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Study describes structure of herpes virus linked to Kaposi's sarcoma
PHYS.ORG UCLA researchers have provided the first description of the structure of the herpes virus associated with Kaposi's sarcoma, a type of cancer. 39 minutes
How plants see light
PHYS.ORG Plants react sensitively to changes in their surroundings and possess the ability to adapt to them. They use the photoreceptor protein phytochrome B to see light and then regulate processes such as seed germination, seedling development, longitudinal growth and flower... 39 minutes
Using electric fields to manipulate droplets on a surface could enable high-volume, low-cost biology experiments
PHYS.ORG VIDEO MIT researchers have developed hardware that uses electric fields to move droplets of chemical or biological solutions around... 1 hour
How light pollution lures birds into urban areas during fall migration
PHYS.ORG VIDEO On their fall migration south in the Northern Hemisphere, scores of birds are being lured by artificial light pollution into urban areas that may be an... 1 hour
Light pollution can prolong the risk of sparrows passing along West Nile virus
SCIENCE-NEWS Nighttime lighting prolongs time that birds can pass along virus to mosquitoes that bite people. 1 hour
Hunting dogs as possible vectors for the infectious disease tularaemia
PHYS.ORG Tularaemia is an infectious bacterial disease that is life-threatening for rodents, rabbits and hares, but which can also infect humans and dogs. While contact with contaminated blood or... 1 hour
Flu can be spread without coughs and sneezes
NEWS MEDICAL A study published yesterday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences reports that it is easier to spread the influenza virus than was previously thought. 2 hours
Microbial communities demonstrate high turnover
PHYS.ORG When Mark Twain famously said "If you don't like the weather in New England, just wait a few minutes," he probably didn't anticipate MIT researchers would apply his remark to their microbial research. But a new study does... 2 hours
Hot weather is bad news for bird sperm
PHYS.ORG A new study led by Macquarie University and spanning Sydney and Oslo has shown that exposure to extreme temperatures, such as those experienced during heatwave conditions, significantly reduces sperm quality in zebra... 2 hours
Using Hawkeye from the Avengers to communicate on the eye
PHYS.ORG Pop culture figures like Iron Man, Captain America and Hawkeye can provide a unique and engaging platform for the communication of difficult scientific concepts. In the classroom, these... 2 hours
Novel hypothesis on why animals diversified on Earth
PHYS.ORG Can tumors teach us about animal evolution on Earth? Researchers believe so, and now present a novel hypothesis of why animal diversity increased dramatically on Earth about a half-billion years ago. A... 2 hours
More genes are active in high-performance maize
PHYS.ORG When two maize inbred lines are crossed with each other, an interesting effect occurs: The hybrid offspring have a significantly higher yield than either of the two parent plants. Scientists at the University of... 2 hours
AMSBIO offers isogenic panels of neuronal iPSC derivatives
NEWS MEDICAL For several years, neuroscience research using cell line and animal models of degenerative neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease has been challenged to translate results into in vivo conditions, whether... 2 hours
Astronomical Odds: Becoming an Astrophysicist Keeps Getting Tougher
SPACE.COM Ah, the life of an astrophysicist. The money. The parties. The paparazzi. No wonder so many young people flock to their nearest large research universities with stars in their eyes and dreams... 2 hours
Study: Flu Virus Can Be Spread Just by Breathing
SCI-NEWS.COM According to a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, it is alarmingly... 2 hours
CE marked MAST Toxoreagent kit for detection of Toxoplasma antibodies
NEWS MEDICAL Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate, intracellular, coccidian parasite which causes toxoplasmosis in humans, a wide range of birds, mammals and reptiles worldwide. 4 hours
Mast Uri System offers efficient and cost-friendly diagnostic solution
NEWS MEDICAL The Mast Uri® System is an innovative and efficient semi-automated suite, comprising instrumentation, software and reagents. The system provides a streamlined and cost-friendly alternative to traditional microbiological culture of urines,... 4 hours
Researchers identify a new chromatin regulatory mechanism linked to SirT6
PHYS.ORG Researchers from the Epigenetics and Cancer Biology Program of the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), led by Dr. Àlex Vaquero, have proposed a new regulation mechanism of the... 4 hours
Programmable droplets
MIT Using electric fields to manipulate droplets on a surface could enable high-volume, low-cost biology experiments. 10 hours
A pathway for mitotic chromosome formation
Science Magazine Mitotic chromosomes fold as compact arrays of chromatin loops. To identify the pathway of mitotic chromosome formation, we combined imaging and Hi-C of synchronous DT40 cell cultures with polymer simulations. We show that in prophase, the... 13 hours
Detection and localization of surgically resectable cancers with a multi-analyte blood test
Science Magazine Earlier detection is key to reducing cancer deaths. Here we describe a blood test that can detect eight common cancer types through assessment of... 13 hours
