NEWS MEDICAL Down's syndrome - also known as trisomy 21 - is a genetic disorder caused by an additional third chromosome 21. Although this genetic abnormality is found in one out of 700 births, only 20% of foetuses with trisomy 21 reach full term. 1 month
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Tiny 'brains on chips' reveal mechanisms underlying brain's wrinkling process
NEWS MEDICAL Being born with a "tabula rasa" - a clean slate - in the case of the brain is something of a curse. Our brains are already wrinkled like... 3 days
Study: Fragile X syndrome neurons can be restored
MIT Whitehead Institute researchers are using a modified CRISPR/Cas9-guided activation strategy to investigate the most frequent cause of intellectual disability in males. 1 week
Mystery cloaks Japanese dad of 13 born from Thai surrogates
ABC NEWS A wealthy Japanese man who has won sole legal custody of his 13 children born from surrogates in Thailand is virtually anonymous in his home country 2 days
'Brain on a chip' reveals how the brain folds
SCIENCE DAILY Our brains are wrinkled like walnuts by the time we are born. Babies born without these wrinkles -- called smooth brain syndrome -- suffer from severe developmental deficiencies and their... 3 days
Mouse model of intellectual disability isolates learning gene
SCIENCE DAILY Adult male mice lacking a gene linked to intellectual disability have trouble completing and remembering mazes, with no changes in social or repetitive behavior, according to new research. This animal model provides... 4 days
Survivors of childhood heart defects may have higher risk of premature dementia
SCIENCE DAILY Children born with heart defects are more likely to survive into old age because of improved early treatments, but they may be more likely... 2 weeks
Pregnant women deficient in vitamin D may give birth to obese children
SCIENCE DAILY Vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women could preprogram babies to grow into obese children and adults, according to a new study. Researchers found that... 1 week
Ban on abortions due to Down syndrome challenged in lawsuit
ABC NEWS The ACLU has filed a constitutional challenge to Ohio's law prohibiting doctors from performing abortions based on a diagnosis of Down syndrome. 1 week
Medical News Today: What is Apert syndrome?
MNT Learn about Apert syndrome, a genetic condition that causes abnormal head, hand, and foot development. We look at symptoms, treatment, and outlook. 1 week
UNICEF says Pakistan is riskiest country for newborns
ABC NEWS UNICEF says Pakistan has world's highest neonatal mortality rate; 46 out of every 1,000 children born in Pakistan die 4 days
Medical News Today: How yoga can help to manage metabolic syndrome
MNT A new study explains the mechanism through which 1 year of yoga training benefits adults with metabolic syndrome and raised blood pressure. 2 weeks
Invasive bloody red shrimp discovered in Lake Superior
PHYS.ORG An invasive species with a jarring name has turned up in Lake Superior: the bloody red shrimp. 3 days
Analysis finds lower IQ in children with chronic kidney disease
SCIENCE DAILY An analysis of published studies indicates that children with chronic kidney disease may have lower intellectual functioning compared than children in the general population. Compared with children with... 20 hours
Modification of CRISPR guide RNA structure prevents immune response in target cells
PHYS.ORG CRISPR-mediated genome editing has become a powerful tool for modeling of disease in various organisms and is being developed for clinical applications. Preassembled Cas9... 1 day
Polyploid cells can protect the liver against cancer formation, study shows
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers at the Children's Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern have discovered that cells in the liver with whole genome duplications, known as polyploid cells,... 2 weeks
Genetics makes Asians, Europeans susceptible to dengue shock syndrome
SCIENCE DAILY As globalization and climate change spread tropical diseases around the globe, not all populations are equally susceptible to infection. Gene variants common in people of Asian and European ancestry, for... 1 week
Lab-grown cerebellar cells may help explain how ASD develops at molecular level
NEWS MEDICAL Increasing evidence has linked autism spectrum disorder with dysfunction of the brain's cerebellum, but the details have been unclear. In a new study, researchers... 4 days
Incivility at work: is 'queen bee syndrome' getting worse?
PHYS.ORG The phenomenon of women discriminating against other women in the workplace—particularly as they rise in seniority—has long been documented as the "queen bee syndrome." As women have increased their ranks... 3 days
Ancient-DNA researchers surpass the 1,000-genome milestone
SCIENCE DAILY In the last eight years, the field of ancient DNA research has expanded from just one ancient human genome to more than 1,300. The latest 625 of those genomes debut Feb. 21 in Nature, including the... 2 days
White nose syndrome is killing millions of bats via a contagious fungus – here's how to stop it
PHYS.ORG A dangerous fungus has been sweeping across North America with devastating consequences.... 1 week
Children aren't starting puberty younger, medieval skeletons reveal
PHYS.ORG Children are entering puberty younger than before, according to recent studies, raising concerns that childhood obesity and hormone-contaminated water supplies may be to blame. However, our archaeological research suggests that there's nothing... 2 weeks
Benson Hill Biosystems granted patent for novel genome editing system
NEWS MEDICAL The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has granted Benson Hill Biosystems Patent No. 9,896,696 related to CRISPR 3.0 Cms1 genome editing nucleases, further expanding the company's suite of... 3 days
Researchers discover five new genetic changes that may increase pancreatic cancer risk
NEWS MEDICAL In what is believed to be the largest pancreatic cancer genome-wide association study to date, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center and... 2 days
'Icebreaker' protein opens genome for T-cell development, researchers find
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers describe the role of a transcription factor called TCF-1 in targeting the condensed chromatin and regulating the availability of genome sequences in T-cell development. The new connection between TCF-1... 3 days
Do sad children overeat?
MNT Many adults overeat when they feel low, and some binge when they are elated. A new study investigates whether children do the same. 3 days
'Black Panther' and mental health in the Black community
ABC NEWS Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide 6 days
Back-and-forth exchanges boost children’s brain response to language
MIT Study finds engaging young children in conversation is more important for brain development than “dumping words” on them. 1 week
New medication improves motor function in children with later-onset spinal muscular atrophy
NEWS MEDICAL Children with later-onset spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) were more likely to show gains in motor function when treated with a new medication compared to children receiving... 1 week
Medical News Today: Do sad children overeat?
MNT Many adults overeat when they feel low, and some binge when they are elated. A new study investigates whether children do the same. 3 days
Unexpected evolutionary benefit to phages imparted by bacterial CRISPR-Cas9
Science Magazine Bacteria and bacteriophages arm themselves with various defensive and counterdefensive mechanisms to protect their own genome and degrade the other’s. CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat)–Cas (CRISPR-associated) is an... 1 week
Synchronised waves control embryonic patterning
Technology to improve the resilience of bridges
Scientists eavesdrop on volcanic rumblings to forecast eruptions
3-D NASA animation displays a surface pit eroded by stars in the Orion nebula
Supermassive black holes are outgrowing their galaxies
Andromeda galaxy was formed in 'recent' star crash: study
New technology combines LEGO bricks and drones
How to reduce methane emissions from the oil and gas industry across North America
First high-precision LHC measurement of W boson mass
Solving the dark energy mystery: A new assignment for a 45-year-old telescope