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Graphene sets a new record on squeezing light to one atom
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers reach the ultimate level of light confinement -- the space of one atom. This will pave the way to ultra-small optical switches, detectors and sensors. 13 hours
understanding mercury s magnetic tail Understanding Mercury’s Magnetic Tail
ASTRO WATCH Theoretical physicists used simulations to explain the unusual readings collected in 2009 by the Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) mission. The origin of energetic electrons... 15 hours
Tumor suppressor BAP1 is essential for thymic development and proliferative responses of T lymphocytes
Science Magazine Loss of function of the nuclear deubiquitinating enzyme BRCA1-associated protein-1 (BAP1) is associated with a wide spectrum of cancers. We... 15 hours
Multi-watt, multi-octave, mid-infrared femtosecond source
Science Magazine Spectroscopy in the wavelength range from 2 to 11 μm (900 to 5000 cm–1) implies a multitude of applications in fundamental physics, chemistry, as well as environmental and life sciences. The related vibrational transitions, which all infrared-active small... 15 hours
First observation of the quantized exciton-polariton field and effect of interactions on a single polariton
Science Magazine Polaritons are quasi-particles that originate from the coupling of light with matter and that demonstrate quantum phenomena at... 15 hours
Quantum spin Hall insulator with a large bandgap, Dirac fermions, and bilayer graphene analog
Science Magazine The search for room temperature quantum spin Hall insulators (QSHIs) based on widely available materials and a controlled manufacturing process... 15 hours
Flexible active-matrix organic light-emitting diode display enabled by MoS2 thin-film transistor
Science Magazine Atomically thin molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has been extensively investigated in semiconductor electronics but has not been applied in a backplane circuitry of organic light-emitting diode (OLED)... 15 hours
Experimental entanglement of 25 individually accessible atomic quantum interfaces
Science Magazine A quantum interface links the stationary qubits in a quantum memory with flying photonic qubits in optical transmission channels and constitutes a critical element for the future quantum internet. Entanglement... 15 hours
Is dark matter made of primordial black holes?
PHYS.ORG Astronomers studying the motions of galaxies and the character of the cosmic microwave background radiation came to realize in the last century that most of the matter in the universe was not... 19 hours
Study reveals surprising insights into RNA-binding proteins
NEWS MEDICAL A host of special molecules called nuclear RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), when misplaced outside the nucleus, form the harmful clumps seen in several brain disorders, including frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). 19 hours
Muons spin tales of undiscovered particles
PHYS.ORG Scientists at U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories are collaborating to test a magnetic property of the muon. Their experiment could point to the existence of physics beyond our current understanding, including undiscovered particles. 19 hours
Quantum Radar Could Make Stealth Technology Obsolete
LIVE SCIENCE Using entangled photons, scientists want to create a 'quantum radar' that can detect stealth bombers. 19 hours
Molecular motor: Four states of rotation
PHYS.ORG With the help of ultrafast spectroscopy and quantum mechanical calculations, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich researchers have characterized the complete rotational cycle of the light-driven, chemical motor molecule hemithioindigo. 1 day
Anyone can be an innovator, research finds
SCIENCE DAILY Innovators aren't born, but they can be made, a recent study suggests. Researchers created a contest -- for engineering and computer science students -- designed to answer the question: Are persuaded innovators less capable... 1 day
Atoms may hum a tune from grand cosmic symphony
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers playing with a cloud of ultracold atoms uncovered behavior that bears a striking resemblance to the universe in microcosm. Their work forges new connections between atomic physics and the... 1 day
Your grandchildren may retire before we achieve gender equality in STEMM
SCIENCE DAILY New research has calculated that without further interventions, the gender gap for women working in STEMM is very likely to persist for generations, particularly in surgery,... 2 days
Are Those Gravitational Waves? Nope, They're Just Thirsty Ravens
LIVE SCIENCE Bizarre data glitches have set gravitational-wave scientists — and a conspiracy of ravens — all aflutter. 2 days
Probing the ultimate plasmon confinement limits with a van der Waals heterostructure
Science Magazine The ability to confine light into tiny spatial dimensions is important for applications such as microscopy, sensing, and nanoscale lasers. Although plasmons offer an... 2 days
Five-dimensional imaging of freezing emulsions with solute effects
Science Magazine The interaction of objects with a moving solidification front is a common feature of many industrial and natural processes such as metal processing, the growth of single crystals, the cryopreservation of cells,... 2 days
Large-scale integrated quantum optics
Science Magazine 2 days
Light confined to a single atomic layer
Science Magazine 2 days