Why animals diversified on Earth: Cancer research provides clues
SCIENCE DAILY Can tumors teach us about animal evolution on Earth? Researchers believe so and now present a novel hypothesis of why animal diversity increased dramatically on Earth about half a billion... 16 hours
Scientists Peek Inside The 'Black Box' Of Soil Microbes To Learn Their Secrets
NPR Microorganisms play a vital role in growing food and sustaining the planet, but they do it anonymously. Scientists haven't identified most soil... 16 hours
Researchers create first stem cells using CRISPR genome activation
PHYS.ORG In a scientific first, researchers at the Gladstone Institutes turned skin cells from mice into stem cells by activating a specific gene in the cells using CRISPR technology. The innovative... 18 hours
20 percent more trees in megacities would mean cleaner air and water, lower carbon and energy use
PHYS.ORG Planting 20 percent more trees in our megacities would double the benefits of urban... 18 hours
Challenges and research for an evolving aviation system
PHYS.ORG A comprehensive aviation safety system as envisioned by NASA would require integration of a wide range of systems and practices, including building an in-time aviation safety management system (IASMS) that could detect... 18 hours
Bovine tuberculosis shows genetic diversity throughout Africa
SCIENCE DAILY Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium bovis that affects cattle as well as other animals and humans. Now, by combining genotyping M. bovis samples from cows across African countries, researchers... 18 hours
Broad Institute takes a hit in European CRISPR patent struggle
Science Magazine European Patent Office revokes patent on gene-editing technology 19 hours
How did we evolve to live longer?
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers show that a collection of small adaptations in proteins that respond to stress, accumulated over millennia of human history, could help to explain our increased natural defenses and longer lifespan. 19 hours
Convergent evolution of gene regulation in humans and mice
SCIENCE DAILY Organisms that aren't closely related may evolve similar traits as they adapt to similar challenges. It's called convergent evolution, and familiar examples include the wings of birds, bats, and insects,... 19 hours
Flu may be spread just by breathing
SCIENCE DAILY It is easier to spread the influenza virus (flu) than previously thought, according to a new study. People commonly believe that they can catch the flu by exposure to droplets from an infected person's... 19 hours
First global atlas of the bacteria living in your dirt
SCIENCE DAILY What lives in your dirt? Researchers are one step closer to finding out after compiling the first global atlas of soil bacterial communities and identifying a group of... 19 hours
Counting chromosomes: Plant scientists solve a century-old mystery about reproduction
PHYS.ORG Counting is vital in nature. Counting chromosomes is something that most animals, plants and even single-celled organisms need to know how to do to assure viability and to... 20 hours
Study says the world's most vilified and dangerous animals may be humankind's best ally
PHYS.ORG An international review led by the University of Queensland and WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) says that many native carnivores that... 20 hours
Researcher simulates how climate change can affect crop production in the rural Andes
PHYS.ORG Kenneth Feeley, the Smathers Chair of Tropical Tree Biology in the University of Miami's Department of Biology, is an expert in studying... 20 hours
Endangered whale's calving season peaks, but no babies seen
PHYS.ORG Scientists watching for baby right whales off the Southeast U.S. coast have yet to spot a single newborn seven weeks into the endangered species' calving season—the longest researchers have gone... 20 hours
The secret to icky, sticky bacterial biofilms lies in the microbes’ cellulose
SCIENCE-NEWS Bacteria use a modified form of cellulose to form sticky networks that can coat various surfaces. 20 hours
Researchers create first global atlas of the bacteria living in your dirt
PHYS.ORG What lives in your dirt? University of Colorado Boulder researchers are one step closer to finding out after compiling the first global atlas of... 20 hours
Packing a genome, step-by-step
PHYS.ORG Genome folding now has a playbook. A new step-by-step account spells out in minute-time resolution how cells rapidly pack long tangles of chromosomes into the tiny, tightly wound bundles needed for cell division. Cells reel chromosomes into loops, and then... 20 hours
Viruses are everywhere, maybe even in space
PHYS.ORG Viruses are the most abundant and one of the least understood biological entities on Earth. They might also exist in space, but as of yet scientists have done almost no research into this possibility. 20 hours
A global map of soil bacteria
Science Magazine 21 hours
Genome-wide identification of interferon-sensitive mutations enables influenza vaccine design
Science Magazine In conventional attenuated viral vaccines, immunogenicity is often suboptimal. Here we present a systematic approach for vaccine development that eliminates interferon (IFN)–modulating functions genome-wide while maintaining virus replication fitness. We... 21 hours
A global atlas of the dominant bacteria found in soil
Science Magazine The immense diversity of soil bacterial communities has stymied efforts to characterize individual taxa and document their global distributions. We analyzed soils from 237 locations across six continents... 21 hours
