air-breathing organisms could not have existed under those conditions. The change was caused by photosynthesizing... 1 hour
Detecting chemical agents with confidence
PHYS.ORG The Joint Chemical Agent Detector (JCAD) has become an important defense tool on battlefields and in war-torn cities over the last few years. About the size and shape of a VHS tape or a hardcover bestselling novel, JCADs... 4 hours
World's oldest known oxygen oasis discovered
PHYS.ORG In the Earth's early history, several billion years ago, only traces of oxygen existed in the atmosphere and the oceans. Today's air-breathing organisms could not have existed under those conditions. The change was caused by photosynthesizing... 5 hours
New biomaterials-based system improves T-cell production
NEWS MEDICAL T cells play a key role in the body's immune response against pathogens. As a new class of therapeutic approaches, T cells are being harnessed to fight cancer, promising more precise, longer-lasting mitigation than traditional, chemical-based... 5 hours
Metal nanoparticles for imaging guided phototherapy
PHYS.ORG National University of Singapore chemists have recently discovered that gold-silver (Au-Ag) nanoparticles can be used to image and provide concurrent treatment for bacterial infections. 6 hours
Researchers unravel key molecular mechanism of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases
NEWS MEDICAL An international team of researchers led by prof. Savvas Savvides has unraveled a crucial aspect of the molecular basis of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis, rheumatoid... 7 hours
Scientists develop a new material for manipulating molecules
PHYS.ORG A scientist at the University of Córdoba, working with an international research team, has created a new porous single-crystal material that could have many applications in nanotechnology and catalysis. 7 hours
The chemical evolution of DNA and RNA on early Earth
PHYS.ORG RNA was probably the first informational molecule. Now, chemists from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have demonstrated that alternation of wet and dry conditions could have sufficed to drive... 7 hours
Signaling molecules likely involved in concussions, rodent studies show
NEWS MEDICAL Traumatic brain injuries, whether suffered from a blow on the football field or the battle field, can be devastating, leading to disability and shortened lives. 7 hours
Chemists improve hydrogen sensors
PHYS.ORG A group of scientists from the Siberian Federal University (SFU, Krasnoyarsk, Russia) and the Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry (NIIC, Novosibirsk, Russia) have combined the useful properties of metal phthalocyanines and palladium membranes in order to create active layers in... 7 hours
Ultrathin 2-D metals get their own periodic table
SCIENCE-NEWS A new atlas of atom-thick metals could help researchers figure out how these 2-D materials might be used. 20 hours
Gorilla Glass debuts in car windshields
PHYS.ORG Chemically toughened glass already keeps cell phone screens (mostly) crack-free, and now this type of glass is starting to make its mark in the auto industry in car windshields. According to an article in Chemical &... 20 hours
Prospective birth control pill for men has its origin in an arrow poison
PHYS.ORG Women have many options for oral contraceptives that are safe, effective and reversible, but despite decades of research, men have none. Now,... 20 hours
A step toward ridding register receipts of BPA
PHYS.ORG Although the U.S and other countries have banned or restricted the use of bisphenol A (BPA) because of environmental and health concerns, it is still used in thermally printed receipts and labels.... 20 hours
Scientists on the road to discovering impact of urban road dust
SCIENCE DAILY In an attempt to better understand the urban environment and its components, scientists have discovered that sunlight causes chemical reactions in the dust found on Edmonton... 21 hours
Scientists on the road to discovering impact of urban road dust
PHYS.ORG In an attempt to better understand the urban environment and its components, scientists have discovered that sunlight causes chemical reactions in the dust found on Edmonton... 21 hours
New way to target the growth of breast cancer cells
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have found a new way of halting the growth of breast cancer cells. The researchers explored a new way to starve cancer cells from their molecular energy... 22 hours
Late formation of silicon carbide in type II supernovae
Science Magazine We have found that individual presolar silicon carbide (SiC) dust grains from supernovae show a positive correlation between 49Ti and 28Si excesses, which is attributed to the radioactive decay of... 23 hours
[Research Articles] Enhanced preclinical antitumor activity of M7824, a bifunctional fusion protein simultaneously targeting PD-L1 and TGF-{beta}
