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Ancient Italian fossils reveal risk of parasitic infections due to climate change
PHYS.ORG In 2014, a team of researchers led by a paleobiologist from the University of Missouri found that clams from the Holocene Epoch (that began... 2 hours
Ancient Italian fossils reveal risk of parasitic infections due to climate change
SCIENCE DAILY In 2014, a team of researchers found that clams from the Holocene Epoch (that began 11,700 years ago) contained clues about how sea level... 2 hours
Not under the skin, but on it: Living together brings couples' microbiomes together
SCIENCE DAILY Couples who live together share many things: Bedrooms, bathrooms, food, and even bacteria. After analyzing skin microbiomes from cohabitating couples, microbial ecologists... 3 hours
How CRISPR proteins find their target
SCIENCE DAILY In addition to the Cas9 protein that bacteria use to bind and snip DNA, bacteria have other Cas proteins that know where to insert that viral DNA into the CRISPR region to remember which viruses have... 3 hours
Novel type of virus found in a lake in Central Finland links virus groups
SCIENCE DAILY Viruses are the most numerous biological entities -- where is life there are viruses. Still, only a small fraction of... 3 hours
Cows produce powerful HIV antibodies
SCIENCE-NEWS For the first time in any animal, researchers elicit broadly neutralizing antibodies against HIV. Cows’ antibodies could help with drug development. 4 hours
Researchers show how hematopoietic stem cells detect and react to infections
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers at the University of Zurich have shown for the first time that hematopoietic stem cells detect infectious agents themselves and begin to divide - that... 4 hours
Innate reaction of hematopoietic stem cells to severe infections
SCIENCE DAILY For the first time, researchers have shown that hematopoietic stem cells detect infectious agents themselves and begin to divide – that is, without signals from growth factors. This direct production... 4 hours
We still need to beat HIV
Science Magazine 4 hours
Structures of the CRISPR genome integration complex
Science Magazine CRISPR-Cas systems depend on the Cas1-Cas2 integrase to capture and integrate short foreign DNA fragments into the CRISPR locus, enabling adaptation to new viruses. We present crystal structures of Cas1-Cas2 bound to both donor... 4 hours
Epigenetic plasticity and the hallmarks of cancer
Science Magazine Chromatin and associated epigenetic mechanisms stabilize gene expression and cellular states while also facilitating appropriate responses to developmental or environmental cues. Genetic, environmental, or metabolic insults can induce overly restrictive or overly permissive epigenetic... 4 hours
Cow antibodies yield important clues for developing a broadly effective AIDS vaccine
SCIENCE DAILY The elicitation of powerful, HIV-blocking antibodies in cows in a matter of weeks -- a process that usually takes years in humans -- has... 5 hours
Researchers discover how CRISPR proteins find their target
PHYS.ORG Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, have discovered how Cas1-Cas2, the proteins responsible for the ability of the CRISPR immune system in bacteria to adapt to new viral infections, identify the... 5 hours
Wastewater may become key ally in the fight against antibiotic-resistant microorganisms
NEWS MEDICAL Municipal wastewater may become a key ally in the fight against antibiotic-resistant disease-causing bacteria and fungi, a new study at Stellenbosch University found. 5 hours
Team discovers new paradigm for describing trophic cascades caused by infectious agents
PHYS.ORG When gray wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park, they sparked a resurgence of aspen trees. 5 hours
Grasslands restoration is working in the soil, too
SCIENCE DAILY A new study finds that tallgrass prairie restoration at a large Illinois preserve is working at a foundational level -- in the soil. Bacteria in the soil are recolonizing and recovering on... 6 hours
Saliva as good as blood for diagnosing hepatitis E, study suggests
SCIENCE DAILY A saliva test nearly matches the performance of a blood test widely used to assess recent or past hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection, a new study... 6 hours
Margaret and the Moon: New Kids' Book Profiles Pioneering Apollo Programmer
SPACE.COM One week in 2014, a 45-year-old snapshot unexpectedly went viral. Taken in 1969, the black-and-white photograph showed a young bespectacled woman, a wide grin on her... 7 hours
In frogs, preventing early-life gut microbiome disruptions leads to better health
SCIENCE DAILY Biologists have found that a crucial window in the development of tadpoles may influence a frog's ability to fight infectious diseases as an adult. The scientists... 7 hours
Nesting aids make agricultural fields attractive for bees
SCIENCE DAILY Wild bees are important pollinators of many crop plants - sometimes they are even more efficient than honeybees. Their numbers can be increased sustainably using simple means as a recent study has... 7 hours
