Biology
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are important mediators of the immune response and homeostasis in barrier tissues of mammals. However, the existence and function of ILCs in other vertebrates are poorly understood. Here,...
AnimalsGeneticsMicrobiologyBiology more... Science Magazine 18 minutes
A study using animal-attached technology to measure food consumption in four very different wild vertebrates has revealed that animals using a high-risk strategy to find rarer food are...
A new study sheds light on how toothed whales adapted their sonar abilities to occupy different environments. The study shows that as animals grew...
Researchers have developed novel synthetic DNA-encoded monoclonal antibodies (DMAbs) directed against PCSK9, a protein key to regulating cholesterol levels in the bloodstream....
Agency had said researchers could lead just one application annually
MicrobiologyBiology more... Science Magazine 56 minutes
Whimsical images showcase wild animals in unintentionally hilarious poses.
AnimalsPhotographyBiology more... LIVE SCIENCE 60 minutes
A new clinical study led by the University of Leicester and conducted in the HOPE clinical trials facility at Leicester's Hospitals has revealed the pivotal role...
Scientists at the National Synchrotron Light Source II --a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility at DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory--have used ultrabright x-rays to image single...
New research finds that an antibiotic derived from the spined soldier bug is effective against Escherichia coli and many other drug-resistant bacteria.
For the first time scientists have identified how to halt kidney disease in a life-limiting genetic condition, which may pave...
Infant gut microbes altered by their mother's obesity can cause inflammation and other major changes within the baby, increasing the risk of...
Researchers used ultrabright x-rays to generate 3D nanoscale maps of a single bacteria's chemical composition with unparalleled spatial resolution.
New research describes the behavioral and chemical strategies of a Florida ant, Formica archboldi, that decorates its nest with the dismembered body parts of other ant species.
AnimalsChemistryBiology more... SCIENCE DAILY 2 hours
As part of the cellular conservation of endangered species, our group initiated a primary cell culture project aimed at preserving endangered avian species in...
The Republican-controlled House has passed a bill to drop legal protections for gray wolves across the lower 48 states, reopening a lengthy battle over the predator species.
AnimalsBiologyPolitics more... PHYS.ORG 3 hours
The paleontological site of Somosaguas (Madrid) hosts a large colony of ants of the species Messor barbarus. A study has now revealed that the daily activity of these insects modifies...
Population geneticists have found that eleven seal species only narrowly escaped extinction.
Recent research has unraveled the evolution of electronic structures of a set of vdW heterostructures under an applied vertical electric field.
Researchers used ultrabright x-rays to generate 3-D nanoscale maps of a single bacteria's chemical composition with unparalleled spatial resolution.
VIDEO "Add 'skull-collecting ant' to the list of strange creatures in Florida," says Adrian Smith a scientist at the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences and North Carolina State...
Scientists at the National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II)—a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility at DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory—have used ultrabright x-rays to image single bacteria with...
VIDEO Tracks made by dinosaurs the size of sparrows have been discovered in South Korea by an international team of palaeontologists.
Population geneticists at Bielefeld University and the British Antarctic Survey have found that eleven seal species only narrowly escaped extinction. Their study has been published today in Nature Communications.
New analysis of the structure and function of the naturally-occurring antimicrobial agent tunicamycin has revealed ways to produce new, safe antibiotics for Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other...
About 15 years ago, UNC Lineberger's Dale Ramsden, Ph.D., was looking through a textbook with one of his students when...
It may not be your actual Superman, but participants to ESA's ɸ-week are certainly embracing some 'superhero' ideas for the future of Earth observation, including high-flying platforms – something between a satellite...
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology produced subnano-sized metallic particles that are as much as 50 times more effective than well-known Au-Pd bimetallic nanocatalysts.
Biology more... PHYS.ORG 5 hours
A new study sheds light on how toothed whales adapted their sonar abilities to occupy different environments. The study shows that as animals grew...
Bacteria are increasingly resistant to available antibiotics. A team of chemists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now identified important enzymes in the metabolism of staphylococci. Blocking these enzymes in...
Revealing how a gene is activated in cancer cells to produce an enzyme that helps the cells thrive could lead to new treatments.
As part of the cellular conservation of endangered species, a research group initiated a primary cell culture project aimed at preserving endangered avian species in Japan,...
The field of intelligent nanorobotics is based on the great promise of molecular devices with information processing capabilities. In a new study that supports the trend of DNA-based information carriers, scientists have engineered a DNA navigator...
Toothed whales — apex predators varying in size from 40-kg porpoises to 50-ton sperm...
Researchers from the Departments of Chemistry and Engineering Science at the University of Oxford have found a general way of predicting enzyme activity. Enzymes are the protein catalysts that perform most of...
Dandelion tea offers potential health benefits, such as reducing inflammation, improving cholesterol levels, and fighting flu. Most of the research is in vitro or uses animals, so more studies are necessary to confirm its effectiveness in...
Bartonella bacteria are disease-causing, blood-borne pathogens found in various mammal species. A study in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases by Hannah Frank and colleagues at Stanford University,...
