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Food insecurity linked to poorer mental health status
NEWS MEDICAL Food insecurity affects nearly 795 million people worldwide. Although a complex phenomenon encompassing food availability, affordability, utilization, and even the social norms that define acceptable ways to acquire food, FI can affect... 4 minutes
Your Brain Waves May Show Whether You're Paying Attention in Class
LIVE SCIENCE You really can get on the same wavelength as someone else: In a new study, the brain waves of high school students synced up when they... 3 hours
How shifts in excitation-inhibition balance may lead to psychiatric disorders
SCIENCE DAILY Seven reviews highlight advancements in understanding the balance of excitatory and inhibitory signaling in the brain, and what might happen when it goes awry. 5 hours
Staking self-worth on the pursuit of money has negative psychological consequences
SCIENCE DAILY Although people living in consumer-based cultures such as the US often believe that they will be happier if they acquire more money, the findings of a... 5 hours
The upside of worrying
SCIENCE DAILY Worry -- it does a body good. And, the mind as well. A new paper argues there's an upside to worrying. 6 hours
Study findings provide insights into pharmacophobia
NEWS MEDICAL In the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics the attitudes of patients toward medication are analyzed, with special reference to pharmacophobia. 6 hours
National mental-health survey finds widespread ignorance, stigma
SCIENCE DAILY Less than half of Americans can recognize anxiety. Most people don't know what to do about depression even when they spot it. And nearly 8 in 10 don't recognize prescription drug abuse as a... 6 hours
Researchers examine morbidity linked to depressive disorders
NEWS MEDICAL Ross Baldessarini and an international group of investigators have analyzed the morbidity associated with depressive disorders in the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. 6 hours
Scientists Find Link between Immune System, Memory and Structure of Brain
SCI-NEWS.COM In two separate studies, researchers have demonstrated that both the structure of the brain... 7 hours
Single-cell diversity in the brain
Science Magazine 7 hours
Multicluster Pcdh diversity is required for mouse olfactory neural circuit assembly
Science Magazine The vertebrate clustered protocadherin (Pcdh) cell surface proteins are encoded by three closely linked gene clusters (Pcdhα, Pcdhβ, and Pcdh). Here, we show that all three... 7 hours
Pattern formation in the brain
Science Magazine 7 hours
Pcdh{alpha}c2 is required for axonal tiling and assembly of serotonergic circuitries in mice
Science Magazine Serotonergic neurons project their axons pervasively throughout the brain and innervate various target fields in a space-filling manner, leading to tiled arrangements... 7 hours
The making of the human brain
Science Magazine 7 hours
Intersection of diverse neuronal genomes and neuropsychiatric disease: The Brain Somatic Mosaicism Network
Science Magazine Neuropsychiatric disorders have a complex genetic architecture. Human genetic population-based studies have identified numerous heritable sequence and structural genomic variants associated with... 7 hours
A turbo engine for tracing neurons
SCIENCE DAILY Putting a turbo engine into an old car gives it an entirely new life -- suddenly it can go further, faster. That same idea is now being applied to neuroscience, with a software wrapper that can... 7 hours
Antidepressant improves drug delivery across the blood-brain barrier, rat study shows
NEWS MEDICAL NIH rat study suggests amitriptyline temporarily inhibits the blood-brain barrier, allowing drugs to enter the brain. 7 hours
New analysis of brain network activity offers unique insight into epileptic seizures
SCIENCE DAILY Little is known about which specific areas of the brain contribute to a patient's epileptic network or the roles these different areas play. As... 8 hours
Simple eye test can diagnose early signs of glaucoma
NEWS MEDICAL A SIMPLE eye test could help solve the biggest global cause of irreversible blindness, glaucoma. In clinical trials, the pioneering diagnostic -- developed by researchers at University College London and the Western Eye Hospital... 8 hours