New record on squeezing light to one atom: Atomic Lego guides light below one nanometer
PHYS.ORG All electronic devices consist of billions of transistors, the key building block invented in Bell Labs in the... 2 days
New research could literally squeeze more power out of solar cells
PHYS.ORG Physicists at the University of Warwick have today, Thursday 19th April 2018, published new research in the fournal Science today 19th April 2018 (via the Journal's... 2 days
Flexo-photovoltaic effect
Science Magazine It is highly desirable to discover photovoltaic mechanisms that enable a higher efficiency of solar cells. Here, we report that the bulk photovoltaic effect, which is free from the thermodynamic Shockley-Queisser limit but usually manifested only in noncentrosymmetric (piezoelectric or... 2 days
Putting proteins in their proper place
PHYS.ORG A host of special molecules called nuclear RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), when misplaced outside the nucleus, form the harmful clumps seen in several brain disorders, including frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). "Clumps that form... 2 days
For nuclear weapons reduction, a way to verify without revealing
PHYS.ORG In past negotiations aimed at reducing the arsenals of the world's nuclear superpowers, chiefly the U.S. and Russia, a major sticking point has been the verification process: How... 2 days
For nuclear weapons reduction, a way to verify without revealing
MIT New isotope-detection method could prove compliance but avoid divulging secrets. 2 days
Atoms may hum a tune from grand cosmic symphony
PHYS.ORG Researchers playing with a cloud of ultracold atoms uncovered behavior that bears a striking resemblance to the universe in microcosm. Their work, which forges new connections between atomic physics and... 2 days
Diamond-like carbon is formed differently to what was believed – machine learning enables development of new model
PHYS.ORG Researchers at Aalto University and Cambridge University have made a significant breakthrough in computational... 2 days
Researchers use diamond impurities to see on the microscopic scale
PHYS.ORG It's not often that you see 50-year-old equipment in a modern physics laboratory, let alone find it at the center of cutting-edge research. But then, most such labs... 2 days
Light-controlled current transport by charged atoms demonstrated for the first time
PHYS.ORG Light makes some materials conductive in a previously unforeseen way. In silicon solar cells, electrons flow when the sun shines. However, scientists at the Stuttgart-based Max... 2 days
Robot developed for automated assembly of designer nanomaterials
PHYS.ORG Van der Waals heterostructures are assemblies of atomically thin two-dimensional (2-D) crystalline materials that display attractive conduction properties for use in advanced electronic devices. 2 days
Electromagnetic wizardry: Wireless power transfer enhanced by backward signal
PHYS.ORG An international research team including scientists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and ITMO University has proposed a way to increase the efficiency of wireless power transfer over... 2 days
Graphene changes elastic properties depending on applied force
PHYS.ORG A group of scientists, including specialists from Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics (ITF), has described a universal characteristic in which many unique graphene properties are "hidden." Abnormal graphene behavior can be fully... 2 days
Study: Inactivity of astronauts during spaceflights may have more pronounced effect on skeletal muscle than hypoxia
NEWS MEDICAL The inactivity of astronauts during spaceflights presents a significant risk to their muscles, says a new... 2 days
How North Korea Feeds Its Impoverished People a Steady Diet of Anti-U.S. Paranoia
HISTORY For nearly seven decades, the Kim family dynasty has warned the North Korean people that the U.S. is a murderous superpower—and their... 2 days
can we tell black holes apart Can We Tell Black Holes Apart?
ASTRO WATCH One of the most fundamental predictions of Einstein's theory of relativity is the existence of black holes. In spite of the recent detection of... 2 days
ucsb physicists team up with caltech astronomers to commission the most advanced camera in the world UCSB Physicists Team Up with Caltech Astronomers to Commission the Most Advanced Camera in the World
ASTRO WATCH Somewhere in the vastness... 3 days
How ravens caused a LIGO data glitch
SCIENCE-NEWS Ravens pecking at frosty pipes caused a glitch in gravitational wave data. 3 days
Decline of genetic diversity in ancient domestic stallions in Europe
Science Magazine Present-day domestic horses are immensely diverse in their maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA, yet they show very little variation on their paternally inherited Y chromosome. Although it has recently... 3 days
Heritable stress response dynamics revealed by single-cell genealogy
Science Magazine Cells often respond to environmental stimuli by activating specific transcription factors. Upon exposure to glucose limitation stress, it is known that yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells dephosphorylate the general stress response factor Msn2,... 3 days
En route to the optical nuclear clock
PHYS.ORG The nucleus of thorium-229 possesses a property that is unique among all known nuclides: It should be possible to excite it with ultraviolet light. To date, little has been known about the low-energy state... 3 days
What happens to our muscles during spaceflight and when living on Mars?
