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'Volumetric' imaging method reveals chemical content
PHYS.ORG A "chemical imaging" system that uses a special type of laser beam to penetrate deep into tissue might lead to technologies that eliminate the need to draw blood for analyses including drug testing and early detection... 4 hours
Really Micro Machines: Molecular Cars Prep for First-Ever Race
LIVE SCIENCE Tiny vehicles made from a single molecule will go head-to-head in the first ever NanoCar Race tomorrow. 4 hours
Chemoresistance in breast cancer is related to varying tumor cell populations
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have recreated and characterized the process of acquisition of resistance to chemotherapy in orthotopic animal models of breast cancer, unveiling the possibility of reversing this... 5 hours
Rechargeable nickel-3D zinc batteries: An energy-dense, safer alternative to lithium-ion
Science Magazine The next generation of high-performance batteries should include alternative chemistries that are inherently safer to operate than nonaqueous lithium-based batteries. Aqueous zinc-based batteries can answer that challenge because... 7 hours
Molecule identified that helps give resident T cells in the skin their anti-cancer punch
SCIENCE DAILY The molecule CD103 is key to the long-term residence of T cells in the skin and to their anti-tumor function,... 7 hours
Mushrooms get defensive
SCIENCE DAILY Some mushrooms produce long-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids as their chemical defense against insect larvae. The biosynthesis of these polyenes relies on only one enzyme, as scientists have now discovered. They report the unprecedented multiple double-bond-shifting activity by the enzyme, which... 9 hours
Computational research details the activation mechanism of p38-alpha
PHYS.ORG The protein p38α is a member of a family of molecules that transmit outside signals throughout the cell, thus allowing for an appropriate cell response, such as proliferation, differentiation, senescence, or death.... 9 hours
Control of molecular motion by metal-plated 3-D printed plastic pieces
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have combined 3-D-printing with electroplating to easily produce high-quality metal electrodes that can be used as a molecular beam-splitter. 11 hours
World's largest moveable steel structure shelters sarcophagus at Chernobyl
PHYS.ORG Today marks the 31st anniversary of the catastrophic explosion at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant's Unit 4 reactor. The blast discharged 400 times the radioactivity released by the Hiroshima bomb... 13 hours
One single enzyme induces the chemical defense of a mushroom against larvae
PHYS.ORG Some mushrooms produce long-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids as their chemical defense against insect larvae. The biosynthesis of these polyenes relies on only one enzyme,... 14 hours
Nanotechnology designed to speed up the hardening of concrete
PHYS.ORG Researchers at Tecnalia and the ICMCB-CNRS have recently published the article "Ultra-Fast Supercritical Hydrothermal Synthesis of Tobermorite under Thermodynamically Metastable Conditions" in the prestigious scientific journal Angewandte Chemie. 15 hours
Swansea University expert develops self-cleaning water treatment membrane
NEWS MEDICAL A vital advanced water treatment membrane made of electrically conductive nanofibers which is self-cleaning is the brainchild of eminent Chemical Engineering Professor Nidal Hilal, Director of the Centre for Advanced Technologies and... 16 hours
Control of molecular motion by metal-plated 3-D printed plastic pieces
PHYS.ORG Many measurement techniques, such as spectroscopy, benefit from the ability to split a single beam of light into two in order to measure changes in one of them.... 19 hours
Stabilizing molecule could pave way for lithium-air fuel cell
SCIENCE DAILY Lithium-oxygen fuel cells boast energy density levels comparable to fossil fuels and are thus seen as a promising candidate for future transportation-related energy needs. Several roadblocks stand in the way... 1 day
[Research Articles] Transient CDK4/6 inhibition protects hematopoietic stem cells from chemotherapy-induced exhaustion
Science Magazine Conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy is highly effective in certain cancers but causes dose-limiting damage to normal proliferating cells, especially hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs).... 1 day
[Research Articles] Antimalarial efficacy of MMV390048, an inhibitor of Plasmodium phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase
Science Magazine As part of the global effort toward malaria eradication, phenotypic whole-cell screening revealed the 2-aminopyridine class of small molecules as a good starting point... 1 day
Fighting cancer with immunotherapy: Signaling molecule causes regression of blood vessels
SCIENCE DAILY Immunotherapy with T-cells offers great hope to people suffering from cancer. Some initial successes have already been made in treating blood cancer, but treating solid tumors... 1 day
Naturally acidified habitat selects for ocean acidification-tolerant mussels
Science Magazine Ocean acidification severely affects bivalves, especially their larval stages. Consequently, the fate of this ecologically and economically important group depends on the capacity and rate of evolutionary adaptation to altered ocean carbonate... 1 day
New study points to cannabis as trigger for schizophrenia
NEWS MEDICAL Scientists believe that schizophrenia, a disorder caused by an imbalance in the brain's chemical reactions, is triggered by a genetic interaction with environmental factors. A new Tel Aviv University study... 1 day
'Ageless' silicon throughout Milky Way may indicate a well-mixed galaxy
PHYS.ORG As galaxies age, some of their basic chemical elements can also show signs of aging. This aging process can be seen as certain atoms "put on a little... 1 day
Nerve Gas Attack: New Treatment Cleared, But More Drugs Are Needed
LIVE SCIENCE After a deadly nerve agent attack in Syria earlier this month, the U.S. government has approved a new type of injector for a drug that treats... 1 day
HIPPO's molecular balancing act helps nerves not short circuit
SCIENCE DAILY It may be possible to therapeutically fine tune a constantly shifting balance of molecular signals to ensure the body's peripheral nerves are insulated and functioning normally, researchers have discovered. They... 1 day
The clever cell: Molecular mechanism inhibits the swarming motility of bacterial populations
SCIENCE DAILY A biological chemistry working group has decoded a molecular mechanism that inhibits the swarming motility of bacterial populations. 1 day
Team decoded molecular mechanism that inhibits swarming motility of bacterial populations
PHYS.ORG In nature, bacteria occur mostly in multi-cellular collectives, rather than as individuals. They are capable of coordinating their behaviour, with some species even being able to... 1 day
Synthetic two-sided gecko's foot could enable underwater robotics
PHYS.ORG Geckos are well known for effortlessly scrambling up walls and upside down across ceilings. Even in slippery rain forests, the lizards maintain their grip. Now scientists have created a double-sided adhesive that... 1 day
Longer-lasting pain relief with MOFs
PHYS.ORG To treat headaches, back pain or fever, most of us have reached for ibuprofen at one point or another. But we often have to take doses every four to six hours if the pain warrants it. Now scientists... 1 day
Humans alter Earth's chemistry from beyond the grave
PHYS.ORG It's not only in life that humans leave their mark on Nature. In death, our decomposing corpses alter the chemistry of precious soil, scientists warned on Wednesday. 1 day
New Cap-Score Sperm Function Test can be game changer for physicians who treat infertility
NEWS MEDICAL Two new publications in the journal Molecular Reproduction and Development validate the usefulness of a test that determines if sperm... 1 day
Laser cooling a polyatomic molecule
PHYS.ORG (Phys.org)—A team of researchers at Harvard University has successfully cooled a three-atom molecule down to near absolute zero for the first time. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the team describes how they achieved the feat... 1 day
Study provides new insights on molecular mechanisms that impair muscle stem cells during aging
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute have identified a previously unrecognized step in stem cell-mediated muscle regeneration. 2 days
Stabilizing molecule could pave way for lithium-air fuel cell
PHYS.ORG Lithium-oxygen fuel cells boast energy density levels comparable to fossil fuels and are thus seen as a promising candidate for future transportation-related energy needs. 2 days
Scientists identify chemical causes of battery 'capacity fade'
PHYS.ORG Like you, me and everyone we know, batteries have a finite lifespan. 2 days
Researchers build a single-molecule diode
PHYS.ORG Researchers of the University of Barcelona have led a project to create a diode out of a 1 nm-sized single molecule with high rectification ratios. Diodes, commonly used in in everyday electronic devices, allow current to flow in... 2 days