New research on functional brain networks offers insights into causes and symptoms of epilepsy
NEWS MEDICAL Epilepsy is a complex neurological disorder that afflicts approximately 50 million people worldwide. Although this disease has been known to... 8 hours
When students pay attention in class, their brains are in sync
SCIENCE DAILY When people in a group are engaged with each other and with the world around them, their brainwaves show similar patterns. That's the conclusion of researchers... 8 hours
Research reveals how alterations in excitation/inhibition balance may lead to psychiatric disorders
NEWS MEDICAL In a special issue of Biological Psychiatry titled "Cortical Excitation-Inhibition Balance and Dysfunction in Psychiatric Disorders", guest editors Dr. Alan Anticevic and Dr. John... 8 hours
Antidepressant may enhance drug delivery to the brain
SCIENCE DAILY Pairing the antidepressant amitriptyline with drugs designed to treat central nervous system diseases, enhances drug delivery to the brain by inhibiting the blood-brain barrier in rats, new research shows. The blood-brain barrier... 9 hours
New eye test detects earliest signs of glaucoma
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have developed a simple, inexpensive diagnostic tool DARC (Detection of Apoptosing Retinal Cells). In clinical trials it allowed for the first time visualization of individual nerve cell death in patients with... 9 hours
New analysis of brain network activity offers unique insight into epileptic seizures
PHYS.ORG Epilepsy is a complex neurological disorder that afflicts approximately 50 million people worldwide. Although this disease has been known to exist for centuries, the... 9 hours
With Google's help, psychologist tackles 'black troublemaker' school stereotype
PHYS.ORG As a boy in Memphis, Tennessee, Jason Okonofua tagged along behind his two protective older brothers, even when they got into schoolyard brawls. By 10th grade he had attended a... 13 hours
Medical News Today: Parkinson's disease may begin in the gut
MNT Parkinson's disease may start in the gut, suggest researchers. The neurogenerative disorder is thought to spread via the vagus nerve to the brain. 16 hours
What's coming next? Scientists identify how the brain predicts speech
MNT An international collaboration of neuroscientists has shed light on how the brain helps us to predict what is coming next in speech. 16 hours
Movie research results: Multitasking overloads the brain
MNT The brain works most efficiently when it can focus on a single task for a longer period of time. 16 hours
Parkinson's disease may begin in the gut
MNT Parkinson's disease may start in the gut, suggest researchers. The neurogenerative disorder is thought to spread via the vagus nerve to the brain. 16 hours
Swansea University expert develops self-cleaning water treatment membrane
NEWS MEDICAL A vital advanced water treatment membrane made of electrically conductive nanofibers which is self-cleaning is the brainchild of eminent Chemical Engineering Professor Nidal Hilal, Director of the Centre for Advanced Technologies and... 16 hours
Medtronic introduces new StealthStation S8 technology for neurosurgery
NEWS MEDICAL Medtronic plc today launched its new StealthStation™ technology at the American Academy of Neurological Surgeons annual conference in Los Angeles. StealthStation technology has been a mainstay in neurosurgery suites for the past... 16 hours
Study provides preliminary evidence that Parkinson's disease may start in the gut
NEWS MEDICAL Parkinson's disease may start in the gut and spread to the brain via the vagus nerve, according to a study published in the April... 18 hours
Study examines post-operative seizure outcomes after insular tumor resection
NEWS MEDICAL Winner of the Journal on Neuro-Oncology Award sponsored by Kluwer Academic Publishers, Doris Du Wang, MD, presented her research, Seizure Outcome After Surgical Resection of Insular Glioma, during the 2017... 22 hours
Study investigates plasticity of motor representations in patients with brain tumors
NEWS MEDICAL Winner of the Brainlab Community Neurosurgery Award, Sandro Krieg, MD, presented his research, Plasticity of Motor Representations in Patients with Brain Lesions: a Navigated TMS Study,... 23 hours
Could Parkinson's disease start in the gut?