Toward dynamic structural biology: Two decades of single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer
Science Magazine Classical structural biology can only provide static snapshots of biomacromolecules. Single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer (smFRET) paved the way for studying dynamics in macromolecular... 21 hours
Membrane protein insertion through a mitochondrial {beta}-barrel gate
Science Magazine The biogenesis of mitochondria, chloroplasts, and Gram-negative bacteria requires the insertion of β-barrel proteins into the outer membranes. Homologous Omp85 proteins are essential for membrane insertion of β-barrel precursors. It is unknown... 21 hours
Study finds convergent evolution of gene regulation in humans and mice
PHYS.ORG Organisms that aren't closely related may evolve similar traits as they adapt to similar challenges. It's called convergent evolution, and familiar examples include the wings of... 21 hours
Researchers find human impact on forest still evident after 500 years
PHYS.ORG Tropical forests span a huge area, harbor a wide diversity of species, and are important to water and nutrient cycling on a planet scale. But in... 22 hours
Protein designed entirely from scratch functions in cells as a genuine enzyme
PHYS.ORG A dawning field of research, artificial biology, is working toward creating a genuinely new organism. At Princeton, chemistry professor Michael Hecht and the researchers... 22 hours
Giant pandas arrive in Finland in Chinese charm offensive
PHYS.ORG Finland on Thursday welcomed a panda pair after a long plane ride from their native China, which leased the fluffy animals to the Nordic nation to strengthen ties. 22 hours
Stem cell scientists chew on the mysteries of jaw development
PHYS.ORG Scientists in the USC Stem Cell laboratory of Gage Crump have revealed how key genes guide the development of the jaw in zebrafish. These findings may offer clues... 22 hours
Hunter-gatherers have a special way with smells
PHYS.ORG When it comes to naming colors, most people do so with ease. But, for odors, it's much harder to find the words. One notable exception to this rule is found among the Jahai people,... 22 hours
First look at pupil size in sleeping mice yields surprises
PHYS.ORG When people are awake, their pupils regularly change in size. Those changes are meaningful, reflecting shifting attention or vigilance, for example. Now, researchers reporting in Current Biology on... 22 hours
New method to stop cells dividing could help fight cancer
PHYS.ORG Researchers at Uppsala University, Karolinska Institutet, and the University of Oxford, have used a new strategy to shut down specific enzymes to stop cells from dividing. The method,... 22 hours
New technique for finding life on Mars
PHYS.ORG Researchers demonstrate for the first time the potential of existing technology to directly detect and characterize life on Mars and other planets. The study, published in Frontiers in Microbiology, used miniaturized scientific instruments and... 22 hours
Inspired by biology, scientists created new tiny tubes that could help with water purification and tissue engineering
PHYS.ORG Materials scientists, led by a team at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National... 23 hours
New study suggests coastal and deep ocean sharks have different feeding patterns
PHYS.ORG An international team of researchers studying globally declining shark populations report today that they used carbon isotopes as biochemical markers in shark muscle tissue... 23 hours
Efficacy of antibody targeting Devic's disease proven in new animal model
SCIENCE DAILY Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an autoimmune disease associated with NMO immunoglobulin G (NMO-IgG). A cure for NMO remains elusive. Researchers recently established a localized NMO rat... 23 hours
World’s oldest known oxygen oasis discovered
SCIENCE DAILY In the Earth’s early history, several billion years ago, only traces of oxygen existed in the atmosphere and the oceans. Today’s air-breathing organisms could not have existed under those conditions. The change was caused by photosynthesizing... 23 hours
Warming Arctic climate constrains life in cold-adapted mammals
SCIENCE DAILY A new study has uncovered previously unknown effects of rain-on-snow events, winter precipitation and ice tidal surges on the muskoxen. 23 hours
Two New Species of Treefrogs Discovered in Amazon Basin
SCI-NEWS.COM An international team of researchers from Ecuador and Peru has discovered two new frog species living in the... 24 hours
Image: Gaia avionics model
PHYS.ORG ESA's Gaia observatory was launched in December 2013, and is now surveying our Milky Way, creating one of the most accurate-ever maps of the stars in our home galaxy and helping to answer questions about its origin and evolution. 1 day
Warming Arctic climate constrains life in cold-adapted mammals
PHYS.ORG Despite the growth in knowledge about the effects of a warming Arctic on its cold-adapted species, how these changes affect animal populations is poorly understood. Research efforts have been hindered by the... 1 day
Hybridization can give rise to different genome combinations
PHYS.ORG Researchers have for the first time determined that hybridization between two bird species can give rise to several novel and fully functional hybrid genomic combinations. This could potentially be because hybrid species... 1 day
How did we evolve to live longer?