SCIENCE DAILY The inactivity of astronauts during spaceflights presents a significant risk to their muscles, says a new study. Scientists have simulated the impact of 21-day... 3 days
Extreme environment of Danakil Depression sheds light on Mars, Titan and nuclear waste
PHYS.ORG The Danakil Depression in Ethiopia is a spectacular, hostile environment that may resemble conditions encountered on Mars and Titan – as well... 3 days
Field-cycling relaxometry can assess the tumor status by measuring the rate of cellular water exchange
PHYS.ORG How aggressive is a tumor? To measure the tumor status without taking tissue samples, Italian researchers have developed... 3 days
Battery's hidden layer revealed
PHYS.ORG Commercially available since the 1970s, the lithium-ion battery is now the workhorse power source in many applications. It can be found in cell phones, laptops and electric vehicles. Yet, much about the basic science taking place at the atomic and... 3 days
Physicists Create Bose-Einstein Condensate of ‘Surface Plasmon Polaritons’
SCI-NEWS.COM A team of physicists at Aalto University in Finland has successfully created a Bose-Einstein condensate of light coupled with metal... 3 days
Nuclear techniques unlock the structure of a rare type of superconducting intermetallic alloy
PHYS.ORG Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. 3 days
Mushroom Clouds Burst Through Neutron Stars, and NASA Can Watch It Happen
LIVE SCIENCE The energetic explosions release clouds of debris similar to those launched from nuclear explosions. 3 days
Novel thermal phases of topological quantum matter in the lab
PHYS.ORG For the first time, a group of researchers from Universidad Complutense de Madrid, IBM, ETH Zurich, MIT and Harvard University have observed topological phases of matter of quantum... 3 days
Scientists make counterintuitive observations in hybrid quantum systems
PHYS.ORG A team of researchers from the National Institute of Informatics (NII) in Tokyo and NTT Basic Research Laboratories (BRL, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation) in Japan have published an explanation of how... 3 days
Polymer-graphene nanocarpets to electrify smart fabrics
PHYS.ORG Researchers from Tomsk Polytechnic University, together with their international colleagues, have discovered a method to modify and use graphene, a one-atom thin conductor of current and heat, without destroying it. Thanks to the method, the researchers... 3 days
Bill Clinton Once Struck a Nuclear Deal With North Korea
HISTORY It was forged against all odds—but couldn’t survive the heat of public disapproval. 3 days
Understanding Mercury's magnetic tail
SCIENCE DAILY Theoretical physicists used simulations to explain the unusual readings collected in 2009 by the Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry, and Ranging mission. The origin of energetic electrons detected in Mercury's magnetic tail has puzzled scientists. This new study provides a... 4 days
Scientists make counter-intuitive observations in hybrid quantum systems
SCIENCE DAILY Scientist have found that the cooling of quantum systems coupled to a common reservoir can lead to counter-intuitive behavior, where one of the quantum systems actually heats up. 4 days
New process to differentiate stem cells
SCIENCE DAILY As scientists try to find therapy options to fight back and neck pain, considerable interest exists in harnessing stem cells to restore nucleus pulposus, the chief material in discs. Previous research shows human induced pluripotent stem... 4 days
Can we tell black holes apart?
SCIENCE DAILY Astrophysicists have created and compared self-consistent and realistic images of the shadow of an accreting supermassive black hole. The goal was to test if Einsteinian black holes can be distinguished from those in alternative theories of... 4 days
Exhibit focuses on homes that adapt and change with us
PHYS.ORG Most housing is designed for nuclear families, but most U.S. households don't meet that description. 4 days
Performing under pressure: Modeling oxidation in high-stress materials
PHYS.ORG Each year, the effects of corroding materials sap more than $1 trillion from the global economy. As certain alloys are exposed to extreme stress and temperatures, an oxide film begins to form,... 4 days
Researchers have evidence that might explain the unexpected presence of energetic electrons in Mercury's magnetic tail
PHYS.ORG Theoretical physicists used simulations to explain the unusual readings collected in 2009 by the Mercury Surface,... 4 days
A City-Size 'Telescope' Could Watch Space-Time Ripple 1 Million Times a Year
SPACE.COM A gravitational wave detector that's 2.5 miles long isn't cool. You know what's cool? A 25-mile-long gravitational wave detector. 4 days
Walking on the moon – underwater
PHYS.ORG It's one of the deepest 'swimming pools' in Europe, but for three years has been helping preparations for a human return to the moon. ESA's Neutral Buoyancy Facility at the European Astronaut Centre has been the... 4 days
New capabilities at NSLS-II set to advance materials science
PHYS.ORG By channeling the intensity of x-rays, synchrotron light sources can reveal the atomic structures of countless materials. Researchers from around the world come to the National Synchrotron Light Source II... 4 days
Making protein patterns robust
PHYS.ORG Correct protein localization is crucial for many fundamental cellular processes. LMU physicists have now asked how to confer robustness against variations in protein concentrations on pattern formation mechanisms. 4 days
How does plant DNA avoid the ravages of UV radiation?