SCIENCE DAILY Parkinson's disease may start in the gut and spread to the brain via the vagus nerve, according to a study. The vagus nerve extends from the brainstem to the abdomen and controls unconscious body... 1 day
WATCH: Artificial 'biobag' womb for extremely premature newborns in testing
ABC NEWS Infants born extremely prematurely face a host of health issues from underdeveloped lungs that can cause chronic lung damage to fragile blood vessels that can cause bleeding in... 1 day
Media portrayal of public shooters can perpetuate stereotypes
PHYS.ORG As the pervasiveness of media reports on public shootings increase, the way in which media cover these violent stories can have broad social implications, including the creation and perpetuation of racial and... 1 day
'Minibrains' In A Dish Shed A Little Light On Autism And Epilepsy
NPR Experiments with small clusters of networked brain cells are helping scientists see how real brains develop normally, and what goes awry when cells have... 1 day
New study points to cannabis as trigger for schizophrenia
NEWS MEDICAL Scientists believe that schizophrenia, a disorder caused by an imbalance in the brain's chemical reactions, is triggered by a genetic interaction with environmental factors. A new Tel Aviv University study... 1 day
Medical News Today: Medical marijuana laws linked to greater increase in illicit use, disorders
MNT A new study published in JAMA Psychiatry finds that states with medical marijuana laws have seen a higher increase in... 1 day
Working human forebrain circuits assembled in a lab dish
SCIENCE DAILY Peering into laboratory glassware, researchers have watched stem-cell-derived nerve cells arising in a specific region of the human brain migrate into another brain region. This process recapitulates what's been believed... 1 day
In a neuro-techno future, human rights laws will need to be revisited
SCIENCE DAILY New human rights laws to prepare for advances in neurotechnology may put the 'freedom of the mind' at risk. 1 day
The automation of art: A legal conundrum
PHYS.ORG In 1968, sociologist Jean Baudrillard wrote on automatism that "contained within it is the dream of a dominated world [...] that serves an inert and dreamy humanity." 1 day
Nerve Gas Attack: New Treatment Cleared, But More Drugs Are Needed
LIVE SCIENCE After a deadly nerve agent attack in Syria earlier this month, the U.S. government has approved a new type of injector for a drug that treats... 1 day
HIPPO's molecular balancing act helps nerves not short circuit
SCIENCE DAILY It may be possible to therapeutically fine tune a constantly shifting balance of molecular signals to ensure the body's peripheral nerves are insulated and functioning normally, researchers have discovered. They... 1 day
Teenagers can become disruptive if teachers use psychological pressure
SCIENCE DAILY A new study discovered that psychological pressure from teachers can contribute to disengagement amongst young teens. Active disengagement behaviors include talking and making noise, with daydreaming in class amongst the... 1 day
Immune system, brain structure and memory linked
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have demonstrated that both the structure of the brain and several memory functions are linked to immune system genes. 1 day
Teenagers can become disruptive if teachers use psychological pressure
PHYS.ORG A study by researchers at the University of Kent is expected to help teachers identify specific reasons for different types of pupil withdrawal in the classroom. 1 day
Regular Consumption of Sugary Beverages Affects Brain
SCI-NEWS.COM Researchers using data from the Framingham Heart Study (FHS), a joint project of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute and Boston... 2 days
Subconscious bias and the battle for justice
PHYS.ORG The second-year law school students watched in amazement. 2 days
Long naps lead to less night sleep for toddlers
SCIENCE-NEWS Daytime naps can steal sleep from the night, a small study of toddlers suggests. 2 days
Studies uncover link between immune system, brain structure and memory
NEWS MEDICAL The body's immune system performs essential functions, such as defending against bacteria and cancer cells. However, the human brain is separated from immune cells in the bloodstream by... 2 days
Researchers build artificial synapse capable of autonomous learning
PHYS.ORG Researchers from France and the University of Arkansas have created an artificial synapse capable of autonomous learning, a component of artificial intelligence. The discovery opens the door to building large networks that... 2 days
Leica Microsystems introduces new augmented reality imaging technologies for surgical microscopes
NEWS MEDICAL Leica Microsystems will be revealing a new generation of augmented reality imaging technologies for surgical microscopes, at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Scientific Meeting... 2 days
Discovery offers new hope to repair spinal cord injuries
MNT Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes created a special type of neuron from human stem cells that could potentially repair spinal cord injuries. 2 days
Study finds first molecular genetic evidence of PTSD heritability
MNT A large new study from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium provides the first molecular genetic evidence that genetic influences play a role in the risk of getting Posttraumatic Stress Disorder... 2 days