Toggling the functions of a protein that regulates gene expression during cellular reprogramming ensures cell fate conversion, an A*STAR study has found.
Mutations in RAS proteins initiate many of the most aggressive tumors, and the search for pharmacological inhibitors of these proteins has become a priority in the battle against...
The Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics today announced awards to support the development, manufacture and feasibility testing of two prototype hepatitis C virus core...
Screening Food and Drug Administration approved compounds for their ability to stop cancer growth in the lab led to the finding that...
Innocent-looking bubbles can serve as a launching pad to spread bacteria from water into the air, according to a new study.
eBooks are often considered the natural evolution of the whitepaper. Unconstrained by the requirements of alternative forms of digital content.
EvolutionBiology more... NEWS MEDICAL 10 hours
Platinum clusters consisting 19 atoms perform 50 times higher catalytic activity.
is it a bird is it a plane
VIDEO It may not be your actual Superman, but participants to ESA’s ɸ-week are certainly embracing some ‘superhero’ ideas for the...
The number of critically endangered animals has been increasing in recent years. According to data from the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, 1375 avian...
Academic researchers have examined raw data from a company-funded safety evaluation of the pesticide chlorpyrifos. They discovered an effect on the brain architecture of the exposed laboratory animals at all tested doses, which was...
Salad is popular with people who want to maintain a balanced and healthy diet. Salad varieties are often offered for sale ready-cut and film-packaged....
Staphylococcus aureus bacteria can cause numerous diseases, such as skin infections, pneumonia and blood poisoning.
More and more bacteria are resistant to available antibiotics. A team of chemists from the Technical University of Munich now presents a new approach: they have...
Over 30 years ago, Marsha and Allen Barnett lost their sons to a puzzling childhood disease that relentlessly attacked their nervous systems and sapped their energy.
Atherosclerotic disease, the slow and silent hardening and narrowing of the arteries, is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. It is responsible for more...
GeneticsDiseasesBiologyHealth more... NEWS MEDICAL 16 hours
In August of 2017, millions peered through protective eyewear at the solar eclipse -- the first total eclipse visible in the continental United States in nearly...
Animal weapons such as antlers, tusks and limbs specialized for fighting require a large energy expenditure...
A new technique that mimics biological nanofiber arrays can grow chain-like molecules into 3D nanostructures.
After eating, be sure to refrigerate leftovers within two hours to prevent bacteria from growing on the food.
The already-rare Stone's sheep of the Yukon is 20 per cent less common than previously thought, according to new research by University of Alberta biologists.
The liver is a powerful organ that the hepatitis C virus can affect. The virus causes inflammation and can lead to scarring. The name for scarring of the...
In genetic screens aimed at understanding drug resistance mechanisms in chronic myeloid leukemia cells, inactivation of the cullin 3 adapter protein-encoding leucine zipper like transcription regulator 1 (LZTR1) gene led...
The general transcription factor IID (TFIID) is a critical component of the eukaryotic transcription preinitiation complex (PIC) and is responsible for recognizing the core...
The LZTR1 protein, an adaptor for cullin 3 (CUL3) ubiquitin ligase complex, is implicated in human disease, yet its mechanism of action remains unknown. We found that Lztr1...
The onset of inflammation is associated with reactive oxygen species and oxidative damage to macromolecules like 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) in DNA. Because 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1 (OGG1) binds 8-oxoG...
Diet affects multiple facets of human health and is inextricably linked to chronic metabolic conditions such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Dietary nutrients...
Inorganic-biological hybrid systems have potential to be sustainable, efficient, and versatile chemical synthesis platforms by integrating the light-harvesting properties of semiconductors with the synthetic potential of biological cells. We have developed a modular bioinorganic...
One-carbon metabolism generates the one-carbon units required to synthesize many critical metabolites, including nucleotides. The pathway has cytosolic and mitochondrial branches, and a key step is the entry,...
A disrupted immune system can upset gut bacteria in ways that can lead to cell damage and tissue changes associated with aging, study finds.
The gut bacteria of four Himalayan populations differ based on their dietary lifestyles, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of...
Genetically engineered microbes such as bacteria and yeasts have long been used as living factories to produce drugs and fine chemicals. More recently, researchers have started to combine bacteria with semiconductor technology that, similar to solar...
Microbes equipped with light-harvesting semiconductor particles generate useful chemicals much more efficiently than ordinary microbes.
In the latest example of bacteria being "literally everywhere," scientists appear to have found evidence of microbes living harmlessly in our brains.
Creating fire buffers between housing and dry brush, burying spark-prone power lines and lighting more controlled burns to keep vegetation in check could give people a better chance of surviving...
The already-rare Stone's sheep of the Yukon is 20 per cent less common than previously thought, according to new research by University of Alberta biologists.
Researchers have studied flight routes to determine how far willow warblers migrate in the autumn. The results show that the willow warbler holds a long-distance migration record in the 10-gram weight category -- with the small birds flying...
AnimalsBiology more... SCIENCE DAILY 1 day
When healthy people eat a low-gluten and fiber-rich diet compared with a high-gluten diet they experience less intestinal discomfort including less bloating which researchers show are due to changes of the composition and function of gut...