Medical News Today: Ehrlichiosis: Symptoms, treatment, and prevention
MNT Ehrlichiosis is a type of bacterial infection commonly transmitted by the lone star tick. Learn about the symptoms of ehrlichiosis and how it is treated. 8 hours
Alternative antimicrobial compounds could come from wastewater
PHYS.ORG Municipal wastewater may become a key ally in the fight against antibiotic-resistant disease-causing bacteria and fungi, a new study at Stellenbosch University (SU) found. 8 hours
Nesting aids make agricultural fields attractive for bees
PHYS.ORG Wild bees are important pollinators of many crop plants – sometimes they are even more efficient than honeybees. Their numbers can be increased sustainably using simple means as a recent study has... 9 hours
New mechanism to destroy viruses could lead to future therapies
PHYS.ORG Researchers at Purdue University have uncovered the way some antibodies neutralize infections caused by viruses. 12 hours
Biologists find frog's future health influenced by gut microbes as tadpoles
PHYS.ORG University of South Florida biologists have found that a crucial window in the development of tadpoles may influence a frog's later ability to fight infectious diseases... 12 hours
A simple bacteria reveals how stress drives evolution
PHYS.ORG A common bacteria is furthering evidence that evolution is not entirely a blind process, subject to random changes in the genes, but that environmental stressors can also play a role. 12 hours
For 1st time, over half of people with HIV taking AIDS drugs
ABC NEWS For the 1st time, UN says more than half of people with HIV are on drugs to treat the virus 13 hours
For first time in history, half of all people with HIV are getting treatment
Science Magazine But new scorecard shows many nations still struggling to control epidemic 14 hours
Study finds high levels of antibiotic-resistant pathogens in chickens raised on farms in India
NEWS MEDICAL A new study from India raises questions about the dangers to human health of farming chicken with growth-promoting antibiotics--including some... 14 hours
Skin-applied microneedle patch boosts immunization to seasonal flu vaccine recipients, study finds
NEWS MEDICAL A boosting skin vaccination with a biodegradable microneedle patch and protein constructed from sequences of influenza virus subtypes could improve the effectiveness of conventional... 19 hours
New way found to boost immunity in fight cancer and infections
SCIENCE DAILY A key new mechanism has been identified that regulates the ability of T-cells of the immune system to react against foreign antigens and cancer. 20 hours
Worldwide report on tobacco control measures - progress over last 10 years
NEWS MEDICAL According to a latest report from the World Health Organization on the worldwide epidemic of tobacco addiction, the efforts to control tobacco use has... 20 hours
Australia to help Sri Lanka fight worst-ever dengue outbreak
ABC NEWS Australia is contributing funds to help Sri Lanka combat its worst outbreak of dengue fever, which has claimed 250 lives and infected nearly 100,000 people so far this year 20 hours
Deadly Kiss: Can a Baby Contract a Lethal Virus from a Cold Sore?
LIVE SCIENCE A newborn baby in Iowa died this week from an infection with the virus that causes cold sores, which she likely contracted... 24 hours
Indestructible virus yields secret to creating incredibly durable materials
SCIENCE DAILY It lives in boiling acid that dissolves flesh and bone. Now scientists have unlocked the secrets of the indestructible virus, potentially allowing them to harness its remarkable properties to create... 1 day
Skin vaccination with microneedle patch, influenza fusion protein improves efficacy of flu vaccines
PHYS.ORG A boosting skin vaccination with a biodegradable microneedle patch and protein constructed from sequences of influenza virus subtypes could improve the effectiveness... 1 day
New gel coatings may lead to better catheters, condoms
SCIENCE DAILY Catheters, intravenous lines, and other types of surgical tubing are a medical necessity for managing a wide range of diseases. But a patient's experience with such devices is rarely a... 1 day
Skin vaccination with microneedle patch, influenza fusion protein improves efficacy of flu vaccines
SCIENCE DAILY A boosting skin vaccination with a biodegradable microneedle patch and protein constructed from sequences of influenza virus subtypes could improve the effectiveness... 1 day
Researchers receive NIH grant to launch HIV prevention study of gay and bisexual men
NEWS MEDICAL The National Institutes for Health has awarded Dr. Christian Grov and his colleagues $2.4 Million to launch a 2-year nationwide... 1 day
[Editors' Choice] Tailor-made T cells for cancer therapy
Science Magazine Investigators from two teams have created personalized vaccines for the treatment of melanoma by identifying tumor-specific neoantigens. 1 day
[Editors' Choice] Counting on carbon quantum dots to clear infection
Science Magazine Carbon quantum dots safely treat corneal bacterial infection using their membrane-disrupting positive charge. 1 day
[Editors' Choice] Wolbachia wallops Zika