Researchers discover genes linked to resilience against brain pathologies
NEWS MEDICAL The pathologies (damage) in the brain that stroke, Alzheimer's disease and other neurological conditions cause in older adults only partially explain the memory loss, reduced reasoning ability and other cognitive... 2 days
Changes in estrogen can trigger atypical functioning in memory circuit of women with gene variant
NEWS MEDICAL Fluctuations in estrogen can trigger atypical functioning in a key brain memory circuit in women with a common... 2 days
Study provides new understanding of molecular mechanisms that impact intellectual disability
NEWS MEDICAL Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have shown that a protein helps balance nerve cell communication. 2 days
Study evaluates effectiveness of deep brain stimulation for treatment-resistant schizophrenia patients
NEWS MEDICAL Winner of the Best International Abstract Award, Laura Salgado Lopez, MD, presented her research, A Pilot Study of Deep Brain Stimulation in Treatment-resistant Schizophrenia, during the... 2 days
Scientists unravel how protein impacts intellectual disability
SCIENCE DAILY A protein helps balance nerve cell communication, scientists have shown in a new study. This new study could have implications for potential treatments of intellectual disability and other neurodevelopmental disorders. 2 days
Genes associated with resilience against brain pathology identified
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have discovered two genes, known as UNC5C and ENC1, that are associated with aging individuals having better memory and brain function than would be expected, given the amount of pathologies that... 2 days
New research shows how foot's impact during walking regulates blood supply to the brain
NEWS MEDICAL You probably know that walking does your body good, but it's not just your heart and muscles that benefit. Researchers... 2 days
Research findings shed light on brain’s ability to make split-second decisions
NEWS MEDICAL When animals hunt or forage for food, they must constantly weigh whether the chance of a meal is worth the risk of being spotted by a... 2 days
Brain’s ability to rewire after injury can lead to long-term strains
NEWS MEDICAL Like air-traffic controllers scrambling to reconnect flights when a major hub goes down, the brain has a remarkable ability to rewire itself after suffering an injury. 2 days
What's coming next? Scientists identify how the brain predicts speech
SCIENCE DAILY A new study has shed light on how the brain helps us to predict what is coming next in speech. Their research reveals how individual neurons coordinate with... 2 days
Person's brain age could help identify risk of functional decline and mortality
NEWS MEDICAL Some elderly people's brains appear older than the age on their birth certificates. These people have a higher risk of developing deteriorating age-associated conditions and impairments, and even... 2 days
In a neuro-techno future, human rights laws will need to be revisited
PHYS.ORG New human rights laws to prepare for advances in neurotechnology that put the 'freedom of the mind' at risk have been proposed today in... 2 days
Psychedelic Drugs Really Do Trigger a 'Higher' State of Consciousness
LIVE SCIENCE People in the study who used psychedelic drugs showed higher patterns of neural activity. 2 days
Chili peppers and marijuana calm the gut, study suggests
SCIENCE DAILY You wouldn't think chili peppers and marijuana have much in common. But when eaten, both interact with the same receptor in our stomachs, according to a new paper. The research... 2 days
Chili peppers and marijuana calm the gut
SCIENCE DAILY You wouldn't think chili peppers and marijuana have much in common. But when eaten, both interact with the same receptor in our stomachs, according to a new paper. The research could lead to new... 2 days
Chemotherapy drug may increase vulnerability to depression
SCIENCE DAILY A chemotherapy drug used to treat brain cancer may increase vulnerability to depression by stopping new brain cells from growing, according to a new study. 2 days
Mental illness does not affect bariatric surgery weight loss results
SCIENCE DAILY A new study compares bariatric surgery outcomes according to preoperative mental illness. Results indicates that the state of mental illness does not affect weight loss results. 2 days
Bugs for thought: Gut bacteria tell the brain what animals should eat
SCIENCE DAILY Could the bacteria that inhabit our gut influence our food choices? A new study shows, for the first time, that this idea may not... 2 days
A pilot study of deep brain stimulation in treatment-resistant schizophrenia
SCIENCE DAILY Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has proven its effectiveness in different types of psychiatric disorders, neuropathic pain and neurodegenerative diseases. Schizophrenia remains one of the leading causes of disability... 2 days
Clinical trials offer fresh hope for kids with rare brain disease
SCIENCE DAILY Anna Gunby can't run around as smoothly as most 4-year-olds because her wobbly legs are affected by a rare brain disease that also hinders her intellect.... 2 days
What Is Exploding Head Syndrome? | Video
LIVE SCIENCE A startling sleep disorder called 'exploding head syndrome' can wake up people up with a crash and a bang. Here's what's really happening in the brain. 2 days