PHYS.ORG Research shows a collection of small adaptations in stress activated proteins, accumulated over millennia of human history, could help to explain our increased natural defences and longer lifespan. 1 day
NYC is selling off its fossil fuel investments—here's why that matters
PHYS.ORG This has been a dizzying year for those anxious about climate change. On the policy front, President Trump has worked to unravel President Obama's progress on... 1 day
Study devises efficient and economical strategy to screen breast and ovarian cancer gene mutations
NEWS MEDICAL A new study published yesterday in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute suggests that, in comparison with just screening... 1 day
Modular gene enhancers may be suitable target in treatment of blood cancer
NEWS MEDICAL Every day, billions of new blood cells are generated in the bone marrow. The gene Myc is known to play an important role in... 1 day
World's oldest known oxygen oasis discovered
PHYS.ORG In the Earth's early history, several billion years ago, only traces of oxygen existed in the atmosphere and the oceans. Today's air-breathing organisms could not have existed under those conditions. The change was caused by photosynthesizing... 1 day
A survival lesson from bats—eating variety keeps species multiplying
PHYS.ORG Diet is an important factor influencing the survival and evolution of all species. Many studies have shown that when species evolve from being a predator or insectivore to being a... 1 day
Research reveals cost-effectiveness of whole-population screening for breast, ovarian cancer gene mutations
NEWS MEDICAL Screening the entire population for breast and ovarian cancer gene mutations, as opposed to just those at high-risk of carrying this mutation, is cost... 1 day
The Y chromosome is disappearing – so what will happen to men?
PHYS.ORG The Y chromosome may be a symbol of masculinity, but it is becoming increasingly clear that it is anything but strong and enduring. Although... 1 day
A new, dynamic view of chromatin movements
PHYS.ORG In cells, proteins tightly package the long thread of DNA into pearl necklace-like complexes known as chromatin. Scientists at EPFL show for the first time how chromatin moves, answering longstanding questions about how its... 1 day
The early bits of life
PHYS.ORG How can life originate before DNA and genes? One possibility is that there are natural processes that lead to the organisation of simple physical objects such as small microcapsules that undergo rudimentary forms of interaction, self-organisation and information... 1 day
Scientists uncover secret of mass antelope mortality event in remote steppe grassland of Central Asia
PHYS.ORG The sudden death of over 200,000 saiga antelopes in Kazakhstan in May 2015, more than 80 percent of... 1 day
Genes that Repair Spinal Cord in Fish also Present in Mammals, Researchers Discover
SCI-NEWS.COM Many of the genes involved in natural repair of the... 1 day
The chemical evolution of DNA and RNA on early Earth
PHYS.ORG RNA was probably the first informational molecule. Now, chemists from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have demonstrated that alternation of wet and dry conditions could have sufficed to drive... 1 day
Medical News Today: How gum disease could lead to cancer
MNT How well do you look after your oral health? New research has now linked the bacteria responsible for gum disease with certain types of cancer. 1 day
Novel gene expression analysis technique can accurately and quickly measure RNA
NEWS MEDICAL A University of Illinois and Mayo collaboration has demonstrated a novel gene expression analysis technique that can accurately measure levels of RNA quickly and directly from... 1 day
Review explores consequences of genetic testing and cancer risk-reducing surgery
NEWS MEDICAL Genetic testing is commonplace for many inheritable cancer syndromes, and with that comes the knowledge of being a gene carrier for some patients. 1 day
GA-map Dysbiosis Test identifies IBS patients who respond to FODMAP diet, study shows
NEWS MEDICAL Genetic Analysis, a leading Microbiome MDx specialist, today announced the publication of a new study in the peer-reviewed journal Digestive Disease and... 1 day
Study: Human waste remains main source of fecal pollution in the river Danube
NEWS MEDICAL Despite wastewater management and treatment plants, human waste remains the main source of microbial fecal pollution in the river Danube. 1 day
Researchers explore psychological effects of climate change
SCIENCE DAILY While some people have little anxiety about the Earth's changing climate, others are experiencing high levels of stress, and even depression, based on their perception of the threat of global climate change, researchers found.... 2 days
Binary Star Systems: Classification and Evolution