SCIENCE DAILY Plants can't come in from the sun or slather on sunblock; instead they have a super robust DNA repair kit to combat UV radiation. Today, the lab of... 4 days
Researchers study extended X-ray emission in the PKS 1718−649 radio source
PHYS.ORG An international team of researchers has performed of extended X-ray emission in the radio source known as PKS 1718−649. The study, published April 11 in a... 4 days
The current ability to test theories of gravity with black hole shadows
PHYS.ORG Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing... 4 days
walking on the moon underwater Walking on the Moon – underwater
ESA It’s one of the deepest ‘swimming pools’ in Europe, but for three years has been helping preparations for a human return to the Moon.... 4 days
When nuclei catch up with electrons
PHYS.ORG In an attosecond study of the H2 molecule, physicists at ETH Zurich found that for light atomic nuclei, as contained in most organic and biological molecules, the correlation between electronic and nuclear motions cannot be ignored. 4 days
Researchers create new Bose-Einstein condensate
PHYS.ORG Researchers at Aalto University, Finland, have created a Bose-Einstein condensate of light coupled with metal electrons, so-called surface plasmon polaritons. Nearly 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Satyendra Nath Bose predicted that quantum mechanics could force a large... 4 days
Hello DARKNESS: Physicists team up with astronomers to commission the most advanced camera in the world
PHYS.ORG Somewhere in the vastness of the universe another habitable planet likely exists. And it may not... 4 days
On 'One Strange Rock,' Former Astronaut Mae Jemison Delves into Life's Origins
SPACE.COM As the late Carl Sagan once said, "We are made of star stuff." Every living thing is composed of atoms that were born inside... 5 days
Quantum shift shows itself in coupled light and matter
PHYS.ORG VIDEO A team led by Rice University scientists used a unique combination of techniques to observe, for the first time, a condensed matter phenomenon about which others have only speculated. The... 5 days
When nuclei catch up with electrons
SCIENCE DAILY In an attosecond study of the H2 molecule physicists found that for light atomic nuclei -- as contained in most organic and biological molecules -- the correlation between electronic and nuclear motions cannot be ignored. 5 days
Researchers have placed an electron in a dual state -- neither freed nor bound -- thus confirming a hypothesis from the 1970s
SCIENCE DAILY Half a century ago,... 5 days
An astrophysicist is unlocking the secrets to dark matter
SCIENCE DAILY New research examines an interesting light source that was captured by four different telescopes each pointing in a different direction in the sky. 5 days
Course set to overcome mismatch between lab-designed nanomaterials and nature's complexity
PHYS.ORG Cells and the machinery they encase are soft matter—shape-shifting multicomponent systems with an overwhelming richness of forms. But, these squishy packages are hard targets for potential... 5 days
A City-Size 'Telescope' Could Watch Space-Time Ripple 1 Million Times a Year
LIVE SCIENCE A gravitational wave detector that's 2.5 miles long isn't cool. You know what's cool? A 25-mile-long gravitational wave detector. 5 days
Personal recollections of an astrophysicist shed new light on the 1995 discovery on 51 Pegasi b
PHYS.ORG In recent history, a very important achievement was the discovery, in 1995, of 51 Pegasi b,... 5 days
Unlocking the secrets to dark matter
PHYS.ORG University of Miami astrophysicist Nico Cappelluti studies the sky. An assistant professor in the Physics Department, Cappelluti is intrigued by the cosmic phenomena of super massive black holes, the nature of dark matter, and active galactic... 5 days
For the first time, researchers place an electron in a dual state—neither freed nor bound
PHYS.ORG Atoms are composed of electrons moving around a central nucleus to which they are bound. The electrons can... 5 days
The gamma ray burst – supernova connection
PHYS.ORG A "core-collapse" supernova occurs when the iron core of a massive star collapses under the force of gravity and then rebounds, generating pressure waves and shocks that propagate outward. A superluminous supernovae is a... 5 days
A City-Sized 'Telescope' Could Watch Space-Time Ripple 1 Million Times a Year
SPACE.COM A gravitational wave detector that's 2.5 miles long isn't cool. You know what's cool? A 25-mile-long gravitational wave detector. 5 days
This Quantum Random Number Generator Can Never Be Hacked
SPACE.COM A special experimental setup produces certifiably random numbers to use in the creation of "unhackable" messages. 5 days