When Hollywood met neurosurgery
SCIENCE DAILY A team of computer engineers and neurosurgeons, with an assist from Hollywood special effects experts, reports successful early tests of a novel, lifelike 3-D simulator designed to teach surgeons to perform a delicate, minimally invasive brain operation. 2 days
Caltech researchers discover brain region that judges intensity, ambiguity of facial expressions
NEWS MEDICAL Have you ever thought someone was angry at you, but it turned out you were just misreading their facial expression? Caltech researchers have now... 2 days
Political left, right similarly motivated to avoid rival views
PHYS.ORG A new report from social psychologists at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Winnipeg suggests people on both sides of the political aisle are similarly motivated... 2 days
Estrogen alters memory circuit function in women with gene variant
SCIENCE DAILY Fluctuations in estrogen triggered atypical functioning in a key brain memory circuit in women with a common version of a gene. Brain scans revealed altered circuit activity linked... 2 days
Mental illness does not impact bariatric surgery outcomes, study finds
NEWS MEDICAL People with pre-existing mental health conditions had nearly identical results in weight loss after bariatric surgery as compared to those with no known mental health conditions. 2 days
Gut bacteria tell the brain what animals should eat
PHYS.ORG Neuroscientists have, for the first time, shown that gut bacteria "speak" to the brain to control food choices in animals. In a study publishing April 25 in the Open Access... 2 days
Homo naledi’s brain shows humanlike features
SCIENCE-NEWS South African Homo species had small but humanlike brain, scientists say. 2 days
Facebook can function as safety net for the bereaved
SCIENCE DAILY Neuroscientists have long noted that if certain brain cells are destroyed by, say, a stroke, new circuits may be laid in another location to compensate, essentially rewiring the brain. Researchers... 2 days
Novel mode of antidepressant action may help patients unresponsive to SSRIs
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have identified a novel mode of action for a potential antidepressant that also leads to nerve cell growth in the mouse hippocampus. The activator of... 2 days
Neurobiologists use skin stem cells to generate new microglia
NEWS MEDICAL Using human skin cells, University of California, Irvine neurobiologists and their colleagues have created a method to generate one of the principle cell types of the brain called microglia, which... 2 days
Aerobic, resistance exercise combo can boost brain power of over 50s
SCIENCE DAILY A combination of aerobic and resistance exercises can significantly boost the brain power of the over 50s, finds the most comprehensive review of the available evidence... 2 days
Predicting people's 'brain age' could help to spot who is at risk of early death
SCIENCE DAILY A method for predicting someone's 'brain age' based on MRI scans could help to spot who might be... 2 days
Skin stem cells used to generate new brain cells
SCIENCE DAILY Using human skin cells, neurobiologists have created a method to generate one of the principle cell types of the brain called microglia, which play a key role in preserving the... 2 days
Low levels of NPTX2 protein in the brain may lead to learning and memory loss in Alzheimer's disease
NEWS MEDICAL Working with human brain tissue samples and genetically engineered mice, Johns Hopkins... 2 days
Facial expressions: How brains process emotion
SCIENCE DAILY The amygdala has distinct neurons that judge the intensity and ambiguity of facial expressions, new research shows. Identifying the amygdala's role in social cognition suggests insights into the neurological mechanisms behind autism and anxiety. 2 days
Movie research results: Multitasking overloads the brain
SCIENCE DAILY Previous research shows that multitasking, which means performing several tasks at the same time, reduces productivity by as much as 40%. Now a group of researchers specializing in brain imaging has found that changing... 2 days
MRI-based method for predicting brain age could help identify people at risk of early death
NEWS MEDICAL A method for predicting someone's 'brain age' based on MRI scans could help to spot who might be... 2 days
Novel mechanism of antidepressant action may benefit patients unresponsive to SSRI treatment
NEWS MEDICAL Antidepressants treat symptoms of depression by increasing levels of brain signaling molecules such as serotonin, as with the most widely used type of antidepressant,... 2 days
Combination of aerobics and resistance exercises drastically improve brain health in older adults, reports study
NEWS MEDICAL The British Journal of Sports Medicine has published online the most complete review of the available evidence to... 3 days
Eat, Sleep, Repeat: How Kids' Daily Routines Can Help Prevent Obesity
NPR A new study finds that preschool-aged children who didn't have a set sleep routine were more likely to be overweight by the time they hit the... 3 days
Differing hormone profiles shape human social hierarchies, say psychology researchers
NEWS MEDICAL In a game of chicken, the most aggressive players are fueled by testosterone and are more willing to harm others; and while it may be easy to demonize... 3 days
Melding Mind and Machine: How Close Are We?
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