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Age, gut bacteria contribute to MS disease progression, according to study
SCIENCE DAILY Gut bacteria at a young age can contribute to multiple sclerosis disease onset and progression, new research indicates. 6 hours
Inner clock: Biologists research the mechanism of an auxiliary clock
SCIENCE DAILY In December, the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology will be awarded for the identification of genes that control the inner clock. The honored academics examined fruit flies... 9 hours
Hibernating ground squirrels provide clues to new stroke treatments
SCIENCE DAILY In the fight against brain damage caused by stroke, researchers have turned to an unlikely source of inspiration: hibernating ground squirrels. While the animals' brains experience dramatically reduced blood flow... 13 hours
eDNA tool detects invasive clams before they become a nuisance
SCIENCE DAILY When seeking a cure for a disease, early detection is often the key. The same is true for eliminating invasive species. Identifying their presence in a lake before... 13 hours
Deletion of a stem cell factor promotes traumatic brain injury recovery in mice
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers found that conditional deletion of Sox2 – the gene encoding the SOX2 stem cell transcription factor – and the associated dampening... 14 hours
Selectively deleting stem cell factor promotes recovery after TBI in mice
NEWS MEDICAL UT Southwestern molecular biologists today report the unexpected finding that selectively deleting a stem cell transcription factor in adult mice promotes recovery after traumatic brain injury... 1 day
Leaf-eating ability of beetle largely due to bacteria inside the insect
NEWS MEDICAL A leaf-eating beetle has evolved a symbiotic relationship with bacteria that allows the insect to break down pectin -- part of a plant's cell wall that... 1 day
Down and dirty: Cleaning Okinawan pig farm wastewater with microbial fuel cells
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have enhanced the productivity of green technology used to treat wastewater from pig farms, explains a new report. 1 day
Flu vaccine prevents hospitalization in children, study shows
SCIENCE DAILY Children vaccinated against influenza are significantly less likely to experience serious complications from the virus that could land them in hospital, new research has found. 1 day
'The Brazilian Zika outbreak could end soon'
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have elucidated the Zika burden in a Brazilian metropolis. Their data indicate: the outbreak may be coming to an end and further outbreaks in the region seem unlikely. The study has also provided... 1 day
Gut bacteria at young age can contribute to MS disease onset and progression, study suggests
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School published a study suggesting that gut bacteria at young age... 1 day
Human evolution was uneven and punctuated
SCIENCE DAILY Neanderthals survived at least 3,000 years longer than we thought in Southern Iberia -- what is now Spain -- long after they had died out everywhere else, according to new research. 1 day
Chance discovery of forgotten 1960s 'preprint' experiment
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers in physics and mathematics have long used 'preprints' -- preliminary versions of their scientific findings published on internet servers for anyone to read. In 2013, similar services were launched for biology, but following... 1 day
Progression from infection to pulmonary tuberculosis follows distinct timeline
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have uncovered a sequence of biological processes that occur in humans infected with the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis as the infection progresses to pulmonary tuberculosis. 1 day
Gene drive technologies for ecosystem conservation: Use with care!
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists working in the vanguard of new genetic technologies have issued a cautionary call to ensure that possible applications in conservation will only affect local populations. Experts have now examined... 1 day
European forests might not be realizing their full potential
SCIENCE DAILY European forest managers can have their cake and eat it, because according to a new study maximizing timber production in a forest does not necessarily have to come at a... 1 day
Florida confirms second local Zika virus infection for 2017
ABC NEWS Florida health officials report state's 2nd case this year of the Zika virus transmitted by a local mosquito 2 days
A sub-desert savanna spread across Madrid 14 million years ago
SCIENCE DAILY The current landscape of Madrid city and its vicinity was really different 14 million years ago. A semi-desert savanna has been inferred for the center of the Iberian... 2 days
Using eDNA to identify the breeding habitat of endangered species
SCIENCE DAILY Using wide-ranging eDNA analysis combined with traditional collection survey methods, researchers have identified the breeding site of critically endangered fish species Acheilognathus typus in the mainstream of Omono... 2 days
Study raises possibility of naturally acquired immunity against Zika virus