Science Magazine Antibodies targeting immune checkpoints are emerging as potent and viable cancer therapies, but not... 23 hours
Medical News Today: What gaining and shedding weight does to our body
MNT Putting on and losing weight even for a short time can result in dramatic changes in the body's molecular profile, according to a study... 23 hours
Prebiotics in infant formula could improve learning and memory and alter brain chemistry
SCIENCE DAILY Among other benefits, breast milk contains natural sources of prebiotics: small, indigestible fiber molecules that promote the growth of good bacteria in... 23 hours
Gaining or losing weight alters molecular profile in humans
SCIENCE DAILY The human body undergoes dramatic changes during even short periods of weight gain and loss, according to a new study. 23 hours
Modular gene enhancer promotes leukemia and regulates effectiveness of chemotherapy
SCIENCE DAILY Every day, billions of new blood cells are generated in the bone marrow. The gene Myc is known to play an important role in this process, and is... 23 hours
Chemical evolution: Progenitors of the living world
SCIENCE DAILY RNA was probably the first informational molecule. Now chemists have demonstrated that alternation of wet and dry conditions could have sufficed to drive the prebiotic synthesis of the RNA nucleosides found in all domains... 23 hours
Scientists develop a new material for manipulating molecules
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have created a new porous single-crystal material which could have numerous applications in nanotechnology and catalysis. 23 hours
Researchers discover structure of anti-aging hormone
PHYS.ORG A new study reveals the molecular structure of a protein called alpha(α)Klotho, and how it helps to transmit a hormonal signal that slows aging. 24 hours
Building molecular wires, one atom at a time
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have found a simple way to construct and deconstruct molecular metal chains, atom-by-atom. 1 day
Scientists shed light on a key molecular mechanism of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases
SCIENCE DAILY An international team of researchers has unraveled a crucial aspect of the molecular basis of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis,... 1 day
Nanowrinkles could save billions in shipping and aquaculture
PHYS.ORG A team of chemistry researchers from the University of Sydney Nano Institute has developed nanostructured surface coatings that have anti-fouling properties without using any toxic components. 1 day
Designing the next generation of hair dyes
PHYS.ORG North Carolina State University researchers have created the largest publicly available chemical database of hair dye substances as a resource for developing a new generation of hair color products that are safer for consumers,... 1 day
Uniqsis’ novel reactor system for continuous flow synthesis
NEWS MEDICAL Uniqsis reports how chemists at the School of Pharmacy, University College London (UK) have been using a FlowSyn continuous flow reactor system. 1 day
Ultrathin black phosphorus for solar-driven hydrogen economy
PHYS.ORG Hydrogen as a fuel source, rather than hydrocarbons like oil and coal, offers many benefits. Burning hydrogen produces harmless water with the potential to eliminate carbon dioxide emissions and their environmental burden. In pursuit... 1 day
Building molecular wires, one atom at a time
PHYS.ORG Electronic devices are getting smaller and smaller. Early computers filled entire rooms. Today you can hold one in the palm of your hand. Now the field of molecular electronics is taking miniaturization... 1 day
Researchers explore anti-inflammatory activity of curcumin
PHYS.ORG Extracts of the plant turmeric—the spice that gives Indian curries a yellow color—have been used as an anti-inflammatory treatment in traditional Asian medicine for centuries. Clinical trials of curcumin (the active chemical compound in turmeric), however,... 1 day
DNA uncovers humans as the main source of faecal pollution in the Danube
PHYS.ORG Despite wastewater management and treatment plants, human waste remains the main source of microbial faecal pollution in the river Danube. This is... 1 day
Circadian regulation in the honey bee brain
PHYS.ORG Circadian clocks regulate the behaviour of all living things. Scientists from the University of Würzburg have now taken a closer look at the clock's anatomical structures and molecular processes in the honeybee. 1 day
Researchers develop new class of underwater adhesives
PHYS.ORG A Korean research team affiliated with UNIST has presented a new type of underwater adhesive that is tougher than the natural biological glues that mussels normally use to adhere to rocks, ships and larger... 1 day
Cocaine de-addiction breakthrough shows promise
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers have successfully created a way by which cocaine craving could be reduced. This could help in the de-addiction of thousands of users feel experts. The team of researchers neutralized a protein molecule that is commonly seen among... 2 days