SPACE.COM Binary stars are two stars orbiting a common center of mass. 2 days
New Threat to Extremely Endangered Cat: Deadly Dog Virus
LIVE SCIENCE A critically endangered Amur leopard turned up along the side of a road suffering from canine distemper virus (CDV) — a disease that typically infects domestic dogs. 2 days
Amoebae Give Black Death Bacteria a Safe Place to Hide
LIVE SCIENCE The simple amoeba — a single-celled organism found in the water and soil — may provide a safe haven for the deadly bacteria that cause the plague, a... 2 days
MDI Biological Laboratory develops Anecdata citizen science mobile app
PHYS.ORG The MDI Biological Laboratory is riding the growing wave of interest in citizen science with the development of a new, easily accessible mobile phone app to help community organizations track... 2 days
Novel chip-based gene expression tool analyzes RNA quickly and accurately
PHYS.ORG A University of Illinois and Mayo collaboration has demonstrated a novel gene expression analysis technique that can accurately measure levels of RNA quickly and directly from a cancerous... 2 days
Exposure to water that is both salty and fresh is key to future success
SCIENCE DAILY According to Charles Darwin the ability to adapt to new conditions is essential for survival of species. The capacity to... 2 days
New research could significantly accelerate drug discovery
SCIENCE DAILY Many drugs work by inhibiting protein enzymes associated with a particular disease. Unfortunately, the same drugs can inhibit protein enzymes unrelated to the disease, resulting in harmful side effects. A team of computational biologist... 2 days
Air Force Launches New Project to Update Missile-Warning Ground Software
SPACE.COM The "future operationally resilient ground evolution," or FORGE, is part of a broader SBIRS modernization plan. 2 days
Strange Weather Triggered Bacteria That Killed 200,000 Endangered Antelope
NPR Over a three-week span in 2015, more than 200,000 saiga antelope suddenly died in Kazakhstan. The animals would be grazing normally, then dead in three hours. A new study points... 2 days
Scale-eating fish adopt clever parasitic methods to survive
PHYS.ORG Think of them as extra-large parasites. A small group of fishes—possibly the world's cleverest carnivorous grazers—feeds on the scales of other fish in the tropics. The different species' approach differs: some ram... 2 days
Caihong juji: Jurassic Bird-Like Dinosaur Had Iridescent Feathers
SCI-NEWS.COM A newly discovered species of bird-like dinosaur, Caihong juji, had a beautiful iridescent coloration, according to a study published in... 2 days
Conflicts of interest improve collective computation of adaptive social structures
Science Magazine In many biological systems, the functional behavior of a group is collectively computed by the system’s individual components. An example is the brain’s ability to make decisions via... 2 days
[Editors' Choice] Bacteria make their way to the brain
Science Magazine Diverse bacterial species can be detected in the brains of mice with abdominal sepsis. 2 days
How living systems compute solutions to problems
PHYS.ORG How do decisions get made in the natural world? One possibility is that the individuals or components in biological systems collectively compute solutions to challenges they face in their environments. Consider that fish navigate... 2 days
Scale-eating fish adopt clever parasitic methods to survive
SCIENCE DAILY A small group of fishes -- possibly the world's cleverest carnivorous grazers -- feeds on the scales of other fish in the tropics. Biologists are trying to understand these scale-feeding fish and... 2 days
DIPG tumor patterns offer new insight on survival
SCIENCE DAILY A small subset of patients with tumors that bear mutations in a gene in the basic packaging of DNA (known as histone mutations) may have better outcomes than others, suggests new research. 2 days
Prebiotics in infant formula could improve learning and memory and alter brain chemistry
SCIENCE DAILY Among other benefits, breast milk contains natural sources of prebiotics: small, indigestible fiber molecules that promote the growth of good bacteria in... 2 days
How light pollution lures birds into urban areas during fall migration
Using electric fields to manipulate droplets on a surface could enable high-volume, low-cost biology experiments
Biologists look to the past for early genetic development of tiny spider and insect eyes
Could science destroy the world? These scholars want to save us from a modern-day Frankenstein
Science Magazine
Artificial intelligence can ‘evolve’ to solve problems
Science Magazine
Crying elephants and giggling rats – animals have feelings, too
Why I jumped at the chance to bring the real T. rex to life for TV
Gut Check: Gas-Sniffing Capsule Charts The Digestive Tract
Swift parrots bred on predator-free islands at risk of extinction