Science Magazine Wolbachia inhibits Zika virus replication. 1 day
New animal models for hepatitis C could pave the way for a vaccine
SCIENCE DAILY In the rats that roam New York City's streets and tunnels, scientists have found a virus that resembles hepatitis C. They have... 1 day
Vaccine rejection and hesitancy examined: Effect of calls to promote vaccination
SCIENCE DAILY The center of a public health debate is whether parents should have their children vaccinated. Researchers challenge statements made by influential individuals who oppose the widespread... 1 day
Kent State professor offers reliable information about vaccine safety, urges to promote immunization
NEWS MEDICAL The center of a public health debate is whether parents should have their children vaccinated. Tara Smith, Ph.D., professor of epidemiology at... 1 day
Study shows how cancer cells force normal cells to act like viruses to enable tumor growth
NEWS MEDICAL In a study that could explain why some breast cancers are more aggressive than others, researchers... 1 day
Cohabitating couples influence microbial communities on each other's skin
NEWS MEDICAL Couples who live together share many things: Bedrooms, bathrooms, food, and even bacteria. After analyzing skin microbiomes from cohabitating couples, microbial ecologists at the University of Waterloo, in Canada, found... 1 day
Scientists unlock secrets of indestructible virus to create super-durable materials
NEWS MEDICAL It's like the Superman of viruses, astonishingly tough and able to survive in an environment that would dissolve flesh and bone. And now scientists have unlocked the secrets... 1 day
A fungus is attacking Europe’s most beloved salamander. It could wreak havoc if it gets to North America
Science Magazine Researchers are desperately looking for ways to prevent the voracious pathogen from... 1 day
Indestructible virus yields secret to creating incredibly durable materials
PHYS.ORG It's like the Superman of viruses, astonishingly tough and able to survive in an environment that would dissolve flesh and bone. And now scientists have unlocked the secrets of its... 1 day
A gene increases the severity of common colds
SCIENCE DAILY Mutations have been found that worsen respiratory infections among children. A new study explains the mechanism involved. 1 day
Not under the skin, but on it: Living together brings couples' microbiomes together
PHYS.ORG Couples who live together share many things: Bedrooms, bathrooms, food, and even bacteria. After analyzing skin microbiomes from cohabitating couples, microbial ecologists... 1 day
A fungus is attacking Europe's most beloved salamander. It could wreak havoc if it gets to North America
Science Magazine Researchers are desperately looking for ways to prevent the voracious pathogen from... 1 day
A Simple Bacteria Reveals How Stress Drives Evolution
SPACE.COM A common bacteria is furthering evidence that evolution is not entirely a blind process, subject to random changes in the genes, but that environmental stressors can also play a role. 1 day
Massive simulation shows HIV capsid interacting with its environment
SCIENCE DAILY It took two years on a supercomputer to simulate 1.2 microseconds in the life of the HIV capsid, a protein cage that shuttles the HIV virus to the nucleus of... 1 day
Parasitic worms may lead to agricultural stem cell breakthrough
PHYS.ORG The plant parasitic nematode is an agricultural pest that has no fundamental countermeasures and requires the development of resistant plant varieties or pesticides. This parasitic pest creates a nest called... 1 day
WATCH: Baby dies after contracting meningitis linked to HSV-1
ABC NEWS Parents Nicole and Shane Sifrit both tested negative for the virus. 1 day
Massive simulation shows HIV capsid interacting with its environment
PHYS.ORG It took two years on a supercomputer to simulate 1.2 microseconds in the life of the HIV capsid, a protein cage that shuttles the HIV virus to the nucleus of... 2 days
Researchers identify new way to increase immune response against cancer and infections
NEWS MEDICAL An international research team led by Université de Montréal medical professor Christopher Rudd, director of research in immunology and cell therapy at Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital... 2 days
FDA approves fixed-dose combination tablet for treating adults with chronic hepatitis C
NEWS MEDICAL The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Vosevi to treat adults with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes 1-6 without cirrhosis (liver disease)... 2 days
Large-scale genetic study of E. coli illustrates complexity of drug resistant 'superbugs'
NEWS MEDICAL The first large-scale genetic study of Escherichia coli (E. coli) cultured from patients with bloodstream infections in England showed that drug resistant 'superbugs' are... 2 days
New antibody-based assay differentiates Zika from similar viral infections
NEWS MEDICAL A new test is the best-to-date in differentiating Zika virus infections from infections caused by similar viruses. 2 days
'Superbugs' study reveals complex picture of E. coli bloodstream infections