SCIENCE DAILY Birth defects in babies born infected with Zika virus remain a major health concern. Now, scientists suggest the possibility that some women in high-risk Zika regions may already... 2 days
Plant respiration could become a bigger feedback on climate than expected
SCIENCE DAILY New research suggests that plant respiration is a larger source of carbon emissions than previously thought, and warns that as the world warms, this may reduce... 2 days
How Snapdragons keep their color: Signposting trick reveals evolutionary mechanism
SCIENCE DAILY A study of the colour patterns among wild flowers in a mountain valley has yielded a clue about how nature controls fundamental evolutionary change in all species. 2 days
Suppression of FIP200 and autophagy by tumor-derived lactate promotes naïve T cell apoptosis and affects tumor immunity
Science Magazine Naïve T cells are poorly studied in cancer patients. We report that naïve T... 2 days
A PIP2-derived amplification loop fuels the sustained initiation of B cell activation
Science Magazine Lymphocytes have evolved sophisticated signaling amplification mechanisms to efficiently activate downstream signaling after detection of rare ligands in their microenvironment. B cell receptor microscopic... 2 days
License to kill: IFN-{lambda} regulates antifungal activity of neutrophils
Science Magazine Interferon- mediates antifungal immunity by stimulating neutrophils to generate reactive oxygen species. 2 days
Extreme enrichment in atmospheric 15N15N
Science Magazine Molecular nitrogen (N2) comprises three-quarters of Earth’s atmosphere and significant portions of other planetary atmospheres. We report a 19 per mil () excess of 15N15N in air relative to a random distribution of nitrogen isotopes, an enrichment that... 2 days
Reactive oxygen species leave a damage trail that reveals water channels in Photosystem II
Science Magazine Photosystem II (PSII), a unique membrane-bound oxidoreductase, catalyzes light-driven oxidation of water to molecular oxygen. Although high-resolution structures of PSII... 2 days
Measuring quantitative effects of methylation on transcription factor-DNA binding affinity
Science Magazine Methylation of CpG (cytosine-phosphate-guanine) dinucleotides is a common epigenetic mark that influences gene expression. The effects of methylation on transcription factor (TF) binding are unknown for most TFs... 2 days
Could this protein protect people against coronary artery disease?
SCIENCE DAILY The buildup of plaque in the heart's arteries is an unfortunate part of aging. But by studying the genetic makeup of people who maintain clear arteries into old age, researchers... 2 days
Secrets of Ebola unlocked in the heart of devastating outbreak
SCIENCE DAILY In a comprehensive and complex molecular study of blood samples from Ebola patients in Sierra Leone, a scientific team has identified signatures of Ebola virus disease that may... 2 days
Ever Seen a Shark Walk? Tiny Animals Amaze on PBS
LIVE SCIENCE Very small animals have abilities above their weight class. 2 days
Environmental factors may trigger lupus onset, progression
SCIENCE DAILY While genetics play a role in the development of Lupus, a systemic autoimmune disease, so do environmental triggers, such as particulates in air pollution and ultraviolet light, says a researcher. 2 days
The key to breaking down plastic may be in caterpillars’ guts
SCIENCE-NEWS Caterpillars that feast on plastic have different gut microbes than those that eat a grain-based diet. 2 days
Finding allows gene editing with surgical precision
SCIENCE DAILY A more precise and efficient technology has been created to edit the genomes of living organisms, an ability that is transforming medicine and biotechnology. The new method eliminates some of the drawbacks of genome... 2 days
Gene discovery may halt worldwide wheat epidemic
SCIENCE DAILY A gene that enables resistance to a new devastating strain of stem rust, a fungal disease that is hampering wheat production throughout Africa and Asia and threatening food security worldwide, has been identified by... 2 days
Experts: Idaho hatchery built to save salmon is killing them
PHYS.ORG Fisheries biologists in Idaho say they think they know why a relatively new $13.5 million hatchery intended to save Snake River sockeye salmon from extinction is instead killing... 2 days
eDNA tool detects invasive clams before they become a nuisance
PHYS.ORG When seeking a cure for a disease, early detection is often the key. The same is true for eliminating invasive species. Identifying their presence in a lake before... 2 days
Scientists identify biomarkers that predict risk of death in Ebola patients
NEWS MEDICAL Scientists have identified a set of biomarkers that indicate which patients infected with the Ebola virus are most at risk of dying from the disease. 2 days
When oxygen disappeared, early marine animals really started evolving
Science Magazine Living in low-oxygen waters eventually led to surprising innovations in animals 2 days
Anti-malaria drug shows promise as Zika virus treatment
SCIENCE DAILY A medication used to prevent and treat malaria may also be effective for Zika virus, scientists have discovered. The drug, called chloroquine, has a long history of safe use during pregnancy, and... 2 days
Drug used to prevent and treat malaria may also be effective for Zika virus
NEWS MEDICAL A new collaborative study led by researchers at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute and UC San Diego School of... 2 days