New process could slash energy demands of fertilizer, nitrogen-based chemicals
PHYS.ORG Nitrogen-based synthetic fertilizer forms the backbone of the world food supply, but its manufacture requires a tremendous amount of energy. Now, computer modeling at Princeton University points to... 2 days
Decoy molecule created to block pain where it starts
SCIENCE DAILY Pain researchers have developed a new method of reducing pain-associated behaviors with RNA-based medicine, creating a new class of decoy molecules that prevent the onset of pain. 2 days
New process could slash energy demands of fertilizer, nitrogen-based chemicals
SCIENCE DAILY Nitrogen-based synthetic fertilizer forms the backbone of the world food supply, but its manufacture requires a tremendous amount of energy. Now, computer modeling points to a method that... 2 days
Radio Astronomers Detect Organic Molecule Benzonitrile in Interstellar Medium
SCI-NEWS.COM Astronomers studying a well-known nearby cloud of interstellar gas with radio telescopes have detected the presence of benzonitrile... 2 days
Why the 'Tide pod challenge' is dangerous, potentially deadly
ABC NEWS The laundry detergent pod challenge can lead to ingesting toxic chemicals. 2 days
International study identify the process of rock formed by meteors or nuclear blasts
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have made a model to map out the phases in which silica (SiO2) transforms into coesite, by analyzing how the inelastic... 2 days
Circadian clocks under the microscope
SCIENCE DAILY Circadian clocks regulate the behavior of all living things. Scientists have now taken a closer look at the clock's anatomical structures and molecular processes in the honeybee. 2 days
Astronomers conduct detailed chemical analysis of eleven globular clusters
PHYS.ORG Astronomers have performed abundance measurements for 11 globular clusters in the galaxies NGC 147, NGC 6822, and Messier 33. The new study, presented January 9 in a paper published on... 2 days
Scientists decipher key principle behind reaction of metalloenzymes
PHYS.ORG What enables electrons to be transferred swiftly, for example during photosynthesis? An interdisciplinary team of researchers has worked out the details of how important bioinorganic electron transfer systems operate. Using a combination... 2 days
Mystery Solved! Discovery of Organic Molecules Explains Universe's Infrared Glow
SPACE.COM The universe is filled with faintly glowing infrared light, and for decades, astronomers have been trying to figure out why. 2 days
In Wisconsin, hopes rise for production of a lifesaving radioactive isotope
NEWS MEDICAL In a cornfield here, past the shuttered General Motors plant and the Janesville Terrace trailer home park, a facility not seen in the United States in... 2 days
Lamprey genes provide clues to repair spinal cord damage, finds study
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers have found that several genes within an ancient species of fish can be used to provide clues in the treatment of spinal cord damage. The... 3 days
Scientists describe groundbreaking training effect on the innate immune system
NEWS MEDICAL "Training" of precursors of white blood cells leads to a sustained positive response of the hematopoietic system. This effect could help accelerate the formation of new white blood... 3 days
Stop the clots, spare the coagulation
SCIENCE DAILY In the fight to cure thromboinflammatory diseases, one of the target molecules is thrombin, a protein that promotes inflammation and can cause blood clots. However, inhibiting thrombin too much can lead to uncontrolled bleeding, limiting the... 3 days
An efficient approach of conjugated tetraenes from butadiene and alkynes
SCIENCE DAILY Conjugated tetraenes are important key substructures in electronic materials, natural products and pharmaceutical molecules. However, they are difficult to synthesize. Now, researchers in Japan have achieved a new... 3 days
Medical News Today: Trouble losing weight? This might be why
MNT Some people find it harder to lose weight than others, but why is this? A new study has identified a molecule in fat cells that could be to... 3 days
New record at ultracold neutron source in Mainz
PHYS.ORG Some 10 years ago, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) entered a new field of research by starting to generate ultracold neutrons (UCN) for use in fundamental research in physics. The participating physicists... 3 days
The first precise measurement of a single molecule's effective charge
PHYS.ORG For the first time, scientists have precisely measured the effective electrical charge of a single molecule in solution. This fundamental insight of an SNSF Professor could also pave... 3 days
A burning ambition for clean fuel
PHYS.ORG Fuel combustion chemist Mani Sarathy began his research career as an environmental engineer studying the environmental impact of pollution. But before long, Sarathy realized that the most effective way to mitigate environmental damage was to stop... 3 days