New field laboratory-deployed molecular test could eliminate malaria
NEWS MEDICAL As the global community gathers for World Malaria Day to celebrate successes and plot strategy to eliminate the disease from the face of the earth, a new ray of hope is emerging... 2 days
Study finds first molecular genetic evidence of PTSD heritability
MNT A large new study from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium provides the first molecular genetic evidence that genetic influences play a role in the risk of getting Posttraumatic Stress Disorder... 2 days
Study provides new understanding of molecular mechanisms that impact intellectual disability
NEWS MEDICAL Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have shown that a protein helps balance nerve cell communication. 2 days
Chemotherapy drug may increase vulnerability to depression
SCIENCE DAILY A chemotherapy drug used to treat brain cancer may increase vulnerability to depression by stopping new brain cells from growing, according to a new study. 2 days
Better dosing of meds: 'Cyclops' algorithm spots daily rhythms in cells
SCIENCE DAILY Humans, like virtually all other complex organisms on Earth, have adapted to their planet's 24-hour cycle of sunlight and darkness. That circadian rhythm is reflected in... 2 days
Chemical causes of battery 'capacity fade' identified
SCIENCE DAILY One of the major culprits in capacity fade of high-energy lithium-ion batteries has now been identified by a team of researchers. 2 days
Single-molecule diode created
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have created a diode out of a 1 nm-sized single molecule with high rectification ratios. Diodes, commonly used in in everyday electronic devices, allow current to flow in one direction while blocking the current in the opposite direction. Today,... 2 days
Researchers make tool for understanding cellular processes more useful
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have developed methods to use data from FRAP, an experiment used to study how molecules move inside cells, in ways it's never been used before. 2 days
Triggering artificial photosynthesis to clean air
SCIENCE DAILY A chemistry professor has just found a way to trigger the process of photosynthesis in a synthetic material, turning greenhouse gases into clean air and producing energy all at the same time. The process has great... 2 days
Researchers make tool for understanding cellular processes more useful
PHYS.ORG Understanding how proteins and other molecules move around inside cells is important for understanding how cells function. Scientists use an experiment called Fluorescence Recovery after Photobleaching, or FRAP, to investigate... 2 days
Scientist invents way to trigger artificial photosynthesis to clean air
SCIENCE DAILY A chemistry professor has just found a way to trigger the process of photosynthesis in a synthetic material, turning greenhouse gases into clean air and producing energy all... 2 days
video what do electrolytes actually do Video: What do electrolytes actually do?
PHYS.ORG VIDEO Sports drink commercials love talking about them, but what are electrolytes, why do we need them, and what happens if we don't have enough? 2 days
Scientist invents way to trigger artificial photosynthesis to clean air
PHYS.ORG A chemistry professor in Florida has just found a way to trigger the process of photosynthesis in a synthetic material, turning greenhouse gases into clean air and producing... 2 days
First molecular genetic evidence of PTSD heritability discovered
SCIENCE DAILY The first molecular genetic evidence that genetic influences play a role in the risk of getting Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after trauma has been gained by a new study. 2 days
Understanding the correct architectures of IMM proteins
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have developed a new technique to understand the correct architectures of IMM proteins, using special chemical tools. 2 days
College students, worms help scientists find new genetic clues to sleep
SCIENCE DAILY Through a combination of experiments with college students and laboratory worms, researchers have identified the first specific genes to show molecular alterations associated with short sleep... 2 days
Novel mechanism of antidepressant action may benefit patients unresponsive to SSRI treatment
NEWS MEDICAL Antidepressants treat symptoms of depression by increasing levels of brain signaling molecules such as serotonin, as with the most widely used type of antidepressant,... 2 days
Optimizing cyanobacteria for biofuel production
PHYS.ORG Cyanobacteria have attracted significant attention as potential biocatalysts for production of clean energy and green chemicals from sunlight and atmospheric CO2. A recent study investigated effects of altering large cellular complexes called phycobilisomes, which cyanobacteria use to efficiently... 3 days
Machine learning dramatically streamlines search for more efficient chemical reactions
PHYS.ORG Even a simple chemical reaction can be surprisingly complicated. That's especially true for reactions involving catalysts, which speed up the chemistry that makes fuel, fertilizer and other industrial... 3 days
Brown University researchers develop new multi-reaction catalyst
NEWS MEDICAL Brown University researchers have developed a new composite catalyst that can perform four separate chemical reactions in sequential order and in one container to produce compounds useful in making a wide range of pharmaceutical... 3 days
Ice plant to help fight global warming effects on bioenergy crops
PHYS.ORG The unassuming ice plant could become an ingenious weapon in the fight against a warming climate that threatens to limit regions suitable for growing biofuel crops.... 3 days
Study shows how gut microbiota may play role in effectiveness of chemotherapy drugs
NEWS MEDICAL The bacteria residing in your digestive tract, or your gut microbiota, may play an important role in your ability to respond to... 3 days
Process invented to make sustainable rubber, plastics
SCIENCE DAILY Synthetic rubber and plastics -- used for manufacturing tires, toys and myriad other products -- are produced from butadiene, a molecule traditionally made from petroleum or natural gas. But those humanmade materials could get... 3 days
Researchers invent process to make sustainable rubber, plastics
SCIENCE DAILY Synthetic rubber and plastics -- used for manufacturing tires, toys and myriad other products -- are produced from butadiene, a molecule traditionally made from petroleum or natural gas. But those humanmade materials... 3 days
Eco-friendly, four-in-one catalyst developed
SCIENCE DAILY Performing multiple reactions in one shot reduces raw material needs and byproduct waste, a potential step toward a greener chemical industry. Researchers have developed a nanocatalyst that can perform the four reactions needed to produce a compound potentially useful in... 3 days
Testing urine for particular proteins could be key to preventing kidney transplant failure
SCIENCE DAILY Testing for molecular markers in the urine of kidney transplant patients could reveal whether the transplant is failing and why. 3 days
Researchers develop eco-friendly, 4-in-1 catalyst
SCIENCE DAILY Performing multiple reactions in one shot reduces raw material needs and byproduct waste, a potential step toward a greener chemical industry. Researchers have developed a nanocatalyst that can perform the four reactions needed to produce a compound potentially... 3 days
Researchers invent process to make sustainable rubber, plastics
PHYS.ORG Synthetic rubber and plastics - used for manufacturing tires, toys and myriad other products - are produced from butadiene, a molecule traditionally made from petroleum or natural gas. But those manmade materials... 3 days
Simple technique produces stronger polymers
PHYS.ORG Plastic, rubber, and many other useful materials are made of polymers—long chains arranged in a cross-linked network. At the molecular level, these polymer networks contain structural flaws that weaken them. 3 days
Examining the role of the microbiome in the effectiveness of colorectal cancer treatment
PHYS.ORG The bacteria residing in your digestive tract, or your gut microbiota, may play an important role in your ability to respond to... 3 days
Researchers develop eco-friendly, 4-in-1 catalyst
PHYS.ORG Brown University researchers have developed a new composite catalyst that can perform four separate chemical reactions in sequential order and in one container to produce compounds useful in making a wide range of pharmaceutical products. 3 days
Converting coal would help China's smog at climate's expense
PHYS.ORG China's conversion of coal into natural gas could prevent tens of thousands of premature deaths each year. But there's a catch: As the country shifts its use of vast coal... 3 days
From abundant hydrocarbons to rare spin liquids
SCIENCE DAILY Fuel such as gasoline is made up of hydrocarbons -- a family of molecules consisting entirely of carbon and hydrogen. Pigment and dye, coal and tar are made up of hydrocarbons too. These common,... 3 days
Does the microbiome play a role in the effectiveness of colorectal cancer treatment?
SCIENCE DAILY C. elegans, fed a diet of E. coli bacteria, are 100 times more sensitive to the chemotherapy drug floxuridine, commonly used to... 3 days
New insight into brain development disorder
SCIENCE DAILY Two years ago, the Zika virus drew attention to microcephaly, a developmental disorder in which the brain and skull display inhibited growth. But there are other causes of microcephaly, such as congenital genetic diseases. Much is... 3 days
New function discovered for ADAR1 in protecting stressed cells from apoptotic death
PHYS.ORG The RNA editing protein ADAR1 was first discovered several decades ago. Now, scientists at The Wistar Institute have identified a new function for the... 3 days
New insight into brain development disorder
PHYS.ORG Two years ago, the Zika virus drew attention to microcephaly, a developmental disorder in which the brain and skull display inhibited growth. But there are other causes of microcephaly, such as congenital genetic diseases. Much is... 3 days
Chip-based nanoscopy: Microscopy in HD quality
PHYS.ORG Physicists at Bielefeld University and the Arctic University of Norway in Tromsø have developed a photonic chip that makes it possible to carry out super-resolution light microscopy, also called 'nanoscopy,' with conventional microscopes. In nanoscopy, the... 3 days
From abundant hydrocarbons to rare spin liquids
PHYS.ORG Fuel such as petrol is made up of hydrocarbons—a family of molecules consisting entirely of carbon and hydrogen. Pigment and dye, coal and tar are made up of hydrocarbons too. 3 days
Chip-based nanoscopy: Microscopy in HD quality
SCIENCE DAILY Physicists have developed a photonic chip that makes it possible to carry out super-resolution light microscopy, also called 'nanoscopy,' with conventional microscopes. In nanoscopy, the position of single fluorescent molecules can be determined with a precision... 3 days
Scientists receive $2.8 million federal grant for diabetic cardiomyopathy research
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers from Georgia State University's Center for Molecular & Translational Medicine have received a four-year, $2.8 million federal grant to study diabetic cardiomyopathy, diabetes-related changes in the structure... 3 days
New approach to improve detection of landfill-related pollution
PHYS.ORG Numerous hazardous substances seep from landfills into soil and groundwater, threatening human health and the environment. However, current methods for monitoring these substances are cumbersome and can create additional hazardous chemicals. 3 days
Photosynthesis in the dark? Unraveling the mystery of algae evolution
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers compared the photosynthetic regulation in glaucophytes with that in cyanobacteria, to elucidate the changes caused by symbiosis in the interaction between photosynthetic electron transfer and other metabolic... 3 days
Freezing lithium batteries may make them safer, bendable
SCIENCE DAILY A new method that could lead to lithium batteries that are safer, have longer battery life, and are bendable has now been developed, providing new possibilities such as flexible smartphones. His new... 3 days
Novel method to detect toxic effects of chemicals could reduce need for animal testing
SCIENCE DAILY Traditional toxicological investigations performed on animals (in vivo) are expensive, time-consuming and may cause animal suffering. But new research demonstrates... 3 days
Freezing lithium batteries may make them safer and bendable
PHYS.ORG Yuan Yang, assistant professor of materials science and engineering at Columbia Engineering, has developed a new method that could lead to lithium batteries that are safer, have longer battery life,... 3 days
Photosynthesis in the dark? Unraveling the mystery of algae evolution
PHYS.ORG Scientists have long studied which of the three primary photosynthetic eukaryotes (red algae, green algae, and glaucophytes) has come into existence first to unravel the biological mystery of... 3 days
Research on ready-to-use therapeutic food seeks drastic reduction in fatalities from severe acute malnutrition
PHYS.ORG For chemical engineer Tonghan Gu, a typical day of fieldwork in Mumbai, India, begins not in a lab, but with... 4 days
Solving the separase–securin complex
PHYS.ORG The structure of an important protein complex that regulates the metaphase-to-anaphase transition during cell cycle progression has been solved using cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) at Diamond Light Source. The structural study, detailed in Nature Structural and Molecular Biology, has provided valuable... 4 days
Game-changing PanDDA method unveils previously hidden 3-D structure data
PHYS.ORG Scientists have utilised Diamond Light Source to develop a new method to extract previously hidden information from the X-ray diffraction data that are measured when resolving the three-dimensional (3D) atomic... 4 days
Testing for molecular markers in urine could reveal early signs of kidney transplant failure
NEWS MEDICAL Testing for molecular markers in the urine of kidney transplant patients could reveal whether the transplant is failing and why,... 4 days
Fish oil component helps damaged brain, retina cells survive, shows research
SCIENCE DAILY NDP1, a signaling molecule made from DHA, can trigger the production of a protective protein against toxic free radicals and injury in the brain and retina,... 5 days
Report recommends ways to improve response to toxic inhalation disasters
SCIENCE DAILY Better medical responses to the accidental or intentional release of inhaled toxic chemicals are being developed, but the field faces considerable challenges, according to a new report by... 5 days
Researchers show how fish oil component helps in survival of injured retina, brain cells
NEWS MEDICAL A team of researchers led by Nicolas Bazan, MD, PhD, Boyd Professor and Director of the Neuroscience Center of Excellence at LSU... 6 days
New report suggests innovative approaches for better response to chemical inhalation disasters
NEWS MEDICAL Better medical responses to the accidental or intentional release of inhaled toxic chemicals are being developed, but the field faces considerable challenges, according to... 6 days
The Nobel Laureate Who Pioneered Chemical Warfare
HISTORY Take a look back at the conflicted life of this German chemist. 6 days
Two-dimensional melting of hard spheres experimentally unravelled after 60 years
PHYS.ORG After extensive research, scientists from the Department of Chemistry at the University of Oxford have found experimental evidence that sheds new light on the melting of two-dimensional substances.... 6 days
Tuning across the BCS-BEC crossover in the multiband superconductor Fe1+ySexTe1-x: An angle-resolved photoemission study
Science Magazine The crossover from Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) superconductivity to Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) is difficult to realize in quantum materials because, unlike in... 6 days
Isolation of the simplest hydrated acid
Science Magazine Dissociation of an acid molecule in aqueous media is one of the most fundamental solvation processes but its details remain poorly understood at the distinct molecular level. Conducting high-pressure treatments of an open-cage fullerene C70 derivative... 6 days
Medical News Today: Could fungi be a vast, untapped source of new antibiotics?
MNT In scanning genomes of many fungal species, scientists find over 1,000 molecular pathways that might yield a large variety of antibiotics and... 6 days
Molecular libraries for organic light-emitting diodes
PHYS.ORG The rising demand for increasingly sophisticated smartphones, tablets and home cinemas is a growing challenge for display technology. At present, organic materials are the most effective way to master this challenge. In particular molecules from the... 6 days
Researchers produce all RNA nucleobases in simulated primordial Earth conditions
PHYS.ORG (Phys.org)—In 1952, chemists Stanley Miller and Harold Urey conducted a famous experimental simulation of the conditions thought to prevail on early Earth in order to determine possible pathways... 6 days
New test to reveal pesticide exposure
PHYS.ORG A recent study provides new information that may help researchers monitor the effects of common agricultural chemicals on farmers' health. 6 days
X-ray scattering and molecular dynamics simulations used to create real-time imaging of nanoparticle oxidation
PHYS.ORG (Phys.org)—A team of researchers affiliated with Temple University and Argonne National Laboratory has developed a way to observe material restructuring... 6 days
Study finds high degree of discordance between Myriad Genetics and public database in BRCA1 and BRCA2 variant classifications
NEWS MEDICAL Myriad Genetics, Inc., a leader in molecular diagnostics and personalized medicine, today... 7 days
Researchers identify novel molecular mechanism involved in progression, metastasis of TNBC
NEWS MEDICAL University of Tsukuba-led researchers identified a novel molecular mechanism involved in progression and metastasis in the most aggressive form of breast cancer. 7 days
video the weird chemistry threatening masterpiece paintings Video: The weird chemistry threatening masterpiece paintings
PHYS.ORG VIDEO A good art dealer can really clean up in today's market, but not when some weird chemistry wreaks havoc on masterpieces. 1 week
Video: What do electrolytes actually do?
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Video: The weird chemistry threatening masterpiece paintings
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