No more deer in the headlight: Study finds large mammals do use road crossing structures
PHYS.ORG Large mammals crossing US Highway 93 are more likely to use wildlife crossing structures than move past a... 2 days
NIR-driven H2 evolution from water: Expanding wavelength range for solar energy conversion
PHYS.ORG Hydrogen gas is a promising "green" fuel. The lightest chemical element, hydrogen is an efficient energy store and could potentially replace gasoline in vehicles.... 2 days
Warmer water signals change for Scotland's shags
PHYS.ORG An increasingly catholic diet among European Shags at one of Scotland's best-studied breeding colonies has been linked to long-term climate change and may have important implications for Scotland's seabirds, according to research led by... 2 days
How bacteria in the gut influence neurodegenerative disorders
SCIENCE DAILY Humans have roughly as many bacterial cells in their bodies as human cells, and most of those bacteria live in the gut. New research released today reveals links between the gut microbiome... 2 days
Researchers identify possible genetic basis for coronary artery disease
NEWS MEDICAL The buildup of plaque in the heart's arteries is an unfortunate part of aging. But by studying the genetic makeup of people who maintain clear arteries into old age, researchers... 2 days
New paper answers causation conundrum
PHYS.ORG In a new paper published in a special issue of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, SFI Professor Jessica Flack offers a practical answer to one of the most significant, and most confused questions in evolutionary biology—can... 2 days
Plant respiration could become a bigger feedback on climate than expected
PHYS.ORG New research, led by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, suggests that plant respiration is a larger source of carbon emissions than previously thought, and warns... 2 days
Using eDNA to identify the breeding habitat of endangered species
PHYS.ORG Using wide-ranging eDNA analysis combined with traditional collection survey methods, Japanese researchers have identified the breeding site of critically endangered fish species Acheilognathus typus in the mainstream of Omono River... 2 days
The astonishing efficiency of life
PHYS.ORG All life on earth performs computations – and all computations require energy. From single-celled amoeba to multicellular organisms like humans, one of the most basic biological computations common across life is translation: processing information from a genome and... 2 days
CRISPR patent wars highlight problem of granting broad intellectual property rights for tech that offers public benefits
PHYS.ORG (Phys.org)—Duke University Law professor Arti Rai and bio-technology professor Robert Cook-Deegan with Arizona State... 2 days
How do atmospheric shifts affect soil-dwelling microbes?
PHYS.ORG Rising levels of carbon dioxide, ozone and other gases can affect crop growth. Microorganisms inside crops, on their roots or within nearby soil also influence crops by contributing nutrients, curbing disease and combating stresses... 2 days
Conservation call on sawfish nursery
PHYS.ORG Murdoch University researchers have identified an important nursery for a critically endangered species of sawfish and are calling for conservation efforts to be focused there. 2 days
Australia is a global top-ten deforester – and Queensland is leading the way
PHYS.ORG When you think of devastating deforestation and extinction you usually think of the Amazon, Borneo and the Congo. But eastern Australia ranks... 2 days
Ocean warming signals diet change for European shags
PHYS.ORG The diet of European shags has diversified as a result of warming North Sea temperatures according to a new long-term study led by the University of Liverpool and the Centre for Ecology... 2 days
New 'artificial selection' research findings signal threat for marine environments
PHYS.ORG A new study by Monash biologists has provided fresh insights into the long-standing questions of why animals are of the size they are and what happens when we... 2 days
Mapping biological functions of NUDIX enzymes
PHYS.ORG In a large multidisciplinary project, researchers at Karolinska Institutet have explored different properties of an enzyme family called NUDIX hydrolases. The study, published in Nature Communications, reveals novel insights into their biological functions in human cells. 2 days
Study refutes theory linking cognition, genes and income
PHYS.ORG Researchers have cast doubt on a widely-held belief that connects family income with cognitive development, according to a new study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2 days
Team discovers new mechanisms for DNA stability
PHYS.ORG Researchers from the University of Seville at the Andalusian Centre for Molecular Biology and Regenerative Medicine have discovered that in eukaryotic cells, the proximity of the genes to the pores in the nuclear membrane... 2 days
NASA survey technique estimates Congo forest's carbon
PHYS.ORG The equivalent of 85 billion tons of carbon dioxide—a huge amount equal to three-quarters of the carbon stored in forests across the contiguous United States—is locked in the living vegetation of one African country... 2 days