Subtle changes in chemical structure can affect drug toxicity
PHYS.ORG NUS pharmaceutical scientists have discovered the mechanisms involved when small chemical modifications to certain pharmaceutical drugs may cause harm instead of improving treatment. 3 days
How climate change alters plant growth
PHYS.ORG Global warming affects more than just plant biodiversity—it even alters the way plants grow. A team of researchers at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) joined forces with the Leibniz Institute for Plant Biochemistry (IPB) to discover... 3 days
An efficient approach of conjugated tetraenes from butadiene and alkynes
PHYS.ORG Conjugated tetraenes are important key substructures in electronic materials, natural products and pharmaceutical molecules. However, they are difficult to synthesize. They are conventionally prepared by repetitions of the... 3 days
Study identifies mechanisms underlying glucose-induced peripheral neuropathy
NEWS MEDICAL New research by MDI Biological Laboratory scientist Sandra Rieger, Ph.D., and her team has demonstrated that an enzyme she had previously identified as playing a role in peripheral neuropathy induced by cancer chemotherapy also... 6 days
Caltech researchers develop new method to see neural connections in living flies
NEWS MEDICAL The human brain is composed of billions of neurons wired together in intricate webs and communicating through electrical pulses and chemical signals. 6 days
gbt detection unlocks exploration of aromatic interstellar chemistry GBT Detection Unlocks Exploration of ‘Aromatic’ Interstellar Chemistry
ASTRO WATCH Astronomers had a mystery on their hands. No matter where they looked, from inside the Milky Way to distant galaxies,... 6 days
Quantum leap: Computational approach launches new paradigm in electronic structure theory
SCIENCE DAILY A group of researchers specializing in quantum calculations has proposed a radically new computational approach to solving the complex many-particle Schrödinger equation, which holds the key... 6 days
Even Chemists Are Baffled by This GIF of a Droplet Spiraling to Its Doom
LIVE SCIENCE Why does this drop of liquid look like a spinning galaxy? It's complicated. 6 days
Common pesticides threaten salmon, U.S. fisheries agency concludes
Science Magazine Chemical makers complain report was rushed 6 days
Even Chemists Are Baffled by This GIF of a Molecule Spiraling to Its Doom
LIVE SCIENCE VIDEO Why does this drop of liquid look like a spinning galaxy? It's complicated. 6 days
Direct measurements of DOCO isomers in the kinetics of OD + CO
Science Magazine Quantitative and mechanistically detailed kinetics of the reaction of hydroxyl radical (OH) with carbon monoxide (CO) have been a longstanding goal of contemporary chemical... 6 days
Scarring molecule in fat tissue links obesity with distressed fat
SCIENCE DAILY The fat of obese people becomes distressed, scarred and inflamed, which can make weight loss more difficult. 6 days
Glucose-induced nerve damage: Research identifies underlying mechanisms
SCIENCE DAILY New research has demonstrated that an enzyme she had previously identified as playing a role in peripheral neuropathy induced by cancer chemotherapy also plays a role in peripheral neuropathy caused by diabetes. The significance... 6 days
The nanoscopic structure that locks up our genes
PHYS.ORG For decades, scientists could only speculate about the shape of heterochromatin, a type of chromatin that consists of tightly packed DNA and proteins. Recently, however, researchers from the Okinawa Institute of Science... 6 days
Research provides insights into mechanisms governing healthy longevity
NEWS MEDICAL Keio University Global Research Institute, Tokyo publishes the January 2018 issue of KGRI Research Frontiers that includes researcher video profiles of Keio University researchers and research highlights from high impact publications including... 6 days
ingredients for life revealed in meteorites that fell to earth Ingredients for Life Revealed in Meteorites That Fell to Earth
ASTRO WATCH Two wayward space rocks, which separately crashed to Earth in 1998 after circulating in our solar... 7 days
Researchers map druggable genomic targets in evolving malaria parasite
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have used whole genome analyses and chemogenetics to identify new drug targets and resistance genes in 262 parasite cell lines of Plasmodium falciparum -- protozoan pathogens that cause malaria... 7 days
Faint galactic glow: Intriguing organic molecule benzonitrile in interstellar space
SCIENCE DAILY Astronomers have made the first definitive interstellar detection of benzonitrile, an intriguing organic molecule that helps to chemically link simple carbon-based molecules and truly massive ones known as... 7 days
GBT detection unlocks exploration of 'aromatic' interstellar chemistry