Quantum physicists achieve entanglement record
PHYS.ORG Entanglement is of central importance for the new quantum technologies of the 21st century. A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20... 5 days
A City-Sized 'Telescope' Could Watch Space-Time Ripple 1 Million Times a Year
LIVE SCIENCE A gravitational wave detector that's 2.5 miles long isn't cool. You know what's cool? A 25-mile-long gravitational wave detector. 6 days
astrophysics cubesat demonstrates big potential in a small package Astrophysics CubeSat Demonstrates Big Potential in a Small Package
ASTRO WATCH The ASTERIA satellite, which was deployed into low-Earth orbit in November, is only slightly larger than a box... 7 days
Custom-designed alloy enhances nuclear safety
PHYS.ORG A team led by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has developed a safer cladding for nuclear fuel rods. 1 week
NASA's world tour of the atmosphere reveals surprises along the way
PHYS.ORG Two thirds of Earth's surface are covered by water—and two thirds of Earth's atmosphere reside over the oceans, far from land and the traditional ways that... 1 week
Artificial intelligence accelerates discovery of metallic glass
PHYS.ORG Blend two or three metals together and you get an alloy that usually looks and acts like a metal, with its atoms arranged in rigid geometric patterns. 1 week
Short-Period Double Stars Can Eject Their Planets, Study Suggests
SCI-NEWS.COM So-called circumbinary planets — those planets that orbit around a binary star, like the fictional Tatooine from the... 1 week
Multiple heteroatom substitution to graphene nanoribbon
Science Magazine Substituting heteroatoms into nanostructured graphene elements, such as graphene nanoribbons, offers the possibility for atomic engineering of electronic properties. To characterize these substitutions, functionalized atomic force microscopy (AFM)—a tool to directly resolve chemical structures—is one of... 1 week
Bursting at the seams: Rippled monolayer bismuth on NbSe2
Science Magazine Bismuth, one of the heaviest semimetals in nature, ignited the interest of the materials physics community for its potential impact on topological quantum material systems that use its strong spin-orbit... 1 week
Crystal nucleation in metallic alloys using x-ray radiography and machine learning
Science Magazine The crystallization of solidifying Al-Cu alloys over a wide range of conditions was studied in situ by synchrotron x-ray radiography, and the data were analyzed using... 1 week
Experimental signatures of spin superfluid ground state in canted antiferromagnet Cr2O3 via nonlocal spin transport
Science Magazine Spin superfluid is a novel emerging quantum matter arising from the Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) of spin-1 bosons. We... 1 week
Individual impurity atoms detectable in graphene
PHYS.ORG A team including physicists from the University of Basel has succeeded in using atomic force microscopy to obtain clear images of individual impurity atoms in graphene ribbons. Thanks to the forces measured in the graphene's two-dimensional... 1 week
Theoreticians finally prove that 'curly arrows' tell the truth about chemical reactions
SCIENCE DAILY Team used theoretical modelling, looking at wave functions in new ways to show why curly arrows work. This unprecedented method of extracting the movements... 1 week
'Scaffolding' method allows biochemists to see proteins in remarkable detail
SCIENCE DAILY Biochemists have achieved a major goal in biology: seeing at near atomic detail the smallest protein ever visualized by the technique whose development won the 2017 Nobel Prize... 1 week
Chemistry: Observing biological nanotransporters
SCIENCE DAILY A research team was able to describe with atomic detail how molecules are transported through biological membranes. Computer simulations and spectroscopic experiments provided insights into the work of so-called ABC transporters. These proteins play an important role in the drug... 1 week
Two atoms combined in dipolar molecule
PHYS.ORG In terms of size, it may be the smallest scientific breakthrough ever made at Harvard. 1 week
Quantum shift shows itself in coupled light and matter
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Cycling motion keeps hydrofoils upright during flight
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Confirmation bias: I believe, therefore it's true
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Start of most sensitive search yet for dark matter axion
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Tackling the toughest questions with NanoSIMS
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A magnetar just woke up after three years of silence
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