Research suggests vertical axis turbines could increase public support for new wind energy installations
PHYS.ORG VIDEO With global carbon emissions on the rise, wind power continues to be an attractive option for states and countries looking... 2 days
Researchers discover poorly understood bacterial lineages in the mouths of dolphins
PHYS.ORG Researchers have identified two deep lineages of bacteria that have never been characterized before—and they found them in a dolphin's toothy grin. 2 days
110 Giant Steps: Long-Necked Dinosaur Breaks Record for Longest Trackway
LIVE SCIENCE Each of the 110 dinosaur footprints is more than 3 feet across and the researchers think the sauropod that left them would have been some 115 feet long. 2 days
Rare Gene Mutation Linked to Longer Lifespan in Amish
SCI-NEWS.COM A rare loss-of-function mutation in a gene called SERPINE1 identified among Old Order Amish in Indiana is associated... 2 days
Critics hit US over elephant trophy imports
PHYS.ORG The administration of US President Donald Trump faced a barrage of criticism on Thursday from animal rights groups after it authorized the import of Zimbabwean elephant hunting trophies. 2 days
UN climate talks wrap up as US stands firm on fossil fuels
PHYS.ORG UN negotiations on implementing the Paris climate change agreement wrap up Friday after two weeks of talks that were slowed down by the United... 2 days
Getting more 'wolflike' is the key to the future for coyotes
PHYS.ORG The future of the coyotes that roam forests, cities and suburbs from Newfoundland to Virginia could hinge on the animals becoming the "wolves" of the East... 2 days
Fossil that fills missing evolutionary link named after University of Chicago professors
PHYS.ORG Lurking in oceans, rivers and lakes around the world are tiny, ancient animals known to few people. Bryozoans, tiny marine creatures that live in... 2 days
Scientists suggest possibility of naturally acquired immunity against Zika infection
NEWS MEDICAL Birth defects in babies born infected with Zika virus remain a major health concern. Now, scientists suggest the possibility that some women in high-risk Zika regions may already... 2 days
Environmental triggers may play role in development of Lupus
NEWS MEDICAL While genetics play a role in the development of Lupus, a systemic autoimmune disease that can attack any organ system in the human body, so do environmental triggers, such as... 2 days
Biological mechanism of a leading cause of childhood blindness revealed in new research
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have revealed the pathology of cells and structures stricken by optic nerve hypoplasia, a leading cause of childhood blindness in developed... 2 days
Hot spots of tick-borne diseases in Mongolia
SCIENCE DAILY Given the critical role livestock play in Mongolia, transmission of tick-borne diseases can have very real health and economic implications for livestock and herders. Researchers have explored the interaction between nomadic herders, the livestock... 2 days
Study explores reasons for underrepresentation of minorities in genetic cancer research
NEWS MEDICAL Socio-cultural and clinical factors as well as healthcare processes were important drivers of a woman's willingness to provide saliva specimens for future cancer research. 2 days
Brazilian Zika epidemic could soon be over, say scientists
NEWS MEDICAL In 2016, news about the Zika virus in Brazil made the headlines in Europe for the first time. With approximately 65 million people affected, it is one of the largest... 2 days
How the immune system identifies invading bacteria
SCIENCE DAILY Never-before-seen images of mouse immune system proteins and bacterial bits reveal an inspection strategy that identifies pathogens. 2 days
Unlocking the secrets of Ebola
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have identified a set of biomarkers that indicate which patients infected with the Ebola virus are most at risk of dying from the disease. The results come from one of the most in-depth studies ever of blood... 2 days
Bryozoans: Fossil fills missing evolutionary link
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists recently announced the discovery of a missing evolutionary link -- a fossil of the first known member of the modern bryozoans to grow up into a structure. 2 days
'Living Fossils' of Earth’s Oldest Life-Forms Found in Tasmania
LIVE SCIENCE Scientists stumbled across the 3.5-billion-year-old life-forms in a swamp in Tasmania. They are greenish-yellow rounded blobs. 2 days
Surprise 'Living Fossils' Are Earth's Oldest Life-Forms
LIVE SCIENCE Scientists stumbled across the 3.5-billion-year-old life-forms in a swamp in Tasmania. They are greenish-yellow rounded blobs. 2 days
Passenger pigeon genome shows effects of natural selection in a huge population
SCIENCE DAILY The passenger pigeon is famous for the enormity of its historical population and for its rapid extinction in the face of mass slaughter by... 2 days
Current CRISPR gene drives are too strong for outdoor use, studies warn
SCIENCE-NEWS Self-limiting genetic tools already in development may be able to get around concerns surrounding the use of gene drives. 3 days
Preventing psychosis and the evolution—or not—of written language
Science Magazine How has written language changed over time? Do the way we read and the way our eyes work influence how scripts look? This week we hear a story on changes in legibility... 3 days