SCIENCE DAILY The first large-scale genetic study of Escherichia coli (E. coli) cultured from patients with bloodstream infections in England showed that drug resistant 'superbugs' don't always out-compete other strains.... 2 days
New antibiotic-releasing polymer may simplify treatment of prosthetic joint infection
NEWS MEDICAL A team of Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has developed an antibiotic-releasing polymer that may greatly simplify the treatment of prosthetic joint infection. 2 days
People with Alzheimer's May Have More Bacteria in Their Brains
LIVE SCIENCE People with Alzheimer's disease may have higher levels of bacteria in their brains compared to people without the condition, a small new study suggests. 2 days
Scientists unlock planthoppers' potential to control future crop disease outbreaks
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have discovered how a severe rice virus reproduces inside the small brown planthopper, a major carrier of the virus. 2 days
New test distinguishes Zika from similar viral infections
SCIENCE DAILY A new test is the best-to-date in differentiating Zika virus infections from infections caused by similar viruses. The assay is currently in the licensing process and researchers hope it will be available... 2 days
Failures in stethoscope hygiene can lead to patient infections
SCIENCE DAILY You can lead a doctor to disinfection, but how do you get them to clean ... or wipe ... or swab a stethoscope? That's the question raised by a new... 2 days
Antibiotic-releasing polymer may help eradicate joint implant infection
SCIENCE DAILY Investigators have developed an antibiotic-releasing polymer that may greatly simplify the treatment of prosthetic joint infection. 2 days
Research finding could pave way for novel compounds to tackle bacterial resistance
NEWS MEDICAL Bacteria or 'superbugs' that have adapted to resist multiple antibiotics are responsible for around 700,000 deaths globally a year; new types of antibiotics are... 2 days
Bac-for good: Bacteria passed between generations benefits you more than others
SCIENCE DAILY Bacteria passed straight to children have more healthcare benefits than if they are transmitted via the surrounding environment, new research reveals. 2 days
Pause to read the traffic sign: Regulation of DNA transcription in bacteria
SCIENCE DAILY The survival of the cell is -- apart from other important aspects -- a question of timing. Scientists have now identified the different parts... 2 days
Young adult obesity: A neglected, yet essential focus to reverse the obesity epidemic
SCIENCE DAILY The overall burden of the US obesity epidemic continues to require new thinking, argues an expert in a new report. 2 days
New insights into complex processes
SCIENCE DAILY The blood-brain barrier is a crucial protection mechanism: it is a highly selective physical barrier that prevents pathogens and toxins in the circulatory system from entering the central nervous system where they could create havoc. At the same... 2 days
Antibiotic insight may help in battle against bacterial resistance
SCIENCE DAILY Bacteria or 'superbugs' that have adapted to resist multiple antibiotics are responsible for around 700,000 deaths globally a year; new types of antibiotics are urgently needed. 2 days
New bacterial defense mechanism of the CRISPR-Cas system uncovered
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have found an unprecedented defense mechanism by which bacteria defend themselves against invading viruses. When the bacterial immune system gets overwhelmed, the CRISPR-Cas system produces a chemical signal that... 2 days
Mechanical heart valves lead to fewer infections than biological prosthesis
NEWS MEDICAL Infections in surgically implanted heart valves are more common in patients who have been given a biological prosthetic valve than in those with a mechanical one, a study... 2 days
Insomnia research by SleepCogni receives continued funding
NEWS MEDICAL As part of a collaborative R&D program, the UK’s Innovation agency have co-funded SleepCogni’s exciting research and development into helping resolve the global epidemic of insomnia. 2 days
Pause to read the traffic sign: Regulation of DNA transcription in bacteria
PHYS.ORG The survival of the cell is—apart from other important aspects—a question of timing: Scientists of Goethe University together with colleagues from other universities have... 2 days
In baby's dirty diapers, the clues to baby's brain development
SCIENCE DAILY Can the kinds of microbes colonizing the gut at age 1 predict later cognitive development? New findings shed light on the surprising role of bacteria in how our... 2 days
Fewer infections in mechanical heart valves
SCIENCE DAILY Infections in surgically implanted heart valves are more common in patients who have been given a biological prosthetic valve than in those with a mechanical one, a study shows. 2 days
Medical News Today: Mobility aids: Types, benefits, and use
MNT Mobility aids are designed to help people with their independence and reduce pain. What types of mobility aids are there and who can benefit from them? 2 days