The already-rare Stone's sheep of the Yukon is 20 per cent less common than previously thought, according to new research by biologists. The study examined 123 different DNA...
GeneticsMicrobiologyBiology more... SCIENCE DAILY 1 day
A study using animal-attached technology to measure food consumption in four very different wild vertebrates has revealed that animals using a high-risk strategy to find rarer food are...
An analysis of Twitter data from the U.S. shows that social media usage largely mirrors daily work schedules and school calendars. The data reflect the amount...
VIDEO The chemical process of tanning turns animal hides into durable, supple leather.
ChemistryBiology more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
Although the presence of humpback whales in the Mediterranean has been considered unusual, it is known that their visits have increased in the last 150 years. Until now, there had...
What in the smart nanomaterials world is widely available, highly symmetrical and inexpensive? Hollow carbon structures, shaped like a football, called fullerenes. Their applications range from artificial photosynthesis and nonlinear optics to the production of photoactive films and nanostructures. To...
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have studied flight routes to determine how far willow warblers migrate in the autumn. The results show that the willow warbler holds a long-distance migration record in the ten-gram weight category –...
The textile industry generates enormous amounts of waste and is one of the largest consumers of water and energy resources. Research is looking at ways to reduce its ecological impact...
Scientists with different scientific backgrounds, working in the field of nanotechnology, have cooperated with the main objective to provide as broad an overview as possible about the young and rapidly evolving field of nanoinformatics.
Male salmon are maturing earlier and becoming smaller, and it shows in their genes. This was the discovery of a study that examined scale samples from salmon over a 40-year...
From the fossil fuel divestment movement to the Stop Adani campaign, in recent years we've seen a wave of climate activism that...
VIDEO Many of us are used to encountering ants scampering across a sidewalk, a trail path or even in our kitchen floor. But...
Researchers investigating new treatments for neuroblastoma -- one of the most common childhood cancers -- have found that a combination of two drugs made tumors disappear in mice, making it...
Currently in India, there are over 200,000 researchers working on numerous applications to better...
haps missions to the edge of space to watch over earth
Is it a bird? Is it a plane? No, it’s a High-Altitude Pseudo-Satellite (HAPS) — an uncrewed airship, plane or balloon watching over Earth...
VIDEO Touch, or tactile sensing, is fundamentally important for a range of real-life applications, from robotics to surgical medicine to sports science. Tactile sensors are modeled on the biological sense of touch and can help...
An antibiotic called thanatin attacks the way the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria is built. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now found that this happens through a previously unknown mechanism....
A team of researchers at Dalhousie University has found evidence that suggests hemimastigotes represent a major new branch of evolutionary life. In...
Coffee or tea is a bitter choice, a taste genetics study suggests.
A genetic analysis of samples taken from a large UK health database suggest that people who are more sensitive than their peers to the bitter taste of caffeine tend to drink more coffee —...
Wherever there's water, there's bound to be bubbles floating at the surface. From standing puddles, lakes, and streams, to swimming pools, hot tubs, public fountains, and toilets, bubbles are ubiquitous, indoors and...
Researchers have found that a protein in the cell membranes of sperm plays a key role in how they find their way to eggs. The PMCA protein may also help...
Researchers have outlined a plan to detect and report changes in global biodiversity. The monitoring of species traits will improve natural resource management.
BiologyFinance more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
While making smart glue, a team of engineers discovered a handy byproduct: hydrogen peroxide. In microgel form, it reduces bacteria and virus ability to infect by at least 99.9 percent.
Algae
New research uncovers the predatory behavior of Florida's skull-collecting ant
PHYS.ORG
Is it a bird? Is it a plane?
ESA
Tiny raptor tracks lead to big discovery
PHYS.ORG
Video: How is leather made?
PHYS.ORG
New research studies adhesiveness in ants as a way to improve synthetic adhesives
PHYS.ORG
Feeling the pressure with universal tactile imaging
PHYS.ORG
How Earth volcanoes offer a window into the evolution of life and the solar system
PHYS.ORG
Hot fire test proves 3D-printed thrust chamber for future Vega Evolution
ESA
Big jobs: Safety, planning key to increasing production performance at Spallation Neutron Source
PHYS.ORG
Volcanic eruptions once caused mass extinctions in the oceans – could climate change do the same?
PHYS.ORG
Scientists uncover crucial biological circuits that regulate lipids and their role in overall health
PHYS.ORG
Visualizing 'unfurling' microtubule growth
PHYS.ORG
Bending DNA costs less energy than assumed
PHYS.ORG
The Human Mini Heart-in-a-Jar That Could One Day Replace Animal Testing
NEWS MEDICAL
As Arctic ship traffic increases, narwhals and other unique animals are at risk
PHYS.ORG
Unique study shows how bats maneuver
SCIENCE DAILY
Video: Is throwing rice at weddings bad for birds?
PHYS.ORG
An overlooked giant: Useful and abundant, African 'Zam' palm newly described for science
PHYS.ORG
Oldest known animal drawing found in remote Indonesian cave
PHYS.ORG
Updated book compiles 45 years of changes in Pacific Northwest flora
PHYS.ORG