PHYS.ORG Astronomers had a mystery on their hands. No matter where they looked, from inside the Milky Way to distant galaxies, they observed a puzzling glow of infrared light. This faint cosmic light,... 7 days
Mapping the malaria parasite druggable genome by using in vitro evolution and chemogenomics
Science Magazine Chemogenetic characterization through in vitro evolution combined with whole-genome analysis can identify antimalarial drug targets and drug-resistance genes. We performed a genome... 7 days
Detection of the aromatic molecule benzonitrile (c-C6H5CN) in the interstellar medium
Science Magazine Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polycyclic aromatic nitrogen heterocycles are thought to be widespread throughout the universe, because these classes of molecules are probably responsible for the... 7 days
Researchers map druggable genomic targets in evolving malaria parasite
PHYS.ORG Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues across the country and around the world, have used whole genome analyses and chemogenetics to identify new drug... 7 days
Super-adsorbent MOF captures twice its weight in water
PHYS.ORG Material chemists in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have developed a superporous solid made up of a patchwork of metal ions and organic linkers (a metal-organic framework, or MOF) that can suck... 1 week
Is There Radium In Your Tap Water? New Map Can Show You
LIVE SCIENCE You might be surprised to hear that tap water for more than 170 million Americans contains the radioactive element. 1 week
Simple Cell Contains 42 Million Protein Molecules, Biologists Say
SCI-NEWS.COM There are approximately 42 million protein molecules in a simple cell, according to University of Toronto’s Professor Grant... 1 week
Intoxicatingly light-sensitive
PHYS.ORG ETH chemists have synthesised several variants of THC, the active ingredient in cannabis. Its structure can be altered with light, and the researchers have used this to create a new tool that can be used to more effectively study the... 1 week
Medical News Today: Stinging nettles: A new approach to cancer
MNT A new drug that specifically targets cancer cell metabolism has been discovered. It is 'switched on' by a chemical found in stinging nettles and ants. 1 week
Chemoradiation improves overall survival in elderly stage III NSCLC patients
NEWS MEDICAL Elderly patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer showed improved overall survival when treated with chemoradiation compared to definitive radiation alone. 1 week
A simple cell holds 42 million protein molecules, scientists reveal
PHYS.ORG It's official—there are some 42 million protein molecules in a simple cell, revealed a team of researchers led by Grant Brown, a biochemistry professor in the University of... 1 week
Organic matter in extraterrestrial water-bearing salt crystals
Science Magazine Direct evidence of complex prebiotic chemistry from a water-rich world in the outer solar system is provided by the 4.5-billion-year-old halite crystals hosted in the Zag and Monahans (1998) meteorites. This study offers the... 1 week
At Trump’s EPA, once public chemical safety reviews go dark
Science Magazine Agency appears to have removed public notice of early assessments 1 week
Biomarkers may help predict prognosis of gastric cancer patients with alcohol consumption habits
NEWS MEDICAL Alcohol consumption has been identified as a modifiable risk factor for cancers such as gastric cancer. A new report in the The... 1 week
Light-sensitive THC: Intoxicatingly light-sensitive
SCIENCE DAILY Chemists have synthesized several variants of THC, the active ingredient in cannabis. Its structure can be altered with light, and the researchers have used this to create a new tool that can be used to more effectively study the body's... 1 week
Company-sponsored CRISPR clinical trials set to start in 2018
PHYS.ORG This year could be a defining one for CRISPR, the gene editing technique, which has been hailed as an important breakthrough in laboratory research. That's because the first company-sponsored clinical... 1 week
Biomarkers may help predict outcomes in gastric cancer patients who abuse alcohol
SCIENCE DAILY Alcohol consumption has been identified as a modifiable risk factor for cancers such as gastric cancer. A new report sheds light on how specific... 1 week
Research Shows How Alcohol Damages Stem Cell DNA
SCI-NEWS.COM A team of researchers from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology and the University of... 1 week
Even Chemists Are Baffled by This GIF of a Molecule Spiraling to Its Doom
LIVE SCIENCE
New smart sensor could revolutionise crime and terrorism prevention
PHYS.ORG
'Hide or get eaten,' urine chemicals tell mud crabs
PHYS.ORG
Why Should We Weigh Every Protein in the Human Body?
NEWS MEDICAL
First direct proof of ozone hole recovery due to chemicals ban
PHYS.ORG
Seeking answers for Iran’s chemical weapons victims—before time runs out
Science Magazine