Gene increases the severity of common colds
PHYS.ORG Researchers funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) have discovered mutations that worsen respiratory infections among children. Their study explain the mechanism involved. 2 days
New bacterial defense mechanism of the CRISPR-Cas system uncovered
PHYS.ORG Researchers led by Martin Jinek of the University of Zurich have found an unprecedented mechanism by which bacteria defend themselves against invading viruses. When the bacterial immune system gets overwhelmed,... 2 days
Potential role, benefits of non-rhizobia bacteria in root nodules of legume
SCIENCE DAILY Most scientific research on the root-soil interactions of legumes focuses on rhizobia and nitrogen-fixing root nodules. However, many forms of non-rhizobia bacteria are also detected in... 2 days
Antibiotic insight may help in battle against bacterial resistance
PHYS.ORG Bacteria or 'superbugs' that have adapted to resist multiple antibiotics are responsible for around 700,000 deaths globally a year; new types of antibiotics are urgently needed. 2 days
Researchers discover gene mutations that worsen respiratory infections among children
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation have discovered mutations that worsen respiratory infections among children. Their study explains the mechanism involved. 2 days
Chlorine dioxide pouches can make produce safer and reduce spoilage
PHYS.ORG Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists in Florida are helping a company develop a small plastic pouch designed to make produce safer. The pouch releases chlorine dioxide gas, which... 3 days
Study reveals ways in which cells feel their surroundings
PHYS.ORG Cells push out tiny feelers to probe their physical surroundings, but how much can these tiny sensors really discover? A new study led by Princeton University researchers and colleagues finds... 3 days
Scientists unlock planthoppers' potential to control future crop disease outbreaks
PHYS.ORG Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences' Institute of Zoology have discovered how a severe rice virus reproduces inside the small brown planthopper, a major carrier of the... 3 days
Researchers find increased bacterial populations in Alzheimer's brains
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers in the UK have used DNA sequencing to examine bacteria in post-mortem brains from patients with Alzheimer's disease. 3 days
20 million engineered and bacteria charged mosquitoes to be released in california 20 million engineered and bacteria charged mosquitoes to be released in California
NEWS MEDICAL VIDEO Alphabet Inc.’s Verily Life Sciences unit has come up with a plan to release around 20 million bacteria-filled engineered mosquitoes in Fresno, California. These... 3 days
Bacteria found in Alzheimer's brains
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have used DNA sequencing to examine bacteria in post-mortem brains from patients with Alzheimer's disease. Their findings suggest increased bacterial populations and different proportions of specific bacteria in Alzheimer's, compared with healthy brains. The findings may support... 3 days
Review article discusses potential role, benefits of non-rhizobia bacteria in root nodules of legume
PHYS.ORG For many years, it was believed that the only nitrogen-fixing organisms of legume nodules were rhizobia. However, there is a... 3 days
Why Kill Cassini? Saturn Probe's Fate Carefully Considered
SPACE.COM On Sept. 15, the Cassini spacecraft will destroy itself by burning up in Saturn's atmosphere in order to protect the ringed planet's moons from biological contamination by bacteria from Earth. But there... 3 days
New light on the secret life of badgers
PHYS.ORG Previous studies have fuelled the assumption that badgers are a territorial and anti-social species, living in exclusive, tight-knit family groups, known as 'setts'. This picture of the mammal's social system led to... 3 days
Ebola lingers in survivors' eyes
SCIENCE DAILY Three years after an Ebola epidemic swept across West Africa, researchers have found a clue to how the virus may live on in the eyes of survivors suffering from uveitis -- one of the more serious and common... 3 days
Teens may be missing vaccines because parents aren't aware they need one
SCIENCE DAILY Parents may be up to speed on what vaccines their children need for kindergarten, but may be less sure during high school years, a... 3 days
Bac-for good: Bacteria passed between generations benefits you more than others
PHYS.ORG Bacteria passed straight to children have more healthcare benefits than if they are transmitted via the surrounding environment, new Oxford University research reveals. 3 days
Medical News Today: HIV infection boosted by seized cell signaling
MNT Research on the fusion stage of HIV concludes that a component of cell membranes facilitates infection, but also provides pathway to blocking transmission. 4 days
20 million engineered and bacteria charged mosquitoes to be released in California
NEWS MEDICAL
Zika virus affecting teenage mothers in Brazil
NEWS MEDICAL