Stress can lead to risky decisions
SCIENCE DAILY Making decisions that require weighing pros and cons of two choices is dramatically affected by chronic stress, neuroscientists have discovered. In a study of rats and mice, they found stressed animals were far likelier to choose... 3 days
Kill switches for engineered microbes gone rogue
SCIENCE DAILY Stable autonomous kill switches ensure biocontainment of living microbes designed as devices for medicine or the environment. New research outlines two new types of kill switches that address these challenges. The new kill switches... 3 days
Four billion passenger pigeons vanished. Their large population may have been what did them in
Science Magazine Low genetic diversity and poor adaptability meant this once ubiquitous bird could not recover from overhunting 3 days
Vasohibins encode tubulin detyrosinating activity
Science Magazine Tubulin is subjected to a number of posttranslational modifications to generate heterogeneous microtubules. The modifications include removal and ligation of the carboxy-terminal tyrosine of -tubulin. Whereas enzymes for most modifications have been assigned, the enzymes responsible for detyrosination,... 3 days
Bacterium in a beetle makes it a leaf-eater
SCIENCE DAILY A leaf-eating beetle has evolved a symbiotic relationship that allows the insect to break down pectin. The findings on the novel function of the bacterium, which has a surprisingly tiny genome --... 3 days
Structural basis of bacterial transcription activation
Science Magazine In bacteria, the activation of gene transcription at many promoters is simple and only involves a single activator. The cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate receptor protein (CAP), a classic activator, is able to activate transcription independently through two... 3 days
Evolution of neurovirulent Zika virus
Science Magazine 3 days
The structural basis of flagellin detection by NAIP5: A strategy to limit pathogen immune evasion
Science Magazine Robust innate immune detection of rapidly evolving pathogens is critical for host defense. Nucleotide-binding domain leucine-rich repeat (NLR)... 3 days
Mutation for microcephaly
Science Magazine 3 days
Genetics of the passenger pigeon
Science Magazine 3 days
Evolution of flower color pattern through selection on regulatory small RNAs
Science Magazine Small RNAs (sRNAs) regulate genes in plants and animals. Here, we show that population-wide differences in color patterns in snapdragon flowers are caused by an inverted... 3 days
A single mutation in the prM protein of Zika virus contributes to fetal microcephaly
Science Magazine Zika virus (ZIKV) has evolved into a global health threat because of its unexpected causal link to microcephaly. Phylogenetic analysis... 3 days
Natural selection shaped the rise and fall of passenger pigeon genomic diversity
Science Magazine The extinct passenger pigeon was once the most abundant bird in North America, and possibly the world. Although theory predicts that large populations will... 3 days
Self-assembling peptide semiconductors
Science Magazine Semiconductors are central to the modern electronics and optics industries. Conventional semiconductive materials bear inherent limitations, especially in emerging fields such as interfacing with biological systems and bottom-up fabrication. A promising candidate for bioinspired and durable nanoscale semiconductors is the... 3 days
Chance discovery of forgotten 1960s 'preprint' experiment
PHYS.ORG For years, scientists have complained that it can take months or even years for a scientific discovery to be published, because of the slowness of peer review. To cut through this problem, researchers in... 3 days
Passenger pigeon genome shows effects of natural selection in a huge population
PHYS.ORG The passenger pigeon is famous for the enormity of its historical population in North America (estimated at 3 to 5 billion) and for its... 3 days
Gene drive technologies for ecosystem conservation: Use with care
PHYS.ORG Scientists working in the vanguard of new genetic technologies have issued a cautionary call to ensure that possible applications in conservation will only affect local populations. In an article publishing... 3 days
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Research suggests vertical axis turbines could increase public support for new wind energy installations
PHYS.ORG
Study shows how a tiny sea animal feeds itself and the ocean
PHYS.ORG
We've found an exo-planet with an extraordinarily eccentric orbit
PHYS.ORG
Coconut crabs are a bird’s worst nightmare
SCIENCE-NEWS
Man-made fibres and plastic found in the deepest living organisms
PHYS.ORG
Can we really halt the coral reef catastrophe?
PHYS.ORG
3D printed metal mutants arise from Europe’s AMAZE programme
ESA
Why is it nice to be nice? Solving Darwin's puzzle of kindness
PHYS.ORG
Scientists Start To Tease Out The Subtler Ways Racism Hurts Health
NPR
The pros and cons of large ears for bat species
PHYS.ORG
How climate change may reshape subalpine wildflower communities
PHYS.ORG
Watch this sheep spot a celebrity almost as well as a human can
Science Magazine
Face it: Sheep are just like us when it comes to recognizing people
SCIENCE-NEWS
Watch a rigged game of tug-of-war inside the egg cells of mammals
